dcsimg

Glossary of ALL Terms for Data on EOL

f

F. Willemse collection
http://eol.org/schema/terms/collection_Fwillemse
facultative climber
http://eol.org/schema/terms/facultativeClimber
facultative epiphyte
http://eol.org/schema/terms/facultativeEpiphyte
facultative parasite
http://eol.org/schema/terms/facultativeParasite
famennian age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Famennian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
farm
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000078
A tract of crop or grazing land, as well as the group of buildings with and often surrounding a farmhouse, including barns, sheds, and other outbuildings, used for agricultural production.
farm soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005749
farming symbiotroph
http://eol.org/schema/terms/farming_symbiotroph
A consumer that acquires nutrition by consuming an autotrophic symbiont growing on its body
fast
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000912
Increased rate. A rate which is relatively high.
feather
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0000022
One of the epidermal growths that form the distinctive outer covering, or plumage, on birds. Feathers are formed in tiny follicles in the epidermis, or outer skin layer, that produce keratin proteins.
feces
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q496
solid or semisolid remains of the food that could not be digested, from any animal
feeding current
http://eol.org/schema/terms/feedingCurrent
An organism which obtains food by utilizing a feeding current.
feet
http://mimi.case.edu/ontologies/2009/1/UnitsOntology#foot
A foot (plural: feet; abbreviation or symbol: ft or ′ (the prime symbol) is a unit of length. Since 1960 the term has usually referred to the international foot, defined as being one third of a yard, making it 0.3048 meters exactly. It is an integral part of both the imperial and United States customary systems of units. It is subdivided into 12 inches.
http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Foot_(unit)&oldid=587535236
female
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000383
A biological sex quality inhering in an individual or a population that only produces gametes that can be fertilised by male gametes.
female flowers
http://eol.org/schema/terms/femaleFlowers
carpellate or pistillate; having only functional carpels
femur length
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/VT_0004348
The distance from point to point along the longest axis of the long bone of the thigh.
femur width
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/VT_1000666
The distance from side to side of the long bone of the thigh.
fen
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000232
A freshwater peat land with chemically basic (which roughly means alkaline) ground water.
ferralsol
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002246
Ferralsols represent the classical, deeply weathered, red or yellow soils of the humid tropics. These soils have diffuse horizon boundaries, a clay assemblage dominated by low-activity clays (mainly kaolinite) and a high content of sesquioxides.
fertile
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000955
being capable of initiating, sustaining, or supporting reproduction.
fertilization
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0009566
The union of gametes of opposite sexes during the process of sexual reproduction to form a zygote. It involves the fusion of the gametic nuclei (karyogamy) and cytoplasm (plasmogamy).
fertilized soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005754
fetus
http://www.ebi.ac.uk/efo/EFO_0001323
a developmental stage in animals before birth
fiber
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q161
natural or synthetic substance made of long, thin filaments
field notes
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/fieldNotes
One of a) an indicator of the existence of, b) a reference to (publication, URI), or c) the text of notes taken in the field about the Event.
field number
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/fieldNumber
An identifier given to the event in the field. Often serves as a link between field notes and the Event.
field soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005755
filiform
http://eol.org/schema/terms/filiform
thread-like
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glossary_of_botanical_terms#filiform
filter feeder
http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q1252491
a sub-group of suspension feeding animals that feed by straining suspended matter and food particles from water, typically by passing the water over a specialized filtering structure
final instar larva
http://eol.org/schema/terms/finalInstarLarva
Last larval lifestage before pupal or adult stage
fire resistance
http://eol.org/schema/terms/FireResistance
The ability of an organism to resist burning.
fire tolerance
http://eol.org/schema/terms/FireTolerance
The relative ability of a plant to resprout, regrow, or reestablish from residual seed after a fire.
USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields (Fire tolerance). http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
first appearance
http://eol.org/schema/terms/FossilFirst
The first appearance of this taxon in the fossil record.
fish
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q152
vertebrate animal that lives in water and (typically) has gills
fissure cave
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000263
A narrow, verical cave passage, often developed along a joint but not necessarily so. Usually due to solution but sometimes to tension.
fixes
https://eol.org/schema/terms/fixes
Captures an element from the air and incorporates it into its biochemistry
fjord
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000039
A long and narrow sea inlet with high steeply sloped walled sides. A fjord is a landform created during a period of glaciation.
fleshy fruit
http://eol.org/schema/terms/fleshyFruit
A fruit with at least one tissue that is succulent at maturity.
http://www.uv.es/jgpausas/brot.htm
flight
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/NBO_0000367
self-propelled movement of an organism from one location to another through the air, usually by means of active wing movement
floian age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Floian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
flood meadow
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000154
An area of grassland or pasture beside a river, subject to seasonal flooding.
flood plain
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000255
An area which is subject to periodic flooding.
flooded forest
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q1940784
forest growing on an alluvial zone, subject to periodical inundation during the floods
flooded grassland
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000195
flooded savanna
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000190
A flooded savanna biome is a savanna biome which has very wet to saturated soil moisture content.
floodway
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000256
The stream channel and adjacent areas that carry flood flows in a flood plain.
flower color
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/TO_0000537
A flower anatomy and morphology trait (TO:0000499) which is associated with the color of the flower (PO:0009046).
flowering and fruiting
http://eol.org/schema/terms/floweringAndFruiting
flowering stage
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PO_0007616
A flower development stage that begins when pollen is released by anther dehiscence and/or the stigma is receptive and ends with the process of pollination and/or floral organ senescence
fluid flow rate
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002243
the volume of fluid which passes per unit time
flume
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000079
An open artificial water channel, that leads water from a diversion dam or weir completely aside a natural flow, often an elevated box structure (typically wood) that follows the natural contours of the land.
fluorite
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_46713
fluvisol
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002273
Fluvisols accommodate genetically young, azonal soils in alluvial deposits.
fodder
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/FOODON_03301293
Feed for domesticated animals
foliose
http://eol.org/schema/terms/foliose
leaflike, with flat sheets of tissue not tightly bound
http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/fungi/lichens/lichenmm.html
folivore
http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q617573
herbivore animal that specializes in eating leaves.
fomite
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00010358
A fomite is any inanimate object or substance capable of carrying infectious organisms (such as germs or parasites) and hence transferring them from one individual to another. A fomite can be anything such as a cloth or mop heads so when cleaning this is important to remember that this could aid when spreading pathogenic organisms.
food
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q2095
any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for the body
food additive
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/FOODON_03412972
food colorant
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/FOODON_03303179
foraging habitat
http://eol.org/schema/terms/ForagingHabitat
Primary habitat where the species forages during the breeding season.
Richard M. Sibly, Christopher C. Witt, Natalie A. Wright, Chris Venditti, Walter Jetz, and James H. Brown. 2012. Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds. PNAS 109(27):10937-10941, doi:10.1073/pnas.1206512109
foram feeder
https://eol.org/schema/terms/foram_feeder
a consumer that feeds primarily on foraminifera
forb
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/FLOPO_0900037
whole plant forbacious
forelimb length
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/VT_0010023
The distance from point to point along the longest axis of the anterior/superior jointed appendages used for locomotion or grasping.
forest
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000174
A forest biome is a terrestrial biome which includes, across its entire spatial extent, densely packed vegetation which strongly limits light penetration to the forest floor.
forest edge
http://eol.org/schema/terms/forestEdge
forest soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002261
fork length
http://eol.org/schema/terms/ForkLength
refers to the length of a fish measured from the tip of the snout to the end of the middle caudal fin rays and is used in fishes in which it is difficult to tell where the vertebral column ends
definition from Wikipedia
fork length
http://purl.org/obo/owlATOL_0001658
length of a fish from the tip of the snout to the end of the middle caudal fin rays
forms
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/NCIT_C25513
combine to create (something), eg: a structure
fortunian age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Fortunian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
fossorial
http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q2850019
organism that is adapted to digging and life underground.
fossorial and/or ground dwelling
http://eol.org/schema/terms/fossorialOrGround
An organism that is adapted to terrestrial life below ground, on or near the ground.
fossorial and/or ground dwelling only
http://eol.org/schema/terms/groundDwelling
An organism that spends most of its time on the ground or underground.
fragrance
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_48318
A substance, extract, or preparation for diffusing or imparting an agreeable or attractive smell.
frasnian age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Frasnian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
freshwater
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000873
A biome that applies to the freshwater realm.
freshwater
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000306
freshwater animals
https://eol.org/schema/terms/freshwater_animals
animals naturally inhabiting freshwater
freshwater benthic
https://eol.org/schema/terms/freshwater_benthic
freshwater benthic (benthic meaning 'bottom') habitat includes lakebeds, river beds, and the bottoms of all freshwater bodies
freshwater carnivore
https://eol.org/schema/terms/freshwater_carnivore
A consumer that feeds primarily on freshwater animals
freshwater decapods
https://eol.org/schema/terms/freshwater_decapods
decapods naturally inhabiting freshwater
freshwater habitat
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002037
A habitat that is in or on a body of water containing low concentrations of dissolved salts and other total dissolved solids (<0.5 grams dissolved salts per litre).
freshwater marsh
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000053
A marsh associated with water that contains low concentrations of salts.
freshwater wetland
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000243
A wetland whose water that contains low concentrations of salts.
fringing reef
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q1999990
A marine reef with either an entirely shallow backreef zone (lagoon) or none at all.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fringing_reef
frontal
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/NCIT_C161325
Of, or related to, or in the direction of the front of the body.
fructose
http://eol.org/schema/terms/fructose
free-standing branching tubes
http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/fungi/lichens/lichenmm.html
frugivore
http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q1470764
organism that eats fruit.
fruit
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PO_0009001
A multi-tissue plant structure (PO:0025496) that develops from a gynoecium (PO:0009062) and may have as parts one or more seeds (PO:0009010)
fruit color
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/FLOPO_0000147
fruit development stage
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PO_0025500
A sporophyte reproductive stage that begins when a fruit on a whole plant that is not currently participating in a whole plant fruit development stage begins a fruit initiation stage, and ends with the earliest of the following: (1) the whole plant begins a sporophyte senescent stage, (2) the whole plant begins a sporophyte dormant stage, or (3) all fruits on the whole plant are finished ripening.
fruit length
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/FLOPO_0001366
fruit or seed color
http://eol.org/schema/terms/FruitSeedColor
The predominant and conspicuous color of the mature fruit or seed from a landscaping aesthetics standpoint.
USDA Plants database. Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
fruit ripening complete stage
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PO_0007038
The stage at which fruit ripening is complete
fruit shape
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/FLOPO_0000032
fruit type
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/TO_0000850
A fruit anatomy and morphology trait (TO:0002629) which is associated with the type of a fruit (PO:0009001).
[database_cross_reference: PO:0009001] [database_cross_reference: TO:moorel]
fruit width
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/FLOPO_0015921
fuel
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_33292
An energy-rich substance that can be transformed with release of usable energy.
fumarole
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000216
A hole in the Earth's crust from which steam and gases are emitted.
fungi
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q764
a kingdom of organisms
fungivore
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q3331325
organism that consumes fungi
furniture
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000587
a movable object intended to support various human activities such as seating (e.g., chairs, stools and sofas) and sleeping (e.g., beds)
furongian epoch
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Furongian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale