dcsimg

Glossary of ALL Terms for Data on EOL

f

facultative climber
http://eol.org/schema/terms/facultativeClimber
facultative epiphyte
http://eol.org/schema/terms/facultativeEpiphyte
facultative parasite
http://eol.org/schema/terms/facultativeParasite
Famennian Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Famennian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
farm
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000078
A tract of crop or grazing land, as well as the group of buildings with and often surrounding a farmhouse, including barns, sheds, and other outbuildings, used for agricultural production.
farm soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005749
farming symbiotroph
http://eol.org/schema/terms/farming_symbiotroph
A consumer that acquires nutrition by consuming an autotrophic symbiont growing on its body
farmyard manure
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00003884
fast
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000912
Increased rate. A rate which is relatively high.
fault cave
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000071
A cave developed along a fault or fault zone, either by movement of the fault or by preferential solution along it.
fault escarpment
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000281
An escarpment resulting from a fault.
faunivore
http://eol.org/schema/terms/faunivore
An animal that eats primarily other animals (includes insectivores and carnivores);
J.G. Fleagle, 1988. Primate Adaptation and Evolution, Academic Press, New York.
feces
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002003
Feces is an excreta consisting of waste products expelled from an animal's digestive tract through the anus (or cloaca) during defecation.
Federated States of Micronesia
http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q702
feeding current
http://eol.org/schema/terms/feedingCurrent
An organism which obtains food by utilizing a feeding current.
feeding method
http://eol.org/schema/terms/FeedingMethod
behavior by which organisms obtain food; e.g.: predation, parasitism, grazing, filter feeding, leaf mining, etc.
for instance: Barton, AD, Pershing, AJ, Litchman, E, Record, NR, Edwards, KF, Finkel, ZV, Kiørboe, T, Ward, BA. 2013. The biogeography of marine plankton traits. Ecology Letters (2013) 16: 522–534. DOI: 10.1111/ele.12063
felsic lava
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000232
female
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000383
A biological sex quality inhering in an individual or a population that only produces gametes that can be fertilised by male gametes.
femur length
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/VT_0004348
The distance from point to point along the longest axis of the long bone of the thigh.
femur width
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/VT_1000666
The distance from side to side of the long bone of the thigh.
fen
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000232
A freshwater peat land with chemically basic (which roughly means alkaline) ground water.
ferralsol
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002246
Ferralsols represent the classical, deeply weathered, red or yellow soils of the humid tropics. These soils have diffuse horizon boundaries, a clay assemblage dominated by low-activity clays (mainly kaolinite) and a high content of sesquioxides.
fertilized soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005754
fetus
http://www.ebi.ac.uk/efo/EFO_0001323
A fetus is a developing mammal or other viviparous vertebrate after the embryonic stage and before birth.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fetus
field
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000114
An area of land, usually relatively small, enclosed or otherwise and used for agricultural purposes.
field notes
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/fieldNotes
One of a) an indicator of the existence of, b) a reference to (publication, URI), or c) the text of notes taken in the field about the Event.
field soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005755
filter feeder
http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q1252491
a sub-group of suspension feeding animals that feed by straining suspended matter and food particles from water, typically by passing the water over a specialized filtering structure
fire resistance
http://eol.org/schema/terms/FireResistance
The ability of an organism to resist burning.
fire tolerance
http://eol.org/schema/terms/FireTolerance
The relative ability of a plant to resprout, regrow, or reestablish from residual seed after a fire.
USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields (Fire tolerance). http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
first appearance
http://eol.org/schema/terms/FossilFirst
The first appearance of this taxon in the fossil record.
First Appearance (Earliest Interval)
http://eol.org/schema/terms/paleo_firstapp_ei
The earliest interval in which the first appearance of this taxon in the fossil record falls.
First Appearance (Latest Interval)
http://eol.org/schema/terms/paleo_firstapp_li
The latest interval in which the first appearance of this taxon in the fossil record falls.
first appearance (older bound)
http://eol.org/schema/terms/paleo_firstapp_ea
The older bound for the first appearance of this taxon in the fossil record, in Ma.
first appearance (younger bound)
http://eol.org/schema/terms/paleo_firstapp_la
The younger bound for the first appearance of this taxon in the fossil record, in Ma.
fish farm
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000294
A facility in which fish are raised commercially in tanks or enclosures, usually for food.
fish hatchery
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000295
A facility where eggs of fish are hatched under artificial conditions.
fishpond
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000056
A pond or lake used for the artificial culture of fish.
fissure cave
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000263
A narrow, verical cave passage, often developed along a joint but not necessarily so. Usually due to solution but sometimes to tension.
fjord
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000039
A long and narrow sea inlet with high steeply sloped walled sides. A fjord is a landform created during a period of glaciation.
fjord lake
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000201
A lake in a glacially eroded valley, which has been eroded below sea level.
Fledging Length
http://eol.org/schema/terms/Fledginglength
The time it takes for a bird to be capable of flight (or for some species, leaving the nest).
fleshy fruit
http://eol.org/schema/terms/fleshyFruit
A fruit with at least one tissue that is succulent at maturity.
http://www.uv.es/jgpausas/brot.htm
flight period duration
http://eol.org/schema/terms/FlightPeriodDuration
Floian Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Floian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
flood control dam
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000471
A dam constructed for the purpose of controlling flooding.
flood control reservoir
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000443
A reservoir constructed for the purpose of containing a flood, an overflow of water from a body of water that sumerges land.
flood fringe
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000257
Area of a flood plane covered by the flood, but which do not experience a strong current.
flood meadow
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000154
An area of grassland or pasture beside a river, subject to seasonal flooding.
flood plain
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000255
An area which is subject to periodic flooding.
flooded grassland biome
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000195
Flooded grasslands and savanna biome
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000885
flooded savanna biome
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000190
A flooded savanna biome is a savanna biome which has very wet to saturated soil moisture content.
floodway
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000256
The stream channel and adjacent areas that carry flood flows in a flood plain.
flower color
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/TO_0000537
A flower anatomy and morphology trait (TO:0000499) which is associated with the color of the flower (PO:0009046).
flowering stage
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PO_0007616
A flower development stage that begins when pollen is released
flowers visited by
http://eol.org/schema/terms/FlowersVisitedBy
The flowers of this plant are visited by the listed organism. It may or may not be an effective pollinator.
Fluid Flow Rate
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002243
the volume of fluid which passes per unit time
flume
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000079
An open artificial water channel, that leads water from a diversion dam or weir completely aside a natural flow, often an elevated box structure (typically wood) that follows the natural contours of the land.
fluorite
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_46713
fluvial dambo
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000238
A dambo associated with a river.
fluvisol
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002273
Fluvisols accommodate genetically young, azonal soils in alluvial deposits.
foam
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005738
fodder
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/FOODON_03309997
food product for livestock
foliose
http://eol.org/schema/terms/foliose
leaflike, with flat sheets of tissue not tightly bound
http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/fungi/lichens/lichenmm.html
folivore
http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Folivore
An animal that mainly eats leaves and flowers.
folivore
http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q617573
herbivore animal that specializes in eating leaves.
fomite
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00010358
A fomite is any inanimate object or substance capable of carrying infectious organisms (such as germs or parasites) and hence transferring them from one individual to another. A fomite can be anything such as a cloth or mop heads so when cleaning this is important to remember that this could aid when spreading pathogenic organisms.
foraging habitat
http://eol.org/schema/terms/ForagingHabitat
Primary habitat where the species forages during the breeding season.
Richard M. Sibly, Christopher C. Witt, Natalie A. Wright, Chris Venditti, Walter Jetz, and James H. Brown. 2012. Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds. PNAS 109(27):10937-10941, doi:10.1073/pnas.1206512109
foram feeder
https://eol.org/schema/terms/foram_feeder
a consumer that feeds primarily on foraminifera
forb
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/FLOPO_0900037
whole plant forbacious
forb/herb
http://eol.org/schema/terms/forbHerb
Vascular plant without significant woody tissue above or at the ground. Forbs and herbs may be annual, biennial, or perennial but always lack significant thickening by secondary woody growth and have perennating buds borne at or below the ground surface. In the PLANTS Database (http://plants.usda.gov/), graminoids are excluded but ferns, horsetails, lycopods, and whisk-ferns are included.
PLANTS Database Growth Habits Codes and Definitions: https://plants.usda.gov/growth_habits_def.html
ford
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000411
The shallow part of a stream which can be easily crossed.
fore wing length
http://eol.org/schema/terms/ForeWingLength
forelimb length
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/VT_0010023
The distance from point to point along the longest axis of the anterior/superior jointed appendages used for locomotion or grasping.
forest
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000174
A forest biome is a terrestrial biome which includes, across its entire spatial extent, densely packed vegetation which strongly limits light penetration to the forest floor.
forest edge
http://eol.org/schema/terms/forestEdge
forest soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002261
fork length
http://eol.org/schema/terms/ForkLength
refers to the length of a fish measured from the tip of the snout to the end of the middle caudal fin rays and is used in fishes in which it is difficult to tell where the vertebral column ends
definition from Wikipedia
Fork length
http://purl.org/obo/owlATOL_0001658
length of a fish from the tip of the snout to the end of the middle caudal fin rays
Fortunian Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Fortunian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
fossil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002164
The mineralized or otherwise preserved remains or traces (such as footprints) of animals, plants, and other organisms.
fossorial
http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q2850019
organism that is adapted to digging and life underground.
fossorial and/or ground dwelling
http://eol.org/schema/terms/fossorialOrGround
An organism that is adapted to terrestrial life below ground, on or near the ground.
fossorial and/or ground dwelling only
http://eol.org/schema/terms/groundDwelling
An organism that spends most of its time on the ground or underground.
fragrance
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_48318
Frasnian Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Frasnian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
fresh animal manure
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00003032
fresh water
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002011
fresh water aquarium
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002198
freshwater
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000873
A biome that applies to the freshwater realm.
freshwater
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000306
freshwater algal bloom
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_2000005
An algal bloom that is located in freshwater. Freshwater algal blooms are the result of an excess of nutrients, particularly some phosphates.
freshwater animals
https://eol.org/schema/terms/freshwater_animals
animals naturally inhabiting freshwater
freshwater benthic
https://eol.org/schema/terms/freshwater_benthic
freshwater benthic (benthic meaning 'bottom') habitat includes lakebeds, river beds, and the bottoms of all freshwater bodies
freshwater carnivore
https://eol.org/schema/terms/freshwater_carnivore
A consumer that feeds primarily on freshwater animals
freshwater decapods
https://eol.org/schema/terms/freshwater_decapods
decapods naturally inhabiting freshwater
freshwater habitat
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002037
A habitat that is in or on a body of water containing low concentrations of dissolved salts and other total dissolved solids (<0.5 grams dissolved salts per litre).
freshwater lake
http://eol.org/schema/terms/freshwaterLake
freshwater lake
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000021
A lake of whose water contains low concentrations of salts.
freshwater marsh
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000053
A marsh associated with water that contains low concentrations of salts.
freshwater pond
http://eol.org/schema/terms/freshwaterPond
freshwater wetland
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000243
A wetland whose water that contains low concentrations of salts.
freshwater/brackish
http://eol.org/schema/terms/freshwaterBrackish
A habitat that is in water containing no or low concentrations of dissolved salts (typically <20 salinity)
created by Anne Thessen
fringing reef
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q1999990
A marine reef with either an entirely shallow backreef zone (lagoon) or none at all.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fringing_reef
frozen compost soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005765
fructose
http://eol.org/schema/terms/fructose
free-standing branching tubes
http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/fungi/lichens/lichenmm.html
frugivore
http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Frugivore
An animal that mainly eats fruit.
frugivore
http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q1470764
organism that eats fruit.
fruit
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PO_0009001
A multi-tissue plant structure (PO:0025496) that develops from a gynoecium (PO:0009062) and may have as parts one or more seeds (PO:0009010).
[database_cross_reference: POC:curators]
fruit or seed color
http://eol.org/schema/terms/FruitSeedColor
The predominant and conspicuous color of the mature fruit or seed from a landscaping aesthetics standpoint.
USDA Plants database. Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
fruit type
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/TO_0000850
A fruit anatomy and morphology trait (TO:0002629) which is associated with the type of a fruit (PO:0009001).
[database_cross_reference: PO:0009001] [database_cross_reference: TO:moorel]
fuel
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_33292
An energy-rich substance that can be transformed with release of usable energy
fuel oil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002983
fumarole
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000216
A hole in the Earth's crust from which steam and gases are emitted.
fungi
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q764
a kingdom of organisms
fungivore
http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q3331325
organism that consumes fungi
furniture
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000587
a movable object intended to support various human activities such as seating (e.g., chairs, stools and sofas) and sleeping (e.g., beds)
Furongian Epoch
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Furongian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale