dcsimg

Glossary of ALL Terms for Data on EOL

a

Aalenian Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Aalenian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
abdomen length
http://eol.org/schema/terms/AbdomenLength
above ground dwelling
http://eol.org/schema/terms/aboveGroundDwelling
An organism that is adapted to terrestrial life above ground but not immediately on the ground. This includes arboreal and volant organisms.
abundance
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/NCIT_C70589
Relative degree of plentifulness.
abyssal feature
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000190
Feature on the ocean floor at a depth of 3500 - 6000 meters.
abyssal plain
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000244
A flat or very gently sloping areas of the deep ocean basin floor.
abyssal zone
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000027
The marine abyssal zone biome comprises regions of the marine benthic biome between approximately 2500 m and 6000 m depth. This zone generally coincides with the continental rise and the abyssal plain.
abyssal zone (4000-6000m)
http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/DZ_ABY
abyssalpelagic zone
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000212
The zone of the ocean below the bathypelagic zone, with its lowest boundary at about 6000m.
achondrite
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002050
A stony meteorite that is made of material similar to terrestrial basalts or plutonic rocks.
acicular (needle-like)
http://eol.org/schema/terms/acicular
Slender and pointed, needle-like
acid dune sand
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005798
acid hot spring
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002120
A hot spring whose water has an acidic pH.
acid mine drainage
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00001997
A mine drainage with an acidic pH.
acidic freshwater mining lake
http://eol.org/schema/terms/acidicFreshwaterMiningLake
acidic soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/EO_0007059
activated sludge
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002046
active forager
http://eol.org/schema/terms/activeForaging
An organism which obtains food primarily by active searching.
active growth period
http://eol.org/schema/terms/ActiveGrowthPeriod
The growing season of a plant. The time of year when a plant has its most active growth.
actual evapotranspiration rate in geographic range
http://eol.org/schema/terms/AETinRange
Monthly AET (Actual Evapotranspiration Rate) within the geographic range of a taxon. Evapotranspiration (ET) is the sum of evaporation and plant transpiration from the Earth's land surface to atmosphere.
https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Evapotranspiration&oldid=575637212
adaptive strategy
http://eol.org/schema/terms/adaptiveStrategy
mechanisms and responses used by organisms to reproduce, defend, survive, and compete on the landscape.
https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2745.2005.01043.x https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plant_strategies
adhesive
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002331
adobe soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002870
adolescent
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001189
A maturity quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's being between the onset of puberty and maturity.
[database_cross_reference: WordNet:WordNet]
adult
http://www.ebi.ac.uk/efo/EFO_0001272
A maturity quality inhering in an individual by virtue of the individual having attained sexual maturity and full growth
Adult Yearly Survival
http://eol.org/schema/terms/AdultYearlySurvival
aerial
http://eol.org/schema/terms/aerial
organisms adapted to spending a considerable part of their life in the air, away from the ground, vegetation or water.
aerial habitat
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000568
A habitat that is solely in the air.
aerial locomotion behavior
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/NBO_0000366
Behavior related to the movement of an organism from one location to another through the air.
Aeronian Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Aeronian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
aerosol
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00010505
Airborne solid particles (also called dust or particulate matter (PM)) or liquid droplets.
aesthetic
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/MFOEM_000039
after harvest regrowth rate
http://eol.org/schema/terms/AfterHarvestRegrowthRate
Indicates the relative rate of regrowth of a herbaceous plant after a harvest of above ground herbage.
USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
age at dispersal
http://eol.org/schema/terms/age At Dispersal
age at eye opening
http://eol.org/schema/terms/AgeAtEyeOpening
Age at which both eyes are fully open after birth.
Kate E. Jones, Jon Bielby, Marcel Cardillo, Susanne A. Fritz, Justin O'Dell, C. David L. Orme, Kamran Safi, Wes Sechrest, Elizabeth H. Boakes, Chris Carbone, Christina Connolly, Michael J. Cutts, Janine K. Foster, Richard Grenyer, Michael Habib, Christopher A. Plaster, Samantha A. Price, Elizabeth A. Rigby, Janna Rist, Amber Teacher, Olaf R. P. Bininda-Emonds, John L. Gittleman, Georgina M. Mace, and Andy Purvis. 2009. PanTHERIA: a species-level database of life history, ecology, and geography of extant and recently extinct mammals. Ecology 90:2648. http://esapubs.org/archive/ecol/E090/184/
age at first birth
http://eol.org/schema/terms/AgeAtFirstBirth
Age at which females give birth to their first litter, or their young attach to teats or hatch out
age at first reproduction
http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/MAT
age at maturity
http://eol.org/schema/terms/AgeAtMaturity
Age at the first successful reproduction.
age at maturity of resprouts
http://eol.org/schema/terms/AgeAtMaturityResprouts
Age of resprouts at first successful reproduction (in years), i.e., when most of the resprouting plants produce the first seed crop.
BROT trait database. Traits: units and categories (MatResp), http://www.uv.es/jgpausas/brot.htm
agricultural
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000077
agricultural material
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_0010003
agricultural soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002259
agricultural terrace
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000519
agricultural waste
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002265
Wastewater produced in the course of agricultural activities
agricultural waste
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000371
waste produced as a result of various agricultural operations. It includes manure and other wastes from farms, poultry houses and slaughterhouses; harvest waste; fertilizer run- off from fields; pesticides that enter into water, air or soils; and salt and silt drained from fields
agricultural wastewater treatment plant
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_2000003
A wastewater treatment plant that treats agriculatural wastewater. Agricultural wastewater treatment relates to the treatment of wastewaters produced in the course of agricultural activities. Agriculture is a highly intensified industry in many parts of the world, producing a range of wastewaters requiring a variety of treatment technologies and management practices.
agro-forestry
http://eol.org/schema/terms/agroforestry
the intentional integration of trees and shrubs into crop and animal farming systems to create environmental, economic, and social benefits
https://www.usda.gov/topics/forestry/agroforestry
air conditioning unit
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002874
air filter
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00003968
air temperature
http://eol.org/schema/terms/AirTemperature
http://web.uconn.edu/poultry/NE-127/NewFiles/air%20temp.html
alas
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000438
A steep-sided depression formed by the melting of permafrost; it may contain a lake.
albeluvisol
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002233
Albeluvisols are soils that have, beginning within 1 m of the soil surface, a clay illuviation horizon with an irregular or broken upper boundary resulting in tonguing of bleached soil material into the illuviation horizon.
Albian Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Albian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
algae
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q37868
aquatic, photosynthetic, and non vascular eukaryotic organisms (a polyphyletic group)
algal bloom
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_2000004
A feature that arises from a rapid increase or accumulation in the population of algae (typically microscopic) in an aquatic system.
algivore
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q7486201
consumer that eats algae
alisol
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002231
Alisols are soils that have a higher clay content in the subsoil than in the topsoil as a result of pedogenetic processes (especially clay migration) leading to an argic subsoil horizon. Alisols have a low base saturation at certain depths and high-activity clays throughout the argic horizon. They lack the albeluvic tonguing as in Albeluvisols. They occur predominantly in humid tropical, humid subtropical and warm temperate regions.
alkaline environment
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000316
An alkaline environment is an environment in which entities are exposed to high pH, typically greater than a pH of 9
Gymnodiniales Traits
alkaline flat
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000196
A dry lakebead consisting of fine-grained sediments infused with alkali salts. Generally the shore or bed of an endorheic lake.
alkaline habitat
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002022
A biome in which the pH is >pH9. Inhabited by alkaliphilic organisms.
alkaline hot spring
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002119
A hot spring whose water has an alkaline pH.
alkaline salt lake
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002121
allolectotype
http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/TaxonName#Allolectotype
A paralectotype specimen that is the opposite sex of the lectotype. The term is not regulated by the ICZN. [Zoo.]
alloneotype
http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/TaxonName#Alloneotype
A paraneotype specimen that is the opposite sex of the neotype. The term is not regulated by the ICZN. [Zoo.]
allotment garden
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005745
allotment garden soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005744
allotype
http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/TaxonName#Allotype
A paratype specimen designated from the type series by the original author that is the opposite sex of the holotype. The term is not regulated by the ICZN. [Zoo.]
alluvial fan
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000314
A fan-shaped deposit formed where a fast flowing stream flattens, slows, and spreads typically at the exit of a canyon onto a flatter plain.
alluvial paddy field soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005759
alluvial plain
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000258
A relatively flat and gently sloping landform found at the base of a range of hills or mountains, formed by the deposition of alluvial soil over a long period of time by one or more streams coming from the mountains.
alluvial soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002871
alluvial swamp soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005758
along-front current
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000100
A marine surface current that flows along an oceanic front.
alpine glacier
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000085
A glacier found in mountain terrain.
alpine soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005741
altitude
http://semanticscience.org/resource/SIO_000438
Altitude is a distance above sea level.
ambush predator
http://eol.org/schema/terms/ambush
organisms that capture or trap prey by stealth or by strategy (typically not conscious strategy), rather than by speed or by strength.
amenity lake
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000451
A lake constructed, or modified, for the chief purpose of providing an amenity.
amniotic fluid
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_02000021
Amniotic fluid is a bodily fluid consisting of watery liquid surrounding and cushioning a growing fetus within the amnion. It allows the fetus to move freely without the walls of the uterus being too tight against its body. Buoyancy is also provided.
Ampharetid feeder
https://eol.org/schema/terms/ampharetid_feeder
a carnivore that feeds primarily on ampharetid worms (Ampharetidae)
amphibious
http://eol.org/schema/terms/amphibious
organism that is adapted to both life on land and in the water.
amphidromous
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/FOODON_03413450
Amphidromous fish move between fresh and salt water during some part of life cycle, but not for breeding.
anabranch
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000152
A section of a river or stream that diverts from the main course and rejoins later.
anadromous
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/FOODON_03413448
Anadromous fish live in the sea mostly, breed in fresh water; the best-known are salmon, which hatch in small freshwater streams, go down to the sea and live there for several years, then return to the same streams where they were hatched, spawn, and die shortly thereafter.
anaerobic mud
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002133
anaerobic sediment
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002045
Sediment characterised by the absence of oxygen.
anaerobic soil tolerance
http://eol.org/schema/terms/AnaerobicSoilTolerance
The relative tolerance of the plant to anaerobic soil conditions.
USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
anaerobic stream sediment
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002134
andosol
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002232
Andosols are soils that develop in volcanic ejecta or glasses under almost any climate (except under hyperarid climate conditions). However, Andosols may also develop in other silicate-rich materials under acid weathering in humid and perhumid climates.
androviviparous
http://eol.org/schema/terms/androviviparous
Having paternal care wherein eggs are incubated internally by the father, and young emerge post-hatching
anemochory
http://eol.org/schema/terms/anemochory
Seed dispersal by wind (with wind dispersal adaptations, such as pappus or wings).
http://www.uv.es/jgpausas/brot.htm
animal feed
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_02000047
Animal feed is a biotic mesoscopic physical object consisting of any foodstuff that is used specifically to feed domesticated livestock, such as cattle, goats, sheep, horses, chickens and pigs. Most animal feed is from plants but some is of animal origin. Fodder refers particularly to food given to the animals (including plants cut and carried to them), rather than that which they forage for themselves. It includes hay, straw, silage, compressed and pelleted feeds, oils and mixed rations, and also sprouted grains and legumes.
animal habitation
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005803
The dwelling of an animal or group of similar animals.
animal litter
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002191
Straw or other material strewn in an animal's enclosure (e.g. a stable) for it to sleep on and to absorb its faeces and urine.
animal manure
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00003031
animal matter fall
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000139
The carcass of an animal that has fallen to the bottom of a body of water.
animal population density
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/CSP/2383-1863
Number of animals in a population relative to space.
animal waste
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002276
Anisian Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Anisian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
annual
http://eol.org/schema/terms/annual
Of plant duration, a plant whose life span ends within one year after germination, e.g. a winter annual germinating in the autumn and flowering in the spring (esp. in Mediterranean climates), approximately synonymous to therophyte, c.f. biennial, ephemeral, perennial, c.f. also of flowering with respect to architecture, hapaxanthic, monocarpic, pleonanthic.
Stevens, P. F. (2001 onwards). Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 12, July 2012. Glossary: http://www.mobot.org/mobot/research/apweb/top/glossarya_h.html#annual
annual
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/FLOPO_0980071
Of plant duration, a plant whose life span ends within one year after germination, e.g. a winter annual germinating in the autumn and flowering in the spring (esp. in Mediterranean climates), approximately synonymous to therophyte, c.f. biennial, ephemeral, perennial, c.f. also of flowering with respect to architecture, hapaxanthic, monocarpic, pleonanthic.
Stevens, P. F. (2001 onwards). Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 12, July 2012. Glossary: http://www.mobot.org/mobot/research/apweb/top/glossarya_h.html#annual
annual precipitation
http://eol.org/schema/terms/AnnualPrecipitation
Total depth of precipitation fallen in a given location in one year, if converted to liquid form. Precipitation is any product of the condensation of atmospheric water vapour that falls under gravity.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Precipitation
anoxic water
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000173
Water depleted of dissolved oxygen.
ante-isooctadecanoic acid
http://eol.org/schema/terms/ante-isooctadecanoic_acid
ante-isotetradecanoic acid
http://eol.org/schema/terms/anteisotetradecanoic_acid
anterior culmen length
http://eol.org/schema/terms/AnteriorCulmenLength
The distance from the front of the nares (nostrils) to the tip of the bill of a bird.
anthropogenic
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000002
a geographic feature resulting from the influence of human beings on nature.
anthropogenic abiotic mesoscopic feature
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00003075
anthropogenic contamination feature
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002204
anthropogenic environmental material
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_0010001
Anthropogenic material in or on which organisms may live.
anthropogenic habitat
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002031
A habitat that is in or on an environmental feature or material derived from human activity.
anthropogenic terrestrial biome
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000219
An anthropogenic terrestrial biome is a terrestrial biome which has community structures determined by human activity.
anthrosol
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002230
Anthrosols comprise soils that have been modified profoundly through human activities, such as addition of organic materials or household wastes, irrigation and cultivation.
apatite
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_52254
A phosphate mineral with the general formula Ca5(PO4)3X where X = OH, F or Cl
apex predator
http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q19067
predator residing at the top of a food chain, with no predators of its own
aphotic zone
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000210
The zone of an ocean below 200m, in which photosynthesis cannot occur due to the lack of light.
apparently_secure
https://eol.org/schema/terms/apparently_secure
At a fairly low risk of extirpation in the jurisdiction due to an extensive range and/or many populations or occurrences, but with possible cause for some concern as a result of local recent declines, threats, or other factors.
http://www.natureserve.org/conservation-tools/conservation-status-assessment
apron
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000530
A gentle slope, with a generally smooth surface, particularly found around groups of islands and seamounts.
Aptian Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Aptian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
aquaduct
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000072
Structure designed to transport water from a remote source, usually by gravity.
aquarium
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002196
aquatic
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000063
aquatic
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002030
aquatic adapted
http://eol.org/schema/terms/aquatic
organism that is adapted to life in the water
aquatic habitat
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000144
A habitat that is in or on water.
aquatic plant
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/FLOPO_0900044
whole plant aquatic
aqueous humour
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_02000024
Aqueous humour is a bodily fluid consisting of a thick watery substance that fills the space between the lens and the cornea.
aquifer
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00012408
An underground layer of water-bearing permeable rock or unconsolidated materials (gravel, sand, silt, or clay) from which groundwater can be usefully extracted using a water well.
Aquitanian Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Aquitanian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
arable soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005742
aragonite
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_52239
Calcium carbonate (CO3Ca), aragonite structure
Aragonite Saturation State
http://eol.org/schema/terms/aragonite_saturation_state
the degree to which seawater is saturated with respect to the aragonite form of calcium carbonate
https://coralreefwatch.noaa.gov/satellite/oa/description/oaps_intro_aragonite_ss.php
arboreal
http://eol.org/schema/terms/arboreal
organism that is adapted to life in trees.
arboreal habitat
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000571
A habitat in or on trees.
arboreal locomotion behavior
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/NBO_0000364
Behavior related to the locomotion of animals in trees.
arborescent
http://eol.org/schema/terms/arborescent
Of habit, resembling a tree, a term applied to non-woody plants attaining tree height and to shrubs tending to become tree-like in size
Stevens, P. F. (2001 onwards). Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 12, July 2012. http://www.mobot.org/mobot/research/apweb/top/glossarya_h.html#C
arbuscular mycorrhizal association
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0036377
A form of mutualism between a fungus and the roots of a vascular plant, where hyphae of the fungus penetrate the plant cell wall and invaginate its cell membrane. Once inside, the fungus forms highly branched structures for nutrient exchange with the plant called arbuscules. Aids in the acquisition by the plant of nutrients such as phosphorus from the soil.
Archean Eon
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Archean
..
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
archeological site
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000564
A place (or group of physical sites) in which evidence of past activity is preserved (either prehistoric or historic or contemporary), and which is, has been, or may be, investigated using the discipline of archaeology.
archipelago
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000220
A group of geographically or geologically associated islands.
area
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001709
areas with native and introduced infra-taxa
http://eol.org/schema/terms/NativeIntroducedRange
Lists jurisdictions in which some infra-taxa of a given organism are members of the undisturbed fauna or flora while others have been introduced recently.
areas with native and probably introduced infra-taxa
http://eol.org/schema/terms/NativeProbablyIntroducedRange
Lists jurisdictions in which some infra-taxa of a given organism are members of the undisturbed fauna or flora while others have probably been introduced recently.
arete
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000429
A thin, almost knife-like, ridge of rock which is typically formed when two glaciers erode parallel U-shaped valleys. The arte is a thin ridge of rock that is left separating the two valleys. Artes can also form when two glacial cirques erode towards one another, although frequently this results in a saddle-shaped pass, called a col.
arid
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000230
An arid condition is an environmental condition in which annual precipitation is less than half of annual potential evapotranspiration.
arm plus disc length
http://eol.org/schema/terms/ArmPlusDiscLength
arsenate treated wood
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002136
arsenic-rich mud
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002122
artificial channel
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000121
artificial harbor
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000464
A harbor constructed by human agency.
artificial island
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000099
An island constructed by human effort.
artificial lake
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000377
A lake purposefully constructed.
artificial reef
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000149
Chains of rocks or coral at or near the surface of water constructed by man.
Artinskian Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Artinskian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
ash cone
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000399
A cone that is composed of particles of silt to sand size. Explosive eruptions from a vent where the magma is interacting with groundwater or the sea (as in an eruption off the coast) produce steam and are called phreatic. The interaction between the magma, expanding steam, and volcanic gases results in the ejection of mostly small particles called ash. Fallen ash has the consistency of flour. The unconsolidated ash forms an ash cone which becomes a tuff cone or tuff ring once the ash consolidates.
Ash Content
http://eol.org/schema/terms/Ash_content
asphalt lake
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000165
A lake formed of a natural deposit of alphalt, a black, highly viscous liquid or semi-solid composed of fossil hydrocarbons.
Asselian Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Asselian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
assessor/s
http://eol.org/schema/terms/Assessor
at least short-persistent
http://eol.org/schema/terms/atLeastShortPersistentSeedBank
Of seed bank longevity. Seed bank longevity is > 1 and at least <= 5 yr (could be longer but it is unknown).
http://www.uv.es/jgpausas/brot.htm
atoll
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000166
An oceanic island, often having a characteristic ring-like shape surrounding a lagoon. Atolls are formed when coral reef grows around a volcanic island that later subsides into the ocean.
attenuation coefficient
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q902086
characterizes how easily a material can be penetrated, usually by a beam of light, or sometimes other energy or matter.
attractant
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0042056
autochory
http://eol.org/schema/terms/autochory
Seed dispersal by gravity, without the assistance of any dispersal vector (= unassisted dispersal).
http://www.uv.es/jgpausas/brot.htm
autotrophy
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ECOCORE_00000009
any trophic interaction which has as input some inorganic material (non-living) that is the only source of carbon or reducing equivalents source is a autotrophic process
average
http://eol.org/schema/terms/average
A vague term indicating a measure of central tendency, like a mean, median, or a more complex measure like a mean of subgrouped means
aviation fuel
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00003903
avivore
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q4829056
animal that preys on and eats birds