Definition: in which either the stamens or the carpels are missing, vestigial or otherwise non-functional. Each flower is either "staminate" (having only functional stamens) and thus "male", or "carpellate" (or "pistillate") (having only functional carpels) and thus "female". If separate staminate and carpellate flowers are always found on the same plant, the species is called monoecious. If separate staminate and carpellate flowers are always found on different plants, the species is called dioecious.
Definition: Non-woody plants growing attached to external support without contact to the ground. Non-woody hemiepiphytes either germinate on other plants and then establish roots in the ground, or germinate on the ground and later disconnect from the soil