dcsimg

Glossary of ALL Terms for Data on EOL

b

back-arc basin
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002277
A depression in the sea floor that results from the collision of continental plates; the weight of the sinking plate causes the overlying plate to stretch and thin, causing a basin in the overlying plate. Sometimes, the Earth's crust in these basins stretches so much it cracks, allowing magma through from the mantle beneath. Hence, basins often contain active volcanoes and hydrothermal vents.
backwater
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000472
An area of calm water unaffected by the current of a stream.
bacteria
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q10876
a domain of prokaryotes
bacteria enriched soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005757
bacterivore
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q804528
organism which obtains energy and nutrients from the consumption of bacteria
badland
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000127
An arid terrain with clay-rich soil that has been extensively eroded by wind and water.
Baffin Bay
http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q37040
bagasse
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002872
The biomass remaining after sugarcane stalks are crushed to extract their juice.
bajada
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000315
A convergence of neighboring alluvial fans into a single apron of deposits against a slope.
Bajocian Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Bajocian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
bakery
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00003864
ballistichory
http://eol.org/schema/terms/ballistichory
Dehiscence of fruit occurs as an explosion, launching seeds far away from the plant (= ballochory).
http://www.uv.es/jgpausas/brot.htm
banana plantation
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000161
bank
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000141
The sloping margin of a watercourse, serving to confine it to its natural channel.
bar
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000167
A linear shoaling landform feature within a body of water. Bars tend to be long and narrow (linear) and develop where a current (or waves) promote deposition of granular material, resulting in localized shallowing (shoaling) of the water. Bars can appear in the sea, in a lake, or in a river. They are typically composed of sand, although could be of any granular matter that the moving water has access to and is capable of shifting around (for example, soil, silt, gravel, cobble, shingle, or even boulders). The grain size of the material comprising a bar is related: to the size of the waves or the strength of the currents moving the material, but the availability of material to be worked by waves and currents is also important.
Barents Sea
http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q45823
barium sulfate
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_133326
A metal sulfate with formula BaO4S. Virtually insoluble in water at room temperature, it is mostly used as a component in oil well drilling fluid it occurs naturally as the mineral barite
Mineralogy
bark
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PO_0004518
All tissues outside the vascular cambium or the xylem; in older trees may be divided into dead outer bark and living inner bark, which consists of secondary phloem.
[database_cross_reference: POC:curators]
Barremian Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Barremian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
Bartonian Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Bartonian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
basal metabolic rate
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/SNOMEDCT/165109007
Basal metabolic rate (BMR) is the amount of energy expended daily by humans and other animals at rest. Rest is defined as existing in a neutrally temperate environment while in the post-absorptive state.
http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Basal_metabolic_rate&oldid=581343469
basalt
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000236
Basalt is a volcanic rock which is formed by the rapid cooling of basaltic lava.
base age
http://eol.org/schema/terms/forestryBaseAge
In forestry, the base age, is the reference age for determining a key productivity metric, the site index. The base age is often set near average rotation length for a species. The base age is 20 years for trees in temperate areas (>30 degrees north latitude), 10 years for trees in tropical areas (≤30 degrees north latitude), and 10 years for all shrubs and sub-shrubs.
Weiskittel, A. R., D. W. Hann, J. A. Kershaw, Jr., and J. K. Vanclay. 2011. Forest Growth and Yield Modeling. Wiley-Blackwell. -- USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
Bashkirian Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Bashkirian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
Bathonian Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Bathonian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
bathyal zone
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000026
The mariine bathyal zone biome comprises regions of the marine benthic biome between approximately 200 m and 3000 m depth. This zone generally coincides with the continental slope.
bathyal zone (200-4000m)
http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/DZ_BAT
bathypelagic
http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/DZP_BATH
bathypelagic zone
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000211
The one of an ocean below the 10degC thermocline down to a temperature of 4degC.
bay
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000032
An area of water bordered by land on three sides.
bayou
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000234
A small, slow-moving stream or creek; usually located in low-lying areas.
beach
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000091
A landform consisting of loose rock particles such as sand, gravel, shingle, pebbles, cobble, or even shell fragments along the shoreline of a body of water.
beach ridge
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000529
A ridge of sand just inland and parallel to the beach, usually in series.
beach sand
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002138
Beaufort Sea
http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q131274
beaver dam
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000500
An obstruction in a stream constructed by a beaver.
beaver pond
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000270
A pond that has formed as a consequence of the activities of beavers, building a beaver dam.
bedding-plane cave
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000001
A cavity developed along a bedding-plane and elongate in cross-section as a result.
beech forest soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005770
beekeeping
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/OMIT_0026660
behavioral circadian rhythm
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/VT_0001502
Any measurable or observable behavioral characteristic related to a daily biological activity cycle.
Bell Shaped
http://eol.org/schema/terms/bellShaped
{definition missing}
Benthic
http://eol.org/schema/terms/benthic
Living at the bottom of a body of water.
benthic diatom feeder
https://eol.org/schema/terms/benthic_diatom_feeder
a consumer that feeds primarily on benthic diatoms
benthic diatoms
http://purl.jp/bio/4/id/201306015586596728
Bering Sea
http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q44725
Berriasian Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Berriasian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
beverage
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/FOODON_03301977
biennial
http://eol.org/schema/terms/biennial
Of life span, a plant which lives for more than one but less than two years after germination, c.f. annual, ephemeral, perennial, of flowering with respect to architecture, hapaxanthic, monocarpic, pleonanthic.
Stevens, P. F. (2001 onwards). Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 12, July 2012. Glossary: http://www.mobot.org/mobot/research/apweb/top/glossarya_h.html#biennial
biennial
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/FLOPO_0980072
Of life span, a plant which lives for more than one but less than two years after germination, c.f. annual, ephemeral, perennial, of flowering with respect to architecture, hapaxanthic, monocarpic, pleonanthic.
Stevens, P. F. (2001 onwards). Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 12, July 2012. Glossary: http://www.mobot.org/mobot/research/apweb/top/glossarya_h.html#biennial
bile
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_02000023
Bile is a bodily fluid consisting of a bitter, yellow or green alkaline fluid secreted by hepatocytes from the liver of most vertebrates. In many species, bile is stored in the gallbladder between meals and upon eating is discharged into the duodenum where the bile aids the process of digestion of lipids.
bill height
http://eol.org/schema/terms/BillHeight
The distance from the anterior to posterior edges of the bill.
bill length
http://eol.org/schema/terms/BillLength
Length of the bill.
biofilm
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002034
A complex aggregation of microorganisms marked by the excretion of a protective and adhesive matrix; usually adhering to a substratum.
biofilm material
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000156
Material derived from a biofilm, an aggregate of microorganisms in which cells adhere to each other and/or to a surface. These adherent cells are frequently embedded within a self-produced matrix of extracellular polymeric substance (EPS). Biofilm EPS, which is also referred to as slime, is a polymeric conglomeration generally composed of extracellular DNA, proteins, and polysaccharides in various configurations.
biofilter
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002152
biogenic silica
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_64389
A biogenic mineral comprised of hydrated silica
biogenous sediment
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000082
Biogenous sediment is derived from living organisms, typically planktonic organisms possessing shells, frustules or coccoliths.
Biogeographic realm
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GAZ_00000071
The largest scale biogeographic division of the earth's surface based on the historic and evolutionary distribution patterns of plants and animals.
biological waste
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000373
waste containing mostly natural organic materials (remains of plants, animal excrement, biological sludge from waste-water treatment plants and so forth)
bioluminescent
http://eol.org/schema/terms/Bioluminescent
Has this organism been observed to produce and transmit light?
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bioluminescence
bioreactor
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002123
biosolids
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002059
A treated form of sludge, sometimes used as a fertilizer in agriculture.
biosphere reserve
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000376
An international conservation designation given by UNESCO under its Programme on Man and the Biosphere (MAB).
Biscayne Bay
http://marineregions.org/gazetteer.php?p=details&id=19161
bivalve feeder
https://eol.org/schema/terms/bivalve_feeder
a carnivore that feeds primarily on bivalves
bivalves
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q25368
class of mollusks
black
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000317
A color that lacks any hues as parts.
black corals
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q1479472
order of cnidarians
black smoker
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000218
A hydrothermal vent found on the ocean floor. The vents are formed in fields hundreds of meters wide when superheated water from below the Earth's crust comes through the ocean floor. The superheated water is rich in dissolved minerals from the crust, most notably sulfides, which crystallize to create a chimney-like structure around each vent. When the superheated water in the vent comes in contact with the cold ocean water, many minerals are precipitated, creating the distinctive black color. The metal sulfides that are deposited can become massive sulfide ore deposits in time.
black smoker biome
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000051
A marine black smoker biome comprises regions of the marine hydrothermal vent biome characterised by a black vent plume. This black plume is a consequence of dissolved metals and minerals forming complexes with sulphide and indicates polymetallic sulphide mineral deposits beneath the surface.
blanket bog
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000511
A peatland whose development is mostly independent of basins or topographical features where water collects; it simply covers the landscape like a blanket. Peat develops due to a continuous supply of water from rainfall, maintaining waterlogged conditions on the ground. Blanket bogs are ombrotrophic or rain fed, and as a result their pH lies between 3.5 and 4.2.
blood
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_02000020
Blood is a bodily fluid composed of blood plasma and blood cells suspended within the plasma that circulates around the organism's body. Blood performs may important functions including the supplying of oxygen and nutrients, removal of waste, circulation of white blood cells, detection of antibodes, coagulation, transportation of antibodies and the regulation of pH and body temperature.
blood plasma
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_02000027
Blood plasma is a bodily fluid that comprises the liquid component of blood, in which the blood cells are suspended. It makes up about 55% of total blood volume.
bloom period
http://eol.org/schema/terms/BloomPeriod
The seasonal period in the U.S. during which the plant blooms the most. The bloom period is defined as the time when pollen is shed and stigmas are receptive.
USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
blowhole
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000168
A hole in coastal rock through which sea water is forced by a rising tide or waves and spurted through an outlet into the air.
blowout
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000313
A sandy depression in a sand dune ecosystem (psammosere) caused by the removal of sediments by wind.
blue
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000318
A color hue with low wavelength of that portion of the visible spectrum lying between green and indigo, evoked in the human observer by radiant energy with wavelengths of approximately 420 to 490 nanometers.
[database_cross_reference: Dictionary:http://dictionary.reference.com/]
blue-grass field soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005789
bodily fluid
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_02000019
A natural bodily fluid or secretion such as blood, semen, saliva, blood plasma, intracellular and interstitial fluids.
body length
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CMO_0000013
A measurement of the longest dimension of a body, typically between two distinct ends of the body.
[database_cross_reference: Dorland:Dorlands_Illustrated_Medical_Dictionary--31st_Ed] [database_cross_reference: ISBN:978-1416049982]
body length (VT)
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/VT_0001256
The distance from point to point along the longest axis of the body of an organism.
Body length, nose to tail
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CMO_0000078
The distance between the tip of the nose to the very end of the appendage extending from the end of the trunk of an organism
body mass
http://purl.obolibrary.org.s2.gvirabi.com/obo/VT_0001259
The amount of matter in the body of an organism
body mass
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/OBA_VT0001259
The amount of matter in the body of an organism.
body mass
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/VT_0001259
The amount of matter in the body of an organism.
Body Shape
http://eol.org/schema/terms/BodyShape
body shape (length to depth)
http://eol.org/schema/terms/LengthToDepth
The ratio of total body length to maximum body depth
Olden, J.D., N. LeRoy Poff, and Kevin R. Bestgen 2006. LIFE-HISTORY STRATEGIES PREDICT FISH INVASIONS AND EXTIRPATIONS IN THE COLORADO RIVER BASIN. Ecological Monographs 76:25–40. http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/05-0330
body shape (swim factor)
http://eol.org/schema/terms/SwimFactor
The ratio of minimum depth of the caudal peduncle to the maximum depth of the caudal fin. Small factors are indicative of strong swimmers
Webb, P. W. 1984. Form and function in fish swimming. Scientific American 251:58–68.
Body size
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/OBA_VT0100005
The size of a multicellular organism
body temperature
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/CSP/2871-4249
The degree of heat in the body of a living organism, temperature is measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in a sample of matter, expressed in terms of units or degrees designated on a standard scale.
Body Temperature
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/D001831
internal temperature of living individual
Lovegrove
Body Volume
http://eol.org/schema/terms/BodyVolume
Volume occupied by the whole body of one individual of this taxon
body width
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/VT_0015039
The distance from side to side of the body of an organism, perpendicular to the axis along which height is measured.
bone meal
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_02000054
A mixture of crushed and coarsely ground bones that is used as an organic fertilizer for plants and formerly in animal feed.
borax leachate
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002142
bore hole water
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00003097
borehole
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002226
botanical garden
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00010624
A place where a wide variety of plants primarily categorized and documented for scientific purposes.
boulder field
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000537
A high altitude or high latitude bare, flat area covered with large angular rocks.
boulder sediment
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000114
Sediment characterised by an average particle diameter greater than 256 mm.
boulders
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000243
A piece of rock with a grain size above 300 millimetres in diameter. Smaller boulders are, at times, referred to as rocks or stones.
boundary current front
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000093
brackish estuary
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002137
brackish lake
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000540
brackish pond
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000541
brackish water
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002019
brackish water environment
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000322
brackish water habitat
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000570
A habitat that is in or on a body of water (as in estuaries) containing medium concentrations of dissolved salts and other total dissolved solids (typically 0.5 to 35 grams dissolved salts per litre).
brewery
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00003885
bridge
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000075
A built structure erected over a depression or obstacle to carry traffic or some facility such as a pipeline.
brine
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00003044
Water saturated or nearly saturated with salt (NaCl). It is used (now less popular than historically) to preserve vegetables, fish, and meat.
brine pool
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000369
A large area of brine on the ocean basin near cold seep vents which release methane into the water. These pools are concentrations of water having an extremely high salinity as compared to the surrounding ocean, caused by the motion of large salt deposits through salt tectonics.
brittle stars
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q59256
class of echinoderms
brittle-star feeder
https://eol.org/schema/terms/brittlestar_feeder
a carnivore that feeds primarily on brittle-stars
broad
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002359
A quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's width being notably higher than its length.
[database_cross_reference: PATOC:GVG]
broad leaved
http://eol.org/schema/terms/broadLeaved
(of a tree or plant) having relatively wide, flat leaves rather than needles; nonconiferous
broadcast spawner
http://eol.org/schema/terms/broadcastSpawner
Broadcast spawners scatter their eggs into the water; they spawn numerous small eggs that develop rapidly.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spawn_(biology)#Crustaceans
broadleaf forest biome
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000197
A broadleaf forest biome is a forest biome which contains densely packed populations or communities of broadleaf trees, strongly limiting light penetration to the forest floor.
brooding
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CEPH_0000036
Incubation of eggs by the parent.
brown
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000952
A color consisting of dark orange, red, of very low intensity.
[database_cross_reference: Wikipedia:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brown]
browser
http://eol.org/schema/terms/browsing
herbivore that eats parts of plants including high-growing shrubs and trees.
bryophyte
http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q29993
terrestrial plants that lack vascular tissue
bud source
http://eol.org/schema/terms/BudSource
Location of bud bank for resprouting.
BROT trait database. Traits: units and categories (BudSource), http://www.uv.es/jgpausas/brot.htm
buffer zone
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000135
A geographical region that serves the purpose of keeping two or more other areas (often, but not necessarily, countries) distant from one another, for whatever reason.
building
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000073
A permanent walled and roofed construction.
building material
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/EUPATH_0000001
A material entity used to build a dwelling or part of a dwelling
bulk soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005802
Soil that is not penetrated by the root systems of plants.
Burdigalian Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Burdigalian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
burl
http://eol.org/schema/terms/burl
A burl (American English) or bur or burr (used in all non-US English speaking countries) is a tree growth in which the grain has grown in a deformed manner. It is commonly found in the form of a rounded outgrowth on a tree trunk or branch that is filled with small knots from dormant buds.
https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Burl&oldid=603717187
burned soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005760
butte
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000287
An isolated hill with steep sides and a small flat top, smaller than mesas and plateaus. Buttes are formed by erosion when a cap of hard rock, usually of volcanic origin, covers a layer of softer rock that is easily worn away. This hard rock avoids erosion while the rock around it wears down.