dcsimg

Glossary of ALL Terms for Data on EOL

d

dahllite
http://eol.org/schema/terms/dahllite
dairy
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00003862
dam
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000074
A barrier constructed across a watercourse to control the flow or raise the level of water.
dambo
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000236
A class of complex shallow wetlands in central, southern and eastern Africa, particularly in Zambia and Zimbabwe. They are generally found in higher rainfall flat plateau areas, and have river-like branching forms which may be nowhere very large, but common enough to add up to a large area.
Danian Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Danian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
Dapingian Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Dapingian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
dark green
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001249
A color consisting of green hue and low brightness
Darriwilian Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Darriwilian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
data deficient
http://eol.org/schema/terms/dataDeficient
A taxon is Data Deficient when there is inadequate information to make a direct, or indirect, assessment of its risk of extinction based on its distribution and/or population status. A taxon in this category may be well studied, and its biology well known, but appropriate data on abundance and/or distribution are lacking. Data Deficient is therefore not a category of threat. Listing of taxa in this category indicates that more information is required and acknowledges the possibility that future research will show that threatened classification is appropriate. It is important to make positive use of whatever data are available. In many cases great care should be exercised in choosing between DD and a threatened status. If the range of a taxon is suspected to be relatively circumscribed, and a considerable period of time has elapsed since the last record of the taxon, threatened status may well be justified.
http://www.iucnredlist.org/technical-documents/categories-and-criteria
Davis Strait
http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q189262
day length
http://eol.org/schema/terms/dayLength
time duration between sunrise and sunset
days
http://eol.org/schema/terms/day
A day is a unit of time. In common usage, it is an interval equal to 24 hours.[1] It also can mean the consecutive period of time during which the Sun is above the horizon of a location, also known as daytime. (Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Day&oldid=561991249)
days
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UO_0000033
dead cave
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000030
A cave without streams or drips of water.
debris
http://sweet.jpl.nasa.gov/2.3/matrSediment.owl#Debris
decanoic acid
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_30813
decapod feeder
https://eol.org/schema/terms/decapod_feeder
a carnivore that feeds primarily on decapods
decapods
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q4610
order of crustaceans
deciduous
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001731
Deciduous (plant): A quality inhering in a plant by virtue of the bearer's disposition to shed foliage.
[database_cross_reference: PATOC:cjm]
deciduous forest
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000816
a forest in which the majority of trees shed foliage simultaneously in response to seasonal change.
decomposer
http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q842391
organism that breaks down dead or decaying organisms
decreased quality
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002301
A quality that has a value that is decreased compared to normal or average
decumbent
http://eol.org/schema/terms/decumbent
A plant with branches growing horizontally but turned up at the ends
http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Glossary_of_botanical_terms&oldid=586835719
decumbent
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002343
A positional quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's lying or growing on the ground but with erect or rising tips.
[ thefreedictionary:www.thefreedictionary.com ]
deep infaunal
http://eol.org/schema/terms/deepInfaunal
living deep within the sediment on the sea or river floor
http://palaeo.gly.bris.ac.uk/Palaeofiles/Fossilgroups/Bivalvia/Modes.html
deep ocean current
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000098
A marine current that generally occurs below the permanent thermocline (where it occurs) or below 400 m depth and that is driven by density and temperature gradients.
degrees
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UO_0000185
A plane angle unit which is equal to 1/360 of a full rotation or 1.7453310^[-2] rad.
degrees Celsius
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UO_0000027
dell
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000439
A small wooded valley, either U- or V-shaped.
delta
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000101
A tract of alluvium formed at the mouth of a river where the deposition ofsome of its load exceeds its rate of removal, crossed by the divergent channels (distributaries) of the river.
demilitiarized zone
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000136
A geographical area, usually the frontier or boundary between two or more military powers (or alliances), where military activity is not permitted, usually by peace treaty, armistice or other bilateral or multilateral agreement.
dense settlement biome
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000248
A dense settlement biome is an anthropogenic terrestrial biome which is primarily used for human habitation, recreation, and industry within built structures with little other land use.
deposit feeder
http://eol.org/schema/terms/depositFeeder
an organism that eats particulate organic material in or on sediments.
depression
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000309
A landform sunken or depressed below the surrounding area.
desert
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000097
A region rendered barren or partially barren by environmental extremes, especially by low rainfall.
desert
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000179
A desert biome is a terrestrial biome which loses more liquid water by evapotranspiration than is supplied by precipitation and includes communities adapted to these conditions.
desert oasis
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000156
A small, isolated, fertile or green area in a desert region, usually having a spring or well.
desert sand
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005800
desert scrubland
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000242
A scrubland which is located in a desert.
determinate growth
http://eol.org/schema/terms/determinateGrowth
determinate growth stops once a genetically pre-determined structure has completely formed
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indeterminate_growth
determinate root nodule
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000167
Determinate nodules are root nodules found on tropical (sub)legumes, such as those of the genera Glycine (soybean), Phaseolus (common bean), Lotus, and Vigna. Determinate nodules lose meristematic activity shortly after initiation, thus growth is due to cell expansion resulting in mature nodules which are spherical in shape.
detritivore
http://wikidata.org/entity/Q2750657
organism that obtains nutrients by consuming detritus
detritus
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q736879
dead particulate organic material
developmental mode
http://eol.org/schema/terms/DevelopmentalMode
Broad recognized categories describing development, the process by which organisms grow and mature
Devonian Period
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Devonian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
dg
http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C64555
Decigrams: The metric unit of mass equal to one-tenth of a gram.
diameter
http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C25285
diapause
http://eol.org/schema/terms/DiapauseInitiation
Life stage(s) at which diapause can occur. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diapause#Initiation)
diatom feeder
https://eol.org/schema/terms/diatom_feeder
a consumer that feeds primarily on diatoms
diatoms
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q162678
a class of algae
diel vertical migration
http://eol.org/schema/terms/dielVerticalMigration
A pattern of movement used by some organisms, such as Copepods, living in the ocean and in lakes. The migration occurs when organisms move up to the epipelagic zone at night and return to the mesopelagic zone of the oceans or to the hypolimnion zone of lakes during the day
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diel_vertical_migration
diet breadth
http://eol.org/schema/terms/DietBreadth
Number of dietary categories eaten by an organism.
diet includes
http://eol.org/schema/terms/Diet
Information about the items eaten by this organism.
digitate
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001980
having distinct parts arising from a common point or center.
dilution basin mediterranean sea biome
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000128
The dilution basin mediterranean sea biome comprises expressions of the mediterranean sea biome with lower salinity than the surrounding ocean due to freshwater gains such as rainfall and rivers. Water exchange consists of outflow of the fresher mediterranean water in the upper layer and inflow of the saltier oceanic water in the lower layer of the channel. Renewal of deep water may not be sufficient to supply oxygen to the bottom.
dimorphic appendages
http://eol.org/schema/terms/appendagesDimorphic
appendages differ between males and females. Includes the number, size and shape of locomotory and sensory appendages such as antennae, legs, wings, and fins, as well as non-genital appendages modified to act as intromittent organs. Tail dimorphisms are not included.
Fairbairn DJ (2013) Data from: Odd couples: extraordinary differences between the sexes in the animal kingdom. Dryad Digital Repository. doi:10.5061/dryad.n48cm
direction
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000039
A physical quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's orientation in space.
Disc diameter
http://eol.org/schema/terms/DiscDiameter
dispersal age
http://eol.org/schema/terms/DispersalAge
Age at which young permanently leave the parent, parental group, social group or any associated territories.
dispersal vector
http://eol.org/schema/terms/DispersalVector
A dispersal vector is an agent transporting seeds or other dispersal units. Dispersal vectors may include biotic factors, such as animals, or abiotic factors, such as the wind or the ocean.
https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Dispersal_vector&oldid=551654371
distributary
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000069
A stream that branches off and flows away from a main stream channel. They are a common feature of river deltas.
ditch
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000037
A small artificial watercourse dug for draining or irrigating the land.
ditch mouth
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000518
The exit or point of discharge of a ditch.
ditch water
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002158
diurnal
http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q906470
animal behavior characterized by activity during the day, with a period of inactivity at night.
diversionary dam
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000558
A dam designed to divert all or a portion of the flow of a river from its natural course.
docosanoic acid
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_28941
dodecanoic acid
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_30805
doline
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000332
A closed depression draining underground in karst, ofsimple but variable form, e.g. cylindrical, conical, bowl- or dish-shaped. From a few to many hundreds of metres in dimensions.
doline karst
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000336
Karst dominated by closed depressions, chiefly dolines, perforating a simple surface.
dolomite
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00010623
A sedimentary carbonate rock and a mineral, both composed of calcium magnesium carbonate CaMg(CO3)2 found in crystals.
down
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q15332388
Dracaenoid
https://eol.org/schema/terms/dracaenoid
wood-like secondary growth found in monocots, supporting tree growth forms, as in the genus Dracaena, the Dragon Trees
drainage basin
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000291
A regions or area bounded by drainage divides and occupied by a drainage system; specifically the tract of country that gathers water originating as precipitation and contributes it to a particular stream channel or system of channels, or to a lake, reservoir, or other body of water.
drainage canal
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000042
Artificial watercourse with no flow or a controlled flow used drainage.
drainage ditch
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000140
A ditch that collects water from the surrounding land.
drilling bore water
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002159
drinking water
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00003064
drinking water reservoir
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000449
A reservoir constructed for the purpose of providing drinking water.
drop stone
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000136
drought semi-deciduous
http://eol.org/schema/terms/droughtSemiDeciduous
A plant that drops part of its leaves during the dry period (excluding species that exceptionally drop leaves in very dry periods).
http://www.uv.es/jgpausas/brot.htm
drought tolerance
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/TO_0000276
Becoming tolerant to drought like conditions of minimal or no water content in the growth environment.
[database_cross_reference: GR:pj]
Drumian Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Drumian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
drumlin
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000276
An elongated whale-shaped hill formed by glacial action. Its long axis is parallel with the movement of the ice, with the blunter end facing into the glacial movement. Drumlins are sometimes compared to kames, but their formation is distinctively different. A drumlin is not originally shaped by meltwater, but by the ice itself and has a quite regular shape. It occurs in fine grained material, such as clay or shale, not in sands and gravels. And drumlins usually have concentric layers of material, as the ice successively plasters new layers in its movement.
drumlin field
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000431
A cluster of dozens to hundreds of similarly shaped, sized and oriented drumlins.
Dry body mass
http://eol.org/schema/terms/bodyMassDry
dry dam
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000557
A dam designed to control flooding. It normally holds back no water and allows the channel to flow freely, except during periods of intense flow that would otherwise cause flooding downstream.
dry forest
http://eol.org/schema/terms/dry_forest
dry fruit
http://eol.org/schema/terms/dryFruit
A fruit that lacks succulent tissue at maturity.
http://www.uv.es/jgpausas/brot.htm
dry lake
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000277
A lake that has either permanently or temporally lost its water.
dry lake bed
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000296
The bed of a dry lake.
Dry mass
http://eol.org/schema/terms/dryMass
dry river
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000018
A river that has either permanently or temporally lost its water.
dry river valley
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_0010163
dry soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005748
dry stream
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000278
A stream that has either permanently or temporally lost its water.
dry stream valley
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_0010162
dry valley
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000128
A valley that no longer has a surface flow of water. Typically found in either Karst (limestone) or chalk terrain.
dry weight
http://eol.org/schema/terms/DryWeight
The dry matter (or otherwise known as dry weight) is a measurement of the mass of something when completely dried.
https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Dry_matter&oldid=601305942
dune
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000170
A hill of sand built by eolian processes.
dune slack
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000308
A valley or trough between two dunes.
dune soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002260
duration of illness
http://eol.org/schema/terms/DurationOfIllness
Length of the period during which symptoms manifest
durisol
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002238
Durisols are associated mainly with old surfaces in arid and semi-arid environments and accommodate very shallow to moderately deep, moderately well- to well-drained soils that contain cemented secondary silica (SiO2) within 100 cm of the soil surface.
durophagy
http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q5316712
eating of hard-shelled or exoskeleton bearing organisms, such as corals, shelled mollusks, or crabs.
dust
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002008
Minute solid particles with diameters less than 500 micrometers. Occurs in and may be deposited from, the atmosphere.
dye
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_37958
dystrophic montane freshwater lake
http://eol.org/schema/terms/dystrophicMontaneFreshwaterLake