Description

provided by Flora of Zimbabwe
Annual herbs; stems erect or climbing, with numerous 2-4-pinnatisect cauline leaves. Flowers in leaf-opposed racemes. Sepals 2. Corolla strongly zygomorphic; the upper petal with a spur. Fruit a 1-seeded indehiscent nutlet.
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Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten and Petra Ballings
bibliographic citation
Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T. and Ballings, P. (2002-2014). Fumaria Flora of Zimbabwe website. Accessed 28 August 2014 at http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=612
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Mark Hyde
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Bart Wursten
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Petra Ballings
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Flora of Zimbabwe

Fumaria

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Fumaria (fumitory or fumewort, from Latin fumus terrae, "smoke of the earth") is a genus of about 60 species[1] of annual flowering plants in the family Papaveraceae. The genus is native to Europe, Africa and Asia, most diverse in the Mediterranean region, and introduced to North, South America and Australia.[2] Fumaria species are sometimes used in herbal medicine. Fumaria indica contains the alkaloids fuyuziphine and alpha-hydrastine.[3][4] Fumaria indica may have anti-inflammatory and analgesic potential.[5]

Selected species

There are about 50 species:[6]

References

  1. ^ Murphy, R.J. (2009)b Fumitories of Britain and Ireland. BSBI Handbook No. 12. ISBN 9780901158406
  2. ^ Lidén, Magnus. 1986. Synopsis of Fumarioideae (Papaveraceae) with a monograph of the tribe Fumarieae. Opera Botanica 88, Copenhagen, Denmark
  3. ^ Pandey MB, Singh AK, Singh JP, Singh VP, Pandey VB .,"Fuyuziphine, a new alkaloid from Fumaria indica." Nat Prod Res 2008 Apr 15;22(6):533-536
  4. ^ http://www.mycobiology.or.kr/Upload/files/MYCOBIOLOGY/35(3)%20157-158.pdf
  5. ^ Rao CV, Verma AR, Gupta PK, Vijayakumar M.,"Anti-inflammatory and anti-nociceptive activities of Fumaria indica whole plant extract in experimental animals." Acta Pharm. 2007 Dec;57(4):491-498
  6. ^ "Fumaria". The Plant List. Retrieved November 4, 2013.
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Fumaria: Brief Summary

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Fumaria (fumitory or fumewort, from Latin fumus terrae, "smoke of the earth") is a genus of about 60 species of annual flowering plants in the family Papaveraceae. The genus is native to Europe, Africa and Asia, most diverse in the Mediterranean region, and introduced to North, South America and Australia. Fumaria species are sometimes used in herbal medicine. Fumaria indica contains the alkaloids fuyuziphine and alpha-hydrastine. Fumaria indica may have anti-inflammatory and analgesic potential.

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