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Machaerotidae

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The Machaerotidae (Hemiptera: Cercopoidea) comprise a small, distinct and interesting group of insects mainly inhabiting the Old World tropics. The adult often has a long, free and spine-like process originating at the scutellum and is thus superficially similar to the Membracidae. Its tegmen or forewing, like typical bugs of the suborder Heteroptera, always has a distinct, membranous apical area. The nymph constructs a calcareous tube on some woody dicotyledons and immerses itself in a rather clear fluid excretion inside the tube. The tube strongly resembles the shell of certain serpulid sea worms or helicoid land snails and contain no less than 75% calcium carbonate. This habit is quite uncommon in the class Insecta and markedly different from that of typical cercopoids or spittlebugs, which make and live in a froth mass either below or above ground.[1]

References

  1. ^ Maa, T.C. (1963) A Review of the Machaerotidae (Hemiptera: Cercopoidea). Pacific Insects Monograph, 5, 1–166.
Extant Hemiptera families
Suborder Auchenorrhyncha
CicadomorphaCercopoidea
(froghoppers) Cicadoidea
(cicadas) Membracoidea Fulgoromorpha
(planthoppers)Fulgoroidea
Suborder Sternorrhyncha
Aleyrodoidea Aphidoidea
(aphids) Coccoidea
(scale insects) Phylloxeroidea Psylloidea
Suborder Heteroptera (with Coleorrhyncha)
Dipsocoromorpha EnicocephalomorphaEnicocephaloidea Gerromorpha
(semiaquatic bugs)Gerroidea Hebroidea Hydrometroidea Mesovelioidea
(water treaders) Leptopodomorpha Nepomorpha
(true water bugs)Corixoidea Nepoidea Ochteroidea Aphelocheiroidea Naucoroidea Notonectoidea Pleoidea Peloridiomorpha
(Coleorrhyncha)
CimicomorphaCimicoidea PentatomomorphaAradoidea Pentatomoidea
(shield bugs) Coreoidea Lygaeoidea Pyrrhocoroidea
Note: Coleorrhyncha are a different clade from Heteroptera. Heteroptera with Coleorrhyncha were referred to as Prosorrhyncha.


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Machaerotidae: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

The Machaerotidae (Hemiptera: Cercopoidea) comprise a small, distinct and interesting group of insects mainly inhabiting the Old World tropics. The adult often has a long, free and spine-like process originating at the scutellum and is thus superficially similar to the Membracidae. Its tegmen or forewing, like typical bugs of the suborder Heteroptera, always has a distinct, membranous apical area. The nymph constructs a calcareous tube on some woody dicotyledons and immerses itself in a rather clear fluid excretion inside the tube. The tube strongly resembles the shell of certain serpulid sea worms or helicoid land snails and contain no less than 75% calcium carbonate. This habit is quite uncommon in the class Insecta and markedly different from that of typical cercopoids or spittlebugs, which make and live in a froth mass either below or above ground.

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