dcsimg

Glossary of ALL Terms for Data on EOL

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earliest
http://eol.org/schema/terms/earliest
early
http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C61589
At or near the beginning of a period of time or course of events.
early fruit ripening stage
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PO_0007001
The early stage in fruit ripening
early spring
http://eol.org/schema/terms/earlySpring
The early part of the season between the vernal equinox and the summer solstice.
early summer
http://eol.org/schema/terms/earlySummer
The early part of the season between the summer solstice and the autumnal equinox.
Eastern Arc Mountains
http://eol.org/schema/terms/Eastern_Arc_mountains
A mountain range in Tanzania and Kenya
eat
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/RO_0002470
echinoderm feeder
http://eol.org/schema/terms/echinoderm_feeder
a carnivore that feeds primarily on echinoderms
echinoderms
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q44631
marine phylum of animals
echolocation
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0050959
the method used by some animals (e.g. bats, dolphins and some whales) to determine the location of something by measuring the time it takes for an echo to return from it. These animals emit sound waves and listen for the echo, calculating the distance to the object from the time lapse between sound emission and the echo returning.
ecomorphological guild
http://eol.org/schema/terms/EcomorphologicalGuild
organisms that share certain morphological traits due to adaptation to similar environments and ecological roles
ecoregion
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q295469
ecologically and geographically defined area that is smaller than a biogeographic realm
ecosystem engineering
http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/RW
directly or indirectly modulating the availability of resources to other species, by causing physical state changes in biotic or abiotic materials; modifying, maintaining and/or creating habitats
ectoparasite
http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q7880449
organism adapted to living on the exterior surface of another organism and causing harm to its host
ediacaran period
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Ediacaran
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
eel feeder
https://eol.org/schema/terms/eel_feeder
a carnivore that feeds primarily on eels (Anguilliformes)
eels
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q128685
order of fishes
egg density
http://eol.org/schema/terms/eggDensity
number of eggs deposited per unit area
egg diameter
http://eol.org/schema/terms/EggDiameter
Diameter of the egg life stage of this organism. An egg is an organic vessel in which an embryo first begins to develop. In most birds, reptiles, insects, molluscs, fish, and monotremes, it is the zygote, resulting from fertilization of the ovum, which is expelled from the body and permitted to develop outside the body until the developing embryo can survive on its own.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Egg_(biology)
egg diameter
http://eol.org/schema/terms/OvaDiameter
Diameter of an egg.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Egg
egg diameter
http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/EGG
Diameter of the eggs spawned by an organism.
egg mass
http://eol.org/schema/terms/EggMass
The amount of matter in the egg stage of an organism, after laying or spawning.
egg stage
http://eol.org/schema/terms/eggStage
The first post-fertilization life stage of many organisms. The developing organism is enclosed by a membrane and possibly a hard shell and is not yet motile. Followed by hatching and either larval or other juvenile life stages.
eggs
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q17147
organic vessels in which embryos first begin to develop
eggs (commodity)
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/FOODON_03420194
Poultry, game bird or turtle eggs.
eicosanoic acid
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_28822
eifelian age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Eifelian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
elasmobranch feeder
https://eol.org/schema/terms/elasmobranch_feeder
a carnivore that feeds primarily on cartilaginous fishes (elasmobranchs)
elasmobranch fishes
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q194257
subclass of fishes
electroreception
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q1326528
detection and measurement of weak electric fields, via specialized sense organs and brain structures that process this information
elevated
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000176
A landform elevated above the surrounding area.
elevation
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/verbatimElevation
The original description of the elevation (altitude, usually above sea level) of the Location.
elongated
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001154
having length notably greater than width
embryo stage
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0000068
A life cycle stage that starts with fertilization and ends with the fully formed embryo.
emsian age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Emsian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
end day of year
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/endDayOfYear
The latest integer day of the year on which the Event occurred (1 for January 1, 365 for December 31, except in a leap year, in which case it is 366).
endangered
http://eol.org/schema/terms/endangered
A taxon is Endangered when the best available evidence indicates that it meets any of the \r\ncriteria A to E for Endangered, and it is therefore considered to be facing a very high risk of extinction in the wild.
http://www.iucnredlist.org/technical-documents/categories-and-criteria
endangered
http://eol.org/schema/terms/federalEndangered
The organism has federal Endangered status in the United States of America.
endocrine system
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/NCIT_C12705
Collective designation for those tissues capable of secreting hormones.
endolithic habitat
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000886
A biome consisting of the spaces within rocks, such as pores between aggregate grains. Inhabited by endolithic organisms.
endoparasite
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q9300235
parasite that lives within the body or cells of its host
endorheic basin
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000551
A drainage basin from which there is no outflow of water, either on the surface as rivers, or underground by flow or diffusion through rock or permeable material.
endorheic lake
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000197
A lake from which there is no outflow of water, either on the surface as rivers, or underground by flow or diffusion through rock or permeable material.
endoskeleton
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0010362
internal support structure of an animal, composed of mineralized tissue.
endosymbiont
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q4531856
organism that lives within the body or cells of another organism
endozoochory
http://eol.org/schema/terms/endozoochory
Seed dispersal via ingestion by vertebrate animals (mostly birds and mammals).
https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Seed_dispersal&oldid=602822222
English Channel
http://www.geonames.org/2649991
enriched soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00003082
entire geographic distribution
http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/SPMInfoItems#Distribution
A description of the geographic distribution, or range, of the taxon. Includes descriptions of global, regional, or political aspects of range and whether the taxon is native or introduced in portions of the range and endemicity.
Entomological Museum Department of Agriculture Bangkok Thailand
http://eol.org/schema/terms/Entomological_Museum_Department_of_Agriculture_Bangkok_Thailand
environmental engineering
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q146326
integration of sciences and engineering principles to improve the natural environment for life
eocene epoch
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Eocene
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
ephyra
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BTO_0006391
A free-swimming larva of a scyphozoan jellyfish formed by transverse fission of a scyphistoma and growing into a medusa.
epibiotic
http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q640114
organism that lives on the surface of another living organism
epicone length
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/OBA_1000126
Length of the epicone from the cingulum to the apex
From Ontology of Bio-Attributes
epicormic buds
http://eol.org/schema/terms/epicormicBuds
Epicormic buds lie dormant beneath the bark, their growth suppressed by hormones from active shoots higher up the plant. Under certain conditions, they develop into active shoots, such as when damage occurs to higher parts of the plant, or light levels are increased following removal of nearby plants. Epicormic buds and shoots occur in many woody species, but are absent from many others, such as most conifers.
https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Epicormic_shoot&oldid=540989593
epidermis
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0007376
The epidermis is the entire outer epithelial layer of an animal, it may be a single layer that produces an extracellular material (e.g. the cuticle of arthropods) or a complex stratified squamous epithelium, as in the case of many vertebrate species
epifauna feeder
http://eol.org/schema/terms/epifauna_feeder
a carnivore that feeds primarily on epifauna, animals that live attached to surfaces
epifaunal
http://www.marinespecies.org/traits/Epifaunal
An animal living on the surface of the substratum.
http://www.marinespecies.org/traits/wiki/Traits:Epifaunal
epihydate
http://eol.org/schema/terms/epihydate
a plant with leaves and/or stems floating on the surface of the water but not rising above the water, roots penetrating the substrate.
GERMISHUIZEN, G. & MEYER, N.L. (eds) 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
epilimnion
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002131
The top-most layer in a thermally stratified lake, occurring above the deeper hypolimnion. It is warmer and typically has a higher pH and dissolved oxygen concentration than the hypolimnion
epiphyte
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/FLOPO_0900030
whole plant epiphytic
epiphyte
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q188238
non-parasitic organism that grows upon another organism but is not nourished by it
episodic
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002630
occurs occasionally
epitype
http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/TaxonName#Epitype
a specimen or illustration selected to serve as an interpretative type when any kind of holotype, lectotype, etc. is demonstrably ambiguous and cannot be critically identified for purposes of the precise application of the name of a taxon
epizoochory
http://eol.org/schema/terms/epizoochory
Seed dispersal by external animal transport (= exozoochory)
http://www.uv.es/jgpausas/brot.htm
ergatotype
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q19353481
additional (paratype) specimen representing the worker caste in a hymenopteran taxon
escape response
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q5397078
rapid series of movements performed by an animal in response to possible predation
escarpment
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000280
A transition zone between different physiogeographic provinces that involves an elevation differential, often involving high cliffs. Most commonly a transition from one series of sedimentary rocks to another series of a different age and composition. In such cases, the escarpment usually represents the line of erosional loss of the newer rock over the older.
esker
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000282
A long, winding ridge of stratified sand and gravel which occur in glaciated and formerly glaciated regions of Europe and North America.
essential oils
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q170885
hydrophobic liquid containing volatile aroma compounds from plants
establishment means
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/establishmentMeans
The process by which the biological individual(s) represented in the Occurrence became established at the location. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.
estimate
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/LNC/LP64451-5
calculated approximately
estuarine
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000020
Expressions of the estuarine biome occur at wide lower courses of a rivers where they flow into a sea. Estuaries experience tidal flows and their water is a changing mixture of fresh and salt.
estuarine mud
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002160
Eswatini
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q1050
eudoxid
http://eol.org/schema/terms/eudoxid
a free-living sexual unit, released as a cormidia from the end of the polygastric colony of a siphonophore
Mary M. Grossmann, Allen G. Collins & Dhugal J. Lindsay (2014) Description of the eudoxid stages of Lensia havock and Lensia leloupi (Cnidaria: Siphonophora: Calycophorae), with a review of all known Lensia eudoxid bracts, Systematics and Biodiversity, 12:2, 163-180, DOI: 10.1080/14772000.2014.902867
eurasia
http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q5401
Europe, Asia from the Middle East through central Asia north of the Himalayas, Siberia and northern China to Japan.
eusocial
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q753694
highest level of animal sociality a species can attain. Includes cooperative brood care (including care of offspring from other individuals), overlapping generations within a colony of adults, and a division of labor
eutrophic freshwater lake
http://eol.org/schema/terms/eutrophicFreshwaterLake
eutrophic water
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002224
Water with a high nutrient level.
event date
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/eventDate
The date-time or interval during which an Event occurred. For occurrences, this is the date-time when the event was recorded. Not suitable for a time in a geological context. Recommended best practice is to use an encoding scheme, such as ISO 8601:2004(E).
evergreen
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001733
Evergreen (plant): A quality inhering in a plant by virtue of the bearer's disposition to retain foliage.
[database_cross_reference: PATOC:GVG]
evergreen forest
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000843
An area of a planet's surface which is primarily covered by a forest in which the majority of trees maintain their foliage despite seasonal change.
everse
https://eol.org/schema/terms/everse
the "direct" orientation of a retinal surface, where the rhabdom, the transparent light receptive structure of the cell, faces toward the incoming light. Generally more efficient at light capture
ex-epitype
http://eol.org/schema/terms/exepitype
A strain or cultivation derived from epitype material. Ex-types are not regulated by the botanical or zoological code.
ex-holotype
http://eol.org/schema/terms/exholotype
A strain or cultivation derived from holotype material. Ex-types are not regulated by the botanical or zoological code.
ex-paratype
http://eol.org/schema/terms/exparatype
A strain or cultivation derived from paratype material. Ex-types are not regulated by the botanical or zoological code.
ex-type
http://eol.org/schema/terms/extype
A strain or cultivation derived from some kind of type material. Ex-types are not regulated by the botanical or zoological code.
excavator
http://eol.org/schema/terms/excavating
An organism which obtains food by excavating
exemplar status
https://eol.org/schema/terms/exemplary
Exemplary records (representative or primary records) represent typical values of an attribute for a taxon, which may have many records for this attribute.
exisotype
http://eol.org/schema/terms/exisotype
A strain or cultivation derived from isotype material. Ex types are not regulated by the botanical or zoological code.
explanate
http://eol.org/schema/terms/explanate
colonies spread horizontally as branches fuse into a solid or near solid plate
http://www.coralsoftheworld.org/page/glossary/#Glossary_E
exposed
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002425
Open to view or not covered by another entity.
extant
http://eol.org/schema/terms/extant
This taxon is still in existence, as opposed to extinct.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Extant_taxon
external tube
http://www.marinespecies.org/traits/ExternalTube
A built-structure inhabited by an organism and essential to its survival, but not part of its body, composed of hardened (either rigid or flexible) secretions, with or without the addition of embedded particles, with those particles either selectively collected from the environment or passively becoming glued during formation (pers. comm. Read, G.).
http://www.marinespecies.org/traits/wiki/Traits:ExternalTube
extinct
http://eol.org/schema/terms/extinct
A taxon is Extinct when there is no reasonable doubt that the last individual has died. A \r\ntaxon is presumed Extinct when exhaustive surveys in known and/or expected habitat, \r\nat appropriate times (diurnal, seasonal, annual), throughout its historic range have failed \r\nto record an individual. Surveys should be over a time frame appropriate to the taxon’s \r\nlife cycle and life form.
http://www.iucnredlist.org/technical-documents/categories-and-criteria
extinct in the wild
http://eol.org/schema/terms/extinctInTheWild
A taxon is Extinct in the Wild when it is known only to survive in cultivation, in captivity \r\nor as a naturalized population (or populations) well outside the past range. A taxon is \r\npresumed Extinct in the Wild when exhaustive surveys in known and/or expected habitat, \r\nat appropriate times (diurnal, seasonal, annual), throughout its historic range have failed \r\nto record an individual. Surveys should be over a time frame appropriate to the taxon’s \r\nlife cycle and life form
http://www.iucnredlist.org/technical-documents/categories-and-criteria
extirpated
https://eol.org/schema/terms/extirpated
No longer present in the wild in a particular region, though present elsewhere
extratympanic
https://eol.org/schema/terms/extratympanic
conduction of sound to the inner ear of a vertebrate by a pathway other than the tympanic membrane and the ossicles of the middle ear
extreme habitat
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002020
A habitat having at least one environmental quality that tends towards either the largest or smallest element of the set. The physical or geochemical extreme conditions found in an extreme habitat are often detrimental to the majority of life on Earth.
exudate
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q1139400
fluid emitted through pores or a wound
exuviae
http://wikidata.org/entity/Q776682
remains of an exoskeleton left after an ecdysozoan has moulted
eyes
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0000970
An organ that detects light.