dcsimg

Glossary of ALL Terms for Data on EOL

l

L-(+)-tartrate enriched soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00003094
label
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/IAO_0000009
a data label identifying a record as a member of a particular type of records
labile material feeder
https://eol.org/schema/terms/labile_material_feeder
consumers specializing in labile organic matter, which is easily metabolized; usually low molecular weight compounds, eg: simple sugars or proteins. For instance, metabolic scaling puts intense selective pressure on small organisms to ingest foods rich in labile organic matter; the residence time in a very short gut is too brief for enzymatic hydrolysis, so they specialize in rapidly metabolizable compounds.
lacustrine beach
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000093
A landform consisting of loose rock particles such as sand, gravel, shingle, pebbles, cobble, or even shell fragments along the shoreline of a lake.
lacustrine mudflat
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000242
A wetland that forms when mud is deposited by a stream.
lacustrine plain
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000259
A plain that originally formed in a lacustrine environment, that is, as the bed of a lake, but from which the water has disappeared, by natural drainage, evaporation or other geophysical processes.
Ladinian Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Ladinian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
lagoon
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000038
A sheet of saline water separated from the open sea by sand or shingle banks. The sheet of water between an offshore reef, especially of coral and mainland. The sheet of water within a ring or horseshoe shaped atoll.
lake
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000020
A body of water or other liquid of considerable size contained on a body of land.
lake
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000252
lake bed
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000268
The ground surface that lies beneath a lake.
lake bottom mud
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005797
lake channel
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000397
lake inlet
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000476
An opening of a lake into its shore.
lake island
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000424
An island that lies in a lake.
lake sediment
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000546
lake shore
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000382
That part of the land in immediate contact with a lake.
lake surface
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000105
laminar
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002124
having the form of a thin plate sheet or layer.
land bridge
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000391
An isthmus or other land connection between what at other times are separate land masses which allows animals and plants to cross and colonise new lands. Land bridges are commonly created by regression, in which sea levels fall exposing previously submerged sections of continental shelf. Land bridges are also formed by: (a) upthrust at the edge of continental plates; and (b) glacial retreat alleviating pressure on shallow marine formations.
land-tied island
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000269
A continental island connected to its adjacent land by a natural feature, such as a causeway.
landfill
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000533
A site at which refuse is dumped, normally filling a natural or artificial depression.
landlocked sea
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000219
A sea that is not connected with an ocean.
landslide
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000520
A mound of earth material, at the base of a slope and the associated scoured area.
Langhian Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Langhian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
large
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000586
A size quality which is relatively high
From Phenotype and Trait Ontology
Large lake biome
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000891
Large river biome
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000887
Large river delta biome
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000889
Large river headwater biome
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000888
largest ovum diameter
http://eol.org/schema/terms/LargestOvumDiameter
The linear length of the diameter of the largest ovum.
larval mode of development
http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/LM
last appearance
http://eol.org/schema/terms/FossilLast
The last appearance of this taxon in the fossil record.
Last Appearance (Earliest Interval)
http://eol.org/schema/terms/paleo_lastapp_ei
The earliest interval in which the last appearance of this taxon in the fossil record falls.
Last Appearance (Latest Interval)
http://eol.org/schema/terms/paleo_lastapp_li
The latest interval in which the last appearance of this taxon in the fossil record falls.
last appearance (older bound)
http://eol.org/schema/terms/paleo_lastapp_ea
The older bound for the last appearance of this taxon in the fossil record, in Ma.
last appearance (younger bound)
http://eol.org/schema/terms/paleo_lastapp_la
The younger bound for the last appearance of this taxon in the fossil record, in Ma.
late
http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C64998
Being or occurring at an advanced period of time or after a usual or expected time.
late adult stage
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0007222
Old adult
late spring
http://eol.org/schema/terms/lateSpring
The late part of the season between the vernal equinox and the summer solstice.
late summer
http://eol.org/schema/terms/lateSummer
The late part of the season between the summer solstice and the autumnal equinox.
late winter
http://eol.org/schema/terms/lateWinter
The late part of the season between the winter solstice and the vernal equinox.
lateral gill length
http://eol.org/schema/LateralGillLength
lateral moraine
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000249
The parallel ridges of till deposited along the sides of an alglacier. The unconsolidated debris is deposited on top of the glacier by frost shattering of the valley walls and from tributary streams flowing into the valley. The till is carried along the glacial margin until the glacier melts.
lathlike
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002467
resembling a thin narrow strip
latitude
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLatitude
The geographic latitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are north of the Equator, negative values are south of it. Legal values lie between -90 and 90, inclusive.
latitude
http://semanticscience.org/resource/SIO_000319
Latitude is a geographic coordinate which refers to the angle from a point on the Earth's surface to the equatorial plane
latitudinal zone
http://eol.org/schema/terms/GeographicalZone
Broad geographical regions separated by latitude. Polar, subpolar, temperate, subtropical, tropical, boreal, arctoboreal, cosmopolitan, etc.
lava
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000231
Lava is an environmental material which is primarily composed of molten rock.
lava cave
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000322
A cave in a lava flow.
lava field
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000095
A feature formed by cooled lava, the molten rock that is expelled by a volcano during an eruption.
lava tunnel
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000110
A tunnel formed by the flow of molten lava, which has subsequently drained out.
lawn soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005756
lb
http://mimi.case.edu/ontologies/2009/1/UnitsOntology#US_pound
The pound or pound-mass (lb) is a unit of mass used in the imperial, United States customary and other systems of measurement. A number of different definitions have been used, the most common today being the international avoirdupois pound which is legally defined as exactly 0.45359237 kilograms, and which is divided into 16 avoirdupois ounces.
http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pound_(mass)&oldid=581393690
leachate
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002141
The liquid produced when water percolates through any permeable material. It can contain either dissolved or suspended material, or usually both.
leaf area
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/TO_0000540
A leaf anatomy and morphology trait (TO:0000748) which is associated with the total area of a leaf (PO:0025034).
[database_cross_reference: POC:cooperl] [database_cross_reference: GR:pj] [database_cross_reference: PO:0025034]
leaf area
http://www.nucleodiversus.org/index.php?mod=caracter&id=18
the one-sided or projected area of an individual leaf
leaf color
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/TO_0000326
A vascular leaf anatomy and morphology trait (TO:0000748) which is associated with the color of leaf (PO:0025034).
[database_cross_reference: POC:cooperl] [database_cross_reference: GR:pj] [database_cross_reference: PO:0025034]
Leaf Complexity
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/FLOPO_0007484
whether a leaf is intricate or compounded
Leaf lamina area
http://top-thesaurus.org/annotationInfo?viz=1&&trait=Leaflet_lamina_area
the area of the leaflet lamina in the one sided projection
Leaf mass per area
http://top-thesaurus.org/annotationInfo?viz=1&&trait=Leaf_mass_per_area
the ratio of the dry mass of a leaf to its area
leaf miner
http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q1544843
larva of an insect that lives in and eats the leaf tissue of plants
leaf morphology
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/FLOPO_0019932
Leaf nitrogen per dry mass
http://top-thesaurus.org/annotationInfo?viz=1&&trait=Leaf_nitrogen_content_per_leaf_dry_mass
The ratio of the quantity of nitrogen in the leaf or component thereof, i.e. leaf lamina or leaflet, per respective unit dry mass
leaf shape
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/TO_0000492
A leaf anatomy and morphology trait (TO:0000748) which is associated with the variation in shapes and forms of a leaf (PO:0025034).
[database_cross_reference: POC:cooperl] [database_cross_reference: GR:pj] [database_cross_reference: PO:0025034]
leaf sheddability
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/FLOPO_0008548
A plant's disposition to lose leaves by a natural process
leaf size class
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/FLOPO_0003958
leaf-like
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002457
similar in appearance to a leaf
leaflet
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PO_0020049
one of the ultimate segments of a compound leaf
leafy wood soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005783
least concern
http://eol.org/schema/terms/leastConcern
A taxon is Least Concern when it has been evaluated against the criteria and does not qualify for Critically Endangered, Endangered, Vulnerable or Near Threatened. Widespread and abundant taxa are included in this category.
http://www.iucnredlist.org/technical-documents/categories-and-criteria
leat
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000544
A man-made watercourse, or makeshift aqueduct, often an artificial channel which supplies water to a watermill or its mill pond, collecting water from upstream of the mill so that the natural level of the driving water is above the level of the stream at the mill. Alternatively to may deliver water for mineral washing and concentration, irrigation or to a dye works.
lectotype
http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/TaxonName#Lectotype
A specimen or other element designated subsequent to the publication of the original description from the original material (syntypes or paratypes) to serve as nomenclatural type. Lectotype designation can occur only where no holotype was designated at the time of publication or if it is missing (ICBN Art. 7, ICZN Art. 74). [Zoo./Bot.] -- Note: the BioCode defines lectotype as selection from holotype material in cases where the holotype material contains more than one taxon [Bio.].
leg span
http://eol.org/schema/terms/leg_span
length
http://semanticscience.org/resource/SIO_000041
length
http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Length
length at maturity
http://eol.org/schema/terms/LengthAtMaturity
Body length at the first successful reproduction
lentic waters
http://eol.org/schema/terms/lentic
A freshwater environment with relatively still waters, e.g., ponds, lakes, marshes, swamps, seeps, vernal/ephemeral pools.
leptosol
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002241
Leptosols are very shallow soils over continuous rock and soils that are extremely gravelly and/or stony. Leptosols are azonal soils and particularly common in mountainous regions.
letter
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_02000081
A written message from one person to another addressed to a person or organization.
levee
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000178
An artificial slope or wall, usually earthen, which parallels the course of a river, built for the purpose of containing the river.
liana
http://eol.org/schema/terms/liana
Climbing plant found in tropical forests with long, woody rope-like stems of anomalous anatomical structure.
PLANTS Database Growth Habits Codes and Definitions: https://plants.usda.gov/growth_habits_def.html
liana
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q14079
long-stemmed, woody vine
lichenicole
http://eol.org/schema/terms/lichenicole
An organism that lives on lichens, used most commonly for parasitic fungi.
lichenous
http://eol.org/schema/terms/lichenous
Organism generally recognized as a single organism that consists of a fungus and an alga or cyanobacterium living in symbiotic association. Often attached to solid objects such as rocks or living or dead wood rather than soil.
Modified from PLANTS Database Growth Habits Codes and Definitions: https://plants.usda.gov/growth_habits_def.html
life cycle habit
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/TO_0002725
Determined for type of life cycle being annual, binneal, perennial etc.
life span
http://purl.obolibrary.org.s2.gvirabi.com/obo/VT_0001661
The full period of time from birth to death of an organism
life span
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000050
A time quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's expected maximum age.
life stage
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/lifeStage
The age class or life stage of the biological individual(s) at the time the Occurrence was recorded. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.
lifespan
http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Longest_wild_lifespan
Light Intensity
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/zeco.owl/ZECO_0000151
quantity of light per unit area
Light Regimen
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/EO_0007196
The treatment involving light in a growth chamber or other experimental conditions.
light weight
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000583
Decreased weight, low weight. A weight which is relatively low.
[database_cross_reference: PATOC:GVG]
lignotuber
http://eol.org/schema/terms/lignotuber
A lignotuber is a woody swelling of the root crown possessed by some plants as a protection against destruction of the plant stem, such as by fire. The crown contains buds from which new stems may sprout, as well as stores of starch, that can support a period of growth in the absence of photosynthesis.
https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lignotuber&oldid=599916763
lignotuber or burl
http://eol.org/schema/terms/lignotuberOrBurl
Woody swelling at or below ground level with unspecified origin (no distinction between lignotuber and burl is reported).
http://www.uv.es/jgpausas/brot.htm
liman
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000453
A lake or estuary that is formed at the mouth of a river where flow is blocked by a bar of sediments. It can be maritime (the bar being created by the current of a sea) or fluvial (the bar being created by the flow of a bigger river at the confluence).
limed soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005766
limestone
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002053
A sedimentary rock composed largely of the mineral calcite.
limestone pavement
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000422
A natural karst landform consisting of a flat, incised surface of exposed limestone that resembles artificial pavement.
linear
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001199
A shape quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's being narrow, with the two opposite margins parallel.
[database_cross_reference: ISBN:0881923214]
linear size
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001708
lipid content
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/TO_0000602
The total fat or lipid content present in a body part
lithophyte
http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q1321691
plants that grow in or on rocks
litters per year
http://eol.org/schema/terms/LittersPerYear
Number of litters per female per year
littoral zone
http://eol.org/schema/terms/littoralZone
live cave
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000323
A cave containing a stream or active speleothems.
lixisol
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002242
Lixisols are soils that have a higher clay content in the subsoil than in the topsoil as a result of pedogenetic processes (especially clay migration) leading to an argic subsoil horizon. Lixisols have a high base saturation and low-activity clays at certain depths.
Llandovery Epoch
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Llandovery
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
loam
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002258
A soil composed of sand, silt, and clay in relatively even concentration (about 40-40-20% concentration respectively).
locality
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/locality
The specific description of the place. Less specific geographic information can be provided in other geographic terms (higherGeography, continent, country, stateProvince, county, municipality, waterBody, island, islandGroup). This term may contain information modified from the original to correct perceived errors or standardize the description.
Lochkovian Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Lochkovian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
lock
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000357
A device for raising and lowering boats between stretches of water of different levels on river and canal waterways. The distinguishing feature of a lock is a fixed chamber whose water level can be varied.
locomotion
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0040011
Self-propelled movement of a cell or organism from one location to another.
[database_cross_reference: GOC:dgh]
locomotory behavior
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0007626
The specific movement from place to place of an organism in response to external or internal stimuli. Locomotion of a whole organism in a manner dependent upon some combination of that organism's internal state and external conditions.
log10 grams
http://eol.org/schema/terms/log10gram
The metric unit of mass (gram) expressed on a logarithmic-scale (base 10).
long-persistent
http://eol.org/schema/terms/longPersistentSeedBank
Of seed bank longevity. Seed bank longevity is at least > 15 yr.
http://www.uv.es/jgpausas/brot.htm
longitude
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLongitude
The geographic longitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are east of the Greenwich Meridian, negative values are west of it. Legal values lie between -180 and 180, inclusive.
longitude
http://semanticscience.org/resource/SIO_000318
Longitude is a geographic position that refers to the angle east or west of a reference meridian between the two geographical poles to another meridian that passes through an arbitrary point.
Lopingian Epoch
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Lopingian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
lost stream
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000517
A surface stream that disappears into an underground channel, or dries up in an arid area.
low
http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C54722
A minimum level or position or degree; less than normal in degree, intensity or amount.
low (<23)
http://eol.org/schema/terms/lowCNRatio
The percentage of organic carbon divided by the percentage of total nitrogen in organic material is lower than 23.
USDA Plants database. Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
low (<85 lb N/acre/year)
http://eol.org/schema/terms/lowNitrogenFixation
Plants with low nitrogen fixation. Less than 85 lb nitrogen per acre per year fixed in monoculture.
USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
low Arctic
http://eol.org/schema/terms/lowArctic
Zone D, per the Circumpolar Arctic Vegetation Map (CAVM Team 2003)
http://www.arcticatlas.org/maps/themes/cp/cpbz
low life span
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001604
Decreased life span: A life span which is relatively low.
low temperature tolerance
http://eol.org/schema/terms/TemperatureTolerance
The minimum tolerable temperature is the lowest temperature recorded in the plant’s historical range. If this is not available, the record low January temperature recorded at climate stations within the current geographical range of the plant is used. This definition does not apply to summer annuals.
USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
low tide zone
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000319
The tidal zone that is mostly submerged, only being exposed at the point of low tide and for a longer period of time during extremely low tides.
low tolerance
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002394
decreased tolerance to: A tolerance quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's decreased ability to endure a stimulus.
[database_cross_reference: PATOC:LC]
low-level epifaunal
http://eol.org/schema/terms/lowEpifaunal
Organism living on the surface of the substratum in the immediate vicinity of the seafloor.
lower confidence limit
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/STATO_0000315
a data item which is a lowest value bounding a confidence interval
http://bioportal.bioontology.org/ontologies/STATO/
Lower Cretaceous Epoch
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/LowerCretaceous
Lower Devonian Epoch
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/LowerDevonian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
Lower Jurassic Epoch
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/LowerJurassic
Lower Ordovician Epoch
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/LowerOrdovician
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
Lower Triassic Epoch
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/LowerTriassic
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
Ludfordian Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Ludfordian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
Ludlow Epoch
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Ludlow
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
Lutetian Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Lutetian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
luvisol
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002248
Luvisols are soils that have a higher clay content in the subsoil than in the topsoil as a result of pedogenetic processes (especially clay migration) leading to an argic subsoil horizon. Luvisols have high-activity clays throughout the argic horizon and a high base saturation at certain depths.
lymph
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_02000041
Lymph is a bodily fluid consisting of a usually clear coagulable fluid that passes from intercellular spaces of body tissue into the lymphatic vessels, is discharged into the blood by way of the thoracic duct and right lymphatic duct, and resembles blood plasma in containing white blood cells and especially lymphocytes but normally few red blood cells and no platelets.
lysocline
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000261
a layer within a marine water body where the rate of calcite dissolution changes rapidly with depth. The increase in the rate of calcite dissolution with depth is largely due to the concomitant fall in calcite saturation.