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Brief Summary

    Drepanidae: Brief Summary
    provided by wikipedia
    This article is about the moth family. For the sicklefishes, see Drepaneidae. For the Drepanidinae (or Drepanididae), see Hawaiian honeycreeper.

    The Drepanidae is a family of moths with about 660 species described worldwide. They are generally divided in three subfamilies (Minet and Scoble, 1999;) which share the same type of hearing organ. Thyatirinae, previously often placed in their own family, bear a superficial resemblance to Noctuidae. Many species in the Drepanid family have a distinctively hook-shaped apex to the forewing, leading to their common name of hook-tips.

    The larvae of many species are very distinctive, tapering to a point at the tail and usually resting with both head and tail raised. They usually feed on the leaves of trees and shrubs, pupating between leaves spun together with silk.

Comprehensive Description

    Drepanidae
    provided by wikipedia
    This article is about the moth family. For the sicklefishes, see Drepaneidae. For the Drepanidinae (or Drepanididae), see Hawaiian honeycreeper.

    The Drepanidae is a family of moths with about 660 species described worldwide.[1] They are generally divided in three subfamilies (Minet and Scoble, 1999;[2]) which share the same type of hearing organ. Thyatirinae, previously often placed in their own family, bear a superficial resemblance to Noctuidae. Many species in the Drepanid family have a distinctively hook-shaped apex to the forewing, leading to their common name of hook-tips.

    The larvae of many species are very distinctive, tapering to a point at the tail and usually resting with both head and tail raised. They usually feed on the leaves of trees and shrubs, pupating between leaves spun together with silk.

    Taxonomy

    See also

    References

    • Chinery, Michael (1986): Collins Guide to the Insects of Britain and Western Europe
    • Minet, J. & Scoble, M.J. (1999): The Drepanoid/Geometroid Assemblage. In: Kristensen, N.P. (ed.): Lepidoptera, Moths and Butterflies Volume 1: Evolution, Systematics, and Biogeography, chapter 17. Handbuch der Zoologie. Eine Naturgeschichte der Stämme des Tierreiches / Handbook of Zoology. A Natural History of the phyla of the Animal Kingdom. vol. IV: Arthropoda: Insecta. Part 35. Walter de Gruyter, Berlin & New York.
    • Skinner, Bernard (1984): Colour Identification Guide to Moths of the British Isles
    1. ^ van Nieukerken; et al. (2011). "Order Lepidoptera Linnaeus, 1758. In: Zhang, Z.-Q. (Ed.) Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness" (PDF). Zootaxa. 3148: 212–221..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output q{quotes:"""""'"'"}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}
    2. ^ Holloway J.D. (2011). "The Moths of Borneo: Families Phaudidae, Himantopteridae and Zygaenidae; revised and annotated checklist". Malayan Nature Journal. 63: 1–548.

Diagnostic Description

    Description
    provided by World Register of Marine Species
    Indo-west Pacific and West Africa. Body deep and laterally compressed. Mouth markedly protractile. Spinal portion of dorsal fin with 13-14 spines, distinct from soft-rayed portion with 19-22 soft rays; anal fin with three spines and 17-19 soft rays; pectoral fins longer than head, falcate; 24 vertebrae. Maxilla distally exposed. Subocular shelf absent. Drepane punctata and D. longimana are only distinguished by color and might be the same species.