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Catophragmidae

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The Catophragmidae are a family of barnacles in the superfamily Chthamaloidea with eight shell wall plates (rostrum, carina, paired rostrolatera, carinolatera I and carinolatera II), surrounded by several whorls of imbricating plates. The basis is membranous.[3]: 57 

This family occupies lower to upper midlittoral warm seas of the Pacific Coast of Central America, Caribbean, Bermuda, and Australia/Tasmania.[3]: 57 [4] These populations are highly disjunct and can be seen as relictual.

The family contains these genera:[5] All genera are at present monotypic.

The Catophragmidae have historically suffered from a lack of systematic attention. Ross and Newman, 2001[4] published a revision of the family, proposing one new genus and creating two subfamilies. The family was discussed as representing very early balanomorph lineages. The known species conserve many plesiomorphic traits. In 2021, a reclassification by Chan et al. resulted in the removal of the subfamilies and one genus.[6]

References

  1. ^ Huzio Utinomi (1968). "A revision of the deep-sea barnacles Pachylasma and Hexelasma from Japan, with a proposal of new classification of the Chthamalidae (Cirripedia, Thoracica)". Publications of the Seto Marine Biological Laboratory. 16 (1): 21–39.
  2. ^ Newman, W. A.; A. Ross (1976). "Revision of the Balanomorph Barnacles including a catalog of the species". Memoirs of San Diego Society of Natural History. 9: 1–108.
  3. ^ a b Poltarukha, O. P. (2006). Identification Atlas of the Superfamily Chthamaloidea Barnacles (Cirripedia Thoracica) in the World Ocean (in Russian). Moscow: KMK Scientific Press, Ltd. pp. 1–198. ISBN 5-87317-278-1.
  4. ^ a b c Ross, A.; W. A. Newman (2001). "The Catophragmidae: members of the basal balanomorph radiation". Sessile Organisms. 18 (2): 77–91.
  5. ^ Geoff Boxshall (2013). "Catophragmidae Utinomi, 1968". WoRMS. World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved August 25, 2021.
  6. ^ Chan, Benny K. K.; Dreyer, Niklas; Gale, Andy S.; Glenner, Henrik; et al. (2021). "The evolutionary diversity of barnacles, with an updated classification of fossil and living forms". Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. doi:10.1093/zoolinnean/zlaa160.

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Catophragmidae: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

The Catophragmidae are a family of barnacles in the superfamily Chthamaloidea with eight shell wall plates (rostrum, carina, paired rostrolatera, carinolatera I and carinolatera II), surrounded by several whorls of imbricating plates. The basis is membranous.: 57 

This family occupies lower to upper midlittoral warm seas of the Pacific Coast of Central America, Caribbean, Bermuda, and Australia/Tasmania.: 57  These populations are highly disjunct and can be seen as relictual.

The family contains these genera: All genera are at present monotypic.

Catolasmus Ross & Newman, 2001: 81  Catomerus Pilsbry, 1916 Catophragmus Sowerby, 1827

The Catophragmidae have historically suffered from a lack of systematic attention. Ross and Newman, 2001 published a revision of the family, proposing one new genus and creating two subfamilies. The family was discussed as representing very early balanomorph lineages. The known species conserve many plesiomorphic traits. In 2021, a reclassification by Chan et al. resulted in the removal of the subfamilies and one genus.

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