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Reproduction

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Key Reproductive Features: iteroparous ; gonochoric/gonochoristic/dioecious (sexes separate); sexual ; oviparous

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Cholewiak, D. 2003. "Rheidae" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed April 27, 2013 at http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Rheidae.html
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Behavior

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Perception Channels: visual ; tactile ; acoustic ; chemical

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Cholewiak, D. 2003. "Rheidae" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed April 27, 2013 at http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Rheidae.html
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Danielle Cholewiak
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Morphology

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Other Physical Features: endothermic ; bilateral symmetry

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Cholewiak, D. 2003. "Rheidae" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed April 27, 2013 at http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Rheidae.html
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Danielle Cholewiak
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Rheidae

provided by wikipedia EN

Rheidae is a family of flightless ratite birds which first appeared in the Paleocene.[2] It is today represented by the sole living genus Rhea, but also contains several extinct genera.[3]

Taxonomy

Order Rheiformes (Forbes, 1884) Furbringer, 1888 [Rheimorphae Bonaparte, 1849; Rheae Forbes 1884][4][5][6][7][8]

  • FamilyOpisthodactylidae Ameghino, 1895
  • Family Rheidae (Bonaparte 1849) Bonaparte, 1853 [Rheinae Bonaparte, 1849]
    • GenusHeterorhea Rovereto, 1914
    • GenusHinasuri Tambussi, 1995
    • Genus Rhea Brisson, 1760 [Rhea Moehring, 1758 nomen dubium; Pterocnemia Gray, 1870; Toujou Lacépède, 1801; Tujus Rafinesque, 1815]
      • R. anchorenense (Ameghino & Rusconi, 1932) [Rhea americana anchorenense Ameghino & Rusconi, 1932]
      • R. fossilis Moreno & Mercerat, 1891 [Pterocnemia fossilis (Moreno & Mercerat, 1891); Rhea pampeana Moreno & Mercerat, 1891]
      • R. mesopotamica (Agnolín & Noriega, 2012) [Pterocnemia mesopotamica Agnolín & Noriega, 2012]
      • R. subpampeana Moreno & Mercerat, 1891
      • R. americana (Linnaeus, 1758) [Struthio americanus Linnaeus, 1758; Struthio camelus americanus (Linnaeus, 1758); Rhea albescens Lynch & Holmberg, 1878; Rhea rothschildi Brabourne & Chubb, 1911; Struthio rhea Linnaeus, 1766; Rhea nandua Temminck, 1823; Rhea nandu Lesson, 1828; Rhea macrorhyncha Sclater, 1860] (Greater Rhea)
        • R. a. albescens Lynch & Holmberg, 1878 [Rhea albescens Lynch & Holmberg, 1878; Rhea americana rothschildi (Brabourne & Chubb, 1919); Rhea rothschildi Brabourne & Chubb, 1919] (Argentine rhea)
        • R. a. americana (Linnaeus, 1758) [Struthio camelus americanus (Linnaeus, 1758); Struthio rhea; Rhea nandua Temminck, 1823; Rhea nandu Lesson, 1828; Rhea americana macrorhyncha Sclater, 1860; Rhea macrorhyncha Sclater, 1860] (American rhea)
        • R. a. araneipes Brodkorb, 1938
        • R. a. intermedia Rothschild & Chubb, 1914 (intermediate rhea)
        • R. a. nobilis Brodkorb, 1939
      • R. pennata d'Orbigny, 1834 [Rhea darwinii Gould, 1837; Pterocnemia pennata (d'Orbigny, 1834); Pterocnemia darwinii (Gould, 1837); Rhea nana Lyddekker, 1894; Struthio darwinii (Gould, 1837); Pterocnemia tarapacensis Chubb, 1913] (Lesser Rhea)
        • R. p. pennata d'Orbigny, 1834 [Pterocnemia pennata pennata (d'Orbigny, 1834); Rhea americana darwinii (Gould, 1837); Pterocnemis darwinii (Gould, 1837); Pterocnemia darwinii (Gould, 1837); Struthio darwinii (Gould, 1837)] (Darwin's lesser Rhea)
        • R. p. garleppi (Chubb, 1913) [Pterocnemia tarapacensis garleppi Chubb, 1913; Pterocnemia pennata garleppi (Chubb, 1913); Rhea tarapacensis garleppi (Chubb, 1913)] (Garlepp's rhea)
        • R. p. tarapacensis (Chubb, 1913) [Pterocnemia tarapacensis Chubb, 1913; Pterocnemia pennata tarapacensis (Chubb, 1913); Rhea tarapacensis tarapacensis (Chubb, 1913); Pterocnemia tarapacensis tarapacensis Chubb, 1913] (Tarapacá/Puna Rhea)

References

  1. ^ Brands, Sheila (August 14, 2008). "Systema Naturae 2000 / Classification, Family Rheidae". Project: The Taxonomicon. Retrieved Feb 4, 2009..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output q{quotes:"""""'"'"}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}
  2. ^ Agnolin et al, Unexpected diversity of ratites (Aves, Palaeognathae) in the early Cenozoic of South America: palaeobiogeographical implications Article in Alcheringa An Australasian Journal of Palaeontology · July 2016 DOI: 10.1080/03115518.2016.1184898
  3. ^ Mayr, G. (2009). Paleogene fossil birds. Springer.
  4. ^ Haaramo, Mikko (2007). "PALEOGNATHIA - paleognathous modern birds". Mikko's Phylogeny Archive. Retrieved 30 December 2015.
  5. ^ "Taxonomic lists- Aves". Paleofile.com (net, info). Retrieved 30 December 2015.
  6. ^ "Part 7- Vertebrates". Collection of genus-group names in a systematic arrangement. Retrieved 30 June 2016.
  7. ^ Çınar, Ümüt (November 2015). "01 → Pᴀʟᴇᴏɢɴᴀᴛʜᴀᴇ : Sᴛʀᴜᴛʜɪᴏɴɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Rʜᴇɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Cᴀsᴜᴀʀɪɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Aᴘᴛᴇʀʏɢɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Aᴇᴘʏᴏʀɴɪᴛʜɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Dɪɴᴏʀɴɪᴛʜɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Lɪᴛʜᴏʀɴɪᴛʜɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Tɪɴᴀᴍɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs & Rᴇfᴇʀᴇɴᴄᴇs". English Names of Birds. Retrieved 30 December 2015.
  8. ^ Brodkob, Pierce (1963). "Catalogue of fossil birds 1- Archaeopterygiformes through Ardeiformes". Biological sciences, Bulletin of the Florida State Museum. 7 (4): 180–293. Retrieved 30 December 2015.
  9. ^ H. Alvarenga, Diogenornis fragilis Alvarenga, 1985, restudied: a South American ratite closely related to Casuariidae, 2010
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Rheidae: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Rheidae is a family of flightless ratite birds which first appeared in the Paleocene. It is today represented by the sole living genus Rhea, but also contains several extinct genera.

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