dcsimg

Glossary of ALL Terms for Data on EOL

n

national forest
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000360
A protected forest or woodland area in the United States. National forests are controlled by the federal government and managed by the United States Forest Service, under the direction of the United States Department of Agriculture.
National Museum of Natural History (NMNH)
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q148554
natural history museum in Washington, D.C.
national nature reserve
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000366
A United Kingdom government conservation designation for a nature reserve of national significance for biological or earth science interest.
national park
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000367
A reserve of land, usually, but not always declared and owned by a national government, protected from most human development and pollution. National parks are a protected area of IUCN category II.
national wildlife refuge
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000364
A designation for certain protected areas of the United States managed by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service. The National Wildlife Refuge system is a network of lands and waters managed to protect wildlife and wildlife habitat.
native range includes
http://eol.org/schema/terms/NativeRange
Lists jurisdictions in which a given organism is a member of the undisturbed fauna or flora.
natural arch
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000414
A natural formation where a rock arch forms, with a natural passageway through underneath.
natural harbor
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000465
A harbor which is formed by a natural landform where a part of a body of water is protected and deep enough to furnish anchorage.
natural monument
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000359
A natural/cultural feature of outstanding or unique value because of its inherent rarity, representative of aesthetic qualities or cultural significance.
nature reserve
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000363
A protected area of importance for wildlife, flora, fauna or features of geological or other special interest, which is reserved and managed for conservation and to provide special opportunities for study or research. Nature reserves may be designated by government institutions in some countries, such as the United Kingdom, or by private landowners, such as charities and research institutions, regardless of nationality.
NatureServe Conservation Assessment
https://eol.org/schema/terms/natureserve_assessment
This method assesses the conservation status of species and ecosystems–specifically the extinction risk of species and elimination risk of ecosystems at global scales, and their extirpation risk at national and subnational scales.
nauplius stage
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0014406
The free-swimming first stage of the larva of certain crustaceans, having an unsegmented body with three pairs of appendages and a single median eye. The eye is known for that reason as the 'naupliar eye', and is often absent in later developmental stages, although it is retained into the adult form in some groups, such as the Notostraca.
navigation canal
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000048
Artificial watercourse with no flow or a controlled flow used navigation.
near threatened
http://eol.org/schema/terms/nearThreatened
A taxon is Near Threatened when it has been evaluated against the criteria but does not qualify for Critically Endangered, Endangered or Vulnerable now, but is close to qualifying for or is likely to qualify for a threatened category in the near future.
http://www.iucnredlist.org/technical-documents/categories-and-criteria
nectarivore
http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q120880
organism that consumes sugar-rich nectar produced by flowering plants
nectonic
http://www.marinespecies.org/traits/Nekton
Active swimming organisms that live in the water column and are able to move independently of the water mass (adapted from Lincoln et al., 1998).
http://www.marinespecies.org/traits/wiki/Traits:Nekton
nektobenthic
http://eol.org/schema/terms/nektobenthic
Active swimming organisms that live near the bottom a body of water.
Neogenen Period
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Neogene
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
neonate
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0007221
Of or pertaining to the period of time immediately following birth, or to the newborn.
Neoproterozoic Era
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Neoproterozoic
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
neotype
http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/TaxonName#Neotype
A specimen designated as nomenclatural type subsequent to the publication of the original description in cases where the original holotype, lectotype, all paratypes and syntypes are lost or destroyed, or suppressed by the (botanical or zoological) commission on nomenclature. In zoology also called "Standard specimen" or "Representative specimen". [Zoo./Bot./Bio.]
neritic epipelagic zone biome
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000042
The neritic epipelagic zone biome comprises the marine water column that occurs above a continental shelf and extends from the surface of the ocean to a depth of ca. 200-250m. Throughout the zone the light field tends to be asymmetrical vertically, so that the direction and elevation of the sun can still be detected. The epipelagic zone encompasses the euphotic zone and, where and when it occurs, the seasonal thermocline.
neritic mesopelagic zone biome
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000043
The neritic mesopelagic zone biome comprises the marine column that occurs above a continental shelf and extends from approximately 200 to 1000 m depth - the maximal depth of light penetration in all but the clearest oligotrophic ocean regions. In comparison to the epipelagic zone, dominant forms of pelagic organisms do not change very much; however, there are marked changes in species composition and the proportion of smaller-sized individuals decreases.
neritic pelagic zone biome
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000032
The neritic epipelagic zone biome comprises the marine water column above a continental shelf.
neritic sea surface microlayer biome
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000041
The neritic sea surface microlayer (SML) biome comprises the top 1000 micrometers of marine surface waters occurring above a continental shelf. It is the boundary layer where all exchange occurs between the atmosphere and the ocean. The chemical, physical, and biological properties of the SML differ greatly from the sub-surface water just a few centimeters beneath.
neritic sub-littoral zone
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000126
neritic supra-littoral zone
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000124
neritic zone
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000206
The water mass of an ocean directly above a continental shelf.
nertic littoral zone
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000125
nest of ant
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005804
A pile of earth, sand, pine needles, or clay or a composite of these and other materials that build up at the entrances of the subterranean dwellings of ant colonies as they are excavated. A colony is built and maintained by legions of worker ants, who carry tiny bits of dirt and pebbles in their mandibles and deposit them near the exit of the colony. They normally deposit the dirt or vegetation at the top of the hill to prevent it from sliding back into the colony, but in some species they actively sculpt the materials into specific shapes, and may create nest chambers within the mound.
nest of bird
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005805
A bird nest is the spot in which a bird lays and incubates its eggs and raises its young.
nest of termite
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_2000006
An animal habitation constructed by termites. Termite workers build and maintain nests which house the colony. These are elaborate structures made using a combination of soil, mud, chewed wood/cellulose, saliva, and faeces. A nest has many functions such as providing a protected living space and water conservation (through controlled condensation).
nesting material
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_02000004
Nesting material is an animal habitation consisting of matierals used to cushion, insulate and protect the young of the organism. The adult will use the material to form a protective structure to house and raise their young. Nests are built primarily by birds, but also by mammals, fish, insects and reptiles.
nestling
http://eol.org/schema/terms/nestling
A young bird or other animal not yet old enough to leave the nest.
Net Carbon Fixation Rate
http://eol.org/schema/terms/net_carbon_fixation_rate
net amount or mass of carbon converted from CO2 to organic compounds, per time
neutral hot spring
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002181
A hot spring whose water has a neutral pH.
newborn animal
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/CSP/0070-1441
A neonate. A newborn infant who is only hours, days, or up to a few weeks old.
nitisol
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002247
Nitisols are deep, well-drained, red, tropical soils with diffuse horizon boundaries and a subsurface horizon with more than 30 percent clay and moderate to strong angular blocky structure elements that easily fall apart into characteristic shiny, polyhedric (nutty) elements. Weathering is relatively advanced but Nitisols are far more productive than most other red, tropical soils.
nitrate-reducing sediment
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000135
Sediment hosting and characterised by active nitrate reducing microbial communities.
nitrobenzene contaminated sediment
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002182
nitrogen fixation
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0009399
The process in which nitrogen is taken from its relatively inert molecular form (N2) in the atmosphere and converted into nitrogen compounds useful for other chemical processes, such as ammonia, nitrate and nitrogen dioxide.
[database_cross_reference: Wikipedia:Nitrogen_fixation]
no
http://eol.org/schema/terms/no
This statement is false; the answer to this question is no.
No Harem
http://eol.org/schema/terms/noHarem
No longer present in region
http://eol.org/schema/terms/absentFormerlyPresent
Organism was once found in this region, but is no longer present.
No Social Group Living
http://eol.org/schema/terms/noSocialGroupLiving
nocturnal
http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q309179
animal behavior characterized by activity during the night and sleeping during the day
nocturnal/crepuscular, cathemeral, crepuscular or diurnal/crepuscular
http://eol.org/schema/terms/activityCycleOther
An organism that is nocturnal/crepuscular, cathemeral, crepuscular or diurnal/crepuscular
non-cursorial
http://eol.org/schema/terms/nonCursorial
This organism is not adapted for running.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cursorial
non-woody epiphyte
http://eol.org/schema/terms/non-woodyEpipyte
Non-woody plants growing attached to external support without contact to the ground. Non-woody hemiepiphytes either germinate on other plants and then establish roots in the ground, or germinate on the ground and later disconnect from the soil
Engemann, K. , Sandel, B. , Boyle, B. , Enquist, B. J., Jørgensen, P. M., Kattge, J. , McGill, B. J., Morueta‐Holme, N. , Peet, R. K., Spencer, N. J., Violle, C. , Wiser, S. K. and Svenning, J. (2016), A plant growth form dataset for the New World. Ecology, 97: 3243-3243. doi:10.1002/ecy.1569
nonadecanoic acid
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_39246
none
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/SNOMEDCT/260413007
Norian Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Norian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
North Atlantic
http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q350134
North Sea
http://www.geonames.org/2960848
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/North_Sea
northern Arctic dwarf shrub subzone
http://eol.org/schema/terms/northernArcticDwarfShrubSubzone
Zone B, per the Circumpolar Arctic Vegetation Map (CAVM Team 2003)
http://www.arcticatlas.org/maps/themes/cp/cpbz
Northwest Territories
http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q2007
Norway
http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q20
not detected
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/SNOMEDCT/260415000
not invasive in
http://eol.org/schema/terms/NonInvasiveRange
Information about the jurisdictions where the taxon is present but not considered to be an invasive organism due to its negative impact on human welfare or ecosystems.
Not Monogamous
http://eol.org/schema/terms/notMonogamous
not present in region
http://eol.org/schema/terms/Absent
This organism is known to be absent in this location or region
Not Solitary
http://eol.org/schema/terms/notSolitary
nuclear power plant
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002271
nuclear weapons test site
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000560
A weapons test site at which nuclear weapons are, or have been, tested.
nucleus length
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/OBA_1000083
A 1D measurement of a nucleus along its longest axis.
From Ontology of Biological Attributes
nucleus width
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/OBA_1000085
A 1D measurement of a nucleus along its shortest axis.
from Ontology of Biological Attributes
number of fossil occurrences in the Paleobiology Database
http://eol.org/schema/terms/fossilOccPBDB
The number of fossil occurrences in the Paleobiology Database (https://paleobiodb.org) that are identified as belonging to a particular taxon or any of its subtaxa.
number of hosts
http://eol.org/schema/terms/NumberOfHosts
number of host species required to complete the lifecycle of this organism
number of public records in BOLD
http://eol.org/schema/terms/NumberPublicRecordsInBOLD
number of records in this clade in the Barcode Of Life Database (BOLD)
nunatak
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000181
The exposed summit of a ridge, mountain, or peak not covered with ice or snow within an ice field or glacier. The term is typically used in areas where a permanent ice mass is present.
Nunavut
http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q2023
nutrient composition of milk
http://eol.org/schema/terms/NutrientCompositionOfMilk
nutrient symbiotroph
http://eol.org/schema/terms/nutrient_symbiotroph
An organism that acquires chemical nutrients from a symbiont
Nye channel
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000437
A small tunnel valley.