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Platydesmida

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Platydesmida (Greek for platy "flat" and desmos "bond") is an order of millipedes containing two families and over 60 species.[1] Some species practice paternal care, in which males guard the eggs.

Description

Platydesmidans have a flattened body shape with lateral extensions (paranota) on each segment. They lack eyes, and have between 30 and 110 body segments. They measure up to 60 mm (2.4 in) in length.[2]

Behavior

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A male Brachycybe with eggs

While most millipedes feed on dead or decomposing leaf litter platydesmidans may be specialized to feed on fungi. Platydesmidans have also been studied with regard to parental investment, in that males of some species coil around eggs and young, a rare example of paternal care in arthropods. This behavior has been observed in species of Brachycybe from North America and Japan, and Bazillozonium and Yamasinaium from Japan, all are in the family Andrognathidae.[3][4]

Evolutionary history

The only described fossil of the order is from the Mid Cretaceous (~100 Ma) Burmese amber, belonging to the extant genus Andrognathus, several undescribed specimens belonging to the order are known from the same deposit.[5]

Distribution

Platydesmidans occur in North America, Central America, the Mediterranean region of Europe, Japan, China, southeast Asia and Indonesia.[6]

Classification

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Pseudodesmus sp. (Androganthidae), posterior section, from Laos
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Three species of Platydesmus (Platydesmidae)
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Unidentified platydesmid from Malaysia

The order contains two families.[7]

Family Andrognathidae Cope, 1869

Family Platydesmidae DeSaussure, 1860

References

  1. ^ Shear, W. (2011). "Class Diplopoda de Blainville in Gervais, 1844. In: Zhang, Z.-Q. (Ed.) Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness" (PDF). Zootaxa. 3148: 159–164.
  2. ^ "Diagnostic features of Millipede Orders" (PDF). Milli-PEET Identification Tables. The Field Museum, Chicago. Retrieved 25 October 2013.
  3. ^ KUDO, Shin-ichi; KOSHIO, Chiharu; TANABE, Tsutomu (2009). "Male egg-brooding in the millipede Yamasinaium noduligerum (Diplopoda: Andrognathidae)". Entomological Science. 12 (3): 346–347. doi:10.1111/j.1479-8298.2009.00331.x.
  4. ^ Kudo, Shin-Ichi; Akagi, Yoshinobu; Hiraoka, Shuichiro; Tanabe, Tsutomu; Morimoto, Gen (2011). "Exclusive Male Egg Care and Determinants of Brooding Success in a Millipede". Ethology. 117 (1): 19–27. doi:10.1111/j.1439-0310.2010.01851.x.
  5. ^ Moritz, Leif; Wesener, Thomas (September 2019). "The first known fossils of the Platydesmida—an extant American genus in Cretaceous amber from Myanmar (Diplopoda: Platydesmida: Andrognathidae)". Organisms Diversity & Evolution. 19 (3): 423–433. doi:10.1007/s13127-019-00408-0. ISSN 1439-6092.
  6. ^ Shelley, Rowland M. (1999). "Centipedes and Millipedes with Emphasis on North American Fauna". The Kansas School Naturalist. 45 (3): 1–16. Archived from the original on 12 November 2016. Retrieved 25 October 2013.
  7. ^ "Catalogue of Life - 24th September 2018 : Taxonomic tree". www.catalogueoflife.org. Retrieved 30 September 2018.
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Platydesmida: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Platydesmida (Greek for platy "flat" and desmos "bond") is an order of millipedes containing two families and over 60 species. Some species practice paternal care, in which males guard the eggs.

license
cc-by-sa-3.0
copyright
Wikipedia authors and editors
original
visit source
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wikipedia EN