dcsimg

Glossary of ALL Terms for Data on EOL

c

C3 photosynthetic plant
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q286954
one of three metabolic pathways for carbon fixation in photosynthesis, along with C4 and CAM. This process converts carbon dioxide and ribulose bisphosphate (RuBP, a 5-carbon sugar) into 3-phosphoglycerate through the following reaction: CO2 + H2O + RuBP → (2) 3-phosphoglycerate This reaction occurs in all plants as the first step of the Calvin–Benson cycle.
C4 photosynthetic plant
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q283604
a photosynthetic process in some plants. It is the first step in extracting carbon from carbon dioxide to be able to use it in sugar and other biomolecules. It is one of three known processes for carbon fixation. The C4 in one of the names refers to the four-carbon molecule that is the first product of this type of carbon fixation.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/C4_carbon_fixation
caespitose
http://eol.org/schema/terms/caespitose
growing in clusters or tufts
https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/caespitose
Calabrian Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Calabrian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
calanque
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000567
A deep valley with steep sides, typically of limestone, in part submerged by the sea.
calcareous ooze
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_02000046
Calcareous ooze is a marine sediment composed primarily of the shells--also known as tests--of foraminifera, coccolithophores, and pteropods. This is the most common pelagic sediment by area, covering 48% of the world ocean's floor. This type of ooze is limited to depths above the Carbonate Compensation Depth at time of burial. It accumulates more rapidly than any other pelagic sediment type, with a rate that varies from 0.3 - 5 cm / 1000 yr.
calcareous soil tolerance
http://eol.org/schema/terms/CalcareousSoilTolerance
The relative tolerance of the plant to calcareous soil. Calcareous soil is defined as soil containing sufficient free CaCO3 and other carbonates to effervesce visibly or audibly when treated with cold 0.1M HCl. These soils usually contain from 10 to almost 1000g/kg CaCO3 equivalent.
USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
calcisol
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002239
Calcisols are soils in which there is substantial secondary accumulation of lime. Calcisols are common in highly calcareous parent materials and widespread in arid and semi-arid environments.
calcite
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_46719
Calcium carbonate (CO3Ca), calcite structure
calcite hot spring
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002143
calcium (Ca)
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_22984
calcium carbonate
http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/TUBE_CALC
calcium carbonate
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_3311
A carbonate salt that has formula CO3Ca
calcium phosphate
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_77635
A calcium salt composed of calcium and phosphate/diphosohate ions; present in milk and used for the mineralisation of calcified tissues.
calcium sulfate
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_31346
CaO4S
calcium sulfate dihydrate
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_32583
CaH4O6S
calcium sulfate hemihydrate
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_32584
Ca2H2S2O9
caldera
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000096
A feature formed by the collapse of land following a volcanic eruption.
Callovian Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Callovian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
CAM photosynthetic plant
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q22283117
Crassulacean acid metabolism. A carbon fixation pathway that evolved in some plants as an adaptation to arid conditions.[1] In a plant using full CAM, the stomata in the leaves remain shut during the day to reduce evapotranspiration, but open at night to collect carbon dioxide (CO2). The CO2 is stored as the four-carbon acid malate in vacuoles at night, and then in the daytime, the malate is transported to chloroplasts where it is converted back to CO2, which is then used during photosynthesis.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crassulacean_acid_metabolism
cambisol
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002235
Cambisols combine soils with at least an incipient subsurface soil formation. Transformation of parent material is evident from structure formation and mostly brownish discoloration, increasing clay percentage, and/or carbonate removal.
Cambrian Period
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Cambrian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
Cambrian Series 2 Epoch
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/CambrianSeries2
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
Cambrian Series 3 Epoch
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/CambrianSeries3
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
Cambrian Stage 10 Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/CambrianStage10
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
Cambrian Stage 2 Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/CambrianStage2
..
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
Cambrian Stage 3 Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/CambrianStage3
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
Cambrian Stage 4 Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/CambrianStage4
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
Cambrian Stage 5 Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/CambrianStage5
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
Campanian Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Campanian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
Campinarana
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q25067050
Open shrubland and savanna in the north of Brazil and in Colombia and Venezuela, with low, sparse vegetation growing on sandy soils mostly within terra firme land in the Amazon. It can be of the ‘forested’ type, similar to a gallery forest, ‘wooded’ where the trees are shorter, and finally ‘grassy-woody’, where it occurs in wet plains near rivers and lakes. Amongst the more frequent plant families are the Arecaceae, Bromeliaceae, Clusiaceae, Humiriaceae, Marantaceae, Meliaceae and Rapateaceae.
Canada
http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q16
canal
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000014
Artificial watercourse with no flow or a controlled flow used for navigation, drainage or irrigation.
canal head reservoir
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000378
A reservoir constructed for the purpose of maintaining water levels in a canal or canals.
canal tunnel
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000522
A tunnel through which a canal passes.
canalized stream
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000525
A stream that has been substantially ditched, diked, or straightened.
cane
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q20660322
Cane is any of various tall, perennial grasses with flexible, woody stalks
canopy
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000047
canopy
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01001242
A vegetation layer which is formed by a collection of individual plant crowns, themselves constituting part of the aboveground portion of a plant community.
canyon
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000169
Relatively narrow, deep depression with steep sides, the bottom of which generally has a continuous slope.
Capitanian Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Capitanian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
Capitulum Length
http://eol.org/schema/terms/CapitulumLength
carapace
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BTO_0001701
A bony or chitinous case or shield covering the back or part of the back of an animal (as a turtle or crab).
Carapace length
http://eol.org/schema/terms/CarapaceLength
carbon biomass
http://eol.org/schema/terms/CarbonBiomass
Mass of Carbon per individual, calculated from cell volume.
carbon biomass
http://purl.dataone.org/odo/ECSO_00001143
The amount of carbon present in biomass
Carbon Dioxide Partial Pressure
http://eol.org/schema/terms/pCO2
In a mixture of gases, such as air, CO2 has a partial pressure which is the hypothetical pressure of that gas if it alone occupied the entire volume of the original mixture at the same temperature.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Partial_pressure
carbon dioxide-reducing sediment
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000154
Sediment hosting and characterised by active carbon dioxide reducing microbial communities.
carbon fixation
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q21759902
A metabolic process in which carbon (usually derived from carbon dioxide) is incorporated into organic compounds (usually carbohydrates)
carbon-to-nitrogen ratio
http://eol.org/schema/terms/CNRatio
The percentage of organic carbon divided by the percentage of total nitrogen in organic material.
USDA Plants database. Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
Carboniferous Period
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Carboniferous
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
carcass
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002033
The dead body of an animal.
Carnian Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Carnian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
carnivore
http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Primary__Carnivore
An animal that mainly eats meat.
carnivore
http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q81875
organism that eats mostly or exclusively animal tissue
carnivore
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q81875
organism that eats mostly or exclusively animal tissue
Crustacean body sizes
carnivorous plant
http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q18240
plants that trap and consume animals or protozoans
carnivorous scavenger
http://eol.org/schema/terms/carnivorous_scavenger
organism that feeds on dead animal material
carr
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000235
A fen which has developed to the point where it supports trees.
cartilage
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0002418
Skeletal tissue that is avascular, rich in glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) and typically includes chondrocytes within isolated lacunae. Cartilage tissue is deposited by chondroblasts
catadromous
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/FOODON_03413449
Catadromous fish live in fresh water, breed in the sea; the most remarkable are freshwater eels of genus Anguilla, whose larvae drift on the open ocean, sometimes for months or years, before travelling thousands of kilometres back to their original streams.
causeway
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000158
A road or railway elevated by a bank, usually across a broad body of water or wetland.
cave
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000067
Naturally formed, subterranean open area or chamber.
cave entrance
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000102
cave floor
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000019
cave system
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000013
A collection of caves interconnected by enterable passages or linked hydrologically or a cave with an extensive complex of chambers and passages.
cave wall
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002144
cell carbon biomass
http://eol.org/schema/terms/carbon_per_cell
carbon per cell (amount of carbon, in molecules, moles, etc.)
cell culture
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_02000008
Cell culture is a growth of cells in vitro in an artificial medium for experimental research.
cell depth
http://eol.org/schema/terms/CellDepth
A 1D measurement of a single cell. Typically, this is the distance along a straight line connecting the dorsal-most part of the cell to the ventral-most part of the cell. It is perpendicular to the length axis and the width axis.
Created by Anne Thessen
cell diameter
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/OBA_0000048
cell length
http://eol.org/schema/terms/CellLength
A 1D measurement of a single cell along its longest axis. Typically, this is the distance along a straight line connecting the anterior-most point and the posterior-most point.
Created by Anne Thessen
cell mass
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/OBA_1000036
Mass of one cell.
cell maxArea/maxVolume
http://eol.org/schema/terms/CellMaxAreaPerMaxVolume
ratio of Maximum Cell Surface Area to Maximum Cell Volume.
Leblanc, K., Arístegui, J., Armand, L., Assmy, P., Beker, B., Bode, A., Breton, E., Cornet, V., Gibson, J., Gosselin, M.-P., Kopczynska, E., Marshall, H., Peloquin, J., Piontkovski, S., Poulton, A. J., Quéguiner, B., Schiebel, R., Shipe, R., Stefels, J., van Leeuwe, M. A., Varela, M., Widdicombe, C., and Yallop, M.: A global diatom database – abundance, biovolume and biomass in the world ocean, Earth Syst. Sci. Data Discuss., 5, 147-185, doi:10.5194/essdd-5-147-2012, 2012.
cell minArea/minVolume
http://eol.org/schema/terms/CellMinAreaPerMinVolume
ratio of Minimum Cell Surface Area to Minimum Cell Volume.
(Leblanc, K., Arístegui, J., Armand, L., Assmy, P., Beker, B., Bode, A., Breton, E., Cornet, V., Gibson, J., Gosselin, M.-P., Kopczynska, E., Marshall, H., Peloquin, J., Piontkovski, S., Poulton, A. J., Quéguiner, B., Schiebel, R., Shipe, R., Stefels, J., van Leeuwe, M. A., Varela, M., Widdicombe, C., and Yallop, M.: A global diatom database – abundance, biovolume and biomass in the world ocean, Earth Syst. Sci. Data Discuss., 5, 147-185, doi:10.5194/essdd-5-147-2012, 2012.)
Cell size
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/OBA_0000055
cell surface area
http://eol.org/schema/terms/CellSurfaceArea
Surface area of a cell.
cell volume
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/OBA_0000056
Volume of one cell.
cell width
http://eol.org/schema/terms/CellWidth
A 1D measurement of a single cell. Typically, this is the distance along a straight line connecting the left-most part of the cell to the right-most part of the cell. It is perpendicular to the length axis and the depth axis.
Created by Anne Thessen
cell-sucker
https://eol.org/schema/terms/cell_sucker
A consumer that feeds by piercing and sucking fluid from individual cells, of either a single celled or a multicelled organism
cement
http://www.marinespecies.org/traits/NonSolidCement
component that keeps the agglutinated particles of the non-massive skeleton together.
Cenomanian Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Cenomanian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
Cenozoic Era
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Cenozoic
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
cephalopod feeder
https://eol.org/schema/terms/cephalopod_feeder
a carnivore that feeds primarily on cephalopods
cephalopods
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q128257
class of mollusks
cercaria
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BTO_0005513
A usually tadpole-shaped larval trematode worm that develops in a molluscan host from a redia.
NMNH type specimen data in DwCA
cercarium
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/WBls_0000708
An infectious life-cycle stage, which can infect by direct skin penetration (e.g. Schistosoma sp.) or ingestion (e.g. Fasciola sp.).
NMNH type specimen data in DwCA
cerebrospinal fluid
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_02000029
Cerebrospinal fluid is a clear bodily fluid that occupies the subarachnoid space and the ventricular system around and inside the brain. CSF is a clear bodily fluid that occupies the subarachnoid space and the ventricular system around and inside the brain.
ceremony
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/NCIT_C93233
A series of acts performed for a special occasion or to mark a rite of passage. Ceremonies can be casual or formal
Cerrado
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q278512
tropical savanna ecoregion of Brazil
chalk
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002054
A soft, white, porous limestone.
chalk soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00003914
Changhsingian Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Changhsingian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
channel
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000395
The physical confine of a river, slough or ocean strait consisting of a bed and banks.
chaparral
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000301
A shrubland area found primarily in regions with a Mediterranean climate (mid, wet winters and hot dry summers) often shaped by wildfires.
Chattian Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Chattian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
check dam
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000555
A dam designed to reduce flow velocity and control soil erosion.
Chela width
http://eol.org/schema/terms/ChelaWidth
a pincer-like organ terminating certain limbs of some arthropods
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chela_(organ)
chemoautotrophic
http://eol.org/schema/terms/chemoautotrophic
organism that derives energy from chemical reactions and synthesizes all necessary organic compounds from carbon dioxide.
chemocline
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002270
A layer within a water body where the chemical composition changes rapidly with depth.
chemosymbiont
http://eol.org/schema/terms/chemosymbiont
a chemosynthetic organism living as a symbiont of a heterotrophic organism, to which it provides energy. The photosymbiont may derive nutrients, position or protection from its partner.
chemosymbiosis
http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q50616418
a symbiosis in which a bacterium provides chemically-derived energy and nutrients, often via the oxidation of hydrogen sulfide, to a heterotrophic organism.
chemosymbiotroph
http://eol.org/schema/terms/chemosymbiotroph
A consumer that derives energy from a chemosynthetic symbiont
chemosynthetic habitat
https://eol.org/schema/terms/marineChemosyntheticHabitat
marine environments supporting chemosynthetic life, for instance, hydrothermal vents and seeps, whalefalls
chernozem
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002237
Chernozems are soils with a thick black surface layer that is rich in organic matter.
chicken breeding waste
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002266
chlorophyll A concentration
http://eol.org/schema/terms/ChlorophyllAConcentration
concentration of chlorophyll A in seawater at a location where this organism has been observed or collected.
chloropicrin enriched soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005762
chondrite
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002048
A stony meteorite that have not been modified due to melting or differentiation of the parent body.
chott
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000271
A dry (salt) lake in the Saharan area of Africa that stays dry in the summer, but receive some water in the winter. This water may come as a groundwater discharge.
chromate contaminated soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002145
chyle
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_02000030
Chyle is a bodily fluid consisting of a milky fluid consisting of lymph and emulsified fats; formed in the small intestine during digestion of ingested fats.
chyme
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_02000026
Chyme is a bodily fluid consisting of a liquid substance found in the stomach before passing through the pyloric valve and entering the duodenum. It results from the mechanical and chemical breakdown of a bolus and consists of partially digested food, water, hydrochloric acid, and various digestive enzymes.
ciliary-mucus feeder
http://eol.org/schema/terms/ciliary_mucus_feeder
a consumer that feeds using rows of cilia carrying a mucus sheet across some structure while water is passed through or across it
cinder cone
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000400
A cone built almost entirely of loose volcanic fragments called cinders (pumice, pyroclastics, or tephra). They are built from particles and blobs of congealed lava ejected from a single vent. As the gas-charged lava is blown violently into the air, it breaks into small fragments that solidify and fall as cinders around the vent to form a circular or oval cone. Most cinder cones have a bowl-shaped crater at the summit.
cingulum width
http://eol.org/schema/terms/CingulumWidth
A 1D measurement along the shortest axis of a cingulum
Contributed by Anne Thessen
cirque
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000155
A deep natural hollow near the crest of a mountain, usually formed by a glacier.
cis-dichloroethane contaminated sediment
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002201
Cisuralian Epoch
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Cisuralian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
citation
http://purl.org/dc/terms/bibliographicCitation
A bibliographic reference for the resource.
CITES Appendix I
http://eol.org/schema/terms/CITES_I
Appendix I lists species that are the most endangered among CITES-listed animals and plants. They are threatened with extinction and CITES prohibits international trade in specimens of these species except when the purpose of the import is not commercial, for instance for scientific research. In these exceptional cases, trade may take place provided it is authorized by the granting of both an import permit and an export permit (or re-export certificate). Article VII of the Convention provides for a number of exemptions to this general prohibition.
https://www.cites.org/eng/app/index.php
CITES Appendix II
http://eol.org/schema/terms/CITES_II
Appendix II lists species that are not necessarily now threatened with extinction but that may become so unless trade is closely controlled. It also includes so-called "look-alike species", i.e. species whose specimens in trade look like those of species listed for conservation reasons. International trade in specimens of Appendix-II species may be authorized by the granting of an export permit or re-export certificate. No import permit is necessary for these species under CITES (although a permit is needed in some countries that have taken stricter measures than CITES requires). Permits or certificates should only be granted if the relevant authorities are satisfied that certain conditions are met, above all that trade will not be detrimental to the survival of the species in the wild. (See Article IV of the Convention)
https://www.cites.org/eng/app/index.php
CITES Appendix III
http://eol.org/schema/terms/CITES_III
Appendix III is a list of species included at the request of a Party that already regulates trade in the species and that needs the cooperation of other countries to prevent unsustainable or illegal exploitation. International trade in specimens of species listed in this Appendix is allowed only on presentation of the appropriate permits or certificates. (See Article V of the Convention)
https://www.cites.org/eng/app/index.php
city
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000856
Incorporated populated place.
clay
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002982
A group of hydrous aluminium phyllosilicate (phyllosilicates being a subgroup of silicate minerals) minerals (see clay minerals), that are typically less than 2micrometres in diameter. Clay consists of a variety of phyllosilicate minerals rich in silicon and aluminium oxides and hydroxides which include variable amounts of structural water.
clay sediment
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000120
Sediment characterised by an average particle diameter between 1 and 3.9 micrometers.
clay soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002262
cleanser
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/NCIT_C68987
A preparation used in cleaning something
clear water
http://eol.org/schema/terms/clearWater
clearing
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000444
An open area in a forest.
cleft
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000526
A deep narrow slot, notch, or groove in a cliff.
cliff
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000087
A high, steep, or overhanging face of rock.
climber
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/FLOPO_0900035
whole plant lianescent or scandent; eg: liana or vine
climbing plant
http://eol.org/schema/terms/climbingPlant
A plant growing more or less erect by leaning or twining on another structure for support, or by clinging with tendrils.
http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Glossary_of_botanical_terms&oldid=586835719
cline
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000258
a comparatively thin, typically horizontal layer within a fluid, in which a property of the fluid varies greatly over a relatively short vertical distance
Clipperton
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q161258
cloth
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_02000058
A textile comprised of a pliable material made usually by weaving, felting, or knitting natural or synthetic fibers and filaments.
cloud forest
http://eol.org/schema/terms/cloud_forest
clutch/brood/litter size
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/VT_0001933
Single birth offspring quantity. The proportion or number of offspring produced from a single pregnancy (mammals) or ovulation (fish) or nesting (birds).
cm
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UO_0000015
A length unit which is equal to one hundredth of a meter or 10^[-2] m.
[database_cross_reference: NIST:NIST]
cm^2
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UO_0000081
cm^3
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UO_0000097
Cubic centimeter. A volume unit which is equal to one millionth of a cubic meter or 10^[-9] m^[3], or to 1 ml
cnidaria feeder
http://eol.org/schema/terms/cnidaria_feeder
a carnivore that feeds primarily on cnidarians
cnidarians
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q25441
phylum of animals
coal mine
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002169
coal mine lake sediment
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002147
coal mine waste
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002206
coarse beach sand
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002148
coastal
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000687
coastal buoyancy current front
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000086
coastal dune
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000416
coastal inlet
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000137
An opening of the sea into the land.
coastal land
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000303
The general region of indefinite width that extends from the sea inland to the first major change in terrain features.
coastal plain
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000090
An area of flat, low-lying land adjacent to a seacoast and separated from the interior by other features.
coastal scrubland
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000237
A coastal scrubland is a scrubland which is part of a coast.
coastal upwelling
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000006
coastal upwelling front
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000090
coastal water
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002150
coastal water body
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_02000049
Coastal water is a marine water body bordering a coast.
coastal wetland
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000230
A wetland associated with the part of the land adjoining or near a sea or ocean.
cobble
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002140
A rock or rock fragment with a particle size between 64 and 256 mm.
cobble sediment
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000115
Sediment characterised by an average particle diameter between 64 and 256 mm.
coconut plantation
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000118
coefficient of variation
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/STATO_0000236
a normalized measure of dispersion of a probability distribution of frequency distribution.
http://bioportal.bioontology.org/ontologies/STATO/
coffee plantation
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000163
coiling
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001794
wound in a continuous series of loops
cold seep
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000425
An area of the ocean floor where hydrogen sulfide, methane and other hydrocarbon-rich fluid seepage occurs. Cold seeps are distinct from hydrothermal vents: the former's emissions are of the same temperature as the surrounding seawater, whereas the latter's emissions are super-heated.
cold seep biome
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000127
The marine cold seep biome comprises regions of the marine benthic biome where seepage of methane, hydrogen sulphide, hydrocarbon rich fluids and other fluids occurs.
cold surface current
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000102
cold temperature habitat
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002026
A biome characterized by an average temperature of 15deg C or lower. Inhabited by psychrophilic (cryophilic) organisms.
colloidal sediment
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000121
Sediment characterised by an average particle diameter below 1 micrometers.
colony density
http://eol.org/schema/terms/colonyDensity
in a colonial organism, the number of individuals per area or per volume
color
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000014
commensal with
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/RO_0002441
two organisms living together in more or less intimate association in a relationship in which one benefits and the other is unaffected
common
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q5153621
Common species and uncommon species are designations used in ecology to describe the population status of a species. Commonness is closely related to abundance. Abundance refers to the frequency with which a species is found in controlled samples; in contrast, species are defined as common or uncommon based on their overall presence in the environment. A species may be locally abundant without being common.
competitive
http://eol.org/schema/terms/competitive
Competitors are species that thrive in areas of low intensity stress and disturbance and excel in biological competition. These species are able to outcompete others by most efficiently tapping into available resources. Competitors do this through a combination of favorable characteristics, including rapid growth rate, high productivity and high capacity for phenotypic plasticity.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Universal_adaptive_strategy_theory
complex volcano
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000371
A volcano with more than one feature. They form because changes of their eruptive characteristics or the location of multiple vents in an area. Stratovolcanoes may form complex volcanoes, because they may overlap another from explosive eruptions, lava flows, pyroclastic flows and by repeated eruptions, to make multiple summits and vents. Stratovolcanoes could also form a large caldera that gets filled in by multiple small cinder cones, lava domes and craters may also develop on the caldera's rim.
compost
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002170
The aerobically decomposed remnants of organic materials.
compost biofilter
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002153
compost soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005747
compound
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PO_0020043
A leaf having two or more distinct leaflets that are evident as such from early in development
concentration
http://edamontology.org/data_2140
The concentration of a chemical compound.
concentration
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000033
A quality inhering in a substance by virtue of the amount of the bearer's there is mixed with another substance.
concentration basin mediterranean sea biome
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000004
The concentration basin mediterranean sea biome comprises expressions of the mediterranean sea biome that have higher salinity than bordering oceans due to evaporation. Water exchange consists of inflow of the fresher oceanic water in the upper layer and outflow of the saltier mediterranean water in the lower layer of the connecting channel.
Cone
http://eol.org/schema/terms/cone
{definition missing}
conePlusHalfSphere minus 40Percent
http://eol.org/schema/terms/conePlusHalfSphere-40Percent
Olenina et al 2006
confluence
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000272
The point where a tributary joins a more major river.
Coniacian Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Coniacian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
conifer woodland
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000240
A conifer woodland is a woodland which has a tree community primarily composed of coniferous trees, from the Division Pinophyta, also known as Coniferophyta or Coniferae.
coniferous forest biome
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000196
A coniferous forest biome is a forest biome which contains densely packed populations or communities of coniferous trees, strongly limiting light penetration to the forest floor.
consequent stream
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000490
A stream whose course is a direct consequence of the original slope of the surface upon which it developed, i.e., a stream that follows the slope of the original land.
conservation dependent
http://eol.org/schema/terms/conservationDependent
The category is part of the IUCN 1994 Categories & Criteria (version 2.3), which is no longer used in evaluation of taxa, but persists in the IUCN Red List for taxa evaluated prior to 2001. It was assigned to species or lower taxa which were dependent on conservation efforts to prevent the taxon becoming threatened with extinction.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conservation_Dependent
conservation status
http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/SPMInfoItems#ConservationStatus
degree of conservation concern as assessed by a government agency or other recognized authority such as IUCN or CITES
constructed feature
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000070
A feature that has been constructed by deliberate human effort.
consumer
http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q72638
contaminated habitat
http://eol.org/schema/terms/contaminatedHabitat
contaminated sediment
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002114
contaminated sludge
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002176
contaminated soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002116
contaminated water
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002186
continental arc
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000352
A volcanic arc formed by the subduction of oceanic crust below continental crust.
continental divide
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000293
A watershed such that water falling on one side of the line eventually travels to one ocean or body of water, and water on the other side travels to another, generally on the opposite side of the continent.
continental island
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000221
An island that lies on a continental shelf.
continental rise
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000274
The continental rise is below the continental slope, but landward of the abyssal plains. Its gradient is intermediate between the slope and the shelf, on the order of 0.5-1. Extending as far as 500 km from the slope, it consists of thick sediments deposited by turbidity currents from the shelf and slope. Sediment cascades down the slope and accumulates as a pile of sediment at the base of the slope, called the continental rise.
continental shelf
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000223
The extended perimeter of each continent, which is covered during interglacial periods such as the current epoch by relatively shallow sea.
continental slope
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000273
The seabed below the end of the continental shelf (the shelf break). The continental slope is much steeper than the shelf; the average angle is 3, but it can be as low as 1 or as high as 10. The slope is often cut with submarine canyons.
copepodid stage 3
http://eol.org/schema/terms/copepodid3
The third post-naupliar life stage of a copepod. All copepodid stages are characterised by two pairs of unsegmented swimming appendages, and an unsegmented "hind-body" comprising the thorax and the abdomen. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Copepodid#Copepoda)
copepodid stage 4
http://eol.org/schema/terms/copepodid4
The fourth post-naupliar life stage of a copepod. All copepodid stages are characterised by two pairs of unsegmented swimming appendages, and an unsegmented "hind-body" comprising the thorax and the abdomen. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Copepodid#Copepoda)
copepodid stage 5
http://eol.org/schema/terms/copepodid5
The fifth post-naupliar life stage of a copepod. All copepodid stages are characterised by two pairs of unsegmented swimming appendages, and an unsegmented "hind-body" comprising the thorax and the abdomen. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Copepodid#Copepoda)
coprophagy
http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q320011
eating of feces.
Coral bleaching
https://www.wikidata.org/wiki/Q568916
Coral bleaching occurs when coral polyps expel algae that live inside their tissues. Normally, coral polyps live in an endosymbiotic relationship with this algae crucial for the health of the coral and the reef. The algae provides up to 90% of the coral's energy. Bleached corals continue to live but begin to starve after bleaching. Some corals recover.
coraltraits tar gz
coral reef
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000150
Aragonite structures produced by living organisms, found in shallow, marine waters with little nutrients in the water.
coral reef
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000049
The marine coral reef biome comprises constructional wave-resistant entities which are primarily built by corals and are often cemented together. The growth of these structures is aided by zooxanthellae, algae that are symbiotic with the reef-building corals.
corallite
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PORO_0000232
In cnidarians, term for the external skeleton of a polyp
corallite width
http://eol.org/schema/terms/coralliteWidth
The width of a corallite (skeleton of a single coral polyp), typically measured in association with another trait (e.g., eggs per polyp).
https://coraltraits.org/traits/213
Coronary Disease
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MSH/D003327
An imbalance between myocardial functional requirements and the capacity of the CORONARY VESSELS to supply sufficient blood flow.
Toxicity
corymbose
http://eol.org/schema/terms/corymbose
colonies which have horizontal interlocking branches and also have short upright branchlets, usually used for some Acropora species
http://www.coralsoftheworld.org/page/glossary/#Glossary_C
cosmetic
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_64857
a substance enhancing the appearance or odour of the human body; a name given to the substance itself or to a component of it
cosmogenous sediment
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000111
Cosmogenous sediment is derived from extraterrestrial dust and debris in the form of meteorites and similar entities.
Cosmopolitan
http://eol.org/schema/terms/Cosmopolitan
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cosmopolitan_distribution
cotton plantation
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000288
cotype
http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/TaxonName#Cotype
A deprecated term no longer recognized in the ICZN; formerly used for either syntype or paratype [see ICZN Recommendation 73E]. [Zoo.]
cove
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000138
A circular or round inlet with a narrow entrance.
cow shed
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00003041
crab-feeder
https://eol.org/schema/terms/crab_feeder
a consumer that feeds primarily on crabs, Brachyura.
crater
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000514
A generally circular saucer or bowl-shaped depression caused by volcanic or meteorite explosive action.
crater lake
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000052
A lake contained within a volcanic crater.
creamery
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00003967
creosote
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_2000001
The portion of chemical products obtained by the distillation of a tar that remains heavier than water, notably useful for its anti-septic and preservative properties
creosote contaminated soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002117
Cretaceous Period
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Cretaceous
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
crevasse
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000320
A deep fissure in snow or ice.
crinoid feeder
https://eol.org/schema/terms/crinoid_feeder
a carnivore that feeds primarily on crinoids
crinoids
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q33666
class of echinoderms
critically endangered
http://eol.org/schema/terms/criticallyEndangered
A taxon is Critically Endangered when the best available evidence indicates that it meets any of the criteria A to E for Critically Endangered, and it is therefore considered to be facing an extremely high risk of extinction in the wild
http://www.iucnredlist.org/technical-documents/categories-and-criteria
critically imperiled
https://eol.org/schema/terms/critically_imperiled
At very high risk of extirpation in the jurisdiction due to very restricted range, very few populations or occurrences, very steep declines, severe threats, or other factors.
http://www.natureserve.org/conservation-tools/conservation-status-assessment
cropland biome
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000245
A cropland biome is an anthropogenic terrestrial biome which is primarily used for agricultural activity and which contains no village or larger human settlement.
crown-rump length
http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C81242
A measurement from the high prominence of the head to the low prominence of the buttocks of a fetus or embryo during ultrasound. This measurement is useful in determining gestational age.
cruiser
http://eol.org/schema/terms/cruising
An organism which obtains food by foraging while cruising.
crustacean feeder
https://eol.org/schema/terms/crustacean_feeder
a carnivore that feeds primarily on crustaceans
crustaceans
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q25364
subphylum of arthropods
crustose
http://eol.org/schema/terms/crustose
crustlike, growing tight against the substrate
http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/fungi/lichens/lichenmm.html
Cryogenian Period
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Cryogenian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
cryosol
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002236
Cryosols comprise mineral soils formed in a permafrost environment. Where water is present, it occurs primarily in the form of ice. Cryogenic processes are the dominant soil-forming processes.
culmen length
http://eol.org/schema/terms/CulmenLength
The culmen is the dorsal ridge of the upper mandible on a bird's bill. The culmen length measures the lengthwise line from the tip of the beak to the point where the upper mandible emerges from the feathers.
cultivated habitat
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000113
A geographical feature modified by humans by the preparation of the land, usually for the purposes of growing crops.
cultured habitat
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_02000006
Cultured habitat is an controlled habitat created by humans through laboratory techniques usually for the purposes of preparing cell, organ, tissue and plant tissue cultures.
cuneiform
http://eol.org/schema/terms/cuneiform
wedge-shaped
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cuneiform
currency note
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00003896
cursorial
http://eol.org/schema/terms/cursorial
This organism is adapted for running
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cursorial
cushion-like
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q1508694
a plant that grows low to the ground, has numerous small leaves and a closed, tightly-packed canopy with dense non-photosynthetic living and dead plant tissues below the canopy
cut
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000474
An excavation of the Earth's surface to provide passage for a road, railway, canal, etc.
cutoff
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000523
A channel formed as a result of a stream cutting through a meander neck.
cypress swamp
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000331
A cypress swamp is a swamp which has a plant community dominated by Cupressaceae, often swamp cypresses. Swamp cypresses typically belong to the genus Taxodium or the species Glyptostrobus pensilis and Actinostrobus pyramidalis.
From Environment Ontology
cysticercus stage
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0014856
The larval form of any of the Taenia tapeworms
NMNH type specimen data in DwCA