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Rhinophoridae

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Rhinophora lepida on Cardamine pratensis (video, 1m 50s)

Rhinophoridae is a family of flies (Diptera) found in all zoogeographic regions except Australasia and Oceania, but mainly in the Palaearctic and Afrotropical regions.

They are small, slender, black, bristly flies phylogenetically close to the Tachinidae, although some authors consider them a sister group of te Calliphoridae. The larvae are mostly parasitoids of woodlice, beetles, spiders, and other arthropods, and occasionally snails.

By 2014, about 23 genera were placed in the family, with a total of about 150 species.[2] More are being described occasionally.[3]

Genera include:[4]

References

  1. ^ a b Colless, D. H. "A new family of muscoid Diptera from Australasia, with sixteen new species in four new genera (Diptera: Axiniidae)". Invertebrate Taxonomy. CSIRO Publishing. 10: 471–534..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output q{quotes:"""""'"'"}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}
  2. ^ a b Nihei, S. S. and M. R. de Andrade. (2014). Revision of Trypetidomima (Diptera: Rhinophoridae) with description of a new Brazilian species. Florida Entomologist 97(2) 724-33.
  3. ^ a b c d e Cerretti, P., et al. (2014). Remarkable Rhinophoridae in a growing generic genealogy (Diptera: Calyptratae, Oestroidea). Systematic Entomology 39(4) 660–90.
  4. ^ Rhinophoridae. Fauna Europaea.
  5. ^ Rognes, Knut (2010). "Alvamaja chlorometallica gen. n., sp. n. from Europe - the first metallic Rhinophoridae (Diptera)" (PDF). Tijdschrift voor Entomologie. Nederlandse Entomologische Vereniging. 153: 3–13. Retrieved 1 February 2015.
  6. ^ Villeneuve, Joseph (1939). "Presentation de quelques myodaires superieurs inedits". Bull. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. 79: 347–354.
  7. ^ Kugler, Jehoshua (1978). "The Rhinophoridae (Diptera) of Israel" (PDF). Israel Journal of Entomology. 12: 65-106. Retrieved 15 July 2018.
  8. ^ Schiner, Ignaz Rudolph (1857). "Dipterologische Fragmente". Verhandlungen des Zoologisch-Botanischen Vereins in Wien. 7: 3–20. Retrieved 14 July 2018.
  9. ^ Róndani, Camillo. Dipterologiae Italicae prodromus.Vol. V. Species Italicae ... Pars Quarta. Muscidae. Phasiinae -- Dexiinae -- Muscinae -- Stomoxidinae. Parmae [=Parma]: 1862. pp. 1–239.
  10. ^ a b c d Robineau-Desvoidy, André Jean Baptiste (1830). "Essai sur les myodaires". Mémoires presentés a L'Institut des Sciences, Lettres et Arts, par divers savants èt lus dans ses assemblées : Sciences, Mathématiques et Physique. 2 (2): 1–813. Retrieved 15 July 2018.
  11. ^ Brauer, Friedrich Moritz; Berganstamm, Julius von (1889). "Die Zweiflugler des Kaiserlichen Museums zu Wien. IV. Vorarbeiten zu einer Monographie der Muscaria Schizometopa (exclusive Anthomyidae). Pars I". Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. 1889 56 (1): 69–180, 11 pls. Retrieved 15 July 2018.
  12. ^ Townsend, Charles Henry Tyler (1939). "New and striking melanophorid tribe and gymnosomatid genera from Rio de Janeiro (Diptera Oestromuscaria)". Rev. Ent. (Rio J.). 10: 249–254.
  13. ^ a b Róndani, Camillo (1956). Dipterologiae Italicae Prodromus. Vol: I. Genera italica ordinis Dipterorum ordinatim disposita et distincta et in familias et stirpes aggregata. Parmae [= Parma].: A. Stocchi. pp. 226 + [2] pp.

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Rhinophoridae: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

File:Rhinophora lepida.ogvPlay media Rhinophora lepida on Cardamine pratensis (video, 1m 50s)

Rhinophoridae is a family of flies (Diptera) found in all zoogeographic regions except Australasia and Oceania, but mainly in the Palaearctic and Afrotropical regions.

They are small, slender, black, bristly flies phylogenetically close to the Tachinidae, although some authors consider them a sister group of te Calliphoridae. The larvae are mostly parasitoids of woodlice, beetles, spiders, and other arthropods, and occasionally snails.

By 2014, about 23 genera were placed in the family, with a total of about 150 species. More are being described occasionally.

Genera include:

Acompomintho Villeneuve, 1927 Alvamaja Rognes, 2010 Axinia Colless, 1994 Azaisia Villeneuve, 1930 Baniassa Kugler, 1978 Bezzimyia Townsend, 1919 Bixinia Macrotarsina Schiner, 1857 Melanophora Meigen, 1803 Oplisa Róndani, 1862 Paykullia Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830 Phyto Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830 Rhinodonia Rhinomorinia Brauer & von Bergenstamm, 1889 Rhinopeza Rhinophora Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830 Shannoniella Townsend, 1939 Stevenia Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830 Styloneuria Brauer & von Bergenstamm, 1891 Tricogena Róndani, 1856 Tromodesia Róndani, 1856 Trypetidomima
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