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Methanomicrobiales

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In the taxonomy of microorganisms, the Methanomicrobiales are an order of the Methanomicrobia.[1] Methanomicrobiales are strictly carbon dioxide reducing methanogens, using hydrogen or formate as the reducing agent.[2] As seen from the phylogenetic tree based on 'The All-Species Living Tree' Project the family Methanomicrobiaceae is highly polyphyletic within the Methanomicrobiales.

Phylogeny

The currently accepted taxonomy is based on the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature (LPSN)[3] and National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI)[4] and the phylogeny is based on 16S rRNA-based LTP release 106 by 'The All-Species Living Tree' Project.[5]

.mw-parser-output table.clade{border-spacing:0;margin:0;font-size:100%;line-height:100%;border-collapse:separate;width:auto}.mw-parser-output table.clade table.clade{width:100%}.mw-parser-output table.clade td{border:0;padding:0;vertical-align:middle;text-align:center}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-label{width:0.8em;border:0;padding:0 0.2em;vertical-align:bottom;text-align:center}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-slabel{border:0;padding:0 0.2em;vertical-align:top;text-align:center}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-bar{vertical-align:middle;text-align:left;padding:0 0.5em}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-leaf{border:0;padding:0;text-align:left;vertical-align:middle}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-leafR{border:0;padding:0;text-align:right}     Methanogenium

?M. cariaci Romesser et al. 1981 emend. Maestrojuán et al. 1990 (type sp.)

   

?M. frigidum Franzmann et al. 1997

   

M. marinum Chong et al. 2003

   

M. organophilum Widdel et al. 1989

      Methanoplanus

M. endosymbiosus van Bruggen et al. 1986

   

M. limicola Wildgruber et al. 1984 (type sp.)

       

Methanomicrobium mobile (Paynter and Hungate 1968) Balch and Wolfe 1981

     

Methanoplanus petrolearius Ollivier et al. 1998

   

Methanolacinia paynteri (Rivard et al. 1984) Zellner et al. 1990

            Methanoculleus

M. receptaculi Cheng et al. 2008

     

M. palmolei Zellner et al. 1998

       

M. chikugoensis Dianou et al. 2001

     

M. marisnigri (Romesser et al. 1981) Maestrojuán et al. 1990

   

M. submarinus Mikucki et al. 2003

         

M. bourgensis (Ollivier et al. 1986) Maestrojuán et al. 1990 emend. Asakawa and Nagaoka 2003 (type sp.)

     

M. hydrogenitrophicus Tian et al. 2010

   

M. thermophilus (Rivard and Smith 1982) Maestrojuán et al. 1990 emend. Spring et al. 2005

                 

Methanosphaerula palustris Cadillo-Quiroz et al. 2009

     

Methanolinea tarda Imachi et al. 2008

    Methanospirillum

M. hungatei Ferry et al. 1974 emend. Iino et al. 2010

   

M. lacunae Iino et al. 2010

    Methanoregula

M. boonei Bräuer et al. 2011 (type sp.)

   

M. formicica Yashiro et al. 2011

            Methanofollis    

M. formosanus Wu et al. 2005

   

M. aquaemaris Lai and Chen 2001

       

M. ethanolicus Imachi et al. 2009

     

M. liminatans (Zellner et al. 1990) Zellner et al. 1999

   

M. tationis (Zabel et al. 1986) Zellner et al. 1999 (type sp.)

          Methanocalculus

M. pumilus Mori et al. 2000

   

M. taiwanensis Lai et al. 2002

     

M. chunghsingensis Lai et al. 2004

   

M. halotolerans Ollivier et al. 1998 (type sp.)

      Methanocorpusculum

?M. sinense Zellner et al. 1989

   

M. labreanum Zhao et al. 1989

     

M. bavaricum Zellner et al. 1989

   

M. parvum Zellner et al. 1988 (type sp.)

               

Notes:
♠ Strains found at the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) but not listed in the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature (LPSN)

References

  1. ^ See the NCBI webpage on Methanomicrobiales. Data extracted from the "NCBI taxonomy resources". National Center for Biotechnology Information. Retrieved 2007-03-19..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output q{quotes:"""""'"'"}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}
  2. ^ D.R. Boone; et al. (2001). Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology (2nd ed.). New York: Springer.
  3. ^ J.P. Euzéby. "Methanomicrobiaceae". List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature (LPSN) [1]. Archived from the original on 2013-01-27. Retrieved 2011-11-17. External link in |publisher= (help)
  4. ^ Sayers; et al. "Methanomicrobiaceae". National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) taxonomy database [2]. Retrieved 2011-06-05. External link in |publisher= (help)
  5. ^ 'The All-Species Living Tree' Project."16S rRNA-based LTP release 106 (full tree)" (PDF). Silva Comprehensive Ribosomal RNA Database [3]. Retrieved 2011-11-17. External link in |publisher= (help)

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Methanomicrobiales: Brief Summary

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In the taxonomy of microorganisms, the Methanomicrobiales are an order of the Methanomicrobia. Methanomicrobiales are strictly carbon dioxide reducing methanogens, using hydrogen or formate as the reducing agent. As seen from the phylogenetic tree based on 'The All-Species Living Tree' Project the family Methanomicrobiaceae is highly polyphyletic within the Methanomicrobiales.

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