Members of the genus Dirhinus
have been reared numerous times from tephritid puparia, and though most of the records probably refer to a single species, at least three species have been recorded from fruit-infesting Tephritidae (Boucek and Narendran 1981). The species of this genus burrow through the substrate to locate puparia. Oviposition is through the puparial wall onto the host pupa (Silvestri 1914).
See Boucek and Narendran (1981) for important information on hosts and identification of species from earlier literature.
Also see the Dirhinus giffardii species page for much additional information.