Chordeumatida (from the Greek word for "sausage") is a large order of millipedes containing some 1200 species with a nearly worldwide distribution. They possess around 30 body segments and reach about 25 mm (0.98 in) in length.
Chordeumatidans are relatively short-bodied, with only 26-32 body segments behind the head. They range in length from 4–25 mm (0.16–0.98 in). A key feature is the presence of 6 large bristles (setae) on the dorsal surface of each body segment. The first segment (collum) is relatively narrow, giving the appearance of a distinct "neck" in many species. The body tapers towards the rear, and the rearmost tip (telson) contains silk-producing organs (spinnerets). A dorsal groove runs down the length of the body, and some species possess paranota, lateral extensions of the exoskeleton. Paranota are also found in some other millipedes, notably Polydesmida, from which Chordeumatidans can be distinguished by having more than 20 body segments and a dorsal groove. Unlike most other helminthomorph (worm-like) millipedes, Chordeumatidans lack ozopores.
Chordeumatidans have a large distribution, occurring on all continents except Antarctica. They are present in Madagascar but absent from sub-Saharan Africa and, aside from southern Chile, are largely absent from South America. They occur in the tropics of Central America, Southeast Asia, and Oceania, and as far south as Tasmania, New Zealand, and Chiloé Island, Chile. They are abundant in cold, rocky, mountainous areas of Europe and central Asia, and range northward to Scandinavia, Siberia, and in North America up into Canada and southwest Alaska.
The Chordeumatida contains approximately 1200 species, classified in four suborders and approximately 50 families, although several families contain only one to five genera.
- Suborder Chordeumatidea Pocock 1894
- Superfamily Chordeumatoidea C. L. Koch, 1847
- Suborder Craspedosomatidea Cook, 1895
- Superfamily Anthroleucosomatoidea Verhoeff 1899
- Superfamily Brannerioidea Cook, 1896
Brachychaeteumatidae Verhoeff, 1910
Branneriidae Cook, 1896
Chaemosomatidae Verhoeff, 1913
Golovatchiidae Shear, 1992
Heterolatzeliidae Verhoeff 1899
Kashmireumatidae Mauriès, 1982
Macrochaeteumatidae Verhoeff, 1914
Microlympiidae Shear & Leonard, 2003
Niponiosomatidae Verhoeff, 1941
Trachygonidae Cook, 1896
- Superfamily Cleidogonoidea Cook, 1896
- Superfamily Craspedosomatoidea Gray in Jones, 1843
- Superfamily Haaseoidea Attems, 1899
- Superfamily Neoatractosomatoidea Verhoeff, 1901
- Superfamily Verhoeffioidea Verhoeff, 1899
Verhoeffiidae Verhoeff, 1899
- Suborder Heterochordeumatidea Shear, 2000
- Superfamily Conotyloidea Cook, 1896
Superfamily Diplomaragnoidea Attems, 1907
Superfamily Heterochordeumatoidea Pocock, 1894
Superfamily Pygmaeosomatoidea Carl, 1941
- Suborder Striariidea Cook, 1896
- Superfamily Caseyoidea Verhoeff, 1909
- Superfamily Striarioidea Bollman, 1893
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