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Schizopteridae

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Schizopteridae is the largest family in the infraorder Dipsocoromorpha and comprises 56 genera and approximately 255 species.[1][2][3] Schizopterids are some of the smallest (0.5–2.0 mm) true bugs. Members of this family can be distinguished by their small size, enlarged forecoxae and varying degree of abdominal and genitalic asymmetry in males. Schizopteridae exhibit a wide range of simple and complex wing venation patterns–some species even possess true elytra. The group is currently divided into three subfamilies: Schizopterinae, Ogeriinae and Hypselosomatinae.[4]

Distribution

The distribution of schizopterid species is primarily tropical, but a substantial number of species have been described from the Australian continent (~25%).[5] In the New World, schizopterid species distribution ranges from the southern states of the United States to northern Argentina. Several species have been described from tropical Africa, and it is estimated that dozens are yet to be described.

Biology

Schizopterids are typically collected from rainforest leaf litter;[6] some species have been associated with very specialized microhabitats, such as decaying palms and bark.[7]

Genera

These 16 genera belong to the family Schizopteridae:

Data sources: i = ITIS,[8] c = Catalogue of Life,[9] g = GBIF,[10] b = Bugguide.net[11]

References

  1. ^ Weirauch, Christiane; Hoey-Chamberlain, Rochelle; Knyshov, Alexander (2018). "Synopsis of Schizopteridae (Hemiptera, Heteroptera, Dipsocoromorpha) from the United States, with description of seven new species from the US and Mexico". ZooKeys. pensoft (796): 49–82. doi:10.3897/zookeys.796.24176. PMC 6250794. PMID 30487710.
  2. ^ Emsley, M.G., 1969. The Schizopteridae (Hemiptera: Heteroptera) with the descriptions of new species from Trinidad. Memoirs of the American Entomological Society 25, 1–154 1
  3. ^ Weirauch, C. and Štys, P. 2014. Litter bugs exposed: phylogenetic relationships of Dipsocoromorpha (Hemiptera: Heteroptera) based on molecular data. Insect Systematics and Evolution 45, 351-370
  4. ^ http://heteroptera.ucr.edu/index.php/research/dipsocoromorpha 2
  5. ^ Weirauch, C. and Štys, P. 2014. Litter bugs exposed: phylogenetic relationships of Dipsocoromorpha (Hemiptera: Heteroptera) based on molecular data. Insect Systematics and Evolution 45, 351-370
  6. ^ Emsley, M.G., 1969. The Schizopteridae (Hemiptera: Heteroptera) with the descriptions of new species from Trinidad. Memoirs of the American Entomological Society 25, 1–154 1
  7. ^ Wygodzinsky, P. 1951. Descripcion de Generos y Especies Nuevos de la Familia "Cryptostemmatidae" (Hemiptera). Rev. Brasil. Biol. 11: 259-270
  8. ^ "Schizopteridae Report". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2018-04-27.
  9. ^ "Browse Schizopteridae". Catalogue of Life. Retrieved 2018-04-27.
  10. ^ "Schizopteridae". GBIF. Retrieved 2018-04-27.
  11. ^ "Schizopteridae Family Information". BugGuide.net. Retrieved 2018-04-27.

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Schizopteridae: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Schizopteridae is the largest family in the infraorder Dipsocoromorpha and comprises 56 genera and approximately 255 species. Schizopterids are some of the smallest (0.5–2.0 mm) true bugs. Members of this family can be distinguished by their small size, enlarged forecoxae and varying degree of abdominal and genitalic asymmetry in males. Schizopteridae exhibit a wide range of simple and complex wing venation patterns–some species even possess true elytra. The group is currently divided into three subfamilies: Schizopterinae, Ogeriinae and Hypselosomatinae.

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