Glossary of ALL Terms for Data on EOL

a

A. Garai collection
http://eol.org/schema/terms/collection_AGarai
aalenian age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Aalenian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
abnormal choice of habitat
https://eol.org/schema/terms/abnormal_habitat_choice
An organism migrates into habitat or microhabitat different from those normally inhabited.
abnormal locomotory behavior
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/XPO_0131409
An anomaly in locomotory behavior (eg: increase, decrease.)
abundance
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/NCIT_C70589
Relative degree of plentifulness.
abyssal plain
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000244
abyssal zone
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000027
The marine abyssal zone biome comprises regions of the marine benthic biome between approximately 2500 m and 6000 m depth. This zone generally coincides with the continental rise and the abyssal plain.
abyssal zone (4000-6000m)
http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/DZ_ABY
abyssalpelagic zone
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000212
The zone of the ocean below the bathypelagic zone, with its lowest boundary at about 6000m.
acicular (needle-like)
http://eol.org/schema/terms/acicular
Slender and pointed, needle-like
acid hot spring
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002120
A hot spring whose water has an acidic pH.
acid mine drainage
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00001997
A mine drainage with an acidic pH.
acidic freshwater mining lake
http://eol.org/schema/terms/acidicFreshwaterMiningLake
acidic soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/EO_0007059
active forager
http://eol.org/schema/terms/activeForaging
An organism which obtains food primarily by active searching.
active growth period
http://eol.org/schema/terms/ActiveGrowthPeriod
The growing season of a plant. The time of year when a plant has its most active growth.
actively mobile
http://eol.org/schema/terms/activelyMobile
uses self-propelled locomotion to change location on a regular basis
actual evapotranspiration rate in geographic range
http://eol.org/schema/terms/AETinRange
Monthly AET (Actual Evapotranspiration Rate) within the geographic range of a taxon. Evapotranspiration (ET) is the sum of evaporation and plant transpiration from the Earth's land surface to atmosphere.
https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Evapotranspiration&oldid=575637212
adaptive strategy
http://eol.org/schema/terms/adaptiveStrategy
mechanisms and responses used by organisms to reproduce, defend, survive, and compete on the landscape.
https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2745.2005.01043.x
adhesive
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002331
adobe soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002870
adolescaria
http://eol.org/schema/terms/adolescaria
late larval trematode or a developing trematode not yet attained sexual maturity
adolescent
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001189
of an age between the onset of puberty and maturity
adult
http://www.ebi.ac.uk/efo/EFO_0001272
A maturity quality inhering in an individual by virtue of the individual having attained sexual maturity and full growth
adult and juvenile
http://eol.org/schema/terms/adultAndJuvenile
adult and juvenile individuals are present
adult and larva
http://eol.org/schema/terms/adultAndLarva
adult and larval individuals are present
adult and nymph
http://eol.org/schema/terms/adultAndNymph
adult and nymph stage individuals are present
adult and pupa
http://eol.org/schema/terms/adultAndPupa
adult and pupal stage individuals are present
adult and subadult
http://eol.org/schema/terms/adultAndSubadult
adult and subadult individuals are present
adult yearly survival
http://eol.org/schema/terms/AdultYearlySurvival
adventive in
https://eol.org/schema/terms/adventive
Simpson, A., Eyler, M.C., Sikes, D., Bowser, M., Sellers, E., Guala, G.F., Cannister, M., Libby, R., and Kozlowski, N., 2019, A comprehensive list of non-native species established in three major regions of the United States: Version 2.0, (ver. 2.0, 2019): U.S. Geological Survey data release, https://doi.org/10.5066/P9E5K160. A possibly ambiguous term used to describe the presence of the taxon in a region. Common definitions include newly arrived; vagrant; in flux. May or may not have been introduced by human activity.
aerial
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/NBO_0000366
Behavior related to the movement of an organism from one location to another through the air.
aerial habitat
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000568
A habitat that is solely in the air.
aeronian age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Aeronian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart, http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
aerosol
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00010505
Airborne solid particles (also called dust or particulate matter (PM)) or liquid droplets.
after harvest regrowth rate
http://eol.org/schema/terms/AfterHarvestRegrowthRate
Indicates the relative rate of regrowth of a herbaceous plant after a harvest of above ground herbage.
USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
agatoxins
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/OMIT_0027854
neurotoxin group originally described from spiders
Billen B, Vassilevski A, Nikolsky A, Debaveye S, Tytgat J, Grishin E. Unique bell-shaped voltage-dependent modulation of Na+ channel gating by novel insect-selective toxins from the spider Agelena orientalis, J Biol Chem., 2010, vol. 285 (pg. 18545-18554)
age at dispersal
http://eol.org/schema/terms/age At Dispersal
age at eye opening
http://eol.org/schema/terms/AgeAtEyeOpening
Age at which both eyes are fully open after birth.
Kate E. Jones, Jon Bielby, Marcel Cardillo, Susanne A. Fritz, Justin O''Dell, C. David L. Orme, Kamran Safi, Wes Sechrest, Elizabeth H. Boakes, Chris Carbone, Christina Connolly, Michael J. Cutts, Janine K. Foster, Richard Grenyer, Michael Habib, Christopher A. Plaster, Samantha A. Price, Elizabeth A. Rigby, Janna Rist, Amber Teacher, Olaf R. P. Bininda-Emonds, John L. Gittleman, Georgina M. Mace, and Andy Purvis. 2009. PanTHERIA, a species-level database of life history, ecology, and geography of extant and recently extinct mammals. Ecology 90:2648. http://esapubs.org/archive/ecol/E090/184/
age at first reproduction
http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/MAT
age at maturity
http://eol.org/schema/terms/AgeAtMaturity
Age at the first successful reproduction.
agricultural
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000077
agricultural material
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_0010003
agricultural soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002259
agricultural terrace
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000519
agricultural waste
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002265
Wastewater produced in the course of agricultural activities
agricultural waste
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000371
waste produced as a result of various agricultural operations. It includes manure and other wastes from farms, poultry houses and slaughterhouses; harvest waste; fertilizer run- off from fields; pesticides that enter into water, air or soils; and salt and silt drained from fields
alatoid nymph
http://eol.org/schema/terms/alatoidNymph
having some features of a winged (alate) adult aphid. For example immature winged forms with wing buds
albian age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Albian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
algae
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q37868
aquatic, photosynthetic, and non vascular eukaryotic organisms (a polyphyletic group)
algal filament
http://eol.org/schema/terms/algal_filament
filaments consist of series of cells being joined end to end giving a thread-like appearance.
https://www.algae.info/
algivore
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q7486201
consumer that eats algae
alkaline environment
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000316
An alkaline environment is an environment in which entities are exposed to high pH, typically greater than a pH of 9
Gymnodiniales Traits
alkaline flat
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000196
A dry lakebead consisting of fine-grained sediments infused with alkali salts. Generally the shore or bed of an endorheic lake.
alkaline habitat
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002022
A biome in which the pH is >pH9. Inhabited by alkaliphilic organisms.
alkaline hot spring
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002119
A hot spring whose water has an alkaline pH.
allolectotype
http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/TaxonName#Allolectotype
A paralectotype specimen that is the opposite sex of the lectotype. The term is not regulated by the ICZN. [Zoo.]
alloneotype
http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/TaxonName#Alloneotype
A paraneotype specimen that is the opposite sex of the neotype. The term is not regulated by the ICZN. [Zoo.]
allotype
http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/TaxonName#Allotype
A paratype specimen designated from the type series by the original author that is the opposite sex of the holotype. The term is not regulated by the ICZN. [Zoo.]
alluvial fan
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000314
A fan-shaped deposit formed where a fast flowing stream flattens, slows, and spreads typically at the exit of a canyon onto a flatter plain.
alluvial plain
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000258
A relatively flat and gently sloping landform found at the base of a range of hills or mountains, formed by the deposition of alluvial soil over a long period of time by one or more streams coming from the mountains.
alluvial soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002871
alpine glacier
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000085
A glacier found in mountain terrain.
alpine soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005741
alternation of generations
http://eol.org/schema/terms/alternatingReproduction
Organisms with a life cycle that features alternation of generations with sexual and asexual reproduction.
ambush predator
http://eol.org/schema/terms/ambush
organisms that capture or trap prey by stealth or by strategy (typically not conscious strategy), rather than by speed or by strength.
ametabolous
http://eol.org/schema/terms/ametabolous
Development of insects without the process of metamorphosis, resulting in little change in body form during growth and molting.
ampharetid feeder
https://eol.org/schema/terms/ampharetid_feeder
a carnivore that feeds primarily on ampharetid worms (Ampharetidae)
amphibious
http://eol.org/schema/terms/amphibious
organism that is adapted to both life on land and in the water.
amphidromous
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/FOODON_03413450
Amphidromous fish move between fresh and salt water during some part of life cycle, but not for breeding
anabranch
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000152
A section of a river or stream that diverts from the main course and rejoins later.
anadromous
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/FOODON_03413448
Anadromous fish live in the sea mostly, breed in fresh water; the best-known are salmon, which hatch in small freshwater streams, go down to the sea and live there for several years, then return to the same streams where they were hatched, spawn, and die shortly thereafter.
anadromous (leaves)
http://eol.org/schema/terms/anadromous
a venation pattern in which the first vein in a given segment arises on the side of the leaf segment toward the apex
http://sweetgum.nybg.org/science/glossary/glossary-details/?irn=252
anaerobic mud
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002133
anaerobic sediment
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002045
Sediment characterised by the absence of oxygen.
anaerobic soil tolerance
http://eol.org/schema/terms/AnaerobicSoilTolerance
The relative tolerance of the plant to anaerobic soil conditions.
USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
anal and dorsal fin swimming
https://eol.org/schema/terms/anal_dorsal_fins
swimming mainly using undulations of anal and dorsal fins
anal fin swimming
https://eol.org/schema/terms/anal_fin
swimming mainly using undulations of the anal fin
androdioecious
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q512190
a reproductive system characterized by the presence of male flowers on some plants, and bisexual flowers on others
andromonoecious
https://eol.org/schema/terms/andromonoecious
having both bisexual and male flowers on the same plant
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plant_reproductive_morphology
androviviparous
http://eol.org/schema/terms/androviviparous
Having paternal care wherein eggs are incubated internally by the father, and young emerge post-hatching
anemochory
http://eol.org/schema/terms/anemochory
Seed dispersal by wind (with wind dispersal adaptations, such as pappus or wings).
http://www.uv.es/jgpausas/brot.htm
anguilliform swimming
https://eol.org/schema/terms/anguilliform
Body/caudal fin propulsion, with little increase in the amplitude of the flexion wave as it passes along the body
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fish_locomotion#Anguilliform
animal habitation
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005803
The dwelling of an animal or group of similar animals.
animal litter
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002191
Straw or other material strewn in an animal's enclosure (e.g. a stable) for it to sleep on and to absorb its faeces and urine.
animal population density
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/CSP/2383-1863
Number of animals in a population relative to space.
animal waste
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002276
anisian age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Anisian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
annual
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/FLOPO_0980071
Of plant duration, a plant whose life span ends within one year after germination, e.g. a winter annual germinating in the autumn and flowering in the spring (esp. in Mediterranean climates), approximately synonymous to therophyte, c.f. biennial, ephemeral, perennial, c.f. also of flowering with respect to architecture, hapaxanthic, monocarpic, pleonanthic.
Stevens, P. F. (2001 onwards). Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 12, July 2012. Glossary, http://www.mobot.org/mobot/research/apweb/top/glossarya_h.html#annual
annual precipitation
http://eol.org/schema/terms/AnnualPrecipitation
Total depth of precipitation fallen in a given location in one year, if converted to liquid form. Precipitation is any product of the condensation of atmospheric water vapour that falls under gravity.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Precipitation
anoxic water
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000173
Water depleted of dissolved oxygen.
ante-isooctadecanoic acid
http://eol.org/schema/terms/ante-isooctadecanoic_acid
ante-isotetradecanoic acid
http://eol.org/schema/terms/anteisotetradecanoic_acid
anterior
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BSPO_0000055
An anatomical region that is the entire part of an anatomical structure anterior to a transverse plane or midpoint of body length
Spatial Reference Ontology
anther
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PO_0009066
the pollen-bearing part of a stamen of a flower
anthropogenic
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000002
a geographic feature resulting from the influence of human beings on nature.
anthropogenic environmental material
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_0010001
Anthropogenic material in or on which organisms may live.
anthropogenic terrestrial
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000219
An anthropogenic terrestrial biome is a terrestrial biome which has community structures determined by human activity.
apatite
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_52254
A phosphate mineral with the general formula Ca5(PO4)3X where X = OH, F or Cl
apical
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/NCIT_C25423
relating to or located at the tip or apex
apomictic
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q528033
replacement of the normal sexual reproduction by asexual reproduction, without fertilization
apparently_secure
https://eol.org/schema/terms/apparently_secure
At a fairly low risk of extirpation in the jurisdiction due to an extensive range and/or many populations or occurrences, but with possible cause for some concern as a result of local recent declines, threats, or other factors.
http://www.natureserve.org/conservation-tools/conservation-status-assessment
apposition eyes
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/IDOMAL_0002229
A compound eye with no separation between the crystalline-cone layer and the retinula, each rhabdom receiving light only from its own corneal lens.
appressed
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/TO_0000912
lying close to and flat against a surface of a plant structure, for instance a stem
apterous
http://eol.org/schema/terms/apterous
Wings are absent.
apterous nymph
http://eol.org/schema/terms/apterousNymph
nymph lacking wings. Apterous aphids may be immature or adult, but (confusingly) the term apterae can also refer to wingless adults
aptian age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Aptian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
aquaduct
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000072
Structure designed to transport water from a remote source, usually by gravity.
aquatic
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002030
A habitat that is in or on water
aquatic (locomotion)
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/NBO_0000371
movement of an organism from one location to another through a liquid medium
aquatic adapted
http://eol.org/schema/terms/aquatic
organism that is adapted to life in the water
aquatic habitat
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000144
A habitat that is in or on water.
aquatic plant
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/FLOPO_0900044
whole plant aquatic
aquifer
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00012408
An underground layer of water-bearing permeable rock or unconsolidated materials (gravel, sand, silt, or clay) from which groundwater can be usefully extracted using a water well.
aquitanian age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Aquitanian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
arable soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005742
aragonite
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_52239
Calcium carbonate (CO3Ca), aragonite structure
aragonite saturation state
http://eol.org/schema/terms/aragonite_saturation_state
the degree to which seawater is saturated with respect to the aragonite form of calcium carbonate.
https://coralreefwatch.noaa.gov/satellite/oa/description/oaps_intro_aragonite_ss.php
arboreal (locomotion)
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/NBO_0000364
Behavior related to the locomotion of animals in trees.
arboreal habitat
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000571
A habitat in or on trees.
arborescent
http://eol.org/schema/terms/arborescent
Of habit, resembling a tree, a term applied to non-woody plants attaining tree height and to shrubs tending to become tree-like in size
Stevens, P. F. (2001 onwards). Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 12, July 2012. http://www.mobot.org/mobot/research/apweb/top/glossarya_h.html#C
archean eon
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Archean
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
are commensal with
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/RO_0002441
two organisms living together in more or less intimate association in a relationship in which one benefits and the other is unaffected
are dispersal vectors for
http://eol.org/schema/terms/DispersalVectorFor
are dispersed by
http://eol.org/schema/terms/HasDispersalVector
which agent of biological dispersal moves a dispersal unit, or organism, away from its birth population to another location or population in which the individual will reproduce.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dispersal_vector
are eaten by
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/RO_0002471
are ecologically related to
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/RO_0002321
A relationship that is mediated in some way by the environment or environmental feature
are ectoparasites of
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/RO_0002632
are endoparasites of
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/RO_0002634
are endosymbionts of
https://eol.org/schema/terms/endosymbiontOf
The smaller partner living in close association, living inside the host
are epibionts of
https://eol.org/schema/terms/epibiontOf
The smaller partner living in close association, attached to the surface of
are epiphytes of
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/RO_0008501
are host of
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/RO_0002453
From OBO Relation Ontology
are killed by
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/RO_0002627
are kleptoparasitized by
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/RO_0008504
are mutualistic with
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/RO_0002442
An interaction relationship between two organisms living together in more or less intimate association in a relationship in which both organisms benefit from each other
Arctic Lichen Ecology
are parasitized by
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/RO_0002445
Global Biotic Interactions
are parasitoids of
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/RO_0002208
are pathogens of
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/RO_0002556
are pollinated by
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/RO_0002456
are preyed upon by
http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/PRED
are preyed upon by
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/RO_0002458
are symbionts of
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/RO_0002440
The smaller partner living in close association with
are vectors for
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/RO_0002459
are visited by
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/RO_0002619
area
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001709
arete
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000429
A thin, almost knife-like, ridge of rock which is typically formed when two glaciers erode parallel U-shaped valleys. The arte is a thin ridge of rock that is left separating the two valleys. Artes can also form when two glacial cirques erode towards one another, although frequently this results in a saddle-shaped pass, called a col.
arid
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000230
An arid condition is an environmental condition in which annual precipitation is less than half of annual potential evapotranspiration.
arm
https://eol.org/schema/terms/arm
appendage which may be used for palpation, manipulation or locomotion
arm plus disc length
http://eol.org/schema/terms/ArmPlusDiscLength
arthropod legs
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q3133438
locomotory appendage of arthropods
articulate
http://eol.org/schema/terms/articulate
Jointed; separating freely, leaving a clean scar; e.g. the fronds of certain ferns where they join the rhizome.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glossary_of_botanical_terms
artinskian age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Artinskian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
asexual reproduction
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0019954
Capable of the biological process in which new individuals are produced by either a single cell or a group of cells, in the absence of any sexual process.
ash content
http://eol.org/schema/terms/Ash_content
asselian age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Asselian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
assessor(s)
http://eol.org/schema/terms/Assessor
associated media
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/associatedMedia
A list (concatenated and separated) of identifiers (publication, global unique identifier, URI) of media associated with the Occurrence.
associated sequences
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/associatedSequences
A list (concatenated and separated) of identifiers (publication, global unique identifier, URI) of genetic sequence information associated with the Occurrence.
at least short-persistent
http://eol.org/schema/terms/atLeastShortPersistentSeedBank
Of seed bank longevity. Seed bank longevity is > 1 and at least <= 5 yr (could be longer but it is unknown).
http://www.uv.es/jgpausas/brot.htm
atoll
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000166
An oceanic island, often having a characteristic ring-like shape surrounding a lagoon. Atolls are formed when coral reef grows around a volcanic island that later subsides into the ocean.
attenuation coefficient
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q902086
characterizes how easily a material can be penetrated, usually by a beam of light, or sometimes other energy or matter
auditory system
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0016490
the sensory system for the sense of hearing
autochory
http://eol.org/schema/terms/autochory
Seed dispersal by gravity, without the assistance of any dispersal vector (= unassisted dispersal).
http://www.uv.es/jgpausas/brot.htm
autotrophy
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ECOCORE_00000009
any trophic interaction which has as input some inorganic material (non-living) that is the only source of carbon or reducing equivalents source is a autotrophic process
average
http://eol.org/schema/terms/average
A vague term indicating a measure of central tendency, like a mean, median, or a more complex measure like a mean of subgrouped means
avivore
https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q4829056
animal that preys on and eats birds