Brief Summary

    Neuroptera: Brief Summary
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    "Lacewing" redirects here. For other uses, see Lacewing (disambiguation).

    The insect order Neuroptera, or net-winged insects, includes the lacewings, mantidflies, antlions, and their relatives. The order consists of some 6,000 species. Neuroptera can be grouped together with the Megaloptera and Raphidioptera in the superfamily Neuropterida (once known as Planipennia) the latter including: alderflies, fishflies, dobsonflies, and snakeflies.

    Adult Neuropterans have four membranous wings, all about the same size, with many veins. They have chewing mouthparts, and undergo complete metamorphosis.

    Neuropterans first appeared during the Permian Period, and continued to diversify through the Mesozoic Era. During this time, several unusually large forms evolved, especially in the extinct family Kalligrammatidae, often referred to as "the butterflies of the Jurassic" due to their large, patterned wings.

    Brief Summary
    provided by EOL authors

    The Neuroptera, or net-winged insects, include the lacewings, antlions, owlflies, mantidflies, and their relatives. With around 6000 species, this is one of the smaller orders of holometabolous insects (insects with complete metamorphosis). Both adults and larvae are usually terrestrial predators of small arthropods like aphids, ants, and mites. Adult Neuroptera are medium-sized to large, soft-bodied insects with four delicate membranous wings. Neuropteran larvae are active predators withlarge mandibles that are greatly modified for piercing and sucking. The larvae of some groups feed on agricultural and garden pests and are sold commercially as biological control agents.

Comprehensive Description