dcsimg

Glossary of ALL Terms for Data on EOL

h

habitat
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/RO_0002303
x has habitat y if: x is an organism, y is a habitat, and y can sustain and allow the growth of a population of x
habitat
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/habitat
A category or description of the habitat in which the Event occurred.
habitat breadth
http://eol.org/schema/terms/HabitatBreadth
Number of habitat layers used by an organism
habitat-builder
http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/TF_HAB
hadal zone
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000028
The marine hadal zone biome describes sea floor deeper than 6000 m such as that of the oceanic trenches.
hagfish feeder
https://eol.org/schema/terms/hagfish_feeder
a carnivore that feeds primarily on hagfishes (Myxiniformes)
hagfishes
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q75713
family of eel-shaped, slime-producing, marine fishes
halfmax growth concentration (ammonium)
http://eol.org/schema/terms/halfmax_growth_concentration_ammonium
ambient ammonium concentration at which specific growth rate equals half of maximum, if ammonium is limiting growth.
Monod, J. 1949. The growth of bacterial cultures. Annual Review of Microbiology 3:371–394.
halfmax growth concentration (nitrate)
http://eol.org/schema/terms/halfmax_growth_concentration_nitrate
ambient nitrate concentration at which specific growth rate equals half of maximum, if nitrate is limiting growth.
Monod, J. 1949. The growth of bacterial cultures. Annual Review of Microbiology 3:371–394.
halfmax growth concentration (phosphate)
http://eol.org/schema/terms/halfmax_growth_concentration_phosphate
ambient phosphate concentration at which specific growth rate equals half of maximum, if phosphate is limiting growth.
Monod, J. 1949. The growth of bacterial cultures. Annual Review of Microbiology 3:371–394.
halfmax uptake concentration (ammonium)
http://eol.org/schema/terms/halfmax_uptake_concentration_ammonium
ambient ammonium concentration at which uptake rate equals half of maximum
L. Michaelis, M.L. Menten. Kinetik der Invertinwirkung. Biochem. Zeitung, 49 (1913), pp. 333–369
halfmax uptake concentration (nitrate)
http://eol.org/schema/terms/halfmax_uptake_concentration_nitrate
ambient nitrate concentration at which uptake rate equals half of maximum
L. Michaelis, M.L. Menten. Kinetik der Invertinwirkung. Biochem. Zeitung, 49 (1913), pp. 333–369
halfmax uptake concentration (phosphate)
http://eol.org/schema/terms/halfmax_uptake_concentration_phosphate
ambient phosphate concentration at which uptake rate equals half of maximum
L. Michaelis, M.L. Menten. Kinetik der Invertinwirkung. Biochem. Zeitung, 49 (1913), pp. 333–369
haline habitat
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002024
A biome characterized by a concentration of salt at least 2M. Inhabited by halophilic organisms.
hammock
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000516
A patch of ground, distinct from and slightly above the surrounding plain or wetland. Often occurs in groups.
hanging valley
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000184
A tributary valley with the floor at a higher relief than the main channel into which it flows. They are most commonly associated with U-shaped valleys when a tributary glacier flows into a glacier of larger volume.
Hapantotype
http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/TaxonName#Hapantotype
One or more preparations of directly related individuals representing distinct stages in the life cycle, which together form the type in an extant species of protistan
harbor
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000463
A place where ships may shelter from the weather or are stored.
hard benthic substrate
http://eol.org/schema/terms/hardBenthicSubstrate
Benthic habitat composed of a hard substrate
McClain Bivalve Sizes
hard substrate boring
http://eol.org/schema/terms/hardSubstrateBoring
Organisms living in burrows bored into hard substrates such as rock, coral, or wood.
harem
http://eol.org/schema/terms/harem
an animal group consisting of one or two males, a number of females, and their offspring
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harem_%28zoology%29
harvested in
https://eol.org/schema/terms/harvested_in
This organism is caught or collected, and put to human use, in the following region(s)
has sexual dimorphism
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q181497
condition where the two sexes of the same species exhibit different characteristics beyond the differences in their sexual organs
has venom
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q3386847
secretes a toxin for the purpose of causing harm to another, a poisonous substance to inject into a victim
has wings
http://eol.org/schema/terms/hasWings
Wings are present.
hauterivian age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Hauterivian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
have ectoparasite
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/RO_0002633
have eggs laid on by
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/RO_0008508
have endoparasite
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/RO_0002635
have epiphyte
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/RO_0008502
have flowers visited by
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/RO_0002623
have host
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/RO_0002454
From OBO Relation Ontology
have hyperparasite
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/RO_0002554
have parasitoid
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/RO_0002209
have pathogen
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/RO_0002557
have vector
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/RO_0002460
head
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0000033
The head is the anterior-most division of the body.
head to coccyx length
http://eol.org/schema/terms/HeadtoCoccyxLength
The distance from the head to the caudal vertebrae in the coccygeal region.
head width
http://eol.org/schema/HeadWidth
head-body length
http://eol.org/schema/terms/HeadBodyLength
Head-body length is the total length from tip of nose to anus, base of tail or vent (i.e. tail length is excluded).
YouTheria Manual: Head-body length http://www.utheria.org/head-bodylength.aspx
headwater
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000153
The upper part of a river system, denoting the upper basin and source streams of a river.
hearing range
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q351087
range of frequencies that can be heard by humans or other animals
hearing threshold
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q1504201
minimum sound level that an average individual can hear
heart shaped
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000948
A concave 3-D shape quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's having a sinus or rounded lobe at the base.
Gymnodiniales Traits
heath
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000107
An upland moor or sandy area dominated by low shrubby vegetation including heather.
hedge
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000046
A dense growth of shrubbery planted as a fence or boundary.
height
http://semanticscience.org/resource/SIO_000040
height standing
http://eol.org/schema/terms/HeightStanding
The height when maintaining an erect upright position.
Heller collection
http://eol.org/schema/terms/collection_Heller
helophyte
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/FLOPO_0900025
whole plant helophytic
hematophage
http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q939099
practice by certain animals of feeding on blood
hemiepiphyte
http://eol.org/schema/terms/hemiepiphyte
plants that spend part of their life cycle as epiphytes
hemimetabolous
http://eol.org/schema/terms/hemimetabolous
Development of insects with incomplete metamorphosis, resulting in a gradual change in body form with each molt, without a pupal stage.
hemiparasite
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q20739318
a plant that obtains or may obtain part of its food by parasitism, e.g., mistletoe, which also photosynthesizes
heptadecanoic acid
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_32365
herb
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/FLOPO_0022142
whole plant herbaceous
herb
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q190903
plant which has no persistent woody stem above ground
herbivore
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q59099
animal anatomically and physiologically adapted to eating plant material
herbivore
https://www.wikidata.org/wiki/Q59099
animal anatomically and physiologically adapted to eating plant material
herbivorous grazer
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ECOCORE_00000099
a consumer that acquires food and energy by consuming grasses, leaves, and other soft plant material.
hermaphrodite
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001340
A biological sex quality inhering in an organism or a population with both male and female sexual organs in one individual.
herpetivore
http://eol.org/schema/terms/herpetivore
carnivorous animal which eats primarily reptiles or amphibians
hettangian age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Hettangian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
hexacosanoic acid
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_31009
hexadecanoic acid
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_15756
hide
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_02000053
A skin obtained from animals for human use typically from deer or cattle sources used to produce leather, shoes, fashion accessories, musical instruments.
hieratite
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q3785497
An isometric-hexoctahedral mineral containing fluorine, potassium, and silicon. Formula: K₂SiF₆
high
http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C25227
An elevated level or position or degree; greater than normal in degree or intensity or amount.
high (>59)
http://eol.org/schema/terms/highCNRatio
The percentage of organic carbon divided by the percentage of total nitrogen in organic material is higher than 59.
USDA Plants database. Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
high arctic
http://eol.org/schema/terms/highArctic
Zones A, B and C, per the Circumpolar Arctic Vegetation Map (CAVM Team 2003)
http://www.arcticatlas.org/maps/themes/cp/cpbz
high life span
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001603
Increased life span: A life span which is relatively high.
high n fixation
http://eol.org/schema/terms/highNitrogenFixation
Plants with high nitrogen fixation. More than 160 lb nitrogen per acre per year fixed in monoculture.
USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
high temperature habitat
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002025
A biome characterized by an average temperature of at least 60deg C. Inhabited by thermophilic organisms.
high tide zone
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000318
high tolerance
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002393
A tolerance quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's increased ability to endure a stimulus
higher geography
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/higherGeography
A list (concatenated and separated) of geographic names less specific than the information captured in the locality term.
hill
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000083
A rounded elevation of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m.
hill range
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000082
A group of hills bordered by lowlands.
hind tarsus length
http://eol.org/schema/terms/HindTarsusLength
The hind foot length, from heel to toe.
Darrin Lunde
hirnantian age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Hirnantian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
hispidose
http://eol.org/schema/terms/hispidose
(equivalent to ‘bottlebrush’) describes branching where sub-branches radiate in all directions from main branches and where corallites on sub-branches are generally elongate. Applied only to the genus Acropora
http://www.coralsoftheworld.org/page/glossary/#Glossary_H
histosol
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002243
Histosols comprise soils formed in organic material. These vary from soils developed in predominantly moss peat in boreal, arctic and subarctic regions, via moss peat, reeds/ sedge peat (fen) and forest peat in temperate regions to mangrove peat and swamp forest peat in the humid tropics. Histosols are found at all altitudes, but the vast majority occurs in lowlands.
holocene epoch
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Holocene
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
holometabolous
http://eol.org/schema/terms/holometabolous
Development of insects with complete metamorphosis which involves a pupal stage.
holotype
http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/TaxonName#Holotype
The one specimen or other element used or designated by the original author at the time of publication of the original description as the nomenclatural type of a species or infraspecific taxon. A holotype may be 'explicit' if it is clearly stated in the originating publication or 'implicit' if it is the single specimen proved to have been in the hands of the originating author when the description was published. [Zoo./Bot./Bio.]
home range
http://eol.org/schema/terms/HomeRange
Size of the area within which everyday activities of individuals or groups (of any type) are typically restricted.
Kate E. Jones, Jon Bielby, Marcel Cardillo, Susanne A. Fritz, Justin O'Dell, C. David L. Orme, Kamran Safi, Wes Sechrest, Elizabeth H. Boakes, Chris Carbone, Christina Connolly, Michael J. Cutts, Janine K. Foster, Richard Grenyer, Michael Habib, Christopher A. Plaster, Samantha A. Price, Elizabeth A. Rigby, Janna Rist, Amber Teacher, Olaf R. P. Bininda-Emonds, John L. Gittleman, Georgina M. Mace, and Andy Purvis. 2009. PanTHERIA: a species-level database of life history, ecology, and geography of extant and recently extinct mammals. Ecology 90:2648. http://esapubs.org/archive/ecol/E090/184/
homerian age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Homerian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
honey
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0036016
A sweet viscid material elaborated out of the nectar of flowers in the honey sac of various bees.
ECOCROP
horizontal
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001855
being in the plane of the horizon
horseshoe crab feeder
https://eol.org/schema/terms/horseshoe_crab_feeder
a carnivore that feeds primarily on horseshoe crabs (Limulidae)
horseshoe crabs
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q1329239
family of arthropods. https://eol.org/pages/1921
hospital
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002173
hot spring
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000051
A spring that is produced by the emergence of geothermally-heated groundwater from the Earth's crust.
household articles
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/OMIT_0007937
human population density
http://eol.org/schema/terms/HumanPopulationDensity
The human population density within the geographic range of a taxon.
human population density change
http://eol.org/schema/terms/HumanPopulationDensityChange
Rate of increase in human population density within the geographic range of a species.
Kate E. Jones, Jon Bielby, Marcel Cardillo, Susanne A. Fritz, Justin O'Dell, C. David L. Orme, Kamran Safi, Wes Sechrest, Elizabeth H. Boakes, Chris Carbone, Christina Connolly, Michael J. Cutts, Janine K. Foster, Richard Grenyer, Michael Habib, Christopher A. Plaster, Samantha A. Price, Elizabeth A. Rigby, Janna Rist, Amber Teacher, Olaf R. P. Bininda-Emonds, John L. Gittleman, Georgina M. Mace, and Andy Purvis. 2009. PanTHERIA: a species-level database of life history, ecology, and geography of extant and recently extinct mammals. Ecology 90:2648. http://esapubs.org/archive/ecol/E090/184/
humus
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000000
Organic matter in soil which has reached a point of stability, where it will break down no further and might, if conditions do not change, remain essentially as it is for centuries, or millennia.
hydrocarbon seep
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002063
The result of the release of natural hydrocarbons to the surface of the earth, including beneath the sea, by natural geological processes.
hydrochory
http://eol.org/schema/terms/hydrochory
Seed dispersal by water.
http://www.uv.es/jgpausas/brot.htm
hydroelectric reservoir
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000448
A reservoir constructed for the purpose of generating electricity.
hydroid
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q61994851
sessile (attached) invertebrate life stage
hydrophyte
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/FLOPO_0900026
whole plant hydrophytic
hydrostatic skeleton
http://www.marinespecies.org/traits/Hydrostatic
Skeletal support provided by hydrostatic pressure from a fluid filled cavity (e.g. the coelum) surrounded by muscles. Hydrostatic pressure provides skeletal support in sea anemones, jellyfish, nematodes, annelids, echinoderms, and other groups.
hydrothermal fluid
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000134
High temperature water ejected from hydrothermal vents and laden with dissolved metals and minerals as a result of percolation through crustal rocks.
hydrothermal vent
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000215
A fissure in the Earths's surface from which geothermally heated water issues.
hydrothermal vent
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000030
The marine hydrothermal vent biome comprises regions of the marine benthic biome where heat generated due to tectonic activity, either at divergent plate boundaries or convergent ocean plates where back-arc spreading occurs, is released or 'vented' to the surface. The resultant high temperature water jets are laden with dissolved metals and minerals.
hydroxylapatite
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_52255
A phosphate mineral with the formula Ca5(PO4)3(OH).
hyperhydate
http://eol.org/schema/terms/hyperhydate
an emergent plant, with leaves and/or stems emerging well beyond the water surface, roots penetrating the substrate
GERMISHUIZEN, G. & MEYER, N.L. (eds) 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
hyperparasitize
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/RO_0002553
hypersaline water
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002012
hypocone length
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/OBA_1000127
Length of hypocone from cingulum to antapex
From Ontology for Bio-Attributes
hypolimnion
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002130
The dense, bottom layer of water in a thermally-stratified lake. It is the layer that lies below the thermocline.
Hz
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UO_0000106
the derived unit of frequency in the International System of Units (SI) and is defined as one cycle per second
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hertz