Methanocorpusculum

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In taxonomy, Methanocorpusculum is a genus of microbes within the family Methanocorpusculaceae.[1] The species within Methanocorpusculum were first isolated from biodisgester wastewater and activated sludge from anaerobic digestors. In nature, they live in freshwater environments. Unlike most other methanogenic archaea, they do not require high temperatures or extreme salt concentrations to live and grow.[2]

Nomenclature

The name Methanocorpusculum has Latin roots. It means bodies that produce methane.[3]

Description and metabolism

The cells of these archaea are small, irregular, and coccoid in shape. They are Gram-negatives y and not very motile. They reduce carbon dioxide to methane using hydrogen, but they can also use formate or secondary alcohols. They cannot use acetate or methylamines. They grow fastest at temperatures of 30–40 °C.[3]

References

  1. ^ See the NCBI webpage on Methanocorpusculum. Data extracted from the "NCBI taxonomy resources". National Center for Biotechnology Information. Retrieved 2007-03-19.
  2. ^ Oren, Aharon (2014-10-19). "The Family Methanocorpusculaceae". The Prokaryotes. Springer: 225–230. doi:10.1007/978-3-642-38954-2_314.
  3. ^ a b David R. Boone; Richard W. Castenholz, eds. (2001). Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology. 1 (1 ed.). p. 262. doi:10.1007/978-0-387-21609-6. ISBN 978-1-4419-3159-7. Retrieved 2016-07-31.
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Methanocorpusculum: Brief Summary

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In taxonomy, Methanocorpusculum is a genus of microbes within the family Methanocorpusculaceae. The species within Methanocorpusculum were first isolated from biodisgester wastewater and activated sludge from anaerobic digestors. In nature, they live in freshwater environments. Unlike most other methanogenic archaea, they do not require high temperatures or extreme salt concentrations to live and grow.

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