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Petropedetidae

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The Petropedetidae are a family of frogs containing three genera and 12 species.[1][2] They are found in sub-Saharan tropical Africa[1] and are sometimes known under common name African torrent frogs.[3]

They are inhabitants of the splash-water zone of clear-running streams predominantly in forests. Tadpoles are either semiterrestrial in the spray zone or fully aquatic in zones of the strongest currents. Some species guard their clutches.[3] They are small (Ericabatrachus)[4] or medium- to large-sized frogs (Arthroleptides and Petropedetes).[3]

Taxonomy

The Petropedetidae are related to true frogs, family Ranidae, and have often been considered as a subfamily within a broadly defined Ranidae.[5] However, they are now commonly treated as a family,[1][2][5][6] although the genera included may differ between sources. In particular, Conraua is sometimes included in the Petropedetidae,[6] instead of forming its own monogeneric family Conrauidae.[1][2][6]

Genera

The three genera in the family are:[1][2]

  • Arthroleptides Nieden, 1911 – African torrent frogs, three species
  • Ericabatrachus Largen, 1991 – Bale Mountains frogs, one species
  • Petropedetes Reichenow, 1874 – African water frogs, nine species

Recognition of Arthroleptides as a genus separate from Petropedetes is relatively recent.[3][7]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e Frost, Darrel R. (2014). "Petropedetidae Noble, 1931". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 29 May 2014.
  2. ^ a b c d "Petropedetidae". AmphibiaWeb: Information on amphibian biology and conservation. [web application]. Berkeley, California: AmphibiaWeb. 2014. Retrieved 29 May 2014.
  3. ^ a b c d Barej, M. F.; Rödel, M. O.; Loader, S. P.; Menegon, M.; Gonwouo, N. L.; Penner, J.; Gvoždík, V. C.; Günther, R.; Bell, R. C.; Nagel, P.; Schmitz, A. (2014). "Light shines through the spindrift – Phylogeny of African torrent frogs (Amphibia, Anura, Petropedetidae)". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 71: 261–73. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2013.11.001. PMID 24239613.
  4. ^ Largen, M. J. (1991). "A new genus and species of petropedetine frog (Amphibia Anura Ranidae) from high altitude in the mountains of Ethiopia". Tropical Zoology. 4: 139. doi:10.1080/03946975.1991.10539483.
  5. ^ a b Blackburn, D.C.; Wake, D.B. (2011). "Class Amphibia Gray, 1825. In: Zhang, Z.-Q. (Ed.) Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness" (PDF). Zootaxa. 3148: 39–55.
  6. ^ a b c Vitt, Laurie J.; Caldwell, Janalee P. (2014). Herpetology: An Introductory Biology of Amphibians and Reptiles (4th ed.). Academic Press. p. 507.
  7. ^ Frost, Darrel R. (2014). "Arthroleptides Nieden, 1911 "1910"". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 29 May 2014.
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Petropedetidae: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

The Petropedetidae are a family of frogs containing three genera and 12 species. They are found in sub-Saharan tropical Africa and are sometimes known under common name African torrent frogs.

They are inhabitants of the splash-water zone of clear-running streams predominantly in forests. Tadpoles are either semiterrestrial in the spray zone or fully aquatic in zones of the strongest currents. Some species guard their clutches. They are small (Ericabatrachus) or medium- to large-sized frogs (Arthroleptides and Petropedetes).

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