Glossary of ALL Terms for Data on EOL

t

tachyzoite
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BTO_0001346
Oval, quickly multiplying trophozoite of Toxoplasma gondii, found in all tissues except non-nucleated erythrocytes during the acute stage of toxoplasmosis.
tail length
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/VT_0002758
The distance from point to point along the longest axis of the appendage at the caudal end of the vertebral column.
tail-flipping
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q5039547
"Caridoid escape reaction": innate escape mechanism in marine and freshwater crustaceans; rapid abdominal flexions that produce powerful swimming strokes, thrusting the crustacean backwards through the water and away from danger.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caridoid_escape_reaction
tarn
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000455
A mountain lake that is formed in a cirque excavated by a glacier. A moraine may form a natural dam below a tarn.
tarsometatarsus + middle toe length
http://eol.org/schema/terms/TarsometatarsusPlusMiddleToeLength
Length of the tarsometatarsus + length of the middle toe.
tarsus length
http://eol.org/schema/terms/TarsusLength
Length of the tarsus. In birds, length of the tarsometatarsus (fusion of ankle and foot bones)
tea plantation
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000162
teat number
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CMO_0000445
The number of teats, protuberances on the mammary glands, breasts or udders of female mammals through which milk is excreted.
teeth
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0001091
Organ with a cavity which consist of dentine surrounded by enamel
telychian age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Telychian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
temperate
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000206
temperate broadleaf forest
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000202
temperate coniferous forest
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000211
temperate desert
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000182
temperate grassland
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000193
temperate grassland, savanna, and shrubland
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000877
temperate grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
http://eol.org/schema/terms/temperate_grasslands_savannas_and_shrublands
https://www.worldwildlife.org/biomes/temperate-grasslands-savannas-and-shrublands
temperate mixed forest
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000212
temperate mountain
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01001455
A mountain that is part of a temperate environment
temperate ocean
http://eol.org/schema/terms/TemperateOcean
temperate savanna
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000189
temperate shrubland
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000215
temperate woodland
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000221
temperature
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000146
A physical quality of the thermal energy of a system
temperature at range midpoint latitude
http://eol.org/schema/terms/TemperatureAtRangeMidpointLatitude
The temperature at the range midpoint latitude of an organism.
temperature in geographic range
http://eol.org/schema/terms/TemperatureInRange
Monthly temperature within the geographic range of a taxon.
Kate E. Jones, Jon Bielby, Marcel Cardillo, Susanne A. Fritz, Justin O'Dell, C. David L. Orme, Kamran Safi, Wes Sechrest, Elizabeth H. Boakes, Chris Carbone, Christina Connolly, Michael J. Cutts, Janine K. Foster, Richard Grenyer, Michael Habib, Christopher A. Plaster, Samantha A. Price, Elizabeth A. Rigby, Janna Rist, Amber Teacher, Olaf R. P. Bininda-Emonds, John L. Gittleman, Georgina M. Mace, and Andy Purvis. 2009. PanTHERIA: a species-level database of life history, ecology, and geography of extant and recently extinct mammals. Ecology 90:2648. http://esapubs.org/archive/ecol/E090/184/
temporal distribution
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002323
temporal distribution pattern of process occurrences
temporary aquatic
http://eol.org/schema/terms/temporaryAquatic
aquatic environment that may persist for hours or weeks before returning to a dry state
tenagophyte
http://eol.org/schema/terms/tenagophyte
an amphibious plant, the juvenile submerged or floating on water and the adult (reproductive) phase terrestrial.
GERMISHUIZEN, G. & MEYER, N.L. (eds) 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
terminal
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/NCIT_C47940
situated at an end; occurring at or forming an end
terminal
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002476
forming the end of another entity
terminal moraine
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000252
Ridges of unconsolidated debris deposited at the snout or end of the glacier. They usually reflect the shape of the glacier's terminus.
terra firme
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q3518534
Dense and tall Amazonian forest growing above the river valleys, in higher ground that does not get flooded by the rivers.
Mexican Amphibians
terrace
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000508
A step-like feature between higher and lower ground: a relatively flat or gently inclined shelf of earth, backed and fronted by steep slopes or manmade detaining walls.
terreneuvian epoch
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Terreneuvian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
terrestrial
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000446
A biome that applies to the terrestrial realm.
terrestrial habitat
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002009
A habitat that is on or at the boundary of the surface of the Earth.
terrestrial plant
http://eol.org/schema/terms/terrestrialPlant
A terrestrial plant is a plant that grows on or in or from land. Other types of plants are aquatic (living in water), epiphytic (living on trees) and lithophytic (living in or on rocks)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Terrestrial_plant
terrigenous sediment
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000070
Sediment comprised of weathered continental rocks, wind blown dust, volcanic ash or other terrestrial material.
territorial
http://eol.org/schema/terms/Territorial
In ethology, territory is the sociographical area that an animal of a particular species consistently defends against conspecifics, or, occasionally, animals of other species. Animals that defend territories in this way are referred to as territorial.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Territory_(animal)
testes mass
http://eol.org/schema/terms/TestesMass
testicond
http://eol.org/schema/terms/testicond
Undescended testicles, the ancestral condition in mammals.
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/jeb.12373/full
testis location
http://eol.org/schema/terms/TestisLocation
Anatomical location of testis; eg: internal, descended, scrotal, inguinal.
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/jeb.12373/full
tetracosanoic acid
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_28866
tetradecanoic acid
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_28875
tetrapods
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q19159
superclass of the first four-limbed vertebrates and their descendants. https://eol.org/pages/46557930
tetrathyridium
http://eol.org/schema/terms/tetrathyridium
an infective tapeworm larva. When the first intermediate host of a tapeworm is eaten by the vertebrate second intermediate host, the larva develops into a tetrathyridium in the peritoneal cavity or in viscera.
thallus diameter
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/FLOPO_0023069
diameter of the thallus, a gametophytic lifestage that has a flat growth form
thallus length
https://eol.org/schema/terms/thallus_length
length of the thallus, a gametophytic lifestage that has a flat growth form
thanetian age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Thanetian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
The Nearctic
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q737742
one of the eight terrestrial ecozones constituting the Earth's land surface
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Ecozone_Nearctic.svg
The Neotropics
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q217151
one of the eight terrestrial ecozones constituting the Earth's land surface
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Ecozone_Neotropic.svg
the Palearctic
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q106447
largest of the eight ecozones constituting the Earth's surface
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Palearctic.png
thermal
http://eol.org/schema/terms/thermalFeature
an environmental feature which is a natural heat source
thermocline
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002269
A layer within a water body where the temperature changes rapidly with depth.
thickness
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000915
A 1-D extent quality which is equal to the dimension through an object as opposed to its length or width
thorax length
http://eol.org/schema/terms/thoraxLength
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thorax#Other_animals
threatened
http://eol.org/schema/terms/federalThreatened
The organism has federal Threatened status in the United States of America.
threatened
https://eol.org/schema/terms/threatened
may become endangered within the foreseeable future
https://tpwd.texas.gov/landwater/land/habitats/cross_timbers/endangered_species/
thunniform swimming
https://eol.org/schema/terms/thunniform
Body/caudal fin propulsion, characteristic of tunas, also found in several lamnid sharks. Virtually all the sideways movement is in the tail and the region connecting the main body to the tail (the peduncle). The tail itself tends to be large and crescent shaped. This form of swimming enables these fish to chase and catch prey more easily due to the increase in speed of swimming, like in barracudas.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fish_locomotion#Thunniform
tidal creek
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000041
A tidal water channel. Creeks may often dry to a muddy channel with little or no flow at low tide, but often with significant depth of water at high tide.
tidal pool
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000317
Pools formed as a high tide comes in over a rocky shore. Water fills depressions in the ground, which turn into isolated pools as the tide retreats.
tidal watercourse
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000412
tidewater glacier
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000456
A glacier that flows into the sea.
timber
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q1370714
wood that has been processed into beams and planks
tissue contains
https://eol.org/schema/terms/tissue_contains
describes a component found in biotic tissue
tithonian age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Tithonian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
toarcian age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Toarcian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
tons
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UO_0010038
An imperial mass unit which is equivalent to 1,016.046,9088 kilograms, or 2,240 pounds
topotype
http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/TaxonName#Topotype
One or more specimens collected at the same location as the type series (type locality), regardless of whether they are part of the type series. Topotypes are not regulated by the botanical or zoological code. Also called "locotype". [Zoo./Bot.]
tortonian age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Tortonian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
total length
http://purl.org/obo/owlATOL_0001660
length from the tip of the snout to the tip of the longer lobe of the caudal fin, usually measured with the lobes compressed along the midline. It is a straight-line measure, not measured over the curve of the body
total life span
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/VT_0001661
The full period of time from birth to death of an organism.
total species surveyed
http://eol.org/schema/terms/TotalSpeciesSurveyed
total number of species in this clade, found in this survey (Appeltans et al. 2012. The Magnitude of Global Marine Species Diversity. Current Biology 22, 2189–2202. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2012.09.036)
total unknown marine species
http://eol.org/schema/terms/TotalUnknownSpeciesExpert
Total species unknown in this clade (undescribed + undiscovered) (estimate based on expert opinion) (Appeltans et al. 2012. The Magnitude of Global Marine Species Diversity. Current Biology 22, 2189–2202. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2012.09.036)
tournaisian age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Tournaisian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
trailing
http://eol.org/schema/terms/trailing
Growing along the ground.
transient
http://eol.org/schema/terms/transientSeedBank
Of seed bank longevity. Seeds germinate in the first favourable season after dispersal. Generally, seed bank longevity is <= 1 yr (no persistent seed bank).
http://www.uv.es/jgpausas/brot.htm
transportation
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_02000125
A planned process that is the movement of people, animals and goods from one location to another.
transverse division
http://eol.org/schema/terms/transverseDivision
a common mode of asexual reproduction among skeletonless coelenterates and also in some skeletal anthozoans (division of the soft body must be associated with division of the skeleton)
Stolarski, J. 1991. Transverse division in a Miocene scleractinian coral. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 36 (4): 413-426
trapezoid
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002044
A shape quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's being a quadrilateral with two parallel sides.
Gymnodiniales Traits
travertine
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00003982
A natural chemical precipitate of carbonate minerals; typically aragonite, but often recrystallized to or primarily calcite; which is deposited from the water of mineral springs (especially hot springs) or streams saturated with calcium carbonate.
tree
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/FLOPO_0900033
whole plant arborescent
tremadocian age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Tremadocian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
triact
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PORO_0000599
Spicule with three rays in one plane
triassic period
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Triassic
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
tributary
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000495
A stream or river which flows into another river (a parent river) or body of water but which may not flow directly into the sea.
tridecanoic acid
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_45919
trilete
http://eol.org/schema/terms/trilete
spores bearing a Y shaped scar, indicating that they were arranged in a tetrahedral spore tetrad
https://www.ucl.ac.uk/GeolSci/micropal/spore.html
tripinnate
http://eol.org/schema/terms/tripinnate
pinnately compound leaves in which the leaflets are themselves bipinnate; also called thrice-pinnate
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pinnation#Iteration_of_divisions
tripinnate + pinnatifid
http://eol.org/schema/terms/tripinnatepinnatifid
a tripinnately compound leaf, with the pinnae being pinnatifid.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pinnation
troglomorphic
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q17114503
the morphological adaptation of an animal to living in constant darkness, characterised by features such as loss of pigment, reduced eyesight or blindness
trophic ecology
http://eol.org/schema/terms/trophicEcology
the diet, nutrition, feeding and energetic and nutrient supply attributes of an organism
trophic guild
http://eol.org/schema/terms/TrophicGuild
A group of species that exploit the same food resources, and/or use the same feeding or foraging methods. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guild_(ecology)
trophic level
http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q1053008
position of an organism in a food web. May be described verbally with descriptors including primary producer, herbivore or carnivore. If described numerically, 1 indicates a primary producer, 2 a herbivore, and so on up the food web.
tropical and subtropical coniferous forest
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005806
tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forest
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000879
tropical broadleaf forest
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000200
tropical coniferous forest
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000210
tropical desert
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000183
A tropical desert biome is a desert biome which has communities adapted to temperatures above a monthly average of 18 degrees Celsius, high daily temperature ranges of approximately 20 degrees Celsius, very high insolation due to inhibited cloud formation, and very low precipitation. Tropical desert biomes located near coasts with cold upwellings may have cooler temperatures and reduced insolution due to fog.
tropical dry broadleaf forest
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000227
tropical dry or deciduous forests (including monsoon forests) or woodlands
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002990
tropical freshwater lake
http://eol.org/schema/terms/tropicalFreshwaterLake
tropical grassland
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000192
tropical humid forests
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002993
tropical moist broadleaf forest
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000228
tropical mountain
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01001456
a mountain that is part of a tropical environment
tropical ocean
http://eol.org/schema/terms/TropicalOcean
tropical or subtropical
http://eol.org/schema/terms/tropicalOrSubtropical
tropical savanna
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000188
tropical semideciduous forest
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000388
A semi-deciduous broadleaf forest which is subject to tropical climate patterns.
tropical shrubland
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000214
tropical soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005778
tropical waters (hot)
http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/TEMP_HOT
tropical waters (warm)
http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/RT_WARM
tropical woodland
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000220
tube feet
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0008247
One of the numerous external, fluid-filled muscular tubes of echinoderms, such as the starfish or sea urchin, serving as organs of locomotion, food handling, and respiration. Tube feet consist of two parts: ampulla and podia. Ampulla contain both circular muscles and longitudinal muscle, whereas the podia contain the latter only. Thus the podia use suction to attach to the substratum.
tubicolous
https://eol.org/schema/terms/tubicolous
aquatic organisms that construct and inhabit simple unbranched vertical shafts with only one opening to the surface. These are primarily above-sediment filter-feeders, surface deposit-feeders, and subsurface deposit-feeders (head-down, conveyor-belt feeders)
Macrofaunal Burrows and Irrigation in Marine Sediment: Microbiological and Biogeochemical Interactions. Available from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/265483886_Macrofaunal_Burrows_and_Irrigation_in_Marine_Sediment_Microbiological_and_Biogeochemical_Interactions [accessed Feb 26 2020].
tuft
https://eol.org/schema/terms/tuft
a small cluster of elongated flexible outgrowths attached or close together at the base and free at the opposite ends especially; a growing bunch of grasses or close-set plants"
tundra
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000874
tundra
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000180
A tundra is a terrestrial biome which includes, across its spatial extent, only low-growing vegetation such as dwarf shrubs, sedges and grasses, mosses, and lichens. Tundra biomes rarely have monthly average temperatures above 10 degrees Celsius and have low evapotranspiration ratios.
tundra
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q43262
tunnel
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000068
An underground or underwater passage.
turbid water
http://eol.org/schema/terms/turbidWater
Turbidity is the cloudiness or haziness of a fluid caused by large numbers of individual particles that are generally invisible to the naked eye, similar to smoke in air. The measurement of turbidity is a key test of water quality.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turbidity
turbidity
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/NCIT_C74723
The determination of the opacity of a liquid.
turlough
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000454
An intermittent lake unique to the limestone areas of Ireland, mostly west of the River Shannon. Most turloughs flood in the autumn, usually some time in October, and then dry up some time between April and July.
turonian age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Turonian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
tuya
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000370
A distinctive, flat-topped, steep-sided volcano formed when lava erupts through a thick glacier or ice sheet.
tympanal organ
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q1784041
hearing organ in insects, consisting of a membrane (tympanum) stretched across a frame backed by an air sac and associated sensory neurons
tympanic bladder
https://eol.org/schema/terms/tympanic_bladder
a gas-filled cranial derivative of the swim bladder
tympanic middle ear
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0001756
the air-filled cavity within the skull of vertebrates that lies between the outer ear and the inner ear. It is linked to the pharynx (and therefore to outside air) via the Eustachian tube and in mammals contains the three ear ossicles, which transmit auditory vibrations from the outer ear (via the tympanum) to the inner ear
type
http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/TaxonName#Type
a) A specimen designated or indicated any kind of type of a species or infraspecific taxon. If possible more specific type terms (holotype, syntype, etc.) should be applied. b) the type name of a name of higher rank for taxa above the species rank. [General]
type of type
http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/TaxonName#typeOfType
The kind of type this specimen is e.g. paratype, isotype, holotype etc. Equivalent to TCS ScientificName/Typification/TypeVouchers/TypeVoucher@typeOfType
http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/TaxonName
type specimen repository
http://eol.org/schema/terms/TypeSpecimenRepository
The institution that holds a type specimen for a given species. The recommended best practice is to use the identifier in a collections registry such as the Biodiversity Collections Index (http://www.biodiversitycollectionsindex.org/).
type status
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/typeStatus
A list (concatenated and separated) of nomenclatural types (type status, typified scientific name, publication) applied to the subject.