Tornidae

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Tornidae is a family of very small and minute sea snails with an operculum, marine gastropod mollusks in the clade Littorinimorpha. This family used to be known as the Vitrinellidae.[1] Iredale has shown that the family Adeorbidae Monterosato, 1884 should be called Tornidae [2]

Family names cited with two dates (the second one in parentheses) are those ruled by Article 40(2) of ICZN. "If ... a family-group name was replaced before 1961 because of the synonymy of the type genus, the replacement name is to be maintained if it is in prevailing usage. A name maintained by virtue of this Article retains its own author [and date, the first date cited] but takes the priority of the replaced name [the date cited in parentheses, here alluding to Adeorbidae Monterosato, 1884] [1]

General characteristics

The shells of the snails in this family are minute, colorless and glassy.

The paucispiral shell is umbilicated, auriform and depressed. The entire aperture is oblique. The shell has a simple columella, and a rounded, sharp outer lip. The corneous operculum is paucispiral, and has an eccentric nucleus.

The body of the animal differs from species in the family Trochidae by having no cirriform appendages of the foot.[3] The radula is taenioglossate. (Thiele, 1925)

Subfamilies

The following subfamilies were recognized in the 2005 taxonomy of Bouchet & Rocroi, but have now become alternate representations:

  • Circulinae Fretter & Graham, 1962
  • Torninae Sacco, 1896 (1884)
  • Teinostomatinae Cossmann, 1917
  • Vitrinellinae Bush, 1897

Genera

Genera in the family Tornidae include:

Genera brought into synonymy
  • Adeorbis S.V. Wood, 1842: synonym of Tornus Turton & Kingston, 1830
  • Climacia Dall, 1903: synonym of Anticlimax Pilsbry & McGinty, 1946
  • Climacina Aguayo & Borro, 1946: synonym of Anticlimax Pilsbry & McGinty, 1946
  • Liochrysta Laseron, 1958: synonym of Pseudoliotia Tate, 1898
  • Lioprora Laseron, 1958: synonym of Canimarina Aguayo & Borro, 1946
  • Miralabrum Pilsbry & Olsson, 1945: synonym of Cyclostremiscus Pilsbry & Olsson, 1945
  • Ponocyclus Pilsbry, 1953: synonym of Cyclostremiscus Pilsbry & Olsson, 1945
  • Pseudorotella P. Fischer, 1857: synonym of Teinostoma H. Adams & A. Adams, 1853
  • Pygmaerota Kuroda & Habe, 1952: synonym of Pygmaeorota Kuroda & Habe, 1954
  • Soyorota Habe, 1961: synonym of Circulus Jeffreys, 1865
  • Tinostoma P. Fischer, 1885: synonym of Teinostoma H. Adams & A. Adams, 1853
Alternate representations
  • Subfamily Circulinae Fretter & Graham, 1962
  • Subfamily Teinostomatinae Cossmann, 1917
  • Subfamily Torninae Sacco, 1896 (1884)
  • Subfamily Vitrinellinae Bush, 1897

References

  1. ^ a b Bouchet, P.; Gofas, S. (2014). Tornidae Sacco, 1896 (1884). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=124 on 2014-12-03
  2. ^ (Iredale, Journal of Conchology, 14, 344)
  3. ^ George Washington Tryon, Manual of Conchology vol. X, p.13; 1888-1889
  • Adam W. & Knudsen J. (1969). Quelques genres de mollusques prosobranches marins ou peu connus de l'Afrique occidentale. Bulletin de l'Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique 44(27): 1-69
  • Backeljau, T. (1986). Lijst van de recente mariene mollusken van België [List of the recent marine molluscs of Belgium]. Koninklijk Belgisch Instituut voor Natuurwetenschappen: Brussels, Belgium. 106 pp.
  • Vaught, K.C. (1989). A classification of the living Mollusca. American Malacologists: Melbourne, FL (USA). ISBN 0-915826-22-4. XII, 195 pp.
  • Rolán E. & Rubio F. 2002. The family Tornidae (Gastropoda, Rissooidea) in the East Atlantic. Resenas Malacologicas 13 (Suplemento), 98 pp. Sociedad Española de Malacología
  • Bouchet P. & Rocroi J.-P. (2005) Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families. Malacologia 47(1-2): 1-397
  • Rubio, F., Fernandez-Garcés, R. & Rolán, E., 2011. The family Tornidae (Gastropoda, Rissooidea) in the Caribbean and neighboring areas. Iberus 29(2): 1-230
  • "Tornidae". Integrated Taxonomic Information System.
  • Powell A. W. B., New Zealand Mollusca, William Collins Publishers Ltd, Auckland, New Zealand 1979 ISBN 0-00-216906-1
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Tornidae: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Tornidae is a family of very small and minute sea snails with an operculum, marine gastropod mollusks in the clade Littorinimorpha. This family used to be known as the Vitrinellidae. Iredale has shown that the family Adeorbidae Monterosato, 1884 should be called Tornidae

Family names cited with two dates (the second one in parentheses) are those ruled by Article 40(2) of ICZN. "If ... a family-group name was replaced before 1961 because of the synonymy of the type genus, the replacement name is to be maintained if it is in prevailing usage. A name maintained by virtue of this Article retains its own author [and date, the first date cited] but takes the priority of the replaced name [the date cited in parentheses, here alluding to Adeorbidae Monterosato, 1884]

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