dcsimg

Glossary of ALL Terms for Data on EOL

t

tachyzoite
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BTO_0001346
Oval, quickly multiplying trophozoite of Toxoplasma gondii, found in all tissues except non-nucleated erythrocytes during the acute stage of toxoplasmosis
NMNH type specimen data in DwCA
tail feather length
http://eol.org/schema/terms/TailFeatherLength
The distance from the base (root) of the center tail feathers to their tip. Some measurements may reference the longest feather(s) even if these aren’t the center ones.
tail length
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/VT_0002758
The distance from point to point along the longest axis of the appendage at the caudal end of the vertebral column.
tannery
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00003323
tap water
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00003096
tarn
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000455
A mountain lake that is formed in a cirque excavated by a glacier. A moraine may form a natural dam below a tarn.
tarsometatarsus + middle toe length
http://eol.org/schema/terms/TarsometatarsusPlusMiddleToeLength
Length of the tarsometatarsus + length of the middle toe.
tarsometatarsus length
http://eol.org/schema/terms/TarsometatarsusLength
Length of the tarsometatarsus (fusion of ankle and foot bones).
tarsus length
http://eol.org/schema/terms/TarsusLength
Length of the tarsus. In birds length of the tarsometatarsus (fusion of ankle and foot bones).
tea plantation
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000162
tears
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_02000034
Tears is a bodily fluid consisting of a drop of the clear salty liquid secreted by glands (lacrimal glands) in the eyes. Tears wet the membrane covering the eye and help rid the eye of irritating substances.
teat number
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CMO_0000445
The number of teats, protuberances on the mammary glands, breasts or udders of female mammals through which milk is excreted.
technosol
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002275
Technosols are soils whose properties and pedogenesis are dominated by their technical origin. They contain a significant amount of artefacts (something in the soil recognizably made or extracted from the earth by humans), or are sealed by technic hard rock (material created by humans, having properties unlike natural rock). They include soils from wastes (landfills, sludge, cinders, mine spoils and ashes), pavements with their underlying unconsolidated materials, soils with geomembranes and constructed soils in human-made materials.
teeth
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0001091
Organ with a cavity which consist of dentine surrounded by enamel
Telychian Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Telychian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
temperate
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000206
Temperate broad-leaf forests or woodlands and subpolar deciduous thickets
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002989
Temperate broadleaf and mixed forest biome
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000876
temperate broadleaf forest biome
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000202
Temperate coniferous forest biome
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000875
temperate coniferous forest biome
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000211
temperate desert biome
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000182
temperate grassland biome
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000193
Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
http://eol.org/schema/terms/temperate_grasslands_savannas_and_shrublands
https://www.worldwildlife.org/biomes/temperate-grasslands-savannas-and-shrublands
temperate mixed forest biome
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000212
Temperate needle-leaf forests or woodlands
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002992
Temperate Ocean
http://eol.org/schema/terms/TemperateOcean
temperate savanna biome
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000189
Temperate shelf and sea biome
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000895
temperate shrubland biome
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000215
Temperate upwelling biome
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000896
temperate woodland biome
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000221
temperature
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000146
A physical quality of the thermal energy of a system.
temperature at range midpoint latitude
http://eol.org/schema/terms/TemperatureAtRangeMidpointLatitude
The temperature at the range midpoint latitude of an organism.
temperature in geographic range
http://eol.org/schema/terms/TemperatureInRange
Monthly temperature within the geographic range of a taxon.
Kate E. Jones, Jon Bielby, Marcel Cardillo, Susanne A. Fritz, Justin O'Dell, C. David L. Orme, Kamran Safi, Wes Sechrest, Elizabeth H. Boakes, Chris Carbone, Christina Connolly, Michael J. Cutts, Janine K. Foster, Richard Grenyer, Michael Habib, Christopher A. Plaster, Samantha A. Price, Elizabeth A. Rigby, Janna Rist, Amber Teacher, Olaf R. P. Bininda-Emonds, John L. Gittleman, Georgina M. Mace, and Andy Purvis. 2009. PanTHERIA: a species-level database of life history, ecology, and geography of extant and recently extinct mammals. Ecology 90:2648. http://esapubs.org/archive/ecol/E090/184/
tenagophyte
http://eol.org/schema/terms/tenagophyte
an amphibious plant, the juvenile submerged or floating on water and the adult (reproductive) phase terrestrial.
GERMISHUIZEN, G. & MEYER, N.L. (eds) 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
terminal
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002476
forming the end of another entity
NMNH type specimen data in DwCA
terminal moraine
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000252
Ridges of unconsolidated debris deposited at the snout or end of the glacier. They usually reflect the shape of the glacier's terminus.
terrace
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000508
A step-like feature between higher and lower ground: a relatively flat or gently inclined shelf of earth, backed and fronted by steep slopes or manmade detaining walls.
terracette
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000441
A ridge on a hillside formed when saturated soil particles expand, then contract as they dry, causing them to move slowly downhill.
terrarium
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000349
Terreneuvian Epoch
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Terreneuvian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
terrestrial
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000446
A biome that applies to the terrestrial realm.
terrestrial adapted
http://eol.org/schema/terms/terrestrial
organisms adapted to life on land
terrestrial habitat
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002009
A habitat that is on or at the boundary of the surface of the Earth.
terrestrial plant
http://eol.org/schema/terms/terrestrialPlant
A terrestrial plant is a plant that grows on or in or from land. Other types of plants are aquatic (living in water), epiphytic (living on trees) and lithophytic (living in or on rocks)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Terrestrial_plant
terrigenous sediment
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000070
Sediment comprised of weathered continental rocks, wind blown dust, volcanic ash or other terrestrial material.
territorial
http://eol.org/schema/terms/Territorial
In ethology, territory is the sociographical area that an animal of a particular species consistently defends against conspecifics (or, occasionally, animals of other species). Animals that defend territories in this way are referred to as territorial.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Territory_(animal)
Testes Mass
http://eol.org/schema/terms/TestesMass
testicond
http://eol.org/schema/terms/testicond
Undescended testicles, the ancestral condition in mammals.
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/jeb.12373/full
testis diameter
http://eol.org/schema/terms/TestisDiameter
The distance across the male reproductive gland.
testis length
http://eol.org/schema/terms/TestisLength
The length of the male reproductive gland.
testis location
http://eol.org/schema/terms/TestisLocation
Anatomical location of testis; eg: internal, descended, scrotal, inguinal.
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/jeb.12373/full
testis width
http://eol.org/schema/terms/TestisWidth
The width of the male reproductive gland.
tetracosanoic acid
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_28866
tetradecanoic acid
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_28875
tetrapods
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q19159
superclass of the first four-limbed vertebrates and their descendants. https://eol.org/pages/46557930
Thailand
http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q869
thallus diameter
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/FLOPO_0023069
diameter of the thallus, a gametophytic lifestage that has a flat growth form
thallus length
https://eol.org/schema/terms/thallus_length
length of the thallus, a gametophytic lifestage that has a flat growth form
Thanetian Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Thanetian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
the Nearctic
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q737742
one of the eight terrestrial ecozones constituting the Earth's land surface
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Ecozone_Nearctic.svg
the Neotropics
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q217151
one of the eight terrestrial ecozones constituting the Earth's land surface
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Ecozone_Neotropic.svg
the Oceanian realm (islands)
http://eol.org/schema/terms/OceaniaRealm
The Oceanian realm is one of the World Wildlife Fund-WWF biogeographic realms, and is unique in not including any continental land mass. It includes the islands of the Pacific Ocean in: Micronesia, the Fijian Islands, the Hawaiian islands, and Polynesia (with the exception of New Zealand).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oceanian_realm
thermal
http://eol.org/schema/terms/thermalFeature
an environmental feature which is a natural heat source
thermocline
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002269
A layer within a water body where the temperature changes rapidly with depth.
thermophilic granular sludge
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002212
thermophilic sediment
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000132
Sediment characterised by a temperature of 45-75 degrees Celsius and low to no oxygen content. Often impacted by hydrothermal fluid flows.
thickness
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000915
A 1-D extent quality which is equal to the dimension through an object as opposed to its length or width
Thorax Length
http://eol.org/schema/terms/thoraxLength
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thorax#Other_animals
threatened
https://eol.org/schema/terms/threatened
may become endangered within the foreseeable future
https://tpwd.texas.gov/landwater/land/habitats/cross_timbers/endangered_species/
threonine enriched soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00003091
thumb length
http://eol.org/schema/terms/ThumbLength
Length of the first digit (thumb) on the hand (manus); can be determined in situ by measuring the distance from the the first metacarpophalangeal joint to the distal end of the distal phalanx.
tibia length
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CMO_0000450
Length of the tibia bone; can be determined in situ by measuring the distance from the tibiofemoral joint (the knee) to the tibiotalar joint (the ankle).
tidal creek
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000041
A tidal water channel. Creeks may often dry to a muddy channel with little or no flow at low tide, but often with significant depth of water at high tide.
tidal mixing front
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000087
tidal mudflat
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000241
A level tract lying at a small depth below the surface of water, or alternately covered and left bare by the tide.
tidal pool
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000317
Pools formed as a high tide comes in over a rocky shore. Water fills depressions in the ground, which turn into isolated pools as the tide retreats.
tidal watercourse
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000412
tidewater glacier
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000456
A glacier that flows into the sea.
till plan
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000254
An extensive flat plain of glacial till that forms when a sheet of ice becomes detached from the main body of a glacier and melts in place depositing the sediments it carried.
Timor l'Est
http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q574
tissue
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0000479
Multicellular anatomical structure that consists of many cells of one or a few types, arranged in an extracellular matrix such that their long-range organisation is at least partly a repetition of their short-range organisation.
tissue contains
https://eol.org/schema/terms/tissue_contains
describes a component found in biotic tissue
Tithonian Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Tithonian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
Toarcian Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Toarcian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
toe + claw length
http://eol.org/schema/terms/ToePlusClawLength
The length of a toe and claw.
toe length
http://eol.org/schema/terms/ToeLength
The length of one of the digits of the foot of a tetrapod.
tombolo
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000420
A deposition landform such as a spit or bar which forms a narrow piece of land between an island or offshore rock and a mainland shore, or between two islands or offshore rocks. They usually form because the island causes wave refraction, depositing sand and shingle moved by longshore drift in each direction around the island where the waves meet. Eustatic sea level rise may also contribute to accretion as material is pushed up with rising sea levels.
tons
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UO_0010038
An imperial mass unit which is equivalent to 1,016.046,9088 kilograms, or 2,240 pounds
topographic upwelling front
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000091
topotype
http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/TaxonName#Topotype
One or more specimens collected at the same location as the type series (type locality), regardless of whether they are part of the type series. Topotypes are not regulated by the botanical or zoological code. Also called "locotype". [Zoo./Bot.]
Tortonian Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Tortonian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
Total Length
http://eol.org/schema/terms/TotalLength
refers to the length of a fish measured from the tip of the snout to the tip of the longer lobe of the caudal fin, usually measured with the lobes compressed along the midline. It is a straight-line measure, not measured over the curve of the body.
definition from Wikipedia
Total length
http://purl.org/obo/owlATOL_0001660
length from the tip of the snout to the tip of the longer lobe of the caudal fin, usually measured with the lobes compressed along the midline. It is a straight-line measure, not measured over the curve of the body
total life span
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/VT_0001661
The full period of time from birth to death of an organism.
total unknown marine species
http://eol.org/schema/terms/TotalUnknownSpeciesExpert
Total species unknown in this clade (undescribed + undiscovered) (estimate based on expert opinion) (Appeltans et al. 2012. The Magnitude of Global Marine Species Diversity. Current Biology 22, 2189–2202. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2012.09.036)"
Tournaisian Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Tournaisian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
track
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000122
A small road, generally not paved.
trailing
http://eol.org/schema/terms/trailing
Growing along the ground.
transient
http://eol.org/schema/terms/transientSeedBank
Of seed bank longevity. Seeds germinate in the first favourable season after dispersal. Generally, seed bank longevity is <= 1 yr (no persistent seed bank).
http://www.uv.es/jgpausas/brot.htm
transvasement
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000445
An aquaduct to transport water from one river basin to another one, to solve problems of hydrographic imbalance. It can decrease floods, moving the water to lands with droughts.
transverse division
http://eol.org/schema/terms/transverseDivision
a common mode of asexual reproduction among skeletonless coelenterates and also in some skeletal anthozoans (division of the soft body must be associated with division of the skeleton).
Stolarski, J. 1991. Transverse division in a Miocene scleractinian coral. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 36 (4): 413-426
trapezoid
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002044
A shape quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's being a quadrilateral with two parallel sides.
Gymnodiniales Traits
travertine
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00003982
A natural chemical precipitate of carbonate minerals; typically aragonite, but often recrystallized to or primarily calcite; which is deposited from the water of mineral springs (especially hot springs) or streams saturated with calcium carbonate.
tree
http://eol.org/schema/terms/tree
Perennial, woody plant with a single stem (trunk), normally greater than 4 to 5 meters (13 to 16 feet) in height; under certain environmental conditions, some tree species may develop a multi-stemmed or short growth form (less than 4 meters or 13 feet in height).
PLANTS Database Growth Habits Codes and Definitions: https://plants.usda.gov/growth_habits_def.html
tree
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/FLOPO_0900033
whole plant arborescent
Tremadocian Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Tremadocian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
triact
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PORO_0000599
Spicule with three rays in one plane
Triassic Period
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Triassic
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
tributary
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000495
A stream or river which flows into another river (a parent river) or body of water but which may not flow directly into the sea.
tridecanoic acid
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_45919
trimethylamine enriched soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00003084
trophic dependence
http://eol.org/schema/terms/TrophicDependence
Specifies the category of energy source upon which an organism relies for nutritional energy. eg: light, inorganic chemical energy, organic matter, multiple sources.
trophic ecology
http://eol.org/schema/terms/trophicEcology
the diet, nutrition, feeding and energetic and nutrient supply attributes of an organism
trophic guild
http://eol.org/schema/terms/TrophicGuild
A group of species that exploit the same food resources, and/or use the same feeding or foraging methods. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guild_(ecology)
trophic level
http://eol.org/schema/terms/TrophicLevel
The position an organism occupies in a food chain.
trophic level
http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q1053008
position of an organism in a food web. May be described verbally with descriptors including primary producer, herbivore or carnivore. If described numerically, 1 indicates a primary producer, 2 a herbivore, and so on up the food web.
trophosome
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000165
A specialised organ found in deep-sea tube worms populating hydrothermal vent environments that is colonised by chemosynthetic bacteria which supply the host worm with organic compounds. The term may be applied to similar organs in other worms.
Tropical and subtropical coniferous forest biome
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005806
Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forest biome
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000880
Tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrubland biome
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000881
Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forest biome
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000879
tropical broadleaf forest biome
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000200
tropical coniferous forest biome
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000210
Tropical coral biome
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000898
tropical desert biome
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000183
A tropical desert biome is a desert biome which has communities adapted to temperatures above a monthly average of 18 degrees Celsius, high daily temperature ranges of approximately 20 degrees Celsius, very high insolation due to inhibited cloud formation, and very low precipitation. Tropical desert biomes located near coasts with cold upwellings may have cooler temperatures and reduced insolution due to fog.
tropical dry broadleaf forest biome
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000227
Tropical dry or deciduous forests (including Monsoon forests) or woodlands
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002990
tropical freshwater lake
http://eol.org/schema/terms/tropicalFreshwaterLake
tropical grassland biome
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000192
Tropical humid forests
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002993
tropical moist broadleaf forest biome
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000228
Tropical Ocean
http://eol.org/schema/terms/TropicalOcean
tropical or subtropical
http://eol.org/schema/terms/tropicalOrSubtropical
tropical savanna biome
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000188
tropical shrubland biome
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000214
tropical soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005778
Tropical upwelling biome
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000897
tropical waters (hot)
http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/TEMP_HOT
tropical waters (warm)
http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/RT_WARM
tropical woodland biome
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000220
trough
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000499
A linear structural depression that extends laterally over a distance, while being less steep than a trench. A trough can be a narrow basin or a geologic rift. There are various oceanic troughs, troughs found under oceans; examples include the rift along the mid-oceanic ridge and the Cayman Trough.
Tuamotus
http://www.geonames.org/4033263
tundra
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000112
Treeless, level, or gently rolling plains characteristic of arctic or subarctic regions, having a permanently frozen subsoil, and usually supporting low growing vegetation such as lichens, mosses, and stunted shrubs.
tundra
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q43262
tundra biome
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000180
A tundra is a terrestrial biome which includes, across its spatial extent, only low-growing vegetation such as dwarf shrubs, sedges and grasses, mosses, and lichens. Tundra biomes rarely have monthly average temperatures above 10 degrees Celsius and have low evapotranspiration ratios.
tundra mire
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000187
Peatlands with a shallow peat layer, only about 500 mm thick, dominated by sedges and grasses. They form in permafrost areas, covering around 110,000 to 160,000 km2 in Alaska, Canada, and the former USSR.
tunnel
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000068
An underground or underwater passage.
tunnel valley
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000436
A deep but narrow valley with a 'U' shaped cross-section and frequently a 'U' shaped plan which is usually found filled with glacial till. It is formed when the edge of an ice mass advances up a slope. Its length may be appropriately measured in centimetres or kilometres, depending on the circumstances of formation.
turbid water
http://eol.org/schema/terms/turbidWater
Turbidity is the cloudiness or haziness of a fluid caused by large numbers of individual particles that are generally invisible to the naked eye, similar to smoke in air. The measurement of turbidity is a key test of water quality.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turbidity
turbidity
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/NCIT_C74723
The determination of the opacity of a liquid
turlough
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000454
An intermittent lake unique to the limestone areas of Ireland, mostly west of the River Shannon. Most turloughs flood in the autumn, usually some time in October, and then dry up some time between April and July.
Turonian Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Turonian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
tuya
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000370
A distinctive, flat-topped, steep-sided volcano formed when lava erupts through a thick glacier or ice sheet.
twining
http://eol.org/schema/terms/twining
Growing upwards by revolving around and leaning on a supporting structure.
type
http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/TaxonName#Type
a) A specimen designated or indicated any kind of type of a species or infraspecific taxon. If possible more specific type terms (holotype, syntype, etc.) should be applied. b) the type name of a name of higher rank for taxa above the species rank. [General]
type specimen repository
http://eol.org/schema/terms/TypeSpecimenRepository
The institution that holds a type specimen for a given species. The recommended best practice is to use the identifier in a collections registry such as the Biodiversity Collections Index (http://www.biodiversitycollectionsindex.org/).
type status
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/typeStatus
A list (concatenated and separated) of nomenclatural types (type status, typified scientific name, publication) applied to the subject.