dcsimg

Description

provided by Flora of Zimbabwe
Trees, shrubs or herbs, sometimes parasitic or hemiparasitic. Stipules 0. Leaves alternate, rarely opposite, entire, simple, sometimes reduced to scales. Flowers small, greenish or white, bisexual or unisexual, actinomorphic. Perianth of 1 whorl with 3-5 lobes. Stamens as many as perianth lobes. Ovary inferior or half-inferior, 1-locular. Stigma terminal, capitate or 5-lobed. Fruit indehiscent, dry or fleshy. Seed 1.
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Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten and Petra Ballings
bibliographic citation
Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T. and Ballings, P. (2002-2014). Santalaceae Flora of Zimbabwe website. Accessed 28 August 2014 at http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/family.php?family_id=203
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Mark Hyde
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Bart Wursten
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Petra Ballings
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Flora of Zimbabwe

Santalaceae

provided by wikipedia EN

The Santalaceae, sandalwoods, are a widely distributed family of flowering plants (including small trees, shrubs, perennial herbs, and epiphytic climbers[1]) which, like other members of Santalales, are partially parasitic on other plants. Its flowers are bisexual or, by abortion ("flower drop"), unisexual.[2] Modern treatments of the Santalaceae include the family Viscaceae (mistletoes), previously considered distinct.

The APG II system of 2003 recognises the family and assigns it to the order Santalales in the clade core eudicots. However, the circumscription by APG is much wider than accepted by previous classifications, including the plants earlier treated in families Eremolepidaceae and Viscaceae. It includes about 1,000 species in 43 genera.[3] Many have reported traditional and cultural uses, including as medicine. [4]

Genera

excluded genera:

References

  1. ^ a b c Hewson & George [et al.], Santalaceae taxonomy Archived 2015-03-24 at the Wayback Machine, 1984, pp. 191-194.
  2. ^ Pilger, R. Santalaceae (with 17 figures). R. Br. Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holl. (1810) 350, pp. 1-45.
  3. ^ Christenhusz, M. J. M., and Byng, J. W. (2016). "The number of known plants species in the world and its annual increase". Phytotaxa. Magnolia Press. 261 (3): 201–217. doi:10.11646/phytotaxa.261.3.1.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  4. ^ O'Neill, A. R.; Rana, S. K. (2019). "An ethnobotanical analysis of parasitic plants (Parijibi) in the Nepal Himalaya". Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine. 12 (14). doi:10.1186/s13002-016-0086-y.

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Santalaceae: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

The Santalaceae, sandalwoods, are a widely distributed family of flowering plants (including small trees, shrubs, perennial herbs, and epiphytic climbers) which, like other members of Santalales, are partially parasitic on other plants. Its flowers are bisexual or, by abortion ("flower drop"), unisexual. Modern treatments of the Santalaceae include the family Viscaceae (mistletoes), previously considered distinct.

The APG II system of 2003 recognises the family and assigns it to the order Santalales in the clade core eudicots. However, the circumscription by APG is much wider than accepted by previous classifications, including the plants earlier treated in families Eremolepidaceae and Viscaceae. It includes about 1,000 species in 43 genera. Many have reported traditional and cultural uses, including as medicine.

Genera Acanthosyris Amphorogyne Anthobolus Antidaphne (previously Eremolepidaceae) Arceuthobium (previously Viscaceae) Buckleya Cervantesia Ruiz & Pavón Choretrum R.Br. Cladomyza Comandra Nutt. Daenikera Dendromyza Dendrophthora (previously Viscaceae) Dendrotrophe Dufrenoya Elaphanthera Eubrachion (previously Eremolepidaceae) Exocarpos Pers. Geocaulon Ginalloa (previously Viscaceae) Jodina Korthalsella Tiegh. Kunkeliella Lepidoceras (previously Eremolepidaceae) Leptomeria Mida Myoschilos Nanodea Nestronia Notothixos (previously Viscaceae) Okoubaka Pellegr. & Normand Omphacomeria Osyridocarpos Osyris Phacellaria Phoradendron Nutt. (previously Viscaceae) Pilgerina Pyrularia Rhoiacarpos Santalum L. Scleropyrum Spirogardnera Staufferia Thesidium Thesium L. Viscum L. (previously Viscaceae)

excluded genera:

Arjona - to Schoepfiaceae Quinchamalium - to Schoepfiaceae
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