dcsimg
Description
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Suffrutices or shrubs, with annual or perennial stems, sometimes scrambling or climbing and often spiny. Rhizome typically covered with persistent erect cataphylls; tubers often present. Leaves much reduced, bract-like with a spiny or soft spur; leaf-like cladodes solitary or fascicled, linear to ovate, persistent or deciduous. Peduncles or pedicels articulated. Flowers solitary, fascicled or racemose, bisexual, hypogynous. Perianth segments in 2 whorls of 3, similar, free or (in asparagoides) fused into a tube below. Stamens 6. Ovary superior, 3-locular, with 2-12 axile ovules per loculus. Fruit usually a spherical or ovoid berry, sometimes a nutlet, the perianth segments often persisting below. Seeds 1-several, spherical, black.
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Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten and Petra Ballings
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Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T. and Ballings, P. (2002-2014). Asparagaceae Flora of Zimbabwe website. Accessed 28 August 2014 at http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/family.php?family_id=23
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Mark Hyde
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Bart Wursten
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Petra Ballings
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23/Description
Asparagaceae
provided by wikipedia EN

Asparagaceae is a family of flowering plants, placed in the order Asparagales of the monocots.[1]

In earlier classification systems, the species involved were often treated as belonging to the family Liliaceae. The APG II system of 2003 allowed two options as to the circumscription of the family: either Asparagaceae sensu lato ("in the wider sense") combining seven previously recognized families, or Asparagaceae sensu stricto ("in the strict sense") consisting of very few genera (notably Asparagus, also Hemiphylacus), but nevertheless totalling a few hundred species. The revised APG III system of 2009 allows only the broader sense. A paper published at the same time proposed seven subfamilies to correspond to the originally separate families.[2] These are:

Genera

Asparagaceae includes 114 genera with a total of ca 2900 known species.[3] Unless otherwise noted, the alphabetical list below is based on genera accepted by the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families as in the family Asparagaceae (with synonyms from the same source).[4] The reference against the subfamily name is to the source which places the genus in that subfamily.

Asparagaceae genera[4] Subfamily Genus Lomandroideae[5] Acanthocarpus Lehm. Agavoideae[6] Agave L. Scilloideae[7] Albuca L. (sometimes included in Ornithogalum[7]) Scilloideae[7] Alrawia (Wendelbo) Perss. & Wendelbo Brodiaeoideae[6] Androstephium Torr. Agavoideae[6] Anemarrhena Bunge Agavoideae[6] Anthericum L. Aphyllanthoideae[6] Aphyllanthes L. Lomandroideae[6] Arthropodium R.Br. Asparagoideae[6] Asparagus Tourn. ex L. Nolinoideae[6] Aspidistra Ker Gawl. (including Antherolophus Gagnep., Colania Gagnep.) Scilloideae[7] Barnardia Lindl. Nolinoideae[7] Beaucarnea Lem. Agavoideae[6] Behnia Didr. Scilloideae[7] Bellevalia Lapeyr. (including Strangweja Bertol.) Agavoideae[6] Beschorneria Kunth Brodiaeoideae[6] Bessera Schult.f. (including Behria) Brodiaeoideae[6] Bloomeria Kellogg Scilloideae[7] Bowiea Harv. ex Hook.f. (Climbing Onion, Sea Onion) Scilloideae[7] Brimeura Salisb. Brodiaeoideae[6] Brodiaea Sm. Nolinoideae[6] Calibanus Rose Agavoideae[6] Camassia Lindl. Nolinoideae[7] Campylandra Baker Lomandroideae[6] Chamaescilla F.Muell. ex Benth. Lomandroideae[7] Chamaexeros Benth. Scilloideae[7] Chionodoxa Boiss. (included in Scilla L. by some sources) Scilloideae × Chionoscilla J.Allen ex G.Nicholson (included in Scilla L. by some sources) Agavoideae[6] Chlorogalum (Lindl.) Kunth Agavoideae[6] Chlorophytum Ker Gawl. Nolinoideae[6] Comospermum Rauschert Nolinoideae[6] Convallaria L. Lomandroideae[6] Cordyline Comm. ex R.Br. (including Cohnia Kunth) Nolinoideae[6] Danae Medik. Brodiaeoideae[6] Dandya H.E.Moore Nolinoideae[5] Dasylirion Zucc. Scilloideae[7] Daubenya Lindl. (including Amphisiphon W.F.Barker, Androsiphon Schltr.) Agavoideae[7] Diamena Ravenna Brodiaeoideae[6] Dichelostemma Kunth (including Brevoortia, Dipterostemon, Stropholirion) Lomandroideae[7] Dichopogon Kunth (may be included in Arthropodium) Agavoideae[7] Diora Ravenna Scilloideae[7] Dipcadi Medik. (sometimes included in Ornithogalum[7]) Nolinoideae[7] Disporopsis Hance Nolinoideae[6] Dracaena Vand. ex L. Scilloideae[7] Drimia Jacq. (including Litanthus Harv., Rhadamanthus Salisb., Rhodocodon Baker, Sypharissa Salisb., Tenicroa Raf., Thuranthos C.H.Wright, Urginea Steinh., Urgineopsis Compton) Scilloideae[7] Drimiopsis Lindl. & Paxton (sometimes included in Ledebouria[7]) Agavoideae[6] Echeandia Ortega Agavoideae[5] Eremocrinum M.E.Jones Nolinoideae[6] Eriospermum Jacq. Scilloideae[7] Eucomis L'Hér. Lomandroideae[6] Eustrephus R.Br. Agavoideae[5] Furcraea Vent. Scilloideae[7] Galtonia Decne. (included in Ornithogalum L. by some sources) Agavoideae[7] Hagenbachia Nees & Mart. Agavoideae[6] Hastingsia S.Watson Asparagoideae[6] Hemiphylacus S.Watson Agavoideae[6] Herreria Ruiz & Pav. Agavoideae[6] Herreriopsis H.Perrier Agavoideae[7] Hesperaloe Engelm. in S.Watson Agavoideae[6] Hesperocallis A.Gray Agavoideae[7] Hesperoyucca (Engelm.) Trel. (included in Yucca by some sources) Nolinoideae[7] Heteropolygonatum M.N.Tamura & Ogisu Agavoideae[6] Hosta Tratt. Scilloideae[7] Hyacinthella Schur Scilloideae[7] Hyacinthoides Heist. ex Fabr. (including Endymion Dumort.) Scilloideae[7] Hyacinthus Tourn. ex L. Scilloideae[7] Lachenalia Jacq. ex Murray (including Brachyscypha Baker, Periboea Kunth, Polyxena Kunth) Lomandroideae[6] Laxmannia R.Br. (including Bartlingia F. Mueller) Scilloideae[7] Ledebouria Roth (including Resnova van der Merwe[7]) Scilloideae[7] Leopoldia Parl. Agavoideae[6] Leucocrinum Nutt. ex A.Gray Nolinoideae[5] Liriope Lour. Lomandroideae[6] Lomandra Labill. (including Xerotes R. Brown) Nolinoideae[6] Maianthemum F.H.Wigg. (including Oligobotrya Baker, Smilacina Desf.) Agavoideae[5] Manfreda Salisb. (included in Agave by some sources) Scilloideae[7] Massonia Thunb. ex Houtt. (including Neobakeria Schltr., Whiteheadia Harv.) Scilloideae[7] Merwilla Speta Brodiaeoideae[6] Milla Cav. (including Diphalangium) Brodiaeoideae[6] Muilla S.Watson ex Benth. Lomandroideae[7] Murchisonia Brittan Scilloideae[7] Muscari Mill. (including Botryanthus Kunth, Muscarimia Kostel., Pseudomuscari Garbari & Greuter) Nolinoideae[6] Nolina Michx. Nolinoideae[6] Ophiopogon Ker Gawl. Scilloideae[7] Ornithogalum L. (including Battandiera Maire, Elsiea F.M.Leight., Neopatersonia Schonl.) Scilloideae[7] Oziroe Raf. (including Fortunatia J.F.Macbr.) Agavoideae[6] Paradisea Mazzuc. Nolinoideae[6] Peliosanthes Andrews Brodiaeoideae[6] Petronymphe H.E.Moore Nolinoideae[7] Pleomele Salisb. (often included in Dracaena) Agavoideae[5] Polianthes L. (included in Agave by some sources) Nolinoideae[6] Polygonatum Mill. Agavoideae[7] Prochnyanthes S.Watson Scilloideae[7] Prospero Salisb. Scilloideae[7] Pseudogaltonia (Kuntze) Engl. (sometimes included in Ornithogalum[7]) Scilloideae[7] Pseudoprospero Speta Scilloideae[7] Puschkinia Adams Nolinoideae[7] Reineckea Kunth Nolinoideae[7] Rohdea Roth (including Gonioscypha Baker) Lomandroideae[7] Romnalda P.F.Stevens Nolinoideae[6] Ruscus L. Nolinoideae[5] Sansevieria Thunb. Scilloideae[7] Schizobasis Baker (sometimes included in Drimia[7]) Scilloideae[7] Schizocarphus van der Merwe Agavoideae[6] Schoenolirion Durand Scilloideae[7] Scilla L. Nolinoideae[6] Semele Kunth Lomandroideae[7] Sowerbaea Sm. Nolinoideae[6] Speirantha Baker Scilloideae[7] Spetaea Wetschnig & Pfosser Nolinoideae[7] Theropogon Maxim. Lomandroideae[6] Thysanotus R.Br. Lomandroideae[7] Trichopetalum Lindl. (including Bottinaea Colla) Brodiaeoideae[6] Triteleia Douglas ex Lindl. (including Hesperoscordium, Themis) Brodiaeoideae[6] Triteleiopsis Hoover Nolinoideae[6] Tupistra Ker Gawl. (including Campylandra Baker, Tricalistra Ridl.) Scilloideae[7] Veltheimia Gled. Lomandroideae[6] Xerolirion A.S.George Agavoideae[6] Yucca L. (including Samuela)

References

  1. ^ a b Angiosperm Phylogeny Group III (2009), "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III", Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 161 (2): 105–121, doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x.mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output q{quotes:"""""'"'"}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}
  2. ^ Chase, M.W.; Reveal, J.L. & Fay, M.F. (2009), "A subfamilial classification for the expanded asparagalean families Amaryllidaceae, Asparagaceae and Xanthorrhoeaceae", Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 161 (2): 132–136, doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00999.x
  3. ^ Christenhusz, M. J. M. & Byng, J. W. (2016). "The number of known plants species in the world and its annual increase". Phytotaxa. Magnolia Press. 261 (3): 201–217. doi:10.11646/phytotaxa.261.3.1.
  4. ^ a b WCSP (2011), World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, archived from the original on March 7, 2012, retrieved 2011-05-25
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h Stevens, P.F., Angiosperm Phylogeny Website, archived from the original on 2011-06-03, retrieved 2011-05-29
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd Chase, M.W.; Reveal, J.L. & Fay, M.F. (2009), "A subfamilial classification for the expanded asparagalean families Amaryllidaceae, Asparagaceae and Xanthorrhoeaceae", Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 161 (2): 132–136, doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00999.x
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg "Query GRIN Taxonomy for Plants". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2011-05-30.

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wikipedia EN
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Asparagaceae: Brief Summary
provided by wikipedia EN

Asparagaceae is a family of flowering plants, placed in the order Asparagales of the monocots.

In earlier classification systems, the species involved were often treated as belonging to the family Liliaceae. The APG II system of 2003 allowed two options as to the circumscription of the family: either Asparagaceae sensu lato ("in the wider sense") combining seven previously recognized families, or Asparagaceae sensu stricto ("in the strict sense") consisting of very few genera (notably Asparagus, also Hemiphylacus), but nevertheless totalling a few hundred species. The revised APG III system of 2009 allows only the broader sense. A paper published at the same time proposed seven subfamilies to correspond to the originally separate families. These are:

subfamily Agavoideae = family Agavaceae and family Hesperocallidaceae subfamily Aphyllanthoideae = family Aphyllanthaceae subfamily Asparagoideae = family Asparagaceae sensu stricto subfamily Brodiaeoideae = family Themidaceae subfamily Lomandroideae = family Laxmanniaceae subfamily Nolinoideae = family Ruscaceae subfamily Scilloideae = family Hyacinthaceae
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