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Phanerochaetaceae

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The Phanerochaetaceae are a family of mostly crust fungi in the order Polyporales.

Taxonomy

Phanerochaetaceae was first conceived by Swedish mycologist John Eriksson in 1958 as the subfamily Phanerochaetoideae of the Corticiaceae.[2] It was later published validly by Erast Parmasto in 1986,[3] and raised to familial status by Swiss mycologist Walter Jülich in 1982. The type genus is Phanerochaete.[4]

In 2007, Karl-Henrik Larsson proposed using the name Phanerochaetaceae to refer to the clade of crust fungi clustered near Phanerochaete.[5] In 2013, a more extensive molecular analysis showed that the Phanerochaetaceae were a subclade of the large phlebioid clade, which also contains members of the families Meruliaceae and Irpicaceae.[6] The generic limits of Phanerochaete were revised in 2015,[7] and new genera were added in 2016.[8] As of April 2018[update], Index Fungorum accepts 30 genera and 367 species in the family.[9]

Description

Most Phanerochaetaceae species are crust-like. Their hyphal system is monomitic (containing only generative hyphae), and these hyphae lack clamp connections. Their spores are thin-walled, smooth, and hyaline (translucent). Cystidia are often present in the hymenium. Although rare, some species have a polyporoid form, a dimitic hyphal system, and clamp connections. Phanerochaetaceae fungi produce a white rot.[1]

Genera

References

  1. ^ a b Justo, Alfredo; Miettinen, Otto; Floudas, Dimitrios; Ortiz-Santana, Beatriz; Sjökvist, Elisabet; Lindner, Daniel; Nakasone, Karen; Niemelä, Tuomo; Larsson, Karl-Henrik; Ryvarden, Leif; Hibbett, David S. (2017). "A revised family-level classification of the Polyporales (Basidiomycota)". Fungal Biology. 121 (9): 798–824. doi:10.1016/j.funbio.2017.05.010. PMID 28800851..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output q{quotes:"""""'"'"}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}
  2. ^ Eriksson, John (1958). "Studies in the Heterobasidiomycetes and Homobasidiomycetes-Aphyllophorales of Muddus national park in North Sweden". Symbolae Botanicae Upsalienses. 16 (1). Uppsala: Lundequistska bokhandeln: 1–172.
  3. ^ Parmasto, E. (1986). "On the origin of the Hymenomycetes (What are corticioid fungi?)". Windahlia. 16: 3–19.
  4. ^ Jülich, Walter (1981). Higher Taxa of Basidiomycetes. Bibliotheca Mycologica. 85. J. Cramer. p. 384. ISBN 978-3768213240.
  5. ^ Larsson, Karl-Henrik (2007). "Re-thinking the classification of corticioid fungi". Mycological Research. 111 (9): 1040–1063. doi:10.1016/j.mycres.2007.08.001. PMID 17981020.
  6. ^ Binder, Manfred; Justo, Alfredo; Riley, Robert; Salamov, Asaf; Lopez-Giraldez, Francesc; Sjökvist, Elisabet; Copeland, Alex; Foster, Brian; Sun, Hui; Larsson, Ellen; Larsson, Karl-Henrik; Townsend, Jeffrey; Grigoriev, Igor V.; Hibbett, David S. (2013). "Phylogenetic and phylogenomic overview of the Polyporales". Mycologia. 105 (6): 1350–1373. doi:10.3852/13-003. PMID 23935031.
  7. ^ Floudas, Dimitrios; Hibbett, David S. (2015). "Revisiting the taxonomy of Phanerochaete (Polyporales, Basidiomycota) using a four gene dataset and extensive ITS sampling". Fungal Biology. 119 (8): 679–719. doi:10.1016/j.funbio.2015.04.003. PMID 26228559.
  8. ^ a b c d Miettinen, Otto; Spirin, Viacheslav; Vlasák, Josef; Rivoire, Bernard; Stenroos, Spoili; Hibbett, David S. (2016). "Polypores and genus concepts in Phanerochaetaceae (Polyporales, Basidiomycota)". MycoKeys. 17: 1–46. doi:10.3897/mycokeys.17.10153.
  9. ^ Kirk, P.M. (ed.). "Species Fungorum (version 28th March 2018). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life". Retrieved 2018-04-09.
  10. ^ Hjortstam, Kurt (1983). "Studies in tropical Corticiaceae (Basidiomycetes). V. Specimens from East Africa collected by L. Ryvarden". Mycotaxon. 17: 555–572.
  11. ^ Hjortstam, Kurt; Ryvarden, Leif (2002). "Australicium (Basidiomycotina, Aphyllophorales) a new genus for Corticium singulare G. Cunn". Synopsis Fungorum. 15: 18–21.
  12. ^ Jülich W. (1978). "Studies in resupinate basidiomycetes – V". Persoonia. 10 (1): 137–40.
  13. ^ Parmasto, E. (1967). "Corticiaceae URSS IV. Descriptiones taxorum novorum. Combinationes novae". Eesti NSV Teaduste Akadeemia Toimetised, Biologica (in Latin). 16: 383.
  14. ^ Boidin, J. (1970). "Basidiomycètes de la République Centralafricaine. II. - Les genres Botryobasidium Donk et Candelabrochaete nov. gen". Cahiers de La Maboké (in French). 8: 17–25.
  15. ^ Donk, M.A. (1933). "Revisie van de Nederlandse Heterobasidiomyceteae (uitgez. Uredinales en Ustilaginales) en Homobasidiomyceteae-Aphyllophraceae: II. Mededelingen van het botanisch Museum en Herbarium van de Rijksuniversiteit Utrecht" (in Dutch). 9: 170.
  16. ^ Domanski, S. (1963). "Dwa nowe rodzaje grzybów z grupy "Poria Pers. ex S.F. Gray"". Acta Societatis Botanicorum Poloniae (in Polish). 32: 731–9.
  17. ^ Yuan, Yuan; Chen, Jia-Jia; He, Shuang-Hui (2017). "Geliporus exilisporus gen. et comb. nov., a xanthochroic polypore in Phanerochaetaceae from China". Mycoscience. 58 (3): 197–203. doi:10.1016/j.myc.2017.01.006.
  18. ^ Boidin, J.; Gilles, G. (2002). "À propos du genre Lopharia sensu lato (Basidiomycètes, Aphyllophorales)". Bulletin de la Société Mycologique de France (in French). 118 (2): 91–155.
  19. ^ Reid, D.A. (1965). A Monograph of the Stipitate Steroid Fungi. Beihefte zur Nova Hedwigia. 18. Lubrecht & Cramer. p. 143. ISBN 978-3-7682-5418-2.
  20. ^ a b Hjortstam, K.; Ryvarden, L. (2010). "Phanerodontia and Phaneroites, two corticioid taxa (Basidiomycotina) proposed from tropical areas". Synopsis Fungorum. 27: 26–33.
  21. ^ Jang, J.; Chen, T. (1985). "Pseudolagarobasidium leguminicola gen. et sp. nov. on Leucaena in Taiwan". Transactions of the British Mycological Society. 85 (2): 374–377. doi:10.1016/s0007-1536(85)80209-6.
  22. ^ Greslebin, Alina; Nakasone, Karen K.; Rajchenberg, Mario (2004). "Rhizochaete, a new genus of phanerochaetoid fungi". Mycologia. 96 (2): 260–271. doi:10.2307/3762062. JSTOR 3762062. PMID 21148853.
  23. ^ Hjortstam, Kurt; Ryvarden, Leif (2005). "New taxa and new combinations in tropical corticioid fungi, (Basidiomycotina, Aphyllophorales)". Synopsis Fungorum. 20: 33–41.
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Phanerochaetaceae: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

The Phanerochaetaceae are a family of mostly crust fungi in the order Polyporales.

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