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Willdenowia (plant)

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Willdenowia is a small genus of flowering plants in the family Restionaceae described as a genus in 1790.[2][5] The entire genus is endemic to the fynbos of the Western Cape Province of South Africa.[3][6]

They are rhizomatous, tufted, dioecious perennials, generally with terete, branching stems (Restionaceae more often have simple stems). The leaf sheaths are convolute and persistent. The male flowers grow in numerous spikelets borne in panicled racemes subtended by caducous spathes. Each floret is subtended by a linear or setaceous caducous bract. There are six papery perianth segments, with the inner shorter than the outer. The anthers are oblong and apiculate and the ovaries are rudimentary.[7]

The female spikelets may be single or several. They are borne in spicate cymes subtended by a persistent spathe. The perianth usually has six unequal segments clasping the sessile or stipitate ovary, which usually has a hard cap and a single locule. There are two styles, sometimes partly joined. The staminodes are ligulate. The fruit has pits or tubercles and is indehiscent.[7]

Species[3]
Formerly included

moved to other genera: Anthochortus Cannomois Ceratocaryum Chrysitrix Hypodiscus Restio

References

  1. ^ lectotype designated by Linder, H. P. 1984. A phylogenetic classification of the genera of the African Restionaceae. Bothalia 15(1-2): 67.
  2. ^ a b Tropicos, Willdenowia Thunb.
  3. ^ a b c Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  4. ^ Tropicos, search for Spirostylis=
  5. ^ Thunberg, Carl Peter. 1790. Kongliske Vetenskaps Academiens Nya Handlingar 11: 26
  6. ^ Manning, John (2008). Field Guide to Fynbos. Cape Town: Struik Publishers. ISBN 9781770072657.
  7. ^ a b Dyer, R. Allen, The Genera of Southern African Flowering Plants”. ISBN 0 621 02854 1, 1975
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Willdenowia (plant): Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Willdenowia is a small genus of flowering plants in the family Restionaceae described as a genus in 1790. The entire genus is endemic to the fynbos of the Western Cape Province of South Africa.

They are rhizomatous, tufted, dioecious perennials, generally with terete, branching stems (Restionaceae more often have simple stems). The leaf sheaths are convolute and persistent. The male flowers grow in numerous spikelets borne in panicled racemes subtended by caducous spathes. Each floret is subtended by a linear or setaceous caducous bract. There are six papery perianth segments, with the inner shorter than the outer. The anthers are oblong and apiculate and the ovaries are rudimentary.

The female spikelets may be single or several. They are borne in spicate cymes subtended by a persistent spathe. The perianth usually has six unequal segments clasping the sessile or stipitate ovary, which usually has a hard cap and a single locule. There are two styles, sometimes partly joined. The staminodes are ligulate. The fruit has pits or tubercles and is indehiscent.

Species †Willdenowia affinis Willdenowia arescens Willdenowia bolusii Willdenowia glomerata Willdenowia humilis Willdenowia incurvata Willdenowia pilleata Willdenowia purpurea Willdenowia rugosa Willdenowia stokoei Willdenowia sulcata Willdenowia teres Formerly included

moved to other genera: Anthochortus Cannomois Ceratocaryum Chrysitrix Hypodiscus Restio

W. compressa Steud. 1829 - Chrysitrix capensis W. compressa Thunb. 1790 - Cannomois parviflora W. decipiens - Ceratocaryum decipiens W. ecklonii (Nees) T.Durand & Schinz 1894 not (Nees) Kunth 1841 - Anthochortus ecklonii W. esterhuyseniae - Ceratocaryum fimbriatum W. fimbriata - Ceratocaryum fimbriatum W. fistulosa - Ceratocaryum fistulosum W. simplex - Hypodiscus argenteus W. striata Spreng. 1824 not Thunb. 1790 - Hypodiscus willdenowia W. tristachya - Restio bifidus W. xerophila - Ceratocaryum xerophilum
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