Description

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Terrestrial, epiphytic or lithophytic plants. Rhizome short and suberect, or creeping and branched with non-peltate scales. Stipe articulated or not. Fronds dimorphic; lamina simple or pinnate, often with proliferating buds along the rhachis; veins free or anastomosing; stipe and rhachis adaxially with a longitudinal groove or convex and then with lateral ridges. Indumentum composed of scales or often with glandular hairs occurring on the rhizome, axes and lamina surfaces short, uniseriate hairs. The abaxial surface of the fertile fronds covered with sporangia.
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Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten and Petra Ballings
bibliographic citation
Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T. and Ballings, P. (2002-2014). Lomariopsidaceae Flora of Zimbabwe website. Accessed 28 August 2014 at http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/family.php?family_id=124
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Mark Hyde
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Bart Wursten
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Petra Ballings
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Lomariopsidaceae

provided by wikipedia EN

The Lomariopsidaceae is a family of ferns with a largely tropical distribution. In the Pteridophyte Phylogeny Group classification of 2016 (PPG I), the family is placed in the suborder Polypodiineae (eupolypods I) of the order Polypodiales.[1] Alternatively, it may be treated as the subfamily Lomariopsidoideae of a very broadly defined family Polypodiaceae sensu lato.[2][3]

Genera

The Pteridophyte Phylogeny Group classification of 2016 (PPG I) included four genera.[1] Dryopolystichum was added in 2017,[4] and Thysanosoria is now included in Lomariopsis, so that four genera are recognized as of February 2020:[5]

The genus Nephrolepis has also been placed in this family,[6] but it is now placed in its own family, Nephrolepidaceae.[1][7]

Some members of the Lomariopsidaceae are cultivated as ornamental plants.

Phylogeny

The following cladogram for the suborder Polypodiineae (eupolypods I), based on the consensus cladogram in the Pteridophyte Phylogeny Group classification of 2016 (PPG I),[1] shows a likely phylogenetic relationship between Lomariopsidaceae and the other families of the clade.

Polypodiineae (eupolypods I)  

Didymochlaenaceae

     

Hypodematiaceae

     

Dryopteridaceae

       

Nephrolepidaceae

   

Lomariopsidaceae

       

Tectariaceae

     

Oleandraceae

     

Davalliaceae

   

Polypodiaceae

               

References

  1. ^ a b c d PPG I (2016). "A community-derived classification for extant lycophytes and ferns". Journal of Systematics and Evolution. 54 (6): 563–603. doi:10.1111/jse.12229. S2CID 39980610.
  2. ^ Christenhusz, Maarten J.M. & Chase, Mark W. (2014). "Trends and concepts in fern classification". Annals of Botany. 113 (9): 571–594. doi:10.1093/aob/mct299. PMC 3936591. PMID 24532607.
  3. ^ "Lomariopsidaceae Alston". Plants of the World Online. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 2019-08-01.
  4. ^ Chen, Cheng-Wei; Sundue, Michael; Kuo, Li-Yaung; Teng, Wei-Chih; Huang, Yao-Moan (2017). "Phylogenetic analyses place the monotypic Dryopolystichum within Lomariopsidaceae". PhytoKeys (78): 83–107. doi:10.3897/phytokeys.78.12040. PMC 5543276. PMID 28781553.
  5. ^ Hassler, Michael & Schmitt, Bernd (January 2020), "Lomariopsidaceae", Checklist of Ferns and Lycophytes of the World, Version 8.20, retrieved 2020-02-03
  6. ^ Eric Schuettpelz & Kathleen M. Pryer (2007). "Fern phylogeny inferred from 400 leptosporangiate species and three plastid genes" (PDF). Taxon. 56 (4): 1037–1050. doi:10.2307/25065903. JSTOR 25065903. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-08-20.
  7. ^ Maarten J. M. Christenhusz, Xian-Chun Zhang & Harald Schneider (2011). "A linear sequence of extant families and genera of lycophytes and ferns" (PDF). Phytotaxa. 19: 7–54. doi:10.11646/phytotaxa.19.1.2.
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Lomariopsidaceae: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

The Lomariopsidaceae is a family of ferns with a largely tropical distribution. In the Pteridophyte Phylogeny Group classification of 2016 (PPG I), the family is placed in the suborder Polypodiineae (eupolypods I) of the order Polypodiales. Alternatively, it may be treated as the subfamily Lomariopsidoideae of a very broadly defined family Polypodiaceae sensu lato.

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