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Dangerous candy | The Smaller Majority by Piotr Naskrecki

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The grasshopper family Pyrgomorphidae includes some of the most toxic insects known to man.

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Pyrgomorphidae

provided by wikipedia EN

Pyrgomorphidae is a family of grasshoppers in the order Orthoptera; it is the only family in the superfamily Pyrgomorphoidea, with a pan-tropical distribution.[1] Their name is probably derived from pyrgos (Greek: Πύργος) meaning "tower": a reference to the form (morph) of the head in the type genus Pyrgomorpha and other genera.

They may sometimes be known as "gaudy grasshoppers",[1] due to the striking, often aposematic colouration of a number of genera; however many others are camouflaged or cryptic, including the genus Pyrgomorpha.

Subfamilies and Tribes

Incomplete list of genera and species:[1]

Sub-family Orthacridinae

All tribes and selected genera only are shown here:

  • Tribe Brunniellini Kevan, 1963 - Philippines
  • Tribe Chapmanacridini Kevan & Akbar, 1964 - W. Africa
  • Tribe Fijipyrgini Kevan, 1966 - Fiji
  • Tribe Geloiini Bolívar, 1905 - Madagascar
  • Tribe Gymnohippini Kevan & Akbar, 1964 - Madagascar
  • Tribe Ichthiacridini Kevan, Singh & Akbar, 1964 - Mexico
  • Tribe Ichthyotettigini Kevan, Singh & Akbar, 1964 - Mexico
  • Tribe Malagasphenini Kevan & Akbar, 1964 - Madagascar
  • Tribe Mitricephalini Kevan & Akbar, 1964 - Malesia
  • Tribe Nereniini Kevan, 1964 - Vietnam, PNG
  • Tribe Orthacridini Bolívar, 1905 - E. Africa, Madagascar, India, Indo-China
  • Tribe Popoviini Kevan & Akbar, 1964 - E. Africa to India
  • Tribe Psednurini Burr, 1904 - Australia
  • Tribe Sagittacridini Descamps & Wintrebert, 1966 - Madagascar
  • Tribe Verduliini Kevan & Akbar, 1964 - Philippines to PNG

Sub-family Pyrgomorphinae

Some notable genera and species are shown here:

  • Tribe Atractomorphini - Africa, Asia, Australia
"
Atractomorpha similis
  • Tribe Chlorizeinini Kevan & Akbar, 1964 - Africa, Asia
  • Tribe Chrotogonini Bolívar, 1904 - Africa, Asia
"
Immature Dictyophorus spumans Cedarberg South Africa
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Phymateus morbillosus. Male. Common milkweed locust photographed in thorn tree (African acacia sp.) at Sterkfontein
  • Tribe Poekilocerini Burmeister, 1840 - Africa, India, Indo-China, Malesia, PNG
  • Tribe Psednurini - Australia
  • Tribe Pseudomorphacridini Kevan & Akbar, 1964 - Indo-China
  • Tribe Pyrgomorphini - Africa, W. Asia through to India
  • Tribe Schulthessiini Kevan & Akbar, 1964 - Madagascar
  • Tribe Sphenariini Bolívar, 1884 - Central America, Africa, China
  • Tribe Tagastini Bolívar, 1905 - SE Asia
  • Tribe Taphronotini Bolívar, 1904 - Africa, India, Indo-China

References

  1. ^ a b c http://orthoptera.speciesfile.org/common/basic/Taxa.aspx?TaxonNameID=9428
  2. ^ a b "Orthoptera (Grasshoppers & Locusts)". anic.ento.csiro.au. Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation. Retrieved 25 July 2011.
  3. ^ http://www.ces.csiro.au/aicn/name_s/b_3200.htm

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Pyrgomorphidae: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Pyrgomorphidae is a family of grasshoppers in the order Orthoptera; it is the only family in the superfamily Pyrgomorphoidea, with a pan-tropical distribution. Their name is probably derived from pyrgos (Greek: Πύργος) meaning "tower": a reference to the form (morph) of the head in the type genus Pyrgomorpha and other genera.

They may sometimes be known as "gaudy grasshoppers", due to the striking, often aposematic colouration of a number of genera; however many others are camouflaged or cryptic, including the genus Pyrgomorpha.

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