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Phymateus
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Phymateus is a genus of grasshoppers belonging to the Pyrgomorphidae family.

Description

Species of the genus Phymateus are African grasshoppers about 70 millimetres (2.8 in) long. Some species at maturity are capable of long migratory flights. They raise and rustle wings when disturbed and may secrete a noxious fluid from the thoracic joint.[1] These locusts feed on highly toxic plants and usually congregate in large numbers on trees and shrubs, arranged in such a way as to resemble foliage. Females of the species Phymateus morbillosus are unable to fly, despite fully developed wings.[2]

Distribution

Species of this genus can be found in Southern, Central and East Africa, through Somalia and Madagascar to India.[3]

List of species

  • Phymateus aegrotus (Gerstäcker, 1869)
  • Phymateus baccatus (Stål, 1876)
  • Phymateus bolivari Kirby, W.F., 1910
  • Phymateus cinctus (Fabricius, 1793) = P. stolli (Saussure, 1861) = P. flavus (I. Bolivar, 1903) = P. squarrosus (Houttuyn, 1813)
  • Phymateus iris Bolivar, I., 1881
  • Phymateus karschi Bolivar, I., 1904
  • Phymateus leprosus (Fabricius, 1793)
  • Phymateus madagassus Karsch, 1888
  • Phymateus morbillosus (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Phymateus pulcherrimus (I. Bolívar, 1904)
  • Phymateus purpurascens (Karsch, 1896)
  • Phymateus saxosus (Coquerel, 1862)
  • Phymateus viridipes (Stål, 1873)[4]

Gallery

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    Phymateus species

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    Phymateus viridipes

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    Male and female of Phymateus cinctus

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    Phymateus morbillosus

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    Phymateus saxosus at the Montreal Insectorium

References

  1. ^ Field Guide to Insects - Picker, Griffiths & Weaving (2004)
  2. ^ Zoology Dept, University of Cape Town
  3. ^ Discover Life
  4. ^ Biolib

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Phymateus: Brief Summary
provided by wikipedia EN

Phymateus is a genus of grasshoppers belonging to the Pyrgomorphidae family.

license
cc-by-sa-3.0
copyright
Wikipedia authors and editors
original
visit source
partner site
wikipedia EN
ID
c52636cdd36591990d060c6ee8b26d1f