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Canthyloscelidae

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The Canthyloscelidae are a small family of midges closely related to the Scatopsidae.

Adults are small to medium-sized (2.5-9.0 mm) flies, relatively stout, usually dark coloured Nematocera with stout legs. They are associated with ancient woodland. Larvae are xylosaprophagous and live in the moist, rotting wood of stumps and fallen trees.[1]

Most are considered endangered due to the vulnerability of their habitat.

There are 15 described species worldwide from New Zealand, North America, South America, Japan and Russia. The 3 species in Europe are suspected to be introductions. There is one know fossil species from the Jurassic.

Systematics

Originally considered to be two separate families, the Synneuridae and the Canthyloscelidae. Haenni [2] placed the Synneuridae as the subfamily Synneurinae. A phylogenetic reclassification by Amorim [3] has reduced the Synneurinae into a synonymy of Canthyloscelinae.

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References

  1. ^ Hutson A.M. (1977). "A revision of the families Synneuridae and Canthyloscelidae (Diptera)". Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Entomology. London: British Museum (Natural History). 35 (3): 67–100.
  2. ^ Haenni J.-P. (1997). Family Canthyloscelidae. In Papp L. & Darvas B. (eds): Contributions to a Manual of Palaearctic Diptera. Nematocera and Lower Brachycera. Vol. 2. Budapest: Science Herald. pp. 273–279.
  3. ^ Amorim D. de S. (2000). "A new phylogeny and phylogenetic classification for the Canthyloscelidae (Diptera: Psychodomorpha)". Canadian Journal of Zoology. Toronto: National Research Council Canada. 78 (6): 1067–1077. doi:10.1139/z00-010. ISSN 1480-3283.
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Canthyloscelidae: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

The Canthyloscelidae are a small family of midges closely related to the Scatopsidae.

Adults are small to medium-sized (2.5-9.0 mm) flies, relatively stout, usually dark coloured Nematocera with stout legs. They are associated with ancient woodland. Larvae are xylosaprophagous and live in the moist, rotting wood of stumps and fallen trees.

Most are considered endangered due to the vulnerability of their habitat.

There are 15 described species worldwide from New Zealand, North America, South America, Japan and Russia. The 3 species in Europe are suspected to be introductions. There is one know fossil species from the Jurassic.

license
cc-by-sa-3.0
copyright
Wikipedia authors and editors
original
visit source
partner site
wikipedia EN