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Brief Summary

provided by Catalog of Hymenoptera in America North of Mexico
North American members of this family are tiny or small wasps, rarely over 10 mm long. They are considered to have been derived from a very primitive aculeate stock, and in some features of behavior and development are more like the typical Parasitica rather than the Aculeata. Usually the female stings the host larva a number of times until it is completely and permanently paralyzed. The host larva is left in situ or it may be dragged to a crevice. The bethylid female usually deposits several eggs on each host specimen and the gregarious bethylid larvae develop externally. The Bethylinae and a few Epyrinae prey upon lepidopterous larvae, principally borers and seed-feeders, but also case bearers and leaf rollers. Most of the other bethylids prey upon coleopterous larvae (occasionally pupae), especially species dwelling in the soil, boring in wood or infesting seeds. There have been a few unconfirmed reports of hymenopterous larvae serving as hosts. ~Despite Evans' recent numerous revisions of many of the genera of North American Bethylidae, we must expect that intensive, specialized collecting and biological observations in the future will enlarge our native fauna by as much as 50 percent.
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Catalog of Hymenoptera in America North of Mexico. 1979. Prepared cooperatively by specialists on the various groups of Hymenoptera under the direction of Karl V. Krombein and Paul D. Hurd, Jr., Smithsonian Institution, and David R. Smith and B. D. Burks, Systematic Entomology Laboratory, Insect Identification and Beneficial Insect Introduction Institute. Science and Education Administration, United States Department of Agriculture.

Bethylidae

provided by wikipedia EN

The Bethylidae are a family of aculeate wasps in the superfamily Chrysidoidea. As a family, their biology ranges between parasitoid wasps and hunting wasps.

Overview

Like most of the Chrysidoidea, the Bethylidae are stinging Hymenoptera and most are parasitoids. Some of them, however, have developed their parasitoidal biology along predatory lines and they sting and malaxate their victims into paralysis. Then they hide the prey and lay their eggs on them.

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Sierola gilbertae dorsal

According to Azevedo et al. (2018) eight subfamilies of the Bethylidae are recognized:[1]

Genera

According to Azevedo et. al. (2018) there are 96 genera belong to the family Bethylidae. Some are listed here:

"Bethylidae
"Bethylidae

Data sources: i = ITIS,[2] c = Catalogue of Life,[3] g = GBIF,[4] b = Bugguide.net[5]

"Bethylidae

Evolution

The oldest known records of the group are from the Barremian aged Lebanese amber.[6][7]

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Sclerodermus

References

  1. ^ Alencar, I.D.; Azevedo, C.O. (2013). "Reclassification of Epyrini (Hymenoptera: Bethylidae): a tribal approach with commentary on their genera". Systematic Entomology. 38 (1): 45–80. doi:10.1111/j.1365-3113.2012.00648.x.
    Azevedo, C.O.; Azar, D. (2012). "A new fossil subfamily of Bethylidae (Hymenoptera) from the Early Cretaceous Lebanese amber and its phylogenetic position". Zoologia (Curitiba). 29 (3): 210–8. doi:10.1590/S1984-46702012000300004.
  2. ^ "Bethylidae Report". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2018-05-06.
  3. ^ "Browse Bethylidae". Catalogue of Life. Retrieved 2018-05-06.
  4. ^ "Bethylidae". GBIF. Retrieved 2018-05-06.
  5. ^ "Bethylidae Family Information". BugGuide.net. Retrieved 2018-05-06.
  6. ^ M. S. Engel, J. Ortega-Blanco, and C. O. Ozevedo. 2016. A new bethylid wasp in Lebanese Early Cretaceous amber (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea), with comments on other Mesozoic taxa. American Museum Novitates 3855:1-14
  7. ^ Azevedo, Celso O.; Azar, Dany (June 2012). "A new fossil subfamily of Bethylidae (Hymenoptera) from the Early Cretaceous Lebanese amber and its phylogenetic position". Zoologia (Curitiba). 29 (3): 210–218. doi:10.1590/s1984-46702012000300004. ISSN 1984-4689.
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Bethylidae: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

The Bethylidae are a family of aculeate wasps in the superfamily Chrysidoidea. As a family, their biology ranges between parasitoid wasps and hunting wasps.

license
cc-by-sa-3.0
copyright
Wikipedia authors and editors
original
visit source
partner site
wikipedia EN