Glossary of ALL Terms for Data on EOL


F. Willemse collection
facultative climber
facultative epiphyte
facultative parasite
famennian age
International Chronostratigraphic Chart:
A tract of crop or grazing land, as well as the group of buildings with and often surrounding a farmhouse, including barns, sheds, and other outbuildings, used for agricultural production.
farm soil
farming symbiotroph
A consumer that acquires nutrition by consuming an autotrophic symbiont growing on its body
Increased rate. A rate which is relatively high.
One of the epidermal growths that form the distinctive outer covering, or plumage, on birds. Feathers are formed in tiny follicles in the epidermis, or outer skin layer, that produce keratin proteins.
solid or semisolid remains of the food that could not be digested, from any animal
feeding current
An organism which obtains food by utilizing a feeding current.
A foot (plural: feet; abbreviation or symbol: ft or ′ (the prime symbol) is a unit of length. Since 1960 the term has usually referred to the international foot, defined as being one third of a yard, making it 0.3048 meters exactly. It is an integral part of both the imperial and United States customary systems of units. It is subdivided into 12 inches.
A biological sex quality inhering in an individual or a population that only produces gametes that can be fertilised by male gametes.
female flowers
carpellate or pistillate; having only functional carpels
femur length
The distance from point to point along the longest axis of the long bone of the thigh.
femur width
The distance from side to side of the long bone of the thigh.
A freshwater peat land with chemically basic (which roughly means alkaline) ground water.
Ferralsols represent the classical, deeply weathered, red or yellow soils of the humid tropics. These soils have diffuse horizon boundaries, a clay assemblage dominated by low-activity clays (mainly kaolinite) and a high content of sesquioxides.
being capable of initiating, sustaining, or supporting reproduction.
The union of gametes of opposite sexes during the process of sexual reproduction to form a zygote. It involves the fusion of the gametic nuclei (karyogamy) and cytoplasm (plasmogamy).
fertilized soil
a developmental stage in animals before birth
natural or synthetic substance made of long, thin filaments
field notes
One of a) an indicator of the existence of, b) a reference to (publication, URI), or c) the text of notes taken in the field about the Event.
field number
An identifier given to the event in the field. Often serves as a link between field notes and the Event.
field soil
filter feeder
a sub-group of suspension feeding animals that feed by straining suspended matter and food particles from water, typically by passing the water over a specialized filtering structure
final instar larva
Last larval lifestage before pupal or adult stage
fire resistance
The ability of an organism to resist burning.
fire tolerance
The relative ability of a plant to resprout, regrow, or reestablish from residual seed after a fire.
USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields (Fire tolerance).
first appearance
The first appearance of this taxon in the fossil record.
fissure cave
A narrow, verical cave passage, often developed along a joint but not necessarily so. Usually due to solution but sometimes to tension.
Captures an element from the air and incorporates it into its biochemistry
A long and narrow sea inlet with high steeply sloped walled sides. A fjord is a landform created during a period of glaciation.
fleshy fruit
A fruit with at least one tissue that is succulent at maturity.
self-propelled movement of an organism from one location to another through the air, usually by means of active wing movement
floian age
International Chronostratigraphic Chart:
flood meadow
An area of grassland or pasture beside a river, subject to seasonal flooding.
flood plain
An area which is subject to periodic flooding.
flooded forest
forest growing on an alluvial zone, subject to periodical inundation during the floods
flooded grassland
flooded savanna
A flooded savanna biome is a savanna biome which has very wet to saturated soil moisture content.
The stream channel and adjacent areas that carry flood flows in a flood plain.
flower color
A flower anatomy and morphology trait (TO:0000499) which is associated with the color of the flower (PO:0009046).
flowering and fruiting
flowering stage
A flower development stage that begins when pollen is released by anther dehiscence and/or the stigma is receptive and ends with the process of pollination and/or floral organ senescence
fluid flow rate
the volume of fluid which passes per unit time
An open artificial water channel, that leads water from a diversion dam or weir completely aside a natural flow, often an elevated box structure (typically wood) that follows the natural contours of the land.
Fluvisols accommodate genetically young, azonal soils in alluvial deposits.
Feed for domesticated animals
leaflike, with flat sheets of tissue not tightly bound
herbivore animal that specializes in eating leaves.
A fomite is any inanimate object or substance capable of carrying infectious organisms (such as germs or parasites) and hence transferring them from one individual to another. A fomite can be anything such as a cloth or mop heads so when cleaning this is important to remember that this could aid when spreading pathogenic organisms.
any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for the body
food additive
food colorant
foraging habitat
Primary habitat where the species forages during the breeding season.
Richard M. Sibly, Christopher C. Witt, Natalie A. Wright, Chris Venditti, Walter Jetz, and James H. Brown. 2012. Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds. PNAS 109(27):10937-10941, doi:10.1073/pnas.1206512109
foram feeder
a consumer that feeds primarily on foraminifera
whole plant forbacious
forelimb length
The distance from point to point along the longest axis of the anterior/superior jointed appendages used for locomotion or grasping.
A forest biome is a terrestrial biome which includes, across its entire spatial extent, densely packed vegetation which strongly limits light penetration to the forest floor.
forest edge
forest soil
fork length
refers to the length of a fish measured from the tip of the snout to the end of the middle caudal fin rays and is used in fishes in which it is difficult to tell where the vertebral column ends
definition from Wikipedia
fork length
length of a fish from the tip of the snout to the end of the middle caudal fin rays
combine to create (something), eg: a structure
fortunian age
International Chronostratigraphic Chart:
organism that is adapted to digging and life underground.
fossorial and/or ground dwelling
An organism that is adapted to terrestrial life below ground, on or near the ground.
fossorial and/or ground dwelling only
An organism that spends most of its time on the ground or underground.
A substance, extract, or preparation for diffusing or imparting an agreeable or attractive smell.
Frank, J. Howard
a contributor to WoRMS
frasnian age
International Chronostratigraphic Chart:
A biome that applies to the freshwater realm.
freshwater animals
animals naturally inhabiting freshwater
freshwater benthic
freshwater benthic (benthic meaning 'bottom') habitat includes lakebeds, river beds, and the bottoms of all freshwater bodies
freshwater carnivore
A consumer that feeds primarily on freshwater animals
freshwater decapods
decapods naturally inhabiting freshwater
freshwater habitat
A habitat that is in or on a body of water containing low concentrations of dissolved salts and other total dissolved solids (<0.5 grams dissolved salts per litre).
freshwater marsh
A marsh associated with water that contains low concentrations of salts.
freshwater wetland
A wetland whose water that contains low concentrations of salts.
fringing reef
A marine reef with either an entirely shallow backreef zone (lagoon) or none at all.
Of, or related to, or in the direction of the front of the body.
free-standing branching tubes
organism that eats fruit.
A multi-tissue plant structure (PO:0025496) that develops from a gynoecium (PO:0009062) and may have as parts one or more seeds (PO:0009010)
fruit color
fruit development stage
A sporophyte reproductive stage that begins when a fruit on a whole plant that is not currently participating in a whole plant fruit development stage begins a fruit initiation stage, and ends with the earliest of the following: (1) the whole plant begins a sporophyte senescent stage, (2) the whole plant begins a sporophyte dormant stage, or (3) all fruits on the whole plant are finished ripening.
fruit distribution
spatial pattern of fruit on the parent plant
fruit length
fruit or seed color
The predominant and conspicuous color of the mature fruit or seed from a landscaping aesthetics standpoint.
USDA Plants database. Characteristics Data Fields.
fruit position
the position of a fruit on the parent plant
fruit ripening complete stage
The stage at which fruit ripening is complete
fruit shape
fruit type
A fruit anatomy and morphology trait (TO:0002629) which is associated with the type of a fruit (PO:0009001).
[database_cross_reference: PO:0009001] [database_cross_reference: TO:moorel]
fruit width
An energy-rich substance that can be transformed with release of usable energy.
A hole in the Earth's crust from which steam and gases are emitted.
a kingdom of organisms
organism that consumes fungi
a movable object intended to support various human activities such as seating (e.g., chairs, stools and sofas) and sleeping (e.g., beds)
furongian epoch
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: