dcsimg

Glossary of ALL Terms for Data on EOL

s

sabkha
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000151
An alkaline flat, in the context of a marine environment.
sac spawner
http://eol.org/schema/terms/sacSpawner
Sac spawners lay their eggs into an ovigerous sac. Sac spawners spawn few but relatively large eggs that develop slowly.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spawn_(biology)#Crustaceans
saddle dam
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000554
An auxiliary dam constructed to confine the reservoir created by a primary dam either to permit a higher water elevation and storage or to limit the extent of a reservoir for increased efficiency.
Saint Lucia
http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q760
Sakmarian Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Sakmarian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
salicylate enriched soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00003092
saline evaporation pond
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000055
A shallow man-made pond designed to produce salt from sea water. The seawater is fed into large ponds and water is drawn out through natural evaporation which allows the salt to be subsequently harvested.
saline hydrographic feature
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000017
A geographical feature associated with water with a halinity above 30 ppt (roughly 35 g/L).
saline lake
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000019
A lake whose water contains a considerable concentration of dissolved salts.
saline lake sediment
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002209
saline marsh
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000054
A marsh whose water contains a considerable quantity of dissolved salts.
saline pan
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000279
A flat expanse of ground covered with salt and other minerals, usually shining white under the sun. A salt pan is formed where water pools. A saline pan would be a lake or a pond if it were located in a climate where the rate of water evaporation were not faster than the rate of water precipitation, i.e., if it were not in a desert. If the water is unable to drain into the ground, it remains on the surface until it evaporates, leaving behind whatever minerals were dissolved. Over thousands of years, the minerals (usually salts) accumulate on the surface.
saline water
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002010
saline water
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002227
A habitat that is in or on a body of water containing medium to high concentrations of dissolved salts and other total dissolved solids (>=0.5 grams dissolved salts per litre)
saline water aquarium
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002197
saline water environment
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000307
An environmental system which has its properties and dynamics determined by saline water
saline wedge estuary
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000226
An estuary whose river output greatly exceeds marine input; there is little mixing, and thus a sharp contrast between fresh surface water and saline bottom water.
saline wetland
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000240
saliva
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_02000036
Saliva is a slightly alkaline secretion of water, mucin, protein, salts, and often a starch-splitting enzyme (as ptyalin) that is secreted into the mouth by salivary glands, lubricates ingested food, and often begins the breakdown of starches.
salt contaminated soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005775
salt marsh biome
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000022
The marine salt marsh biome comprises marshes that are transitional intertidals between land and salty or brackish marine water (e.g.: sloughs, bays, estuaries). It is dominated by halophytic (salt tolerant) herbaceous plants. The daily tidal surges bring in nutrients, which tend to settle in roots of the plants within the salt marsh. The natural chemical activity of salty (or brackish) water and the tendency of algae to bloom in the shallow unshaded water also allow for great biodiversity.
salt tolerance
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/TO_0006001
Tolerance to the high salt content in the growth medium.
[database_cross_reference: GR:pj]
saltation
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/NBO_0000370
Behavior related to the upward thrust produced by the rapid, simultaneous extension of the hind legs with the intend to rise in the air.
sample size
http://eol.org/schema/terms/SampleSize
The size of the sample upon which a measurement is based.
sampling effort
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/samplingEffort
The amount of effort expended during an Event.
sampling protocol
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/samplingProtocol
The name of, reference to, or description of the method or protocol used during an Event.
sand
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000017
A naturally occurring granular material composed of finely divided rock and mineral particles.
sand pit quarry
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000028
A quarry from which sand is extracted.
Sandbian Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Sandbian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
sandstone
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002055
A sedimentary rock composed mainly of sand-size mineral or rock grains.
sandur
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000312
The plain formed by the large amounts of silt and sediment, picked up as a glacier erodes the underlying rocks as it moves slowly downhill, and at the snout of the glacier, meltwater can carry this sediment away from the glacier and deposit it on a broad plain. The material in the outwash plain is often size-sorted by the water runoff of the melting glacier with the finest materials, like silt, being the most distantly re-deposited, whereas larger boulders are the closest to the original terminus of the glacier.
sandy beach
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002199
sandy desert
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000172
sandy mud
http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/SUBST_SM
sandy sediment
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000118
Sediment characterised by an average particle diameter between 62.5 micrometers and 2 mm.
sandy soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002229
Arenosols are sandy soils, including both soils developed in residual sands after in situ weathering of usually quartz-rich sediments or rock, and soils developed in recently deposited sands such as dunes in deserts and beach lands.
Santonian Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Santonian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
sapling
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BTO_0001597
A young tree; specifically: one not over four inches in diameter at breast height.
saprotrophic
http://eol.org/schema/terms/saprotrophic
Nutritional strategy relies on chemically decomposing diverse carbon sources (eg: cellulose in wood, by saprotrophic fungi)
http://www.clarku.edu/faculty/dhibbett/tftol/content/3folder/saprotrophic.html
saprotrophic
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q114750
deriving nutrition from nonliving organic matter
sarcosine enriched soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00003083
Sardinia
http://www.geonames.org/2523227
savanna
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000261
A grassland of the tropics or subtropics with scattered trees.
savanna biome
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000178
A savanna biome is a woodland biome which has seasonal water availability and includes, across its entire spatial extent, trees spaced sufficiently far apart to allow an unbroken layer of grass, sedge (Cyperaceae) or rush (Juncaceae) communities to live.
savanna soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005746
sawah soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005752
sawmill
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00004638
scale leaf
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q1409887
scale-like
http://eol.org/schema/terms/scaleLike
A quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's shape resemling a scale.
scales
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0002542
A small rigid plate that grows out of an animal's skin to provide protection
scavenger
http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/FEED_S
scavenger
http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Scavenger
scavenger
http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q172867
organism that feeds on dead animal and/or plant material
scientific name
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/scientificName
The full scientific name, with authorship and date information if known. When forming part of an Identification, this should be the name in lowest level taxonomic rank that can be determined. This term should not contain identification qualifications, which should instead be supplied in the IdentificationQualifier term.
scraper
http://eol.org/schema/terms/scraping
An organism which obtains food by scraping
scree
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000194
Broken rock that appears at the bottom of crags, mountain cliffs or valley shoulders.
scroll plane
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000253
A plain where a stream meanders across an area with a very low gradient, usually with a fairly continuous discharge. In addition to meanders, scroll plains are also characterised by many oxbow lakes.
scrotal
http://eol.org/schema/terms/scrotal
Testes are located outside of the body, suspended by the spermatic cord within the scrotum.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Testicle#External_testes
scrubland
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000300
Area covered with low-growing or stunted perennial vegetation and usually not mixed with trees.
scum
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00003930
A layer of impurities that accumulates at the surface of a liquid (especially water or molten metal).
sea
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000016
A large expanse of saline water usually connected with an ocean.
sea beach
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000092
A landform consisting of loose rock particles such as sand, gravel, shingle, pebbles, cobble, or even shell fragments along the shoreline of a sea.
sea cave
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000326
A cave in present-day or emerged sea cliffs, formed by wave attack or solution.
sea cliff
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000088
A cliff that is a margin of a sea or ocean.
sea cucumbers
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q127470
class of echinoderms
sea floor
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000482
The ground surface that lies beneath a sea.
sea foam
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005739
sea grass bed
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000059
Seagrass beds are highly diverse and productive ecosystems, and can harbour hundreds of associated species from all phyla. They partly create their own habitat: the leaves slow down water-currents increasing sedimentation, and the seagrass roots and rhizomes stabilize the seabed.
sea ice
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002200
sea sand
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002118
sea shore
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000485
That part of the land in immediate contact with a sea, including the intertidal zone.
sea urchin feeder
https://eol.org/schema/terms/sea_urchin_feeder
a carnivore that feeds primarily on sea urchins
sea urchins
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q83483
class of echinoderms
sea water
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002149
sea water
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000321
seagrasses
http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/SOC_PHAN
seal fall
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000141
Seal fall is the term used for a seal carcass that has fallen to the ocean floor.
seamount
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000264
A mountain rising from the ocean seafloor that does not reach to the water's surface (sea level), and thus is not an island. Typically formed from volcanoes that rise abruptly and are usually found rising from a seafloor of 1,000 - 4,000 meters depth. Independent features that rise to at least 1,000 meters above the seafloor.
seasonal marine thermocline
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000107
The seasonal marine thermocline is a marine thermocline, which generally occurs below the marine wind mixed layer.
Secchi depth
http://eol.org/schema/terms/secchiDepth
The Secchi depth is reached when the reflectance equals the intensity of light backscattered from the water. This depth in metres divided into 1.7 yields an attenuation coefficient (also called an extinction coefficient), for the available light averaged over the Secchi disk depth. While used as a variable, the extinction coefficient is also used as a variable for turbidity.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Secchi_disk#Secchi_depth
secondary consumer
http://eol.org/schema/terms/secondaryConsumer
organisms that eat other consumers
secondary xylem
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PO_0005848
secure
https://eol.org/schema/terms/secure
At very low or no risk of extirpation in the jurisdiction due to a very extensive range, abundant populations or occurrences, with little to no concern from declines or threats.
http://www.natureserve.org/conservation-tools/conservation-status-assessment
sediment
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002007
Sediment is an environmental substance comprised of any particulate matter that can be transported by fluid flow and which eventually is deposited as a layer of solid particles on the bedor bottom of a body of water or other liquid.
sedimentary rock
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002016
A rock formed by deposition of either clastic sediments, organic matter, or chemical precipitates (evaporites), followed by compaction of the particulate matter and cementation during diagenesis.
seed
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PO_0009010
A multi-tissue plant structure (PO:0025496) that develops from a plant ovule (PO:0020003) and has as parts a plant embryo (PO:0009009) enclosed in a seed coat (PO:0009088).
[database_cross_reference: POC:curators]
seed bank
http://eol.org/schema/terms/SeedBank
Location of persistent seed bank (longevity > 1 yr).
BROT trait database. Traits: units and categories (SeedBank), http://www.uv.es/jgpausas/brot.htm
seed dry mass
http://top-thesaurus.org/annotationInfo?viz=1&&trait=Seed_dry_mass
the mass of a seed, assessed after drying
seed hoarding
http://eol.org/schema/terms/seedHoarding
Seed dispersal via scattering and hoarding of propagules by animals (other than ants).
http://www.uv.es/jgpausas/brot.htm
seed mass
http://eol.org/schema/terms/SeedMass
The dry weight of seeds (including some single-fruited seeds such as achenes or caryopsis).
BROT trait database. Traits: units and categories (SeedMass), http://www.uv.es/jgpausas/brot.htm;
seed mass
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/FLOPO_0015519
seed mass
http://www.nucleodiversus.org/index.php?mod=caracter&id=46
the oven-dry mass of an average seed of a species
seed period begin
http://eol.org/schema/terms/SeedPeriodBegin
Season in which the earliest fruit or seed of the fruit/seed period is visually obvious.
USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
seed period end
http://eol.org/schema/terms/SeedPeriodEnd
Season in which the latest fruit or seed of the fruit/seed period is visually obvious.
USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
seed spread rate
http://eol.org/schema/terms/SeedSpreadRate
The capability of the plant to spread through its seed production compared to other species with the same growth habit.
USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
seed volume
http://eol.org/schema/terms/SeedVolume
The three dimensional volume occupied by one seed
Chen, S.-C. and Moles, A. T. (2015), A mammoth mouthful? A test of the idea that larger animals ingest larger seeds. Global Ecology and Biogeography. doi: 10.1111/geb.12346
seedling survival
http://eol.org/schema/terms/SeedlingSurvival
The expected seedling survival percentage of the plant compared to other species with the same growth habit.
USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
seeds per pound
http://eol.org/schema/terms/SeedPerPound
The number of seeds per pound in an average seed lot.
USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
Selandian Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Selandian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
self-supporting
http://eol.org/schema/terms/self-supportingGrowthForm
an organism relying on its own supportive tissues rather than a climbing habit to achieve vertical growth
semi-aquatic
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q30715289
semi-deciduous
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001734
A quality inhering in a plant by virtue of the bearer's disposition to being between evergeen and deciduous
semi-infaunal
http://eol.org/schema/terms/semiInfaunal
Benthic organism whose body is partly within the substrate or may be covered by sediment during life.
http://paleodb.org/public/tips/ecology_tips.html
semi-woody
http://eol.org/schema/terms/semi-woody
partially woody; partially lignified
semifossorial
http://eol.org/schema/terms/semifossorial
organism that is adapted to digging and life underground but also spends a considerable amount of its life above ground.
sensitivity
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000085
A quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's disposition to detect or perceive external stimulation.
Serpukhovian Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Serpukhovian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
Serravallian Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Serravallian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
sessile
http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q1759860
property of organisms that do not possess a means of self-locomotion and are normally immobile
sessile prey feeder
https://eol.org/schema/terms/sessile_prey_feeder
preys on organisms that do not possess a means of self-locomotion and are normally immobile
sewage
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002018
Wastewater that is contaminated with feces or urine,
sewage plant
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00003043
sex
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/sex
The sex of the biological individual(s) represented in the Occurrence. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.
sex determination
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0007530
The establishment and transmission of the specification of sexual status of an individual organism.
sexual metamorphosis
http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/SM
Conspicuous change in the organism's body structure prior to reproduction
sexually dimorphic
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002451
A quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's exhibiting a phenotypic difference between males and females of the same species.
shade
http://eol.org/schema/terms/shade
the blocking of sunlight (in particular direct sunshine) by any object, and also the shadow created by that object
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shade_(shadow)
shade tolerance
http://eol.org/schema/terms/ShadeTolerance
The relative tolerance of the plant to shade conditions
USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
shale
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002056
A fine-grained sedimentary rock whose original constituents were clays or muds. It is characterized by thin laminae breaking with an irregular curving fracture, often splintery and usually parallel to the often-indistinguishable bedding plane.
shallow infaunal
http://eol.org/schema/terms/shallowInfaunal
Benthic organism that lives within the upper layers of unlithified (soft) substrate.
http://paleodb.org/public/tips/ecology_tips.html
shallow reef
http://eol.org/schema/terms/shallowReef
shape
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000052
A morphological quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's ratios of distances between its features (points, edges, surfaces and also holes etc).
shedability
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001729
An organismal quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's disposition to lose an entitity by natural process.
[database_cross_reference: PATOC:GVG]
Sheinwoodian Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Sheinwoodian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
shelf-slope/shelf-break front
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000089
shell height, bivalve
http://eol.org/schema/terms/ShellHeightBivalve
Height (shorter dimension in the plane of the valve) of the shell of a Bivalve.
Shell length
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/OBA_1000039
The length of a mollusc shell.
shell length, bivalve
http://eol.org/schema/terms/ShellLengthBivalve
Length (longest dimension) of the shell of a Bivalve.
sheltered
http://eol.org/schema/terms/sheltered
not exposed
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002425
shield volcano
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000403
A large volcano with shallowly-sloping sides.
shingle beach
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000545
A beach which is armoured with pebbles or small to medium sized cobbles.
shoot apex
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PO_0000037
A shoot axis that is the most distal part of a shoot system and has as parts a shoot apical meristem and the youngest leaf primordia.
[database_cross_reference: POC:curators]
shoot:root ratio (SRR)
http://eol.org/schema/terms/ShootRootRatio
The quotient of the dry weight of the shoots produced during a given growth period divided by the dry weight of the roots esp. for crop plants.
http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/shoot-root%20ratio
shore
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000304
That part of the land in immediate contact with a body of water including the area between high and low water lines.
shoreline
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000486
The line of contact between a body of water and the land.
short-persistent
http://eol.org/schema/terms/shortPersistentSeedBank
Of seed bank longevity. Seed bank longevity is > 1 and <= 5 yr.
http://www.uv.es/jgpausas/brot.htm
shrub
http://eol.org/schema/terms/shrub
Perennial, multi-stemmed woody plant that is usually less than 4 to 5 meters (13 to 16 feet) in height. Shrubs typically have several stems arising from or near the ground, but may be taller than 5 meters or single-stemmed under certain environmental conditions.
PLANTS Database Growth Habits Codes and Definitions: https://plants.usda.gov/growth_habits_def.html
shrub
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/FLOPO_0900034
whole plant frutescent, bush, shrub
shrubland
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000176
A shrubland biome is a terrestrial biome which includes, across its entire spatial extent, dense groups of shrubs.
Siberia
http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q5428
Sicily
http://www.geonames.org/2523119
silage
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00003030
A fermented, high-moisture forage that can be fed to ruminants.
siliceous ooze
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_02000044
Siliceous ooze is a marine sediment composed of the debris of plankton with silica shells, such as diatoms and radiolaria. This ooze is limited to areas with high biological productivity, such as the polar oceans, and upwelling zones near the equator. The least common type of sediment, it covers only 15% of the ocean floor. It accumulates at a slower rate than calcareous ooze: 0.2-1 cm / 1000 yr.
Siliceous rock
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q1504227
Siliceous rocks are sedimentary rocks that have silica (SiO2) as the principal constituent. The most common siliceous rock is chert other types include diatomite. They commonly form from silica-secreting organisms such as radiolarians, diatoms, or some types of sponges.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siliceous_rock
sill
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000539
The low part of a gap or saddle separating basins.
silt
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000016
silty sediment
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000119
Sediment characterised by an average particle diameter between 3.9 and 62.5 micrometers.
Silurian Period
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Silurian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
simple
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PO_0020042
A leaf in which the lamina is undivided
Sinemurian Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Sinemurian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
single celled organism
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CARO_0000064
Cell that is an individual member of a species
single measurement
http://www.ebi.ac.uk/efo/EFO_0001444
A measurement is an information entity that is a recording of the output of a measurement such as produced by an instrument.
sinkhole
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000195
A natural depression or hole in the surface topography caused by the removal of soil or bedrock, often both, by water. Sinkholes may vary in size from less than a meter to several hundred meters both in diameter and depth, and vary in form from soil-lined bowls to bedrock-edged chasms.
Sinuate
http://eol.org/schema/terms/sinuate
SiO2 concentration
http://eol.org/schema/terms/SiliconDioxideConcentration
The total SiO2 concentration measured in a given volume of a plant or a plant part or plant extract.
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1466-8238.2011.00729.x/abstract
sisal plantation
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000160
site of special scientific interest
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000361
A conservation designation denoting a protected area in the United Kingdom. SSSIs are the basic 'building block' of nature conservation legislation and most other legal nature/geological conservation designations are based upon them, including National Nature Reserves, Ramsar Sites, Special Protection Areas, and Special Areas of Conservation.
size
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000117
skatole enriched soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00003085
Skeletal Density
http://eol.org/schema/terms/skeletal_density
mass per volume of skeletal (support) tissue
skeletal density
http://eol.org/schema/terms/SkeletalDensity
mass density of skeletal elements of the organism
skeletal reinforcement
http://eol.org/schema/terms/SkeletalReinforcement
The nature of structural reinforcements of shells, leaves, scutes, or carapaces. Smooth shells and carapaces lack reinforcements.
http://paleodb.org/public/tips/ecology_tips.html
skeleton
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0004288
Anatomical cluster that consists of all the skeletal elements of the body
skeleton contains
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/OBA_1000106
The composition of a skeletal tissue.
skeleton structure
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/OBA_0002342
The structure of a skeleton.
skeleton thickness
http://eol.org/schema/terms/SkeletonThickness
The thickness of the skeleton relative to body size.
slightly stratified estuary
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000224
An estuary whose river output is less than the marine input. Here, turbulence causes mixing of the whole water column, such that salinity varies more longitudinally rather than vertically.
slope
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002000
The part of an elevation or depression between the relatively flat surrounding area and the peak of a mount or the bottom of a depression.
slow
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000911
Decreased rate. A rate which is relatively low.
sludge
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002044
The residual semi-solid material left from domestic or industrial processes, or wastewater treatment processes.
small
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000587
A size quality which is relatively low.
From Phenotype and Trait Ontology
Small lake biome
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000892
Small river biome
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000890
snow field
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000146
A region of permanent snow in mountainous areas or high latitudes.
social group size
http://eol.org/schema/terms/SocialGroupSize
Number of individuals in a group that spends the majority of their time in a 24 hour cycle together where there is some indication that these individuals form a social cohesive unit.
soft benthic substrate
http://eol.org/schema/terms/softBenthicSubstrate
Benthic habitat composed of a soft substrate- mud, silt or sand
soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00001998
Any material within 2 m from the Earth's surface that is in contact with the atmosphere, with the exclusion of living organisms, areas with continuous ice not covered by other material, and water bodies deeper than 2 m.
soil depth
http://eol.org/schema/terms/SoilDepth
The minimum depth of soil required for good growth. Plants that do not have roots such as rootless aquatic plants (floating or submerged) and epiphytes are assigned a minimum root depth value of zero.
USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
soil pH
http://eol.org/schema/terms/SoilPH
The soil pH, of the top 12 inches of soil, within the plant’s known geographical range. For cultivars, the geographical range is defined as the area to which the cultivar is well adapted rather than marginally adapted.
USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
Sokotra
http://www.geonames.org/70302
solfatara
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000217
A fumarole that emits sulfurous gases.
solitary
http://eol.org/schema/terms/solitary
Solitary animals are those that spend a majority of their lives without others of their species, with possible exceptions for mating and raising their young. The antonym to a solitary animal is a social animal.
https://www.definitions.net/definition/solitary+animal
solonchak
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002252
Solonchaks are soils that have a high concentration of soluble salts at some time in the year. Solonchaks are largely confined to the arid and semi-arid climate zones and to coastal regions in all climates.
solonetz
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002255
Solonetz are soils with a dense, strongly structured, clayey subsurface horizon that has a high proportion of adsorbed Na and/or Mg ions. Solonetz that contain free soda (Na2CO3) are strongly alkaline (field pH > 8.5).
somma volcano
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000350
A volcanic caldera that has been partially filled by a new central cone.
sound
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000393
A large sea or ocean inlet larger than a bay, deeper than a bight, wider than a fjord, or it may identify a narrow sea or ocean channel between two bodies of land.
source
http://purl.org/dc/terms/source
A related resource from which the described resource is derived.
southern Arctic dwarf shrub subzone
http://eol.org/schema/terms/southernArcticDwarfShrubSubzone
Zone D, per the Circumpolar Arctic Vegetation Map (CAVM Team 2003)
http://www.arcticatlas.org/maps/themes/cp/cpbz
Southern Ocean
http://www.geonames.org/4036776
spatter cone
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000401
A volcanic cone formed of molten lava ejected from a vent somewhat like taffy. Expanding gases in the lava fountains tear the liquid rock into irregular gobs that fall back to earth, forming a heap around the vent. The still partly liquid rock splashed down and over the sides of the developing mound is called spatter. Because spatter is not fully solid when it lands, the individual deposits are very irregular in shape and weld together as they cool, and in this way particularly differ from cinder and ash.
Specific leaf area
http://www.nucleodiversus.org/index.php?mod=caracter&id=17
the one-sided area of a fresh leaf, divided by its oven-dry mass
speed
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q3711325
magnitude of velocity
speleothem
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000327
A secondary mineral deposit formed in caves, most commonly calcite.
sphagnum bog
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002268
A peatland dominated by species of the Bryophyte Sphagnum.
spherule
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PORO_0000543
Globular (centric or excentric) arrangement of crystal fibers radiating from a common center
spine leaf
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PO_0025173
A leaf that is a sclerified and pointed and lacks a lamina.
[database_cross_reference: POC:curators]
spit
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000306
A deposition landform found off coasts. A spit is a type of bar or beach that develops where a re-entrant occurs, such as at a cove, bay, ria, or river mouth. Spits are formed by the movement of sediment (typically sand) along a shore by a process known as longshore drift. Where the direction of the shore turns inland (reenters) the longshore current spreads out or dissipates. No longer able to carry the full load, much of the sediment is dropped. This causes a bar to build out from the shore, eventually becoming a spit.
sponge feeder
http://eol.org/schema/terms/sponge_feeder
a carnivore that feeds primarily on sponges
sponge reef biome
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000123
The marine sponge reef biome comprises marine reefs primarily built by marine sponges. The primary frame-building sponges are all members of the order Hexactinosa. They are found only in glacier-scoured troughs of low-angle continental shelf. The seafloor is stable and consists of rock, coarse gravel, and large boulders.
sponges
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q18960
phylum of animals
spore
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BTO_0001171
A primitive usually unicellular often environmentally resistant dormant or reproductive body produced by plants and some microorganisms and capable of development into a new individual either directly or after fusion with another spore
NMNH type specimen data in DwCA
sporocyst stage
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/OPL_0000098
An early developmental stage capable of asexual reproduction: in sporozoans it is usually enclosed within an oocyst; in digeneans it is an intramolluscan stage lacking a gut.
NMNH type specimen data in DwCA
sporulated oocyst
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BTO_0001293
A sporozoan zygote undergoing sporogenous development.
NMNH type specimen data in DwCA
spread wing length
http://eol.org/schema/terms/SpreadWingLength
Length of one bird wing from tip to shoulder; also known as wing extended length.
spring (season)
http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q1312
one of the Earth's four temperate seasons, occurring between winter and summer
USDA Plants Revised March 2018
spring (water)
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000027
A point where groundwater or steam flows out of the ground, and is thus where the aquifer surface meets the ground surface or where there is a fissure.
spruce forest soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005784
squamulose
http://eol.org/schema/terms/squamulose
tightly clustered and slightly flattened pebble-like units
http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/fungi/lichens/lichenmm.html
stable manure
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00003927
stack
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000419
A geological landform consisting of a steep and often vertical column or columns of rock in the sea near a coast.
stagnosol
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002274
Stagnosols are soils with a perched water table showing redoximorphic features caused by surface water. Stagnosols are periodically wet and mottled in the topsoil and subsoil, with or without concretions and/or bleaching.
stalactite
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000331
A speleothem hanging downwards from a roof or wall, of cylindrical or conical form, usually with a central hollow tube.
stalagmite
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000330
A speleothem projecting vertically upwards from a cave floor and formed by precipitation from drips.
standard length
http://eol.org/schema/terms/StandardLength
refers to the length of a fish measured from the tip of the snout to the posterior end of the last vertebra or to the posterior end of the midlateral portion of the hypural plate. Simply put, this measurement excludes the length of the caudal fin.
definition from Wikipedia
Standard length
http://purl.org/obo/owlATOL_0001659
length of a fish measured from the tip of the snout to the posterior end of the last vertebra or to the posterior end of the midlateral portion of the hypural plate. Simply put, this measurement excludes the length of the caudal fin
starfish
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q25349
class of echinoderms
starfish feeder
https://eol.org/schema/terms/starfish_feeder
a carnivore that feeds primarily on starfishes
Statherian Period
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Statherian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
stem diameter
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/FLOPO_0000875
linear distance through the cross section of the stem or trunk, passing through the center
Stem specific density
http://top-thesaurus.org/annotationInfo?viz=1&&trait=Stem_specific_density
the ratio of the mass of the stem or an unit thereof assessed after drying, to its volume assessed without drying
stem-specific density
http://www.nucleodiversus.org/index.php?mod=caracter&id=35
the oven-dry mass (at 70°C for 72 h) of a section of the main stem of a plant divided by the volume of the same section, when still fresh
steppe
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000262
A plain without trees (apart from those near rivers and lakes); it is similar to a prairie, although a prairie is generally considered as being dominated by tall grasses, while short grasses are said to be normal in the steppe. It may be semi-desert, or covered with grass or shrubs or both, depending on the season and latitude.
steppe soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005777
stillborn
http://eol.org/schema/terms/stillborn
An animal is stillborn when the fetus has died in the uterus.
stony desert
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000183
A desert plain characterized by a surface veneer of gravel or stones.
stony meteorite
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002049
stony-iron meteorite
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002051
A meteorite that consists of a mixture of iron-nickel metal and silicate minerals.
storage organ
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/MAT_0000366
[non-woody storage organs, normally modified stems as bulbs, corms or tubers]
[http://www.uv.es/jgpausas/brot.htm]
strand crack
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00009726
Fissure at the junction between an inland ice sheet, ice piedmont or ice rise and an ice shelf, the latter being subject to the rise and fall of the tide.
stratovolcano
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000404
A tall, conical volcano composed of many layers of hardened lava, tephra, and volcanic ash. These volcanoes are characterized by a steep profile and periodic, explosive eruptions. The lava that flows from them is viscous, and cools and hardens before spreading very far. The source magma of this rock is classified as acidic, or high in silica to intermediate (rhyolite, dacite, or andesite).
straw
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00003869
An agricultural byproduct, the dry stalk of a cereal plant, after the nutrient grain or seed has been removed.
stream
http://eol.org/schema/terms/freshwaterStream
stream
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000023
Linear body of water flowing on the Earth's surface.
stream bank
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000142
The sloping margin of a stream, serving to confine it to its natural channel.
stream bed
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000383
The channel bottom of a stream; the physical confine of the normal water flow.
stream mouth
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000385
The place where a stream discharges into a lagoon, lake, or the sea.
stream sediment
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002127
stream valley
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000129
A valley that contains, and has been formed by, a stream.
Streams and upland rivers
http://eol.org/schema/terms/streamsUplandRivers
stress-tolerant
http://eol.org/schema/terms/stressTolerant
Stress tolerant species live in areas of high intensity stress and low intensity disturbance. Species that have adapted this strategy generally have slow growth rates, high rates of nutrient retention, and low phenotypic plasticity. Stress tolerators respond to environmental stresses through physiological variability. These species are often found in stressful environments.
string mire
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000186
Flat or concave peatlands with a string-like pattern of hummocks (hence the name), found principally in northern Scandinavia but occurring in the western parts of the former USSR and in North America. A few examples exist in northern Britain.
stromatolite mat
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002157
subadult
http://eol.org/schema/terms/subadult
An animal in the process of transforming from the juvenile stage to full maturity.
subalpine freshwater lake
http://eol.org/schema/terms/subalpineFreshwaterLake
Subarctic
http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q1342399
subcylindrical
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002226
automatically added during harvest
literature body sizes metazoa
Subdecurrent
http://eol.org/schema/terms/subdecurrent
subglacial lake
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000198
A lake permanently covered by ice.
subglacial volcano
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000407
A volcano produced by subglacial eruptions or eruptions beneath the surface of a lake melted into a glacier or ice mass by the rising lava.
subjacent karst
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000333
Karst developed in soluble beds underlying other rock formations; the surface may or may not be affected by the karst development.
submarine canyon
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000267
A steep-sided valley on the sea floor of the continental slope. Many submarine canyons are found as extensions to large rivers; however there are many that have no such association. Canyons cutting the continental slopes have been found at depths greater than 2 km below sea level. Many submarine canyons continue as submarine channels across continental rise areas and may extend for hundreds of kilometers.
submassive
http://eol.org/schema/terms/submassive
Dense, slow growing colonies which are not hemispherical, but have a more irregular or columnar shape
https://newheavenreefconservation.org/learning-resources/explore-topics/coral-growth-forms
subpolar
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000251
subpolar coniferous forest biome
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000250
A subpolar coniferous forest biome is a coniferous forest biome which includes communities adapted to subpolar conditions.
subsequent stream
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000491
A stream whose course has been determined by selective headward erosion along weak strata. These streams have generally developed after the original stream. Subsequent streams developed independently of the original relief of the land and generally follow paths determined by the weak rock belts.
subshrub
http://eol.org/schema/terms/subshrub
Low-growing plant usually under 0.5 m (1.5 feet) tall, never exceeding 1 meter (3 feet) tall at maturity.
PLANTS Database Growth Habits Codes and Definitions: https://plants.usda.gov/growth_habits_def.html
substrate-attached
http://eol.org/schema/terms/Attached
This organism is normally physically attached to the substrate upon which it lives
subsurface deposit feeder
http://eol.org/schema/terms/subsurfaceDepositFeeder
An organism which obtains food primarily by subsurface deposit feeding. Reid WDK, Wigham BD, McGill RAR, Polunin NVC (2012) Elucidating trophic pathways in benthic deep-sea assemblages of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge north and south of the Charlie-Gibbs Fracture Zone. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 463:89-103. doi:10.3354/meps09863
subterrestrial
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000572
A habitat that is below the surface of the earth.
subtidal rocky reef biome
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000050
The marine rocky subtidal reef biome comprises regions of the marine reef biome composed mainly of rock and which harbour abundant communities of algae and invertebrates. These reefs are often very patchy, with alterations of rocks dominated by rich invertebrate assemblages and turf-forming calcareous red algae.
subtropical
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000205
Subtropical and temperate rainforests or woodlands
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002991
subtropical broadleaf forest biome
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000201
subtropical coniferous forest biome
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000209
subtropical convergence front
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000094
subtropical desert biome
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000184
subtropical dry broadleaf forest biome
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000225
subtropical grassland biome
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000191
subtropical moist broadleaf forest biome
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000226
subtropical savanna biome
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000187
subtropical shrubland biome
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000213
subtropical woodland biome
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000222
succulent
http://eol.org/schema/terms/succulent
A fleshy, juicy, swollen plant or plant structure.
succulent plant
http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q189939
plants having some parts that are more than normally thickened and fleshy
sudd hydrophyte
http://eol.org/schema/terms/suddHydrophyte
an aquatic plant that grows rooted in sudd (an impenetrable mass of floating vegetable matter).
GERMISHUIZEN, G. & MEYER, N.L. (eds) 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
suffrutescent
http://eol.org/schema/terms/suffrutescent
of habit, a plant with a herbaceous upper part and woody lower part.
http://www.mobot.org/mobot/research/apweb/top/glossaryq_z.html#S
sugar plantation
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000159
sulcus width
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/OBA_1000098
Any measurable or observable characteristic related to the width of a dinoflagellate sulcus.
Ontology of Biological Attributes
sulfur spring
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000126
A spring whose water contains a significant amount of dissolved derivatives of sulfur.
sulphate-reducing sediment
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000153
Sediment hosting and characterised by active sulphate reducing microbial communities.
summer
http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q1313
one of the Earth's four temperate seasons, occurring between spring and autumn
sunlight
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q193788
electromagnetic radiation given off by the Sun
Supporting Structures and Enclosures
http://www.marinespecies.org/traits/SupportingStructuresEnclosures
Hard framework, internal or external, which supports and protects softer parts of plant, animal or unicellular organism, and to which muscles usually attach in animals, includes skeletons (derived from Lawrence, 2005).
http://www.marinespecies.org/traits/wiki/Traits:SupportingStructuresEnclosures Lawrence, E. (ed.) (2005) Henderson's dictionary of Biology (13th edition). London, United Kingdom: Pearson Education Limited.
surface
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00010504
surface convergence
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000097
surface soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_02000059
A soil consisting of the upper layer of soil on the surface consisting of loose material capable of supporting life composed of a mixture of mineral and organic matter.
surface water
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002042
survival salinity
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MSH/D054712
survival temperature
http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/TEMP
suspended sediment
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000113
Suspended sediment, or suspended load, is the term for the particles settle slowly enough to be carried in flowing water (such as a stream or coastal area) either without touching the bed or while only intermittently touching it. These particles are generally of the fine sand, silt and clay size, although larger particles may be carried as well depending on the intensity of the flow.
suspension feeder
http://eol.org/schema/terms/suspensionFeeder
An organism which obtains food primarily by suspension feeding. Reid WDK, Wigham BD, McGill RAR, Polunin NVC (2012) Elucidating trophic pathways in benthic deep-sea assemblages of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge north and south of the Charlie-Gibbs Fracture Zone. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 463:89-103. doi:10.3354/meps09863
swale
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000543
A low tract of land, especially when moist or marshy. The term can refer to a natural landscape feature or a human-created one. When created by humans, this open drain system is designed to manage water runoff.
swamp
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000233
A wetland that features permanent inundation of large areas of land by shallow bodies of water, generally with a substantial number of hummocks, or dry-land protrusions.
sweat
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_02000025
Sweat is an excreta consisting primarily of water as well as a smaller amount of sodium chloride that is excreted by the sweat glands in the skin of mammals.
symbiont
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q2374421
organism living in symbiosis, a close and long-term biological association, with another organism
symbiont inheritance
http://eol.org/schema/terms/symbiontInheritance
Symbiont transmission maintains symbioses through host generations. In vertical transmission, the symbiont is inherited from the mother or, more rarely, from both parents.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2967712/
symbiont of
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/RO_0002440
The smaller partner living in close association with
symbiotroph
http://eol.org/schema/terms/symbiotroph
A consumer that acquires nutrition from a symbiont
syngenetic karst
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000334
Karst developed in eolian calcarenite when the development of karst features has taken place at the same time as the lithification of dune sand.
synovial fluid
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_02000039
Synovial fluid is a bodily fluid secreted by the synovial membrane into the joint cavity to form a thin layer at the surface of cartilage.
syntype
http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/TaxonName#Syntype
One of the series of specimens used to describe a species or infraspecific taxon when neither a single holotype nor a lectotype has been designated. The syntypes collectively constitute the name-bearing type. [Zoo./Bot.]
systolic blood pressure
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/SNOMEDCT/271649006