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Life » » Plants » » Olive family »

Broad Leaf Privet

Ligustrum lucidum W. T. Aiton

Brief Summary

Comprehensive Description

Distribution

    Distribution
    provided by eFloras
    China, occasionally cultivated.
    Distribution
    provided by eFloras
    Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Xizang, Yunnan, Zhejiang.
    Distribution
    provided by eFloras
    Distribution: Japan, China; cultivated elsewhere.

Morphology

    Comments
    provided by eFloras
    Evergreen plants with (4 or)5 or 6(-9) primary veins on each side of leaf blade midrib have been recognized as f. lucidum, whereas deciduous plants with 7-11 primary veins on each side of leaf blade midrib as f. latifolium (W. C. Cheng) P. S. Hsu.

    Grown for culturing wax insects to obtain white wax. The fruit is used as a tonic.

    Comments
    provided by eFloras
    In Pakistan often cultivated, mainly for hedges.
    Description
    provided by eFloras
    Shrubs or trees to 25 m, evergreen or deciduous, glabrous. Branchlets terete. Petiole 1-3 cm; leaf blade ovate to sometimes broadly elliptic or elliptic to lanceolate, 6-17 × 3-8 cm, leathery or papery, base rounded or sometimes attenuate, apex acute to acuminate or sometimes obtuse; primary veins 4-11 on each side of midrib, slightly raised or obscure. Panicles terminal, 8-20 × 8-25 cm; rachis angular in fruit. Flowers sessile or nearly so. Calyx 1.5-2 mm. Corolla 4-5 mm; tube ca. as long as lobes. Stamens approaching apex of corolla lobes; anthers 1-1.5 mm. Fruit deep blue-black, ripening red-black, reniform or nearly so, 7-10 × 4-6 mm. Fl. May-Jul, fr. Jul-May.
    Description
    provided by eFloras
    Tree or large shrub, evergreen. Leaves 4-10 (-17) cm long, 3-5 (-7) cm broad, oval to oblong-oval or broadly elliptic, acute or acuminate, base rounded, coriaceous, shining above, lateral nerves 4-6 pairs; petiole 1-2 cm. Pyramidal panicles up to 20 cm long, at the base up to 17 cm broad. Flowers creamish-white, strongly scented, almost sessile. Corolla tube as long as the calyx, lobes usually longer than the tube. Young fruit obovoid or ovoid, ripe subglobose, 6-8 mm in diam., purplish-blue.

Diagnostic Description

    Synonym
    provided by eFloras
    Esquirolia sinensis H. Léveillé; Ligustrum compactum (Wallich ex G. Don) J. D. Hooker & Thomson ex Brandis var. latifolium W. C. Cheng; L. esquirolii H. Léveillé; L. lucidum var. esquirolii (H. Léveillé) H. Léveillé; L. lucidum f. latifolium (W. C. Cheng) P. S. Hsu.

Habitat

    Habitat
    provided by eFloras
    * Woods; below 2900 m.

Cyclicity

    Flower/Fruit
    provided by eFloras
    Fl. Per.: May-June. Fruit: October-December.