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Graphidaceae
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The Graphidaceae are a family of funghi in the order Ostropales. The current circumscription of Graphidaceae includes all taxa in the formerly independent families Thelotremataceae, Gomphillaceae, and Asterothyriaceae.[1][2][3]

Distribution and ecology

Graphidaceae is believed to be the most speciose family of lichenized fungi; over 2000 species are included in the current taxonomic concept of the family, and there are likely several hundred more that are undiscovered or undescribed.[4] The vast majority of these species are restricted to the tropics.[5]

Most Graphidaceae species are epiphytic (i.e. they grow only on plants). Species in several genera (Diploschistes, Gymnographopsis, and Rendonographa) are saxicolous (i.e. they grow on rock).[6]

Genera

References

  1. ^ Baloch, Elizabeth; Lücking, Robert; Lumbsch, H. Thorsten; Wedin, Mats (2010). "Major clades and phylogenetic relationships between lichenized and non-lichenized lineages in Ostropales (Ascomycota: Lecanoromycetes)". Taxon. 59 (5): 1483–1494..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output q{quotes:"""""'"'"}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}
  2. ^ Mangold, Armin; Martín, María P.; Lücking, Robert; Lumbsch, H. Thorsten (2008). "Molecular Phylogeny Suggests Synonymy of Thelotremataceae within Graphidaceae (Ascomycota: Ostropales)". Taxon. 2: 476–486.
  3. ^ Rivas Plata, Eimy; Lücking, Robert; Lumbsch, H. Thorsten (2012). "A new classification for the family Graphidaceae (Ascomycota: Lecanoromycetes: Ostropales)". Fungal Diversity. 52: 107–121. doi:10.1007/s13225-011-0135-8.
  4. ^ Lücking, Robert; Tehler, Anders; Bungartz, Frank; Rivas Plata, Eimy; Lumbsch, H. Thorsten (2013). "Journey From the West: Did Tropical Graphidaceae (Lichenized Ascomycota: Ostropalales) Evolve from a Saxicolous Ancestor Along the American Pacific Coast?". American Journal of Botany. 100 (5): 844–856. doi:10.3732/ajb.1200548. PMID 23594913.
  5. ^ Lücking, Robert; Tehler, Anders; Bungartz, Frank; Rivas Plata, Eimy; Lumbsch, H. Thorsten (2013). "Journey From the West: Did Tropical Graphidaceae (Lichenized Ascomycota: Ostropalales) Evolve from a Saxicolous Ancestor Along the American Pacific Coast?". American Journal of Botany. 100 (5): 844–856. doi:10.3732/ajb.1200548. PMID 23594913.
  6. ^ Lücking, Robert; Tehler, Anders; Bungartz, Frank; Rivas Plata, Eimy; Lumbsch, H. Thorsten (2013). "Journey From the West: Did Tropical Graphidaceae (Lichenized Ascomycota: Ostropalales) Evolve from a Saxicolous Ancestor Along the American Pacific Coast?". American Journal of Botany. 100 (5): 844–856. doi:10.3732/ajb.1200548. PMID 23594913.

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Graphidaceae: Brief Summary
provided by wikipedia EN

The Graphidaceae are a family of funghi in the order Ostropales. The current circumscription of Graphidaceae includes all taxa in the formerly independent families Thelotremataceae, Gomphillaceae, and Asterothyriaceae.

license
cc-by-sa-3.0
copyright
Wikipedia authors and editors
original
visit source
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wikipedia EN
ID
681f2259d9b9910d0cfd64131c3c4f4b