dcsimg

Glossary of ALL Terms for Data on EOL

h

habitat breadth
http://eol.org/schema/terms/HabitatBreadth
Number of habitat layers used by an organism
habitat created by
http://eol.org/schema/terms/HabitatCreatedBy
Inhabits structure or material provided by the activity or growth of another organism
habitat includes
http://eol.org/schema/terms/Habitat
The organism inhabits this environment or ecoregion.
habitat is
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/habitat
A category or description of the habitat in which the Event occurred.
hadal zone
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000028
The marine hadal zone biome describes sea floor deeper than 6000 m such as that of the oceanic trenches.
hadalpelagic zone
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000214
The zone of an ocean in oceanic trenches, lying between 6000m and 10,000m.
hagfish feeder
https://eol.org/schema/terms/hagfish_feeder
a carnivore that feeds primarily on hagfishes (Myxiniformes)
hagfishes
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q75713
family of eel-shaped, slime-producing, marine fishes
halfmax growth concentration (ammonium)
http://eol.org/schema/terms/halfmax_growth_concentration_ammonium
ambient ammonium concentration at which specific growth rate equals half of maximum, if ammonium is limiting growth.
Monod, J. 1949. The growth of bacterial cultures. Annual Review of Microbiology 3:371–394.
halfmax growth concentration (nitrate)
http://eol.org/schema/terms/halfmax_growth_concentration_nitrate
ambient nitrate concentration at which specific growth rate equals half of maximum, if nitrate is limiting growth.
Monod, J. 1949. The growth of bacterial cultures. Annual Review of Microbiology 3:371–394.
halfmax growth concentration (phosphate)
http://eol.org/schema/terms/halfmax_growth_concentration_phosphate
ambient phosphate concentration at which specific growth rate equals half of maximum, if phosphate is limiting growth.
Monod, J. 1949. The growth of bacterial cultures. Annual Review of Microbiology 3:371–394.
halfmax uptake concentration (ammonium)
http://eol.org/schema/terms/halfmax_uptake_concentration_ammonium
ambient ammonium concentration at which uptake rate equals half of maximum
L. Michaelis, M.L. Menten. Kinetik der Invertinwirkung. Biochem. Zeitung, 49 (1913), pp. 333–369
halfmax uptake concentration (nitrate)
http://eol.org/schema/terms/halfmax_uptake_concentration_nitrate
ambient nitrate concentration at which uptake rate equals half of maximum
L. Michaelis, M.L. Menten. Kinetik der Invertinwirkung. Biochem. Zeitung, 49 (1913), pp. 333–369
halfmax uptake concentration (phosphate)
http://eol.org/schema/terms/halfmax_uptake_concentration_phosphate
ambient phosphate concentration at which uptake rate equals half of maximum
L. Michaelis, M.L. Menten. Kinetik der Invertinwirkung. Biochem. Zeitung, 49 (1913), pp. 333–369
haline habitat
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002024
A biome characterized by a concentration of salt at least 2M. Inhabited by halophilic organisms.
hammock
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000516
A patch of ground, distinct from and slightly above the surrounding plain or wetland. Often occurs in groups.
hanging valley
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000184
A tributary valley with the floor at a higher relief than the main channel into which it flows. They are most commonly associated with U-shaped valleys when a tributary glacier flows into a glacier of larger volume.
harbor
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000463
A place where ships may shelter from the weather or are stored.
hard benthic substrate
http://eol.org/schema/terms/hardBenthicSubstrate
Benthic habitat composed of a hard substrate
McClain Bivalve Sizes
hard substrate boring
http://eol.org/schema/terms/hardSubstrateBoring
Organisms living in burrows bored into hard substrates such as rock, coral, or wood.
has host
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/RO_0002454
From OBO Relation Ontology
has pathogen
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/RO_0002557
Hauterivian Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Hauterivian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
hay
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002869
Hay is grass, legumes or other herbaceous plants that have been cut, dried, and stored for use as animal fodder, particularly for grazing livestock such as cattle, horses, goats, and sheep.
hay compost
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002171
head to coccyx length
http://eol.org/schema/terms/HeadtoCoccyxLength
The distance from the head to the caudal vertebrae in the coccygeal region.
head width
http://eol.org/schema/HeadWidth
head-body length
http://eol.org/schema/terms/HeadBodyLength
Head-body length is the total length from tip of nose to anus, base of tail or vent (i.e. tail length is excluded).
YouTheria Manual: Head-body length http://www.utheria.org/head-bodylength.aspx
headwater
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000153
The upper part of a river system, denoting the upper basin and source streams of a river.
heart shaped
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000948
A concave 3-D shape quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's having a sinus or rounded lobe at the base.
Gymnodiniales Traits
heart weight
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CMO_0000017
The heaviness of the heart (the central cardiac muscle which maintains the circulation of the blood) or the degree to which it is drawn to the earth by gravity.
[database_cross_reference: Dorland:Dorlands_Illustrated_Medical_Dictionary--31st_Ed] [database_cross_reference: ISBN:978-1416049982]
heat stressed soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005781
heath
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000107
An upland moor or sandy area dominated by low shrubby vegetation including heather.
heavy
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000582
Increased weight, high weight. A weight which is relatively high.
[database_cross_reference: PATOC:GVG]
hedge
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000046
A dense growth of shrubbery planted as a fence or boundary.
height
http://semanticscience.org/resource/SIO_000040
height at shoulder
http://eol.org/schema/terms/HeightAtShoulder
The height of an animal measured from the ground to the top of the shoulder when the animal is standing. It is commonly used as a measure in quadrupedal animals.
Francis, C. M. 2008. A Field Guide to the Mammals of South-East Asia.
height standing
http://eol.org/schema/terms/HeightStanding
The height when maintaining an erect upright position.
helophyte
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/FLOPO_0900025
whole plant helophytic
hematophage
http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q939099
practice by certain animals of feeding on blood
hemiepiphyte
http://eol.org/schema/terms/hemiepiphyte
plants that spend part of their life cycle as epiphytes
hemiparasite
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q20739318
a plant that obtains or may obtain part of its food by parasitism, e.g., mistletoe, which also photosynthesizes
heptadecanoic acid
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_32365
herbaceous
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/FLOPO_0022142
whole plant herbaceous
herbaceous
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q190903
plant which has no persistent woody stem above ground
herbivore
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/D060434
herbivore
http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Primary__Herbivore
An animal that eats mainly plants or parts of plants.
herbivore
http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q59099
animal anatomically and physiologically adapted to eating plant material
herbivore
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q59099
automatically added during harvest
Crustacean body sizes
herbivore
https://www.wikidata.org/wiki/Q59099
animal anatomically and physiologically adapted to eating plant material
herbivorous grazer
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ECOCORE_00000099
a consumer that acquires food and energy by consuming grasses, leaves, and other soft plant material.
herpetivore
http://eol.org/schema/terms/herpetivore
carnivorous animal which eats primarily reptiles or amphibians
heterotrophic
http://eol.org/schema/terms/heterotrophy
Deriving energy from consuming organic matter. Pure heterotrophic organisms contain no functioning plastids or photosynthetic pigments, and show evidence for consumption of organic particles or prey. (Barton, AD, Finkel, ZV, Ward, BA, Johns, DG, Follows, MJ. 2013. On the roles of cell size and trophic strategy in North Atlantic diatom and dinoflagellate communities. Limnol. Oceanogr., 58(1), 2013, 254–266. doi:10.4319/lo.2013.58.1.0254)
Hettangian Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Hettangian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
hexacosanoic acid
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_31009
hexadecanoic acid
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_15756
hide
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_02000053
A skin obtained from animals for human use typically from deer or cattle sources used to produce leather, shoes, fashion accessories, musical instruments.
hieratite
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q3785497
An isometric-hexoctahedral mineral containing fluorine, potassium, and silicon. Formula: K₂SiF₆
high
http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C25227
An elevated level or position or degree; greater than normal in degree or intensity or amount.
high (>160 lb N/acre/year)
http://eol.org/schema/terms/highNitrogenFixation
Plants with high nitrogen fixation. More than 160 lb nitrogen per acre per year fixed in monoculture.
USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
high (>59)
http://eol.org/schema/terms/highCNRatio
The percentage of organic carbon divided by the percentage of total nitrogen in organic material is higher than 59.
USDA Plants database. Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
high Arctic
http://eol.org/schema/terms/highArctic
Zones A, B and C, per the Circumpolar Arctic Vegetation Map (CAVM Team 2003)
http://www.arcticatlas.org/maps/themes/cp/cpbz
high life span
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001603
Increased life span: A life span which is relatively high.
high osmolarity habitat
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002028
A biome characterized by a high osmolarity, typically the result of a high concentration of sugars. Inhabited by osmophilic organisms.
high pressure habitat
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002023
A biome characterized by high gas or liquid pressure, inhabited by barophilic (piezophilic) organisms.
high temperature habitat
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002025
A biome characterized by an average temperature of at least 60deg C. Inhabited by thermophilic organisms.
high tide zone
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000318
The tide zone that is flooded during high tide only, and is a highly saline environment.
high tolerance
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002393
increased tolerance to: A tolerance quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's increased ability to endure a stimulus.
[database_cross_reference: PATOC:LC]
high-level radioactive sediment
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002155
highly stratified estuary
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000225
An estuary whose river output and marine input are more even, with river flow still dominant; turbulence induces more mixing of salt water upward than the reverse.
hill
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000083
A rounded elevation of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m.
hill range
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000082
A group of hills bordered by lowlands.
hind femur length
http://eol.org/schema/HindFemurLength
hind tarsus length
http://eol.org/schema/terms/HindTarsusLength
The hind foot length, from heel to toe.
Darrin Lunde
hind wing length
http://eol.org/schema/terms/HindWingLength
Hirnantian Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Hirnantian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
hispidose
http://eol.org/schema/terms/hispidose
(equivalent to ‘bottlebrush’) describes branching where sub-branches radiate in all directions from main branches and where corallites on sub-branches are generally elongate. Applied only to the genus Acropora
http://www.coralsoftheworld.org/page/glossary/#Glossary_H
histosol
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002243
Histosols comprise soils formed in organic material. These vary from soils developed in predominantly moss peat in boreal, arctic and subarctic regions, via moss peat, reeds/ sedge peat (fen) and forest peat in temperate regions to mangrove peat and swamp forest peat in the humid tropics. Histosols are found at all altitudes, but the vast majority occurs in lowlands.
Holocene Epoch
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Holocene
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
holotype
http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/TaxonName#Holotype
The one specimen or other element used or designated by the original author at the time of publication of the original description as the nomenclatural type of a species or infraspecific taxon. A holotype may be 'explicit' if it is clearly stated in the originating publication or 'implicit' if it is the single specimen proved to have been in the hands of the originating author when the description was published. [Zoo./Bot./Bio.]
home range
http://eol.org/schema/terms/HomeRange
Size of the area within which everyday activities of individuals or groups (of any type) are typically restricted.
Kate E. Jones, Jon Bielby, Marcel Cardillo, Susanne A. Fritz, Justin O'Dell, C. David L. Orme, Kamran Safi, Wes Sechrest, Elizabeth H. Boakes, Chris Carbone, Christina Connolly, Michael J. Cutts, Janine K. Foster, Richard Grenyer, Michael Habib, Christopher A. Plaster, Samantha A. Price, Elizabeth A. Rigby, Janna Rist, Amber Teacher, Olaf R. P. Bininda-Emonds, John L. Gittleman, Georgina M. Mace, and Andy Purvis. 2009. PanTHERIA: a species-level database of life history, ecology, and geography of extant and recently extinct mammals. Ecology 90:2648. http://esapubs.org/archive/ecol/E090/184/
Homerian Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Homerian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
horizontal
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001855
being in the plane of the horizon
horse manure
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00003859
horseshoe crab feeder
https://eol.org/schema/terms/horseshoe_crab_feeder
a carnivore that feeds primarily on horseshoe crabs (Limulidae)
Horseshoe crabs
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q1329239
family of arthropods. https://eol.org/pages/1921
horst
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000289
The raised fault block bounded by normal faults. The raised block is a portion of the Earth's crust that has remained stationary while the land has sunk on either side of it or has been crushed by a mountain range against it.
hospital
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002173
host of
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/RO_0002453
From OBO Relation Ontology
hot spring
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000051
A spring that is produced by the emergence of geothermally-heated groundwater from the Earth's crust.
household articles
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/OMIT_0007937
Hudson Bay
http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q3040
human population density
http://eol.org/schema/terms/HumanPopulationDensity
The human population density within the geographic range of a taxon.
human population density change
http://eol.org/schema/terms/HumanPopulationDensityChange
Rate of increase in human population density within the geographic range of a species.
Kate E. Jones, Jon Bielby, Marcel Cardillo, Susanne A. Fritz, Justin O'Dell, C. David L. Orme, Kamran Safi, Wes Sechrest, Elizabeth H. Boakes, Chris Carbone, Christina Connolly, Michael J. Cutts, Janine K. Foster, Richard Grenyer, Michael Habib, Christopher A. Plaster, Samantha A. Price, Elizabeth A. Rigby, Janna Rist, Amber Teacher, Olaf R. P. Bininda-Emonds, John L. Gittleman, Georgina M. Mace, and Andy Purvis. 2009. PanTHERIA: a species-level database of life history, ecology, and geography of extant and recently extinct mammals. Ecology 90:2648. http://esapubs.org/archive/ecol/E090/184/
humerus length
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CMO_0000469
Distance from end to end of the humerus, the bone in the upper portion of the forelimb.
[database_cross_reference: Dorland:Dorlands_Illustrated_Medical_Dictionary--31st_Ed] [database_cross_reference: ISBN:978-1416049982]
humus
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000000
Organic matter in soil which has reached a point of stability, where it will break down no further and might, if conditions do not change, remain essentially as it is for centuries, or millennia.
humus-rich acidic ash soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005763
hydrocarbon seep
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002063
The result of the release of natural hydrocarbons to the surface of the earth, including beneath the sea, by natural geological processes.
hydrochory
http://eol.org/schema/terms/hydrochory
Seed dispersal by water.
http://www.uv.es/jgpausas/brot.htm
hydroelectric dam
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000468
A dam constructed for the purpose of generating electricity from the water stored behind it.
hydroelectric reservoir
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000448
A reservoir constructed for the purpose of generating electricity.
hydrogenous sediment
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000110
Hydrogenous sediment is derived from solutes that precipitate out of sea water by a variety of chemical reactions. These are typically less abundant than other sediment types.
hydrographic feature
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000012
A geographical feature associated with water.
hydroid
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q61994851
sessile (attached) invertebrate life stage
hydromorphic/phreatic dambo
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000237
A danbo associated with a headwater.
hydrophyte
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/FLOPO_0900026
whole plant hydrophytic
Hydrostatic skeleton
http://www.marinespecies.org/traits/Hydrostatic
Skeletal support provided by hydrostatic pressure from a fluid filled cavity (e.g. the coelum) surrounded by muscles. Hydrostatic pressure provides skeletal support in sea anemones, jellyfish, nematodes, annelids, echinoderms, and other groups.
hydrothermal fluid
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000134
High temperature water ejected from hydrothermal vents and laden with dissolved metals and minerals as a result of percolation through crustal rocks.
hydrothermal vent
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000215
A fissure in the Earths's surface from which geothermally heated water issues.
hydrothermal vent biome
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000030
The marine hydrothermal vent biome comprises regions of the marine benthic biome where heat generated due to tectonic activity, either at divergent plate boundaries or convergent ocean plates where back-arc spreading occurs, is released or 'vented' to the surface. The resultant high temperature water jets are laden with dissolved metals and minerals.
hydroxylapatite
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_52255
A phosphate mineral with the formula Ca5(PO4)3(OH).
hyperhydate
http://eol.org/schema/terms/hyperhydate
an emergent plant, with leaves and/or stems emerging well beyond the water surface, roots penetrating the substrate
GERMISHUIZEN, G. & MEYER, N.L. (eds) 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
hypersaline water
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002012
hyperthermophilic sediment
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000133
Sediment characterised by a temperature of 80-125 degrees Celsius and no oxygen content. Often impacted by hydrothermal fluid flows.
hypocone length
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/OBA_1000127
Length of hypocone from cingulum to antapex
From Ontology for Bio-Attributes
hypodermic needle
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_02000000
A hypodermic needle is a medical instrument made from a hollow needle. It is commonly used with a syringe to inject substances into the body of an organism.
hypolimnion
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002130
The dense, bottom layer of water in a thermally-stratified lake. It is the layer that lies below the thermocline.