Rafetus is a genus of highly endangered softshell turtles in the Trionychidae family. These large turtles are found in freshwater habitats in Asia. According to most taxonomists, the genus contains the following 2 species:Euphrates softshell turtle (Rafetus euphraticus) Yangtze giant softshell turtle (Rafetus swinhoei).
A third species, the Hoan Kiem turtle (Rafetus leloii, syn. R. vietnamensis), has been proposed as a species. It is considered a junior synonym of Rafetus swinhoei by most authorities, but some Vietnamese scientists insist the two forms are not identical. The last known individual at Hoan Kiem Lake was found dead on 19 January 2016.