dcsimg

Glossary of ALL Terms for Data on EOL

d

dahllite
http://eol.org/schema/terms/dahllite
dairy
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/FOODON_00001256
A dairy food product has mammilian milk or a milk component as an ingredient.
dairy (microbial habitat)
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00003862
dambo
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000236
A class of complex shallow wetlands in central, southern and eastern Africa, particularly in Zambia and Zimbabwe. They are generally found in higher rainfall flat plateau areas, and have river-like branching forms which may be nowhere very large, but common enough to add up to a large area.
danian age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Danian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
dapingian age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Dapingian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
darriwilian age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Darriwilian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
data deficient
http://eol.org/schema/terms/dataDeficient
A taxon is Data Deficient when there is inadequate information to make a direct, or indirect, assessment of its risk of extinction based on its distribution and/or population status. A taxon in this category may be well studied, and its biology well known, but appropriate data on abundance and/or distribution are lacking. Data Deficient is therefore \r\nnot a category of threat. Listing of taxa in this category indicates that more information is \r\nrequired and acknowledges the possibility that future research will show that threatened \r\nclassification is appropriate. It is important to make positive use of whatever data are available. In many cases great care should be exercised in choosing between DD and a threatened status. If the range of a taxon is suspected to be relatively circumscribed, and a considerable period of time has elapsed since the last record of the taxon, threatened status may well be justified.
http://www.iucnredlist.org/technical-documents/categories-and-criteria
day
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/day
The integer day of the month on which the Event occurred.
day length
http://eol.org/schema/terms/dayLength
time duration between sunrise and sunset.
days
http://eol.org/schema/terms/day
A day is a unit of time. In common usage, it is an interval equal to 24 hours.[1] It also can mean the consecutive period of time during which the Sun is above the horizon of a location, also known as daytime. (Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Day&oldid=561991249)
days
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UO_0000033
dB
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UO_0000259
decibels; 1/10th of a bel, a relative unit of amplitude or power. Commonly used in acoustics as a unit of sound pressure level, relative to the standard reference sound pressure of 20 micropascals in air or 1 micropascal in water.
dead
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001422
a state resulting from the cessation of the bearer's life
debris
http://sweet.jpl.nasa.gov/2.3/matrSediment.owl#Debris
decanoic acid
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_30813
decapod feeder
https://eol.org/schema/terms/decapod_feeder
a carnivore that feeds primarily on decapods
decapods
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q4610
order of crustaceans
deciduous
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001731
Deciduous (plant): A quality inhering in a plant by virtue of the bearer's disposition to shed foliage.
[database_cross_reference: PATOC:cjm]
deciduous forest
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000816
a forest in which the majority of trees shed foliage simultaneously in response to seasonal change.
decreased quality
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002301
A quality that has a value that is decreased compared to normal or average
decumbent
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002343
A positional quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's lying or growing on the ground but with erect or rising tips.
[ thefreedictionary:www.thefreedictionary.com ]
deep infaunal
http://eol.org/schema/terms/deepInfaunal
Benthic organism that lives deep within unlithified (soft) substrate.
http://paleodb.org/public/tips/ecology_tips.html
deep marine sediment
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002113
sediment that accumulates in the flat or very gently sloping areas of the deep ocean basin floor. The three main types are siliceous oozes, calcareous oozes, and red clays.
degrees
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UO_0000185
A plane angle unit which is equal to 1/360 of a full rotation or 1.7453310^[-2] rad.
degrees celsius
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UO_0000027
dell
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000439
A small wooded valley, either U- or V-shaped.
delta
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000101
A tract of alluvium formed at the mouth of a river where the deposition ofsome of its load exceeds its rate of removal, crossed by the divergent channels (distributaries) of the river.
dense settlement biome
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000248
A dense settlement biome is an anthropogenic terrestrial biome which is primarily used for human habitation, recreation, and industry within built structures with little other land use.
dental
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/NCIT_C41136
Pertaining to a tooth or teeth, or to odontology.
deposit feeder
http://eol.org/schema/terms/depositFeeder
an organism that eats particulate organic material in or on sediments.
deposit feeder
http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/FEED_D
Any organism which feeds on fragmented particulate organic matter from the substratum
depression
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000309
A landform sunken or depressed below the surrounding area.
described accepted species
http://eol.org/schema/terms/DescribedAcceptedSpecies
number of currently described and taxonomically accepted marine species in this clade (Appeltans et al. 2012. The Magnitude of Global Marine Species Diversity. Current Biology 22, 2189–2202. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2012.09.036)
desert
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000179
A desert biome is a terrestrial biome which loses more liquid water by evapotranspiration than is supplied by precipitation and includes communities adapted to these conditions.
desert and xeric shrubland
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000883
desert oasis
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000156
A small, isolated, fertile or green area in a desert region, usually having a spring or well.
desert sand
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005800
desert scrubland
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000242
A scrubland which is located in a desert.
determinate growth
http://eol.org/schema/terms/determinateGrowth
determinate growth stops once a genetically pre-determined structure has completely formed
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indeterminate_growth
detritivore
http://wikidata.org/entity/Q2750657
organism that obtains nutrients by consuming detritus
detritus
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q736879
dead particulate organic material
developmental mode
http://eol.org/schema/terms/DevelopmentalMode
Broad recognized categories describing development, the process by which organisms grow and mature
devonian period
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Devonian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
dg
http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C64555
decigram; a unit of mass equal to ten grams
diameter
http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C25285
diandric
http://eol.org/schema/terms/diandry
Two types of males, namely, primary males and secondary males coexist in diandric protogynous fishes. Secondary males are derived from females through sex change, i.e. they are protogynous hermaphrodites. In contrast, primary males are considered to be born males and do not change sex. Both young primary males (Initial Phase) and females may mature into Terminal Phase males, which have breeding priority.
Kuwamura, T., Suzuki, S., Tanaka, N., Ouchi, E., Karino, K. and Nakashima, Y. (2007), Sex change of primary males in a diandric labrid Halichoeres trimaculatus: coexistence of protandry and protogyny within a species. Journal of Fish Biology, 70: 1898-1906. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8649.2007.01464.x
diapause
http://eol.org/schema/terms/DiapauseInitiation
Life stage(s) at which diapause can occur. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diapause#Initiation)
diatom feeder
https://eol.org/schema/terms/diatom_feeder
a consumer that feeds primarily on diatoms
diatoms
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q162678
a class of algae
diel vertical migration
http://eol.org/schema/terms/dielVerticalMigration
A pattern of movement used by some organisms, such as Copepods, living in the ocean and in lakes. The migration occurs when organisms move up to the epipelagic zone at night and return to the mesopelagic zone of the oceans or to the hypolimnion zone of lakes during the day
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diel_vertical_migration
diet breadth
http://eol.org/schema/terms/DietBreadth
Number of dietary categories eaten by an organism.
diet includes
http://eol.org/schema/terms/Diet
Information about the items eaten by this organism.
digestive system
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/NCIT_C12378
includes the esophagus, stomach, small and large intestine, anus, liver, biliary tract, and pancreas.
digitate
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001980
having distinct parts arising from a common point or center.
digitigrade
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q184503
animal that stands or walks on the full length of its digits/toes
dimethyl sulfide
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_17437
A methyl sulfide in which the sulfur atom is substituted by two methyl groups.
dioecious
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q148681
a characteristic of a species, meaning that it has distinct male and female individual organisms.
dioicous
https://eol.org/schema/terms/dioicous
In the haploid (gametophyte) lifestage of a moss or fern, the antheridia (male) and archegonia (female) reproductive organs occur on different individual plants
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bryophyte#Sexuality
direction
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000039
A physical quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's orientation in space
disc diameter
http://eol.org/schema/terms/DiscDiameter
dispersal age
http://eol.org/schema/terms/DispersalAge
Age at which young permanently leave the parent, parental group, social group or any associated territories.
distributary
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000069
A stream that branches off and flows away from a main stream channel. They are a common feature of river deltas.
ditch
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000037
A small artificial watercourse dug for draining or irrigating the land.
diurnal
http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q906470
animal behavior characterized by activity during the day, with a period of inactivity at night.
docosanoic acid
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_28941
dodecanoic acid
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_30805
doline
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000332
A closed depression draining underground in karst, ofsimple but variable form, e.g. cylindrical, conical, bowl- or dish-shaped. From a few to many hundreds of metres in dimensions.
domesticated in
https://eol.org/schema/terms/domesticated_in
Location where this organism was originally domesticated
dorsal
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/NCIT_C45874
Pertaining to the back or upper surface of the body; opposite of ventral.
dorsal fin swimming
https://eol.org/schema/terms/dorsal_fin
swimming mainly using undulations of the dorsal fin
dorso-ventral undulatory swimming
https://eol.org/schema/terms/dorsoventral_undulatory
swimming by generating thrust using dorso-ventral undulations of the body.
dorsoventral
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/NCIT_C94519
Of or involving the back and belly of the main body.
down
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q15332388
downward conveyor
http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/RW_DC
Downward conveyors exhibit a feeding strategy opposite to that of upward conveyors. Vertically oriented head-up feeders actively select and ingest particles at the surface and egest these non-locally as faeces in deeper sediment strata
dracaenoid
https://eol.org/schema/terms/dracaenoid
wood-like secondary growth found in monocots, supporting tree growth forms, as in the genus Dracaena, the Dragon Trees
draft animal
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/AGRO_00002004
A role that inheres in an animal that is kept by humans and trained to perform tasks.
drag powered swimming
https://eol.org/schema/terms/drag_based_swimming
Drag swimmers use a cyclic motion where they push water back in a power stroke, and return their limb forward in the return or recovery stroke. When they push water directly backwards, this moves their body forward, but as they return their limbs to the starting position, they push water forward, which will thus pull them back to some degree, and so opposes the direction that the body is heading. This opposing force is called drag. The return-stroke drag causes drag swimmers to employ different strategies than lift swimmers. Reducing drag on the return stroke is essential for optimizing efficiency.
drainage canal
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000042
Artificial watercourse with no flow or a controlled flow used drainage.
drainage ditch
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000140
A ditch that collects water from the surrounding land.
drought semi-deciduous
http://eol.org/schema/terms/droughtSemiDeciduous
A plant that drops part of its leaves during the dry period (excluding species that exceptionally drop leaves in very dry periods)
http://www.uv.es/jgpausas/brot.htm
drought tolerance
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/TO_0000276
Becoming tolerant to drought like conditions of minimal or no water content in the growth environment
drumian age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Drumian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
drumlin
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000276
An elongated whale-shaped hill formed by glacial action. Its long axis is parallel with the movement of the ice, with the blunter end facing into the glacial movement. Drumlins are sometimes compared to kames, but their formation is distinctively different.
dry body mass
http://eol.org/schema/terms/bodyMassDry
dry forest
http://eol.org/schema/terms/dry_forest
dry fruit
http://eol.org/schema/terms/dryFruit
A fruit that lacks succulent tissue at maturity.
http://www.uv.es/jgpausas/brot.htm
dry lake
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000277
A lake that has either permanently or temporally lost its water.
dry lake bed
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000296
The bed of a dry lake.
dry mass
http://eol.org/schema/terms/dryMass
dry river
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000018
A river that has either permanently or temporally lost its water.
dry river valley
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_0010163
dry soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005748
dry stream
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000278
A stream that has either permanently or temporally lost its water.
dry valley
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000128
A valley that no longer has a surface flow of water. Typically found in either Karst (limestone) or chalk terrain.
dune
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000170
A hill of sand built by eolian processes.
dune slack
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000308
A valley or trough between two dunes.
dune soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002260
duodichogamous
https://eol.org/schema/terms/duodichogamous
monoecious (separate male and female flowers are always found on the same plant) with sequential cohorts of flowers, alternating sex in a sequence of male, then female, then male flowers
de Lima, H.A., Somner, G.V. & Giulietti, A.M. Duodichogamy and sex lability in Sapindaceae: the case of Paullinia weinmanniifolia . Plant Syst Evol 302, 109–120 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00606-015-1247-5
duration of illness
http://eol.org/schema/terms/DurationOfIllness
Length of the period during which symptoms manifest.
durophage
http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q5316712
an organism that eats hard-shelled or exoskeleton bearing organisms, such as corals, shelled mollusks, or crabs.
dust
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002008
Minute solid particles with diameters less than 500 micrometers. Occurs in and may be deposited from, the atmosphere.
dwarf males
http://eol.org/schema/terms/dwarfMales
sexual dimorphism where the body of the male is reduced- smaller than the female and sometimes simplified.
dye
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_37958
colorant, tincture. Product meant for imparting color
dystrophic montane freshwater lake
http://eol.org/schema/terms/dystrophicMontaneFreshwaterLake