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Panorpidae

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The Panorpidae are a family of scorpionflies containing more than 480 species. The family is the largest family in Mecoptera, covering approximately 70% species of the order.[1] Species range between 9–25 mm long.[2]

These insects have four membranous wings and threadlike antennae. Their elongated faces terminate with mouthparts that are used to feed on dead and dying insects, nectar, and rotting fruit. While in larval form, they scavenge by consuming dead insects on the ground.[3]

Genera

Extinct genera

Fossil record

The oldest known species was previously suggested to be Jurassipanorpa from the Jiulongshan Formation of Inner Mongolia, China.[5] However, this was later considered an incorrect attribution, making the oldest known records of the family currently from the Eocene, including the extinct genus Baltipanorpa as well as the living genus Panorpa.[6]

References

  1. ^ Hu, Gui-Lin; Yan, Gang; Xu, Hao; Hua, Bao-Zhen (2015). "Molecular phylogeny of Panorpidae (Insecta: Mecoptera) based on mitochondrial and nuclear genes". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 85: 22–31. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2015.01.009. PMID 25683048.
  2. ^ "Family Panorpidae - Common Scorpionflies - BugGuide.Net". bugguide.net. Retrieved 2016-06-05.
  3. ^ "Joshua R. Jones Research Panorpidae". people.tamu.edu. Archived from the original on 2016-04-11. Retrieved 2016-06-05.
  4. ^ Krzemiński, Wiesław; Soszyńska-Maj, Agnieszka (January 2012). "A new genus and species of scorpionfly (Mecoptera) from Baltic amber, with an unusually developed postnotal organ". Systematic Entomology. 37 (1): 223–228. doi:10.1111/j.1365-3113.2011.00602.x.
  5. ^ Ding, He; Shih, ChungKun; Bashkuev, Alexey; Zhao, Yunyun; Dong, Ren (2014). "The earliest fossil record of Panorpidae (Mecoptera) from the Middle Jurassic of China". ZooKeys (431): 79–92. doi:10.3897/zookeys.431.7561. PMC 4141175. PMID 25152669.
  6. ^ Soszyńska-Maj, Agnieszka; Krzemiński, Wiesław; Kopeć, Katarzyna; Cao, Yizi; Ren, Dong (2020-09-13). "New Middle Jurassic fossils shed light on the relationship of recent Panorpoidea (Insecta, Mecoptera)". Historical Biology. 32 (8): 1081–1097. doi:10.1080/08912963.2018.1564747. ISSN 0891-2963. However, preliminary revision of the holotype of Jurassipanorpa impunctata Ding, Shih & Ren, 2014, as well as additional new materials, shows that the species is not a member of the Panorpidae (Soszyńska-Maj et al. in prep.).

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Panorpidae: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

The Panorpidae are a family of scorpionflies containing more than 480 species. The family is the largest family in Mecoptera, covering approximately 70% species of the order. Species range between 9–25 mm long.

These insects have four membranous wings and threadlike antennae. Their elongated faces terminate with mouthparts that are used to feed on dead and dying insects, nectar, and rotting fruit. While in larval form, they scavenge by consuming dead insects on the ground.

license
cc-by-sa-3.0
copyright
Wikipedia authors and editors
original
visit source
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wikipedia EN