dcsimg

Glossary of ALL Terms for Data on EOL

p

paddy field
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000297
A flooded parcel of arable land used for growing rice and other semiaquatic crops.
paddy field soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005740
Paibian Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Paibian
..
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
pain of sting
http://eol.org/schema/terms/stingPain
paisa mire
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000188
Peatland typified by characteristic high mounds, each with a permanently frozen core, with wet depressions between the mounds. These develop where the ground surface is frozen only for part of the year, and are common in the former USSR, Canada and parts of Scandinavia.
Palearctic
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q106447
largest of the eight ecozones constituting the Earth's surface
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Palearctic.png
Paleoarchean Era
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Paleoarchean
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
Paleocene Epoch
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Paleocene
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
Paleogene Period
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Paleogene
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
Paleoproterozoic Era
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Paleoproterozoic
..
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
Paleozoic Era
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Paleozoic
..
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
palmate
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PORO_0000436
Hand shaped
palsa
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000489
A low oval elevation in areas with permafrost, frequently peat bogs, where a perennial ice lens has developed within the soil. A palsa consists, similarly to a pingo, of an ice core and overlying soil materials, in case of a palsa usually boggy soil. Palsas are characteristically found in areas with discontinuous permafrost and in such areas bay be the only reliable surface evidence of permafrost. A palsa needs large quantities of water for the formation of its ice core (i.e. ice lens), which is why they frequently emerge from and are bound by boggy soils, which can store enormous quantities of water in their pores. Palsas develop particularly in moorlands and are therefore also named palsamoors.
palynivore
http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q3805698
herbivorous animal which selectively eats the nutrient-rich pollen produced by angiosperms and gymnosperms
pantothenate enriched soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00003088
paralectotype
http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/TaxonName#Paralectotype
All of the specimens in the syntype series of a species or infraspecific taxon other than the lectotype itself. Also called "lectoparatype". [Zoo.]
parasite
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q12806437
organism adapted to living on or in another organism and causing harm to its host
Arctic Lichens
parasite of
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/RO_0002444
parasitic plant
http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q127498
type of plant that derives some or all of its nutritional requirements from another living plant
parasitized by
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/RO_0002445
automatically added during harvest
Global Biotic Interactions
parasitoid
http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q595663
organism that spends a significant portion of its life history attached to or within a single host organism in a relationship where the host is ultimately killed
paratopotype
http://eol.org/schema/terms/paratopotype
A paratype from the same locality as the holotype.
Hawksworth, D. L. 2010. Terms Used in Bionomenclature. The naming of organisms (and plant communities). Global Biodiversity Information Facility, Copenhagen.
paratype
http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/TaxonName#Paratype
All of the specimens in the type series of a species or infraspecific taxon other than the holotype (and, in botany, isotypes). Paratypes must have been at the disposition of the author at the time when the original description was created and must have been designated and indicated in the publication. Judgment must be exercised on paratype status, for only rarely are specimens explicitly cited as paratypes, but usually as "specimens examined," "other material seen", etc. [Zoo./Bot.]
parental care
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0060746
A reproductive behavior in which a parent cares for and rears offspring.
particle of silt
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000343
particulate organic matter
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q22093455
organic particles in soil or water, usually defined by size class, (eg: up to 2mm in soil, or 1mm at sea) which may include detritus, as well as living particles such as microbes or pollen
pasture
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000266
Grassland used for grazing of ungulate livestock as part of a farm or ranch.
pasture soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005773
patch reef
http://eol.org/schema/terms/patchReef
"patch reef": a coral boulder or clump of corals formed on a shelf, usually of less than 70 m depth, often in the lagoon of a barrier reef or atoll. It is unattached to a major reef structure
https://definedterm.com/patch_reef
paternoster lake
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000487
One of a series of glacial lakes connected by a single stream or a braided stream system.
pathogen of
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/RO_0002556
pathogen vector parasite
http://eol.org/schema/terms/pathogen_vector_parasite
a parasite that introduces a pathogen, eg: a bacterium, into the body of its host, and then feeds on the pathogen as it proliferates in or on the host.
Richard C. Brusca, Wendy Moore, and Stephen M. Shuster, eds. 2016. Invertebrates, 3rd edition. Sinauer Associates, Inc., Sunderland, USA. p. 677, Nematoda Feeding and Digestion.
peak
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000480
The summit of a mount.
peat cut
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000157
An artificial working of peatland to remove the peat.
peat soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005774
peat swamp
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000189
Forested peatlands including both rain- and groundwater-fed types, commonly recorded in tropical regions with high rainfall. This type of peatland covers around 350,000 km2, primarily in south-east Asia but also occurring in the Everglades in Florida.
peatland
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000044
A wetland type that accumulates acidic peat, a deposit of dead plant material.
peaty paddy field soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005776
pebble
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002139
A clastic rock with a particle size of 4 to 64 millimeters based on the Krumbein phi scale of sedimentology.
pebble sediment
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000116
Sediment characterised by an average particle diameter between 4 and 32 mm.
pelagic isohaline surface
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000081
A roughly planar, pelagic region characterised by equal salinity.
pelagic isopycnal surface
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000083
A roughly planar, pelagic region characterised by equal water density.
pelagic isothermal surface
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000080
A roughly planar, pelagic region characterised by equal water temperature.
pelagic zone
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000208
An open ocean region.
peninsula
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000305
A body of land jutting out into and nearly surrounded by water.
penis length
http://eol.org/schema/terms/PenisLength
Length of the external male sexual organ.
Pennsylvanian Sub-period
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Pennsylvanian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
penplain
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000460
A region of low topographic relief as a consequence of erosion by streams.
pentadecanoic acid
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_42504
per acre
http://eol.org/schema/terms/perAcre
per day
http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C66968
A frequency rate of occurrences of something within a period of time equal to twenty-four hours.
per pound
http://eol.org/schema/terms/perPound
per year
http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C74924
A frequency rate of occurrences of something within a period of time equal to three hundred sixty-five days.
percent
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UO_0000187
A dimensionless ratio unit which denotes numbers as fractions of 100.
percent of marine species currently described
http://eol.org/schema/terms/PercentSpeciesCurrentlyDescribed
percent of all marine species in this clade that are currently described (estimate) (Appeltans et al. 2012. The Magnitude of Global Marine Species Diversity. Current Biology 22, 2189–2202. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2012.09.036)
percent surveyed species not yet known to science
http://eol.org/schema/terms/PercentSurveyedSpeciesNotYetKnownToScience
percent of undescribed species in this clade, found in this survey (Appeltans et al. 2012. The Magnitude of Global Marine Species Diversity. Current Biology 22, 2189–2202. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2012.09.036)
percent synonyms among marine species
http://eol.org/schema/terms/PercentSynonyms
percent of all marine species names in this clade that are considered subjective synonyms (Appeltans et al. 2012. The Magnitude of Global Marine Species Diversity. Current Biology 22, 2189–2202. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2012.09.036)
perennial
http://eol.org/schema/terms/perennial
Of plant duration, a plant whose life span extends over more than two growing seasons, c.f. annual, biennial, ephemeral, of flowering with respect to architecture, hapaxanthic, monocarpic, pleonanthic
Stevens, P. F. (2001 onwards). Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 12, July 2012. Glossary: http://www.mobot.org/mobot/research/apweb/top/glossaryi_p.html#perennial
perennial
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/FLOPO_0980073
Of plant duration, a plant whose life span extends over more than two growing seasons, c.f. annual, biennial, ephemeral, of flowering with respect to architecture, hapaxanthic, monocarpic, pleonanthic
Stevens, P. F. (2001 onwards). Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 12, July 2012. Glossary: http://www.mobot.org/mobot/research/apweb/top/glossaryi_p.html#perennial
periglacial lake
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000200
A lake, part of whose margin is formed by an ice mass, ice cap or glacier, the ice having obstructed the natural drainage of the land.
permafrost
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000134
Soil at or below the freezing point of water (0C or 32F) for two or more years. Ice is not always present, as may be in the case of nonporous bedrock, but it frequently occurs and it may be in amounts exceeding the potential hydraulic saturation of the ground material.
permanent marine thermocline
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000106
The permanent marine thermocline describes a marine thermocline found in temperate to tropical latitudes, which marks the transition between warm waters and cold deep waters. The permanent thermocline separates the marine cold-water sphere and the marine warm-water sphere
permanent spring
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000205
A spring whose flow is continuous.
Permian Era
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Permian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
persistent
http://eol.org/schema/terms/persistentSeedBank
Of seed bank longevity. Seeds do not germinate in the first favourable season after dispersal. Generally seed bank longevity is > 1 yr (could be longer but it is unknown).
http://www.uv.es/jgpausas/brot.htm
petroleum
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002984
a naturally occurring flammable liquid consisting of a complex mixture of hydrocarbons of various molecular weights and other liquid organic compounds, that are found in geologic formations beneath the Earth's surface.
petroleum contaminated sediment
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002115
pg
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UO_0000025
picogram. A mass unit which is equal to 10^[-12] g
pH
http://eol.org/schema/terms/pH
Measured pH of water at a location where this organism has been observed or collected.
phaeozem
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002249
Phaeozems accommodate soils of relatively wet grassland and forest regions in moderately continental climates. Phaeozems are much like Chernozems and Kastanozems but are leached more intensively. Consequently, they have dark, humus rich surface horizons that, in comparison with Chernozems and Kastanozems, are less rich in bases. Phaeozems may or may not have secondary carbonates but have a high base saturation in the upper metre of the soil.
phagocytosis feeder
http://eol.org/schema/terms/phagocytosis _feeder
a consumer that feeds primarily by phagocytosis, a cellular-level process that results in the engulfment of food particles outside the body, by specialized cells called phagocytes. Literally, "eating by the cell".
Phanerozoic Eon
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Phanerozoic
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
phenological season
http://eol.org/schema/terms/phenologicalSeason
the time, usually months or seasons, at which life history events take place, eg: breeding, insect emergence, or plant blooming
photic zone
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000209
The zone of an ocean from the surface to 200m where photosynthesis can occur, due to the penetration of light.
photoautotroph
http://eol.org/schema/terms/photoautotroph
an organism, such as all green plants, that can synthesize its own food from inorganic material using light as a source of energy
https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/photoautotroph
photoautotroph
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ECOCORE_00000013
A process during which a living entity generates food from abiotic sources and captures energy from light.
photophore
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000163
A photophore is a light-emitting organ which appears as luminous spots on various marine animals, including fish and cephalopods. The organ can be simple, or as complex as the human eye; equipped with lenses, shutters, color filters and reflectors. The light can be produced from compounds during the digestion of prey, from specialized mitochondrial cells in the organism, called photocytes ("light producing" cells) , or, similarly, associated with symbiotic bacteria in the organism.
photosymbiont
http://eol.org/schema/terms/photosymbiont
a photosynthetic organism living as a symbiont of a heterotrophic organism, to which it provides energy. The photosymbiont may derive nutrients, position or protection from its partner.
photosymbiosis
http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q50621879
a symbiosis in which a photosynthetic organism provides energy to a heterotrophic organism.
photosymbiotroph
http://eol.org/schema/terms/photosymbiotroph
A consumer that derives energy from a photosynthetic symbiont
photosynthetic pathway
http://eol.org/schema/terms/photosyntheticPathway
the biochemical pathway a plant uses to gain carbon for growth and reproduction. Plants have evolved three photosynthetic pathways, each in response to distinct environmental conditions, resulting in differences in their ecological patterns of growth and distribution.
photosynthetic rate
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/TO_0001015
The total amount of carbon fixed by the plant per unit time
photosynthetic stem
http://eol.org/schema/terms/photosyntheticStem
Stem photosynthesis is similar to C3 leaf photosynthesis and occurs in species inhabiting a diversity of high-light sites
https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-012276460-8/50012-6
phreatic zone
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000329
Zone where voids in the rock are completely filled.
physiographic feature
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000191
phytoplanktivore
http://eol.org/schema/terms/phytoplanktivore
A herbivorous organism feeding primarily on phytoplankton
phytoplankton
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q184755
autotrophic components of the plankton community
Piacenzian Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Piacenzian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
piece of gravel
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000341
A piece of rock that is two millimeters (2mm) in its largest dimension (about 1/12 of an inch) and no more than 75 millimeters (about 3 inches).
piece of rock
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000339
An abiotic mesoscopic feature made of the mineral material of the crust of the Earth.
pier
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000563
A raised walkway over water, supported by piles or pillars.
pig manure
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00003860
piggery
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00003042
Pindare moist forests
http://eol.org/schema/terms/Tocantins/Pindare_moist_forests
http://www.worldwildlife.org/ecoregions/nt0139
pingo
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000413
A mound of earth-covered ice found in the Arctic, subarctic, and Antarctica that can reach up to 70 metres in height and up to 2 kilometres in diameter.
pinnacle
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000481
A tall, slender, spire-shaped rock projecting from a level or more gently sloping surface.
pinnacle reef
http://eol.org/schema/terms/pinnacleReef
a nearly cylindrical reef with vertical sides; may be up to 200 m diameter and 50 m in height
https://definedterm.com/pinnacle_reef
pinyon juniper woodland
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000244
A pinyon juniper woodland is a conifer woodland which has a tree community primarily composed of trees of the subsection Cembroides of the genus Pinus and the genus Juniperus.
piscivore
http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q1420208
carnivorous animal which eats primarily fish.
plain
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000086
A region of general uniform slope, comparatively level, and of considerable extent.
planktivore
http://wikidata.org/entity/Q7201320
an aquatic organism that feeds on planktonic food
plankton
http://www.marinespecies.org/traits/Plankton
Living in a fluid medium (eg: water) but unable to maintain their position or distribution independently of the movement of the fluid (adapted from Lincoln et al., 1998).
http://www.marinespecies.org/traits/wiki/Traits:Plankton
planktonic
http://www.marinespecies.org/traits/Plankton
Living in the fluid medium (water or air) but unable to maintain their position or distribution independently of the movement of the water/air mass (adapted from Lincoln et al., 1998).
http://www.marinespecies.org/traits/wiki/Traits:Plankton
planosol
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002251
Planosols are soils with a light-coloured, surface horizon that shows signs of periodic water stagnation and abruptly overlies a dense, slowly permeable subsoil with significantly more clay than the surface horizon.
plant growth form
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/FLOPO_0900032
whole plant growth form
plant height
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/TO_0000207
A stature and vigor trait (TO:0000133) which is associated with the height of a whole plant (PO:0000003).
plant lifeform
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/FLOPO_0900022
whole plant lifeform
plant matter fall
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000138
A accumulation of plant matter that has fallen to the bottom of a body of water.
plant spacing
http://eol.org/schema/terms/PlantSpacing
The space/row width needed by an individual plant in cultivation.
plantation
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000117
An intentional planting of a crop, on a large scale, usually for uses other than cereal production or pasture. The term is currently most often used for plantings of trees and shrubs. The term tends also to be used for plantings maintained on economic bases other than that of subsistence farming.
planted forest
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000119
A forest that has been intentionally established by human intervention.
planting density
http://eol.org/schema/terms/PlantingDensity
Recommended minimum number of individual plants to plant per area.
USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
plasmodium
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BTO_0000757
automatically added during harvest
NMNH type specimen data in DwCA
plastotype
http://eol.org/schema/terms/plastotype
An artificial specimen moulded or otherwise reproduced directly from a type; particularly used for fossils.
Hawksworth, D. L. 2010. Terms Used in Bionomenclature. The naming of organisms (and plant communities). Global Biodiversity Information Facility, Copenhagen.
plateau
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000182
An elevated and comparatively level expanse of land.
plateau glacier
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000457
A glacier on a plateau or high area, smaller than an ice sheet.
platinum mine
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002167
Pleistocene Epoch
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Pleistocene
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
pleural effusion
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_02000033
Pleural effusion is a bodily fluid that is produced in exess and accumulates in the pleural cavity, the fluid-filled space that surrounds the lungs. Excessive amounts of such fluid can impair breathing by limiting the expansion of the lungs during inhalation.
pleustophyte
http://eol.org/schema/terms/pleustophyte
a plant that is free-floating on the water surface, not attached to or penetrating the substrate, with some photosynthetic parts in contact with air.
GERMISHUIZEN, G. & MEYER, N.L. (eds) 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
Pliensbachian Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Pliensbachian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
plinthosol
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002250
Plinthosols are soils with plinthite, petroplinthite or pisoliths. Plinthite is an Fe-rich (in some cases also Mn-rich), humus-poor mixture of kaolinitic clay (and other products of strong weathering such as gibbsite) with quartz and other constituents that changes irreversibly to a layer with hard nodules, a hardpan or irregular aggregates on exposure to repeated wetting and drying. Petroplinthite is a continuous, fractured or broken sheet of connected, strongly cemented to indurated nodules or mottles. Pisoliths are discrete strongly cemented to indurated nodules. Both petroplinthite and pisoliths develop from plinthite by hardening.
Pliocene Epoch
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Pliocene
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
plume front
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000085
plunge pool
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000483
A hollow eroded by the force of the falling water at the base of a waterfall, particularly by the eddying effect.
plutonic rock
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002014
An igneous rock that results from the crystallization of a magma below the surface of the Earth.
pocasin
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000239
A palustrine wetland with deep, acidic, sandy, peat soils. Groundwater saturates the soil except during brief seasonal dry spells and during prolonged droughts. Pocosin soils are nutrient deficient (oligotrophic), especially in phosphorus.
pockmark field
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_02000003
A pockmark field is an undersea feature formed by shallow seabed depressions, typically several tens of metres across and a few metres deep. Generally, they are formed in soft, fine-grained seabed sediments by the escape of fluids (gas or water, but mainly methane) into the water column.
podzol
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002257
Podzols are soils with a typically ash-grey upper subsurface horizon, bleached by loss of organic matter and iron oxides, on top of a dark accumulation horizon with brown, reddish or black illuviated humus and/or reddish Fe compounds. Podzols occur in humid areas in the boreal and temperate zones and locally also in the tropics.
poison
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/STY/T131
Hazardous or Poisonous Substance
polar
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000238
polar biome
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000339
polar desert biome
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000186
polder
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000286
An area reclaimed from the sea by diking and draining.
political entity
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000123
A geographical region whose affairs and population are administered by an authority.
polje
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000325
A large closed depression draining underground, witha flat floor across which there may be an intermittent or perennial stream and which may be liable to flood and become a lake. The floor makes a sharp break with parts of surrounding slopes.
pollinated by
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/RO_0002456
pollinates
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/RO_0002455
poly-beta-hydroxybutyrate enriched soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00003093
polychaete feeder
https://eol.org/schema/terms/polychaete_feeder
a carnivore that feeds primarily on polychaete worms
polychaetes
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q18952
class of annelid worms
polygenetic volcanic field
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000462
A volcanic field of scattered volcanic vents. These volcanic fields, containing numerous polygenetic volcanoes, are noted for having more than one eruptive event from the same vent(s), rather than the more common monogenetic volcanic field. Polygenetic volcanic fields generally occur where there is a high-level magma chamber. These volcanic fields may show lithological discontinuities due to major changes in magma chemistry, volcanotectonic events, or long erosional intervals, and may last >10 million year period.
polygonal karst
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000335
Karst completely pitted by closed depressions so that divides between them form a crudely polygonal network.
polymetallic nodule
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000112
Polymetallic nodules, also called manganese nodules, are rock concretions on the sea bottom formed of concentric layers of iron and manganese hydroxides around a core. Nodules vary in size from tiny particles visible only under a microscope to large pellets more than 20 centimetres (8 in) across. However, most nodules are between 5 and 10 cm in diameter.
polynya
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000484
Any enclosed water area in pack ice other than a lead, not large enough to be called open water. When frozen over, a polyna becomes an ice skylight from the point of view of the submariner.
pond
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000033
A body of water, usually of smaller size than a lake.
pond bed
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000512
The ground surface that lies beneath a pond.
pond edge
http://eol.org/schema/terms/pondEdge
pond or lagoon
http://eol.org/schema/terms/pondOrLagoon
pond soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005764
pond water
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002228
Ponds and lakes
http://eol.org/schema/terms/pondsLakes
populated place
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000062
Place or area with clustered or scattered buildings and a permanent human population.
population group size
http://eol.org/schema/terms/PopulationGroupSize
Number of individuals in a group that spends the majority of their time in a 24 hour cycle together
population growth rate
http://eol.org/schema/terms/PopulationGrowthRate
specific rate of change in population biomass or # of individuals per unit time
population trend
http://eol.org/schema/terms/population_trend
i.e., increasing, decreasing, stable, or unknown
post-fire seedling emergence
http://eol.org/schema/terms/PostFireSeedlingEmergence
Seedling density per pre-fire mature individuals emerging during the first year after fire (seedlings/mature).
BROT trait database. Traits: units and categories (SeedlEmerg), http://www.uv.es/jgpausas/brot.htm
post-fire seedling survival
http://eol.org/schema/terms/PostFireSeedlingSurvival
Proportion of seedlings surviving first dry season after fire.
BROT trait database. Traits: units and categories (SeedlSurv), http://www.uv.es/jgpausas/brot.htm
potential evapotranspiration rate in geographic range
http://eol.org/schema/terms/PETinRange
Monthly PET (Potential Evapotranspiration Rate) within the geographic range of a taxon. Evapotranspiration (ET) is the sum of evaporation and plant transpiration from the Earth's land surface to atmosphere. Potential evapotranspiration (PET) is a representation of the environmental demand for evapotranspiration and represents the evapotranspiration rate of a short green crop, completely shading the ground, of uniform height and with adequate water status in the soil profile. It is a reflection of the energy available to evaporate water, and of the wind available to transport the water vapour from the ground up into the lower atmosphere.
https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Evapotranspiration&oldid=575637212
pothole
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000534
power plant
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002214
ppb
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UO_0000170
parts per billion
Pragian Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Pragian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
prairie
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000260
An area of land of low topographic relief that historically supported grasses and herbs, with few trees, and having generally a mesic (moderate or temperate) climate. Dominated by tall grasses (contrast steppe).
precipitation
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q25257
product of the condensation of atmospheric water vapour that falls under gravity
precipitation in geographic range
http://eol.org/schema/terms/PrecipitationInRange
Monthly precipitation within the geographic range of a taxon.
Kate E. Jones, Jon Bielby, Marcel Cardillo, Susanne A. Fritz, Justin O'Dell, C. David L. Orme, Kamran Safi, Wes Sechrest, Elizabeth H. Boakes, Chris Carbone, Christina Connolly, Michael J. Cutts, Janine K. Foster, Richard Grenyer, Michael Habib, Christopher A. Plaster, Samantha A. Price, Elizabeth A. Rigby, Janna Rist, Amber Teacher, Olaf R. P. Bininda-Emonds, John L. Gittleman, Georgina M. Mace, and Andy Purvis. 2009. PanTHERIA: a species-level database of life history, ecology, and geography of extant and recently extinct mammals. Ecology 90:2648. http://esapubs.org/archive/ecol/E090/184/
precipitation tolerance
http://eol.org/schema/terms/PrecipitationTolerance
Minimum tolerable rainfall (in inches), expressed as the average annual minimum precipitation that occurs 20% of the time (i.e., the probability of it being this dry in any given year is 20%) at the driest climate station within the known geographical range of the plant. geographical range of the plant. For cultivars, the geographical range is defined as the area to which the cultivar is well adapted rather than marginally adapted.
USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
predation
http://wikidata.org/entity/Q170430
predator
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q170430
predatory suspension feeder
http://eol.org/schema/terms/predatory_suspension_feeder
A predator that captures small or microscopic prey primarily by suspension feeding
predator–scavenger
http://eol.org/schema/terms/predatorScavenger
An organism which obtains food primarily by predation +scavenging. Reid WDK, Wigham BD, McGill RAR, Polunin NVC (2012) Elucidating trophic pathways in benthic deep-sea assemblages of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge north and south of the Charlie-Gibbs Fracture Zone. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 463:89-103. doi:10.3354/meps09863
prenatal development duration
http://eol.org/schema/terms/PrenatalDevelopmentDuration
The duration of the development from fertilized, deposited or implanted egg to hatching/birth. Corresponds to egg incubation duration in oviparous animals and to gestation period duration in viviparous animals.
preparations
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/preparations
A list (concatenated and separated) of preparations and preservation methods for a specimen.
pressure
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001025
A physical quality that inheres in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's amount of force per unit area it exerts.
prey volume
http://eol.org/schema/terms/PreyVolume
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1466-8238.2008.00405.x/abstract
preyed upon by
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/RO_0002458
preys on
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/RO_0002439
An interaction relationship involving a predation process, where the subject kills the target in order to eat it or to feed to siblings, offspring or group members
Priabonian Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Priabonian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
Pridoli Epoch
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Pridoli
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
primary diet
http://eol.org/schema/terms/PrimaryDiet
Type of food comprising the majority of the diet of an animal.
Richard M. Sibly, Christopher C. Witt, Natalie A. Wright, Chris Venditti, Walter Jetz, and James H. Brown. 2012. Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds. PNAS 109(27):10937-10941, doi:10.1073/pnas.1206512109
primary producer
http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q1758713
organism in an ecosystem that produces biomass from inorganic compounds
probably introduced range includes
http://eol.org/schema/terms/ProbablyIntroducedRange
Lists jurisdictions in which a given organism has probably been introduced recently.
probably native range includes
http://eol.org/schema/terms/ProbablyNativeRange
Lists jurisdictions in which a given organism is probably a member of the undisturbed fauna or flora.
probably waif range
http://eol.org/schema/terms/ProbablyWaifRange
Lists jurisdictions where a given organism is probably an ephemeral introduction, not persistently naturalized
procumbent
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002389
Growing horizontal to the ground without setting roots.
[database_cross_reference: PATO:PG]
proglacial lake
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000435
A lake formed either by the damming action of a moraine or ice dam during the retreat of a melting glacier, or one formed by meltwater trapped against an ice mass due to isostatic depression of the crust around the ice.
prolate
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001866
A spheroid quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's exhibiting a polar diameter longer than its equatorial diameter
O Brien et al
propagule
http://eol.org/schema/terms/Propagule
The dispersal unit for sexual regeneration.
BROT trait database. Traits: units and categories (Propagule), http://www.uv.es/jgpausas/brot.htm;
prosome height
http://eol.org/schema/terms/ProsomeHeight
Height (dorso-ventral distance) of the prosome of an arthropod. Prosome: anterior region of body, commonly limited behind by major articulation. Collective term for the combined cephalasome and metasome in copepods
http://crustacea.academic.ru/1397/prosome
prosome length
http://eol.org/schema/terms/ProsomeLength
Length of the prosome of an arthropod. Prosome: anterior region of body, commonly limited behind by major articulation. Collective term for the combined cephalasome and metasome in copepods
http://crustacea.academic.ru/1397/prosome
prosome width
http://eol.org/schema/terms/ProsomeWidth
Width of the prosome of an arthropod. Prosome: anterior region of body, commonly limited behind by major articulation. Collective term for the combined cephalasome and metasome in copepods
http://crustacea.academic.ru/1397/prosome
protected area
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000358
An area of land and/or a body of water especially dedicated to the protection and maintenance of biological diversity, and of natural and associated cultural resources, and managed through legal or other effective means.
protein composition of milk
http://eol.org/schema/terms/ProteinCompositionOfMilk
protein content
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/TO_0000598
The total protein content measured in a body or body part
Proterozoic Eon
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Proterozoic
..
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
protozoa feeder
http://eol.org/schema/terms/protozoa_feeder
a consumer that feeds primarily on protozoans
pseudocrater
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000461
A volcanic landform which resembles a true volcanic crater, but differs in that it is not an actual vent from which lava has erupted. A pseudocrater is characterised by the absence of any magma conduit which connects below the surface of the earth. Pseudocraters are formed by steam explosions as flowing hot lava crosses over a wet surface, such as a swamp, a lake, or a pond. The explosive gases break through the lava surface in a manner similar to a phreatic eruption, and the tephra builds up crater-like forms which can appear very similar to real volcanic craters.
PSU
http://eol.org/schema/terms/practicalSalinityUnits
Practical Salinity Units. The conductivity ratio of a sea water sample to a standard KCl solution. Used to represent salinity.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salinity#Definitions
pulp-bleaching waste water
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002193
purines
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_26401
A class of imidazopyrimidines that consists of purine and its substituted derivatives.
purple
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000951
A color that falls about midway between red and blue in hue.
[database_cross_reference: Dictionary:http://dictionary.reference.com/]
pus
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_02000038
Pus is a bodily fluid consisting of a whitish-yellow or yellow substance produced during inflammatory responses of the body that can be found in regions of pyogenic bacterial infections. Pus is produced from the dead and living cells which travel into the intercellular spaces around the affected cells.
pyritic acid mine drainage
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002195
pyroclastic cone
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000356
A cone made of material ejected from a volcano. The material can range from finest particles. In comparison, cinder cones are more uniform. They are usually found in or on larger features, such as stratovolcanoes, shield volcanoes and can be found inside calderas, however they can also be an independent feature. They can range from a few metres in height and are usually formed by a single eruption.
pyroclastic shield volcano
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000372
A shield volcano that isformed mostly of pyroclastic and highly explosive eruptions rather than relatively fluid basaltic lava issuing from vents or fissures on the surface of the volcano. They typically display low-angle flank slopes and have little or no central collapse, although a shallow sag in the shield is commonly observed. Lava is commonly extruded after the cessation of explosive activity commonly superposes the vent region.