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Biatorellaceae

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Biatorellaceae is a family of lichen-forming fungi in the subclass Lecanoromycetidae. The family is monotypic, and contains the single genus Biatorella,[1] which contains eight species. Species in the genus are found in northern temperate regions, especially in Europe.[2]

Systematics

The family is classified as incertae sedis with respect to ordinal placement in the Lecanoromycetidae, as there is no reliable molecular data available to establish phylogenetic relationships with similar taxa.[3]

Genus Biatorella was circumscribed by Italian botanist Giuseppe De Notaris in 1846, with Biatorella rousselii assigned as the type species.[4] The family Biatorellaceae was originally proposed by French lichenologist Maurice Choisy in 1949,[5] but he did not publish the name validly.[6] Josef Hafellner and Manuel Casares published the name validly in 1992.[7]

Description

Biatorellaceae species are crustose lichens with a chlorococcoid photobiont partner (i.e., green algae of the genus Chlorococcum). The lichens have ascomata in the form of biatorine apothecia, which often have a reduced margin around the edge. Ascospores are ellipsoid to roughly spherical in shape, hyaline, and non-amyloid. Biatorella lichens grow on soil or bark.[8]

Species

As of November 2021, Species Fungorum accepts eight species of Biatorella:[9]

References

  1. ^ Wijayawardene, Nalin; Hyde, Kevin; Al-Ani, Laith Khalil Tawfeeq; Somayeh, Dolatabadi; Stadler, Marc; Haelewaters, Danny; et al. (2020). "Outline of Fungi and fungus-like taxa". Mycosphere. 11: 1060–1456. doi:10.5943/mycosphere/11/1/8.
  2. ^ Cannon PF, Kirk PM (2007). Fungal Families of the World. Wallingford: CABI. p. 36. ISBN 0-85199-827-5.
  3. ^ Kraichak, Ekaphan; Huang, Jen-Pan; Nelsen, Matthew; Leavitt, Steven D.; Lumbsch, H. Thorsten (2018). "A revised classification of orders and families in the two major subclasses of Lecanoromycetes (Ascomycota) based on a temporal approach". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 188 (3): 233–249. doi:10.1093/botlinnean/boy060/5091569.
  4. ^ De Notaris, G. (1846). "Frammenti lichenografici di un lavoro inedito". Giornale Botanico Italiano (in Italian). 2 (1): 192.
  5. ^ Choisy, M. (1949). "Catalogue des lichens de la region Lyonnaise. Fasc. 2". Bulletin Mensuel de la Société Linnéenne de Lyon (in French). 18: 137–152.
  6. ^ "Record Details: Biatorellaceae M. Choisy, Bull. mens. Soc. linn. Soc. Bot. Lyon 18: 140 (1949)". Index Fungorum. Retrieved 7 November 2021.
  7. ^ Hafellner, J.; Casares-Porcel, M. (1992). "Untersuchungen an den Typusarten der lichenisierten Ascomycetengattungen Acarospora und Biatorella und die daraus entstehenden Konsequenzen". Nova Hedwigia (in German). 55: 316.
  8. ^ Jaklitsch, Walter; Baral, Hans-Otto; Lücking, Robert; Lumbsch, H. Thorsten (2016). Frey, Wolfgang (ed.). Syllabus of Plant Families: Adolf Engler's Syllabus der Pflanzenfamilien. Vol. 1/2 (13 ed.). Berlin Stuttgart: Gebr. Borntraeger Verlagsbuchhandlung, Borntraeger Science Publishers. p. 121. ISBN 978-3-443-01089-8. OCLC 429208213.
  9. ^ Source dataset. Species Fungorum Plus: Species Fungorum for CoL+. "Biatorella". Catalogue of Life Version 2021-10-18. Retrieved 7 November 2021.
  10. ^ Räsänen, V. (1949). "Lichenes Novi V". Archivum Societatis Botanicae Zoologicae Fennicae "Vanamo" (in Latin). 3: 178–188.
  11. ^ Anzi, M. (1860). Catalogus lichenum quos in provincia sondriensi et circa Novum-Comum collegit et in ordinem systematicum digessit (in Latin). Ex officina C. Franchi. p. 78.
  12. ^ Aptroot, A.; Sipman, H.J.M. (2001). "New Hong Kong lichens, ascomycetes and lichenicolous fungi". Journal of the Hattori Botanical Laboratory. 91: 321.
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Biatorellaceae: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Biatorellaceae is a family of lichen-forming fungi in the subclass Lecanoromycetidae. The family is monotypic, and contains the single genus Biatorella, which contains eight species. Species in the genus are found in northern temperate regions, especially in Europe.

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cc-by-sa-3.0
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