Glossary of ALL Terms for Data on EOL

b

backwater
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000472
An area of calm water unaffected by the current of a stream.
bacteria
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q10876
a domain of prokaryotes
bacterivore
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q804528
organism which obtains energy and nutrients from the consumption of bacteria
badland
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000127
An arid terrain with clay-rich soil that has been extensively eroded by wind and water.
bagasse
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002872
The biomass remaining after sugarcane stalks are crushed to extract their juice.
bajada
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000315
bajocian age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Bajocian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
ballistichory
http://eol.org/schema/terms/ballistichory
Dehiscence of fruit occurs as an explosion, launching seeds far away from the plant (= ballochory).
http://www.uv.es/jgpausas/brot.htm
bamboo forest
https://eol.org/schema/terms/bamboo_forest
A forest biome dominated by bamboo.
banana plantation
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000161
bar
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000167
A linear shoaling landform feature within a body of water. Bars tend to be long and narrow (linear) and develop where a current (or waves) promote deposition of granular material, resulting in localized shallowing (shoaling) of the water. Bars can appear in the sea, in a lake, or in a river. They are typically composed of sand, although could be of any granular matter that the moving water has access to and is capable of shifting around (for example, soil, silt, gravel, cobble, shingle, or even boulders). The grain size of the material comprising a bar is related: to the size of the waves or the strength of the currents moving the material, but the availability of material to be worked by waves and currents is also important.
barium sulfate
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_133326
A metal sulfate with formula BaO4S. Virtually insoluble in water at room temperature, it is mostly used as a component in oil well drilling fluid it occurs naturally as the mineral barite
Mineralogy
bark
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PO_0004518
All tissues outside the vascular cambium or the xylem; in older trees may be divided into dead outer bark and living inner bark, which consists of secondary phloem.
barremian age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Barremian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
bartonian age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Bartonian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
basal metabolic rate
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/SNOMEDCT/165109007
Basal metabolic rate (BMR) is the amount of energy expended daily by humans and other animals at rest. Rest is defined as existing in a neutrally temperate environment while in the post-absorptive state.
http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Basal_metabolic_rate&oldid=581343469
basalt
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000236
Basalt is a volcanic rock which is formed by the rapid cooling of basaltic lava.
bashkirian age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Bashkirian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
bathonian age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Bathonian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
bathyal zone
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000026
The mariine bathyal zone biome comprises regions of the marine benthic biome between approximately 200 m and 3000 m depth. This zone generally coincides with the continental slope.
bathyal zone (200-4000m)
http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/DZ_BAT
bathypelagic
http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/DZP_BATH
bathypelagic zone
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000211
The one of an ocean below the 10degC thermocline down to a temperature of 4degC.
bay
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000032
An area of water bordered by land on three sides.
bayou
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000234
A small, slow-moving stream or creek; usually located in low-lying areas.
beach
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000091
A landform consisting of loose rock particles such as sand, gravel, shingle, pebbles, cobble, or even shell fragments along the shoreline of a body of water.
beach ridge
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000529
A ridge of sand just inland and parallel to the beach, usually in series.
beach sand
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002138
beaver dam
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000500
An obstruction in a stream constructed by a beaver.
beaver pond
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000270
A pond that has formed as a consequence of the activities of beavers, building a beaver dam.
beech forest soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005770
beeswax
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/FOODON_03302072
behavioral circadian rhythm
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/VT_0001502
Any measurable or observable behavioral characteristic related to a daily biological activity cycle.
benthic
http://eol.org/schema/terms/benthic
Living at the bottom of a body of water.
benthic diatom feeder
https://eol.org/schema/terms/benthic_diatom_feeder
a consumer that feeds primarily on benthic diatoms
benthic diatoms
http://purl.jp/bio/4/id/201306015586596728
berriasian age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Berriasian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
biennial
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/FLOPO_0980072
Of life span, a plant which lives for more than one but less than two years after germination, c.f. annual, ephemeral, perennial, of flowering with respect to architecture, hapaxanthic, monocarpic, pleonanthic.
Stevens, P. F. (2001 onwards). Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 12, July 2012. Glossary: http://www.mobot.org/mobot/research/apweb/top/glossarya_h.html#biennial
bifid
http://eol.org/schema/terms/bifid
Cleft into two often more-or-less acute lobes at the apex; for example, Bauhinia variegata
http://sweetgum.nybg.org/science/glossary/glossary-details/?irn=1825
bilaterally symmetric
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001324
being symmetric about a plane running from frontal end to caudal end (head to tail), and having nearly identical right and left halves
bill length
http://eol.org/schema/terms/BillLength
Length of the bill.
biodiffusor
http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/RW_DIFF
organisms with activities that usually result in a constant and random local sediment biomixing over short distances.
biofilm
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002034
A complex aggregation of microorganisms marked by the excretion of a protective and adhesive matrix; usually adhering to a substratum.
biogenic silica
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_64389
A biogenic mineral comprised of hydrated silica
biogenous sediment
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000082
Biogenous sediment is derived from living organisms, typically planktonic organisms possessing shells, frustules or coccoliths.
biogeographic realm
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GAZ_00000071
The largest scale biogeographic division of the earth's surface based on the historic and evolutionary distribution patterns of plants and animals.
biological waste
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000373
waste containing mostly natural organic materials (remains of plants, animal excrement, biological sludge from waste-water treatment plants and so forth)
bioluminescent
http://eol.org/schema/terms/Bioluminescent
Has this organism been observed to produce and transmit light?
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bioluminescence
bioturbator
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q864907
engages in reworking of soils and sediments (animals or plant)
bipedal movement
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q372949
terrestrial locomotion where an organism moves by means of its two limbs or legs
bipedal running
https://eol.org/schema/terms/bipedal_running
terrestrial locomotion where an organism moves by means of its two rear limbs or legs, such that periodically neither of the limbs are touching the ground
bipinnate
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q25039724
pinnately compound leaves in which the leaflets are themselves pinnately compound; also called twice-pinnate
bipinnate + pinnatifid
http://eol.org/schema/terms/bipinnatepinnatifid
a bipinnately compound leaf, with the pinnae being pinnatifid.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pinnation
birds
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q5113
class of tetrapods
bivalve feeder
https://eol.org/schema/terms/bivalve_feeder
a carnivore that feeds primarily on bivalves
bivalves
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q25368
class of mollusks
black
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000317
A color that lacks any hues as parts.
black corals
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q1479472
order of cnidarians
black smoker
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000218
A hydrothermal vent found on the ocean floor. The vents are formed in fields hundreds of meters wide when superheated water from below the Earth's crust comes through the ocean floor. The superheated water is rich in dissolved minerals from the crust, most notably sulfides, which crystallize to create a chimney-like structure around each vent. When the superheated water in the vent comes in contact with the cold ocean water, many minerals are precipitated, creating the distinctive black color. The metal sulfides that are deposited can become massive sulfide ore deposits in time.
blanket bog
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000511
A peatland whose development is mostly independent of basins or topographical features where water collects; it simply covers the landscape like a blanket. Peat develops due to a continuous supply of water from rainfall, maintaining waterlogged conditions on the ground. Blanket bogs are ombrotrophic or rain fed, and as a result their pH lies between 3.5 and 4.2.
blind
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q10874
complete or nearly complete lack of vision
blind-ended ventilator
http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/RW_BEV
Ventilation occurs when animals flush their burrows with overlying water for respiratory and feeding purposes. Blind-ended ventilation occurs when I-shaped burrows are flushed uni- or bidirectionally depending on the permeability of the sediment
blood
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/NCIT_C12434
A liquid tissue; its major function is to transport oxygen throughout the body. It also supplies the tissues with nutrients, removes waste products, and contains various components of the immune system defending the body against infection.
bloom period
http://eol.org/schema/terms/BloomPeriod
The seasonal period in the U.S. during which the plant blooms the most. The bloom period is defined as the time when pollen is shed and stigmas are receptive.
USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
blowout
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000313
A sandy depression in a sand dune ecosystem (psammosere) caused by the removal of sediments by wind.
blue
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000318
A color hue with low wavelength of that portion of the visible spectrum lying between green and indigo, evoked in the human observer by radiant energy with wavelengths of approximately 420 to 490 nanometers.
[database_cross_reference: Dictionary:http://dictionary.reference.com/]
bodily fluid
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_02000019
A natural bodily fluid or secretion such as blood, semen, saliva, blood plasma, intracellular and interstitial fluids.
body cavity
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0002323
The cavity within the body of all descendants of the coelenterates and certain primitive worms, formed by the splitting of the embryonic mesoderm into two layers. In mammals it forms the peritoneal, pleural, and pericardial cavities
body length
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CMO_0000013
A measurement of the longest dimension of a body, typically between two distinct ends of the body.
[database_cross_reference: Dorland:Dorlands_Illustrated_Medical_Dictionary--31st_Ed] [database_cross_reference: ISBN:978-1416049982]
body length
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/VT_0001256
The distance from point to point along the longest axis of the body of an organism.
body length, nose to tail
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CMO_0000078
The distance between the tip of the nose to the very end of the appendage extending from the end of the trunk of an organism
body mass
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/OBA_VT0001259
The amount of matter in the body of an organism.
body mass
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/VT_0001259
The amount of matter in the body of an organism.
body shape
http://eol.org/schema/terms/BodyShape
body size
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/OBA_VT0100005
The size of a multicellular organism
body temperature
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/CSP/2871-4249
The degree of heat in the body of a living organism, temperature is measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in a sample of matter, expressed in terms of units or degrees designated on a standard scale.
body temperature
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/D001831
internal temperature of living individual
Lovegrove
body volume
http://eol.org/schema/terms/BodyVolume
Volume occupied by the whole body of one individual of this taxon
body width
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/VT_0015039
The distance from side to side of the body of an organism, perpendicular to the axis along which height is measured.
body/caudal fin propulsion
https://eol.org/schema/terms/body_caudal_fin
swimming by generating thrust using lateral movements of their body and caudal fin. Most fishes use this type of propulsion
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fish_locomotion#Body/caudal_fin_propulsion
bore hole water
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00003097
borehole
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002226
boulder field
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000537
A high altitude or high latitude bare, flat area covered with large angular rocks.
brachypterous
http://eol.org/schema/terms/brachypterous
The presence of short wings, not functional as organs of flight. Micropterous (used inconsitently in the literature) is here treated as a synonym of brachypterous.
brackish estuary
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002137
An estuary which is composed primarily of brackish water
brackish lake
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000540
brackish pond
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000541
brackish water
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002019
brackish water
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000322
brittle stars
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q59256
class of echinoderms
brittle-star feeder
https://eol.org/schema/terms/brittlestar_feeder
a carnivore that feeds primarily on brittle-stars
broad
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002359
A quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's width being notably higher than its length.
broadcast spawner
http://eol.org/schema/terms/broadcastSpawner
Broadcast spawners scatter their eggs into the water; they spawn numerous small eggs that develop rapidly.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spawn_(biology)#Crustaceans
broadleaf forest
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000197
A broadleaf forest biome is a forest biome which contains densely packed populations or communities of broadleaf trees, strongly limiting light penetration to the forest floor.
bromeliads
http://eol.org/schema/terms/bromelicolous
bromeliad plants, used as a habitat or shelter
brooding
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CEPH_0000036
Incubation of eggs by the parent.
brown
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000952
A color consisting of dark orange, red, of very low intensity.
[database_cross_reference: Wikipedia:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brown]
browser
http://eol.org/schema/terms/browsing
herbivore that eats parts of plants including high-growing shrubs and trees.
bryophyte
http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q29993
terrestrial plants that lack vascular tissue
bud
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PO_0000055
An undeveloped shoot system
bud source
http://eol.org/schema/terms/BudSource
Location of bud bank for resprouting.
BROT trait database. Traits: units and categories (BudSource), http://www.uv.es/jgpausas/brot.htm
building
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000073
A permanent walled and roofed construction.
building material
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/EUPATH_0000001
A material entity used to build a dwelling or part of a dwelling
bulb
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PO_0025356
A short, enlarged shoot system that has as parts a short stem in which the shoot internodes do not elongate, and one or more buds enclosed by fleshy leaves or leaf bases
burdigalian age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Burdigalian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
burl
http://eol.org/schema/terms/burl
A burl (American English) or bur or burr (used in all non-US English speaking countries) is a tree growth in which the grain has grown in a deformed manner. It is commonly found in the form of a rounded outgrowth on a tree trunk or branch that is filled with small knots from dormant buds.
https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Burl&oldid=603717187
burned soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005760
burrow builder
https://eol.org/schema/terms/burrow_builder
an animal that excavates holes or tunnels into soil or benthic sediment to create a space suitable for habitation, temporary refuge, or as a byproduct of locomotion. Inhabited burrows function as a refuge, protecting the inhabitants from predation and environmental extremes. They provide physical support for the digging and feeding activities of the burrow inhabitants. The harsh chemical environment deep in aquatic burrows must be counteracted by active or passive irrigation of burrow water.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Burrow Macrofaunal Burrows and Irrigation in Marine Sediment: Microbiological and Biogeochemical Interactions. Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/265483886_Macrofaunal_Burrows_and_Irrigation_in_Marine_Sediment_Microbiological_and_Biogeochemical_Interactions [accessed Feb 26 2020].
burrow depth
https://eol.org/schema/terms/burrowDepth
Depth within soil, sediment or rock that a burrow of this species is typically located.
burrow diameter
https://eol.org/schema/terms/burrowDiameter
diameter of the cross section of a burrow in soil, sediment or rock, presumed to represent a measure of body size of the burrow occupant, orthogonal to length (~body depth or width)
burrower
http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/MOB_BUR
An organism that lives or moves in a burrow in soft sediments.
butte
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000287
An isolated hill with steep sides and a small flat top, smaller than mesas and plateaus. Buttes are formed by erosion when a cap of hard rock, usually of volcanic origin, covers a layer of softer rock that is easily worn away. This hard rock avoids erosion while the rock around it wears down.