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Brief Summary

    Dangerous candy | The Smaller Majority by Piotr Naskrecki
    provided by EOL authors

    The grasshopper family Pyrgomorphidae includes some of the most toxic insects known to man.

    Pyrgomorphidae: Brief Summary
    provided by wikipedia

    Pyrgomorphidae is a family of grasshoppers in the order Orthoptera; it is the only family in the superfamily Pyrgomorphoidea, with a pan-tropical distribution. Their name is probably derived from pyrgos (Greek: Πύργος) meaning "tower": a reference to the form (morph) of the head in the type genus Pyrgomorpha and other genera.

    They may sometimes be known as "gaudy grasshoppers", due to the striking, often aposematic colouration of a number of genera; however many others are camouflaged or cryptic, including the genus Pyrgomorpha.

Comprehensive Description

    Pyrgomorphidae
    provided by wikipedia

    Pyrgomorphidae is a family of grasshoppers in the order Orthoptera; it is the only family in the superfamily Pyrgomorphoidea, with a pan-tropical distribution.[1] Their name is probably derived from pyrgos (Greek: Πύργος) meaning "tower": a reference to the form (morph) of the head in the type genus Pyrgomorpha and other genera.

    They may sometimes be known as "gaudy grasshoppers",[1] due to the striking, often aposematic colouration of a number of genera; however many others are camouflaged or cryptic, including the genus Pyrgomorpha.

    Subfamilies and Tribes

    Incomplete list of genera and species:[1]

    Sub-family Orthacridinae

    All tribes and selected genera only are shown here:

    • Tribe Brunniellini Kevan, 1963 - Philippines
    • Tribe Chapmanacridini Kevan & Akbar, 1964 - W. Africa
    • Tribe Fijipyrgini Kevan, 1966 - Fiji
    • Tribe Geloiini Bolívar, 1905 - Madagascar
    • Tribe Gymnohippini Kevan & Akbar, 1964 - Madagascar
    • Tribe Ichthiacridini Kevan, Singh & Akbar, 1964 - Mexico
    • Tribe Ichthyotettigini Kevan, Singh & Akbar, 1964 - Mexico
    • Tribe Malagasphenini Kevan & Akbar, 1964 - Madagascar
    • Tribe Mitricephalini Kevan & Akbar, 1964 - Malesia
    • Tribe Nereniini Kevan, 1964 - Vietnam, PNG
    • Tribe Orthacridini Bolívar, 1905 - E. Africa, Madagascar, India, Indo-China
    • Tribe Popoviini Kevan & Akbar, 1964 - E. Africa to India
    • Tribe Psednurini Burr, 1904 - Australia
    • Tribe Sagittacridini Descamps & Wintrebert, 1966 - Madagascar
    • Tribe Verduliini Kevan & Akbar, 1964 - Philippines to PNG

    Sub-family Pyrgomorphinae

    Some notable genera and species are shown here:

    • Tribe Atractomorphini - Africa, Asia, Australia
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    Atractomorpha similis
    • Tribe Chlorizeinini Kevan & Akbar, 1964 - Africa, Asia
    • Tribe Chrotogonini Bolívar, 1904 - Africa, Asia
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    Immature Dictyophorus spumans Cedarberg South Africa
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    Phymateus morbillosus. Male. Common milkweed locust photographed in thorn tree (African acacia sp.) at Sterkfontein
    • Tribe Poekilocerini Burmeister, 1840 - Africa, India, Indo-China, Malesia, PNG
    • Tribe Psednurini - Australia
    • Tribe Pseudomorphacridini Kevan & Akbar, 1964 - Indo-China
    • Tribe Pyrgomorphini - Africa, W. Asia through to India
    • Tribe Schulthessiini Kevan & Akbar, 1964 - Madagascar
    • Tribe Sphenariini Bolívar, 1884 - Central America, Africa, China
    • Tribe Tagastini Bolívar, 1905 - SE Asia
    • Tribe Taphronotini Bolívar, 1904 - Africa, India, Indo-China

    References

    1. ^ a b c http://orthoptera.speciesfile.org/common/basic/Taxa.aspx?TaxonNameID=9428
    2. ^ a b "Orthoptera (Grasshoppers & Locusts)". anic.ento.csiro.au. Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation. Retrieved 25 July 2011..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output q{quotes:"""""'"'"}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}
    3. ^ http://www.ces.csiro.au/aicn/name_s/b_3200.htm