Definition: A taxon is Extinct in the Wild when it is known only to survive in cultivation, in captivity \r\nor as a naturalized population (or populations) well outside the past range. A taxon is \r\npresumed Extinct in the Wild when exhaustive surveys in known and/or expected habitat, \r\nat appropriate times (diurnal, seasonal, annual), throughout its historic range have failed \r\nto record an individual. Surveys should be over a time frame appropriate to the taxon’s \r\nlife cycle and life form
Definition: The institution that holds a type specimen for a given species. The recommended best practice is to use the identifier in a collections registry such as the Biodiversity Collections Index (http://www.biodiversitycollectionsindex.org/).